Royal 19 B XVII, f. 5

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The Pseudo-Jacquemart (fl. in Paris, c. 1380-1410) is related to the South Netherlandish artist Jacquemart de Hesdin who came to France in the early 1380s to work for Jean, duke of Berry. Pseudo-Jacquemart is defined after the small miniatures in the Grandes Heures (Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, lat. 919), a manuscript listed in the duke’s 1413 inventory as the work of ‘Jaquemart de Hodin et autres ouvriers’ (Jaquemart de Hodin and other craftsmen). Pseudo-Jacquemart was responsible for most of the existing miniatures in the manuscript, and had therefore been believed to be Jacquemart himself. The manuscript, however, is incomplete: all full-page miniatures were removed from the Grandes Heures, of which one, in the Louvre, was discovered later. The large Louvre leaf with the Road to Calvary is in a style different from that of the existing small miniatures in the Grandes Heures, a difference that has resulted in the attribution of the large Louvre painting to Jacquemart and the small miniatures to the Pseudo-Jacquemart. While Jacquemart is distinguished by his soft modelling and subtle tonalities, Pseudo-Jacquemart employs precise outlines and intense colours. Together with Jacquemart, Pseudo-Jacquemart worked on some of the most famous commissions by Jean, duke of Berry, often in a subordinate position. This manuscript contains the earliest precisely dated illuminations by Pseudo-Jacquemart; he painted the frontispiece and shared the small miniatures with other artists.  
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