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Detailed record for Royal 13 B VIII

Part 1 ff. 1-116v 
Author Gerald of Wales, Henry of Saltrey
Title Topographia Hiberniae, Expugnatio Hibernica, Itinerarium Kambriae; De purgatorio sancti Patrici, Excerpts from the Chronicle of Eusebius of Caesarea
Origin England, N. (Lincoln?)
Date c. 1196-c. 1223
Language Latin
Script Gothic
Decoration 45 marginal miniatures in colours and tinted drawing of animals, habits of people, and wonders of Ireland (ff. 8v-11v, 16v, 17v-18, 19-22, 23, 23v, 26, 27v-29, 30, 30v). 14 large initials with foliate and zoomorphic decoration in colours, some with marginal extensions (ff. 1, 3v, 4, 13, 34v, 37, 38, 54v, 73v, 74v, 90v, 100v, 101v). Initials in blue, red or green.
Dimensions in mm 275 x 190 (200 x 135)
 
Part 2 117-146v 
Author Alanus de Insulis
Title Anticlaudianus (verse in Latin hexameters); Summarium
Origin England, N. (Lincoln?)
Date 2nd quarter of the 13th century
Language Latin
Script Gothic
Decoration 3 initials in red or blue with penwork decoration (ff. 117v, 118v).
Dimensions in mm 275 x 190 (200 x 135)
 
Official foliation ff. 147 (+ 4 unfoliated modern paper flyleaves at the beginning and at the end; f. 147 is a medieval parchment flyleaf)
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house.
Provenance Perhaps made at Lincoln under the supervision of Gerald of Wales (b. 1146, d. 1223), in 1196-1198, or after 1207-1208 (see Brown 2002, p. 47).
The Benedictine abbey of St Augustine's, Canterbury: ownership inscription, 'Lib[er] S[an]c[t]i Augustini ex[tra] muros cantuar.'; perhaps given by Simon Maidstone, priest and almoner of St. Augustine's (recorded between 1445 and 1417): initials 'S. M. AV. S' perhaps for 'Simon Maidstone Augustini Sancti', with verses beginning, 'Qui faciendo moram...' , in the same hand as the ownership inscription,15th century (f. 147); included in the catalogue of the library of St Augustine's abbey of c. 1375-c. 1420, no. 906 (see St Augustine's Abbey 2008).
John Twyne (b. c.1505, d. 1581), schoolmaster and antiquary, perhaps owned by him: inscribed 'Twyne' in the hand of John Dee, antiquary (b. 1527, d.1609), in the entry of the catalogue of St. Augustine's abbey (see St Augustine's Abbey 2008, p. 939)
The Old Royal Library (the English Royal Library): Westminster inventory number 'no. 1116' (f. 1), included in the Upper Library at Westminster after 1547; on John's Bale select list of c. 1548, no. 33-34; in the Royal catalogue of 1666, Royal Appendix 71, f. 21; and in the 1698 catalogue of the library of St Jamesís Palace (see [Edward Bernard], Catalogi librorum manuscriptorum Angliae et Hiberniae (Oxford: Sheldonian, '1697', but 1698?), perhaps no. 8316 and 8450).
Presented to the British Museum by George II in 1757 as part of the Old Royal Library.
Notes Contents: includes Gerald of Wales's Topographia Hiberniae (ff. 1-34v), Expugnatio Hibernica (ff. 34v-74), and Itinerarium Kambriae (ff. 74v-100v);
Henry of Saltrey, De purgatorio sancti Patrici (ff. 100v-112v),
Excerpts from the Chronicle of Eusebius of Caesarea (ff. 112v-116v).
Gerald of Wales (b. 1146, d. 1223) composed the Topography of Ireland in between 1186 and 1188, after his travels in Ireland in 1183 and with Prince John in 1185. He produced a second edition before the death of Henry II in 1189, followed by a third, fourth and various 'late' editions before his death in 1223.
The illustrative programme was probably formulated by Gerald or under his direct supervision during his sojourn in Lincoln (1196-1198). There are three other manuscripts of the Topographie Hiberniae illustrated with a series of marginal tinted drawings: Dublin, National Library of Ireland 700, Bodleian Library, Laud. Misc. 720, and Cambridge University Library Ff.1.27. According to Brown 2002, the Dublin manuscript is the closest to the original copy, whilst this manuscript, produced in Lincoln, probably in Gerald's presence (1196-1198, or 1207-1208) is the earliest known. It contains marginal authorial additions, related to both text and images.
Nota-signs and pointing hands (maniculae); two further volumes contain maps of Britain and Ireland: Arundel 14 and Additional 33991.
Quire signatures, guide letters.
Select bibliography H. L. D. Ward, Catalogue of Romances in the Department of Manuscripts in the British Museum (London: British Museum, 1883), II, pp. 435-52.

J. S. Brewer, J. F. Dimock, and G.F. Warner, Giraldi Cambrensis Opera, I, Rolls Series, 5 (1867), pp. xx-xxii, xxxii-xxxiv, 1-202, 207-404, and II, Rolls Series, 6 (1868), pp. x-xi, xvii, xxiv, 9-152.

M. R. James, The Ancient Libraries of Canterbury and Dover (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1903), pp. 295, 518.

George F. Warner and Julius P. Gilson, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and Kingís Collections, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1921), II, pp. 94-95.

R. Flower, 'Manuscripts of Irish Interest in the British Museum', Analecta Hibernica 2 (1931), 292-340 (pp. 311-12).

C. H. Talbot, ĎA List of Cistercian Manuscripts in Great Britainí, Traditio: Studies in Ancient and Medieval History, Thought and Religion, 8 (1952), 402-18 (pp. 404, 410).

T. S. R. Boase, English Art 1100-1216, Oxford History of English Art, 2 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1957), p. 197.

Peter Brieger, English Art 1216-1307, Oxford History of English Art, 4 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1957), p. 138.

Medieval Libraries of Great Britain: A List of Surviving Books, ed. by N. R. Ker, 2nd edn, Royal Historical Society Guides and Handbooks, 3 (London: Royal Historical Society, 1964), p. 45.

A. B. Emden, Donors of Books to S. Augustine's Abbey, Canterbury (Oxford, 1968), p. 35, pl. I.

A. Gransden, 'Realistic Observation in Twelfth-Century England', Speculum, 47 (1972), 29-51 (p. 48, figs 2, 3, 5).

M. Richter, 'Gerald of Wales: A Reassessment on the 750th Anniversary of his Death', Traditio, 29 (1973), 379-90.

A. Gransden, Historical Writing in England c. 550 to c. 1307 (London: Routledge and Kegan, 1974), pp. 245, 356.

D. Walker, 'Gerald of Wales: A Review of Recent Work', Journal of the Historical Society of the Church in Wales, 24 (1974), 13-26.

Gerald of Wales, The Journey Through Wales / The Description of Wales, transl. by L. Thorpe (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1978) [Edition of the text].

W. B. Yapp, 'The Birds of English Medieval Manuscripts', Journal of Medieval History, 5 (1979) 315-48 (pp. 320, 346).

Robert Bartlett, Gerald of Wales 1146-1223 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1982), pp. 213, 216.

Andrew G. Watson, 'John Twyne of Canterbury (d. 1581) as a collector of Medieval Manuscripts: A Preliminary Investigation', The Library, Sixth Series, 8 (1986), 133-51 (p. 142).

M. T. Gibson and N. F. Palmer, 'Manuscripts of Alan of Lille Anticlaudianus in the British Isles', Studi Medievali, 3a series, 28 (1987), 905-1001 (pp. 946, 969-70, pl. VI).

Nigel Morgan, Early Gothic Manuscripts, 2 vols, A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles, 4 (London Harvey Miller, 1982-1988), I: 1190-1250, no. 59 (a).

Suzanne Lewis, The Art of Matthew Paris in the Chronica Majora (Aldershot: Scolar Press, 1987), pp. 30, 39-40, 400, 405, 480, n. 132, figs 17, 18.

Alison Stones, review of Nigel Morgan, 'Early Gothic Manuscripts 1250-1285, 2', Speculum, 68 (1993), 213-16 (p. 214).

J. Backhouse, The Illuminated Page: Ten Centuries of Manuscript Painting (London: British Library, 1997), no. 52.

John Higgitt, The Murthly Hours: Devotion, Literacy and Luxury in Paris, England and the Gaelic West (London: British Library, 2000), p. 80.

The Libraries of King Henry VIII, ed. by J. P. Carley, Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues, 7 (London: The British Library, 2000), H2.1116, H4.33-34.

Michelle P. Brown, 'Marvels of the West: Giraldus Cambrensis and the Role of the Author in the Development of Marginal Illustration', in Decoration and Illustration in Medieval English Manuscripts, ed. by A. S. G. Edwards, English Manuscript Studies 1100-1700, 10 (London: British Library, 2002), pp. 34-59 (pls 1-2).

Sophie Page, Magic in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2004), p. 19, pl. 17.

The Cambridge Illuminations: Ten Centuries of Book Production in the Medieval West, ed. by Paul Binski and Stella Panayotova (London: Harvey Miller, 2005), p. 308.

Asa Simon Mittman, Maps and Monsters in Medieval England (New York: Routledge, 2006), figs 5, 6.

Deirdre Jackson, Marvellous to Behold: Miracles in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2007), pl. 36.

Margaret Scott, Medieval Dress & Fashion (London: British Library, 2007), pl. 31.

St Augustine's Abbey, Canterbury, ed. by B. C. Barker-Benfield, Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues, 13, 3 vols (London: British Library, 2008), BA I.906.

Joe Flatman, Ships and Shipping in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2009), pl. 9.

Royal Manuscripts: The Genius of Illumination (London: British Library, 2011), no. 90 [exhibition catalogue].
Last revised: 06 May 2011


Images

Part  1   ff. 1-116v
Gerald of Wales, Henry of Saltrey Topographia Hiberniae, Expugnatio Hibernica, Itinerarium Kambriae; De purgatorio sancti Patrici, Excerpts from the Chronicle of Eusebius of Caesarea
* * *
 
Foliate initial

f. 1
Foliate initial
Foliate initial

f. 3v
Foliate initial
Foliate initials

f. 4
Foliate initials
 
Foliate initials

f. 4
Foliate initials
Crane and Barnacle geese

f. 8v
Crane and Barnacle geese
Crane and Barnacle geese

f. 8v
Crane and Barnacle geese
 
Osprey

f. 9
Osprey
Osprey

f. 9
Osprey
Kingfisher and stork

f. 9v
Kingfisher and stork
 
Kingfisher and stork

f. 9v
Kingfisher and stork
Crow

f. 10
Crow
Crow

f. 10
Crow
 
Animals

f. 10v
Animals
Animals

f. 10v
Animals
Animals

ff. 10v-11
Animals
 
Animals

f. 11
Animals
Snakes

f. 11
Snakes
Spider

f. 11v
Spider
 
Fox and wolf

f. 11v
Fox and wolf
Spider, fox and wolf

f. 11v
Spider, fox and wolf
Fish and deer with golden teeth

f. 16v
Fish and deer with golden teeth
 
Fish and deer with golden teeth

f. 16v
Fish and deer with golden teeth
Priest of Ulster and the wolf

f. 17v
Priest of Ulster and the wolf
Priest and wolf

ff. 17v-18
Priest and wolf
 
Priest and wolf

f. 17v
Priest and wolf
Priest of Ulster and the wolf

f. 17v-18
Priest of Ulster and the wolf
Priest of Ulster and the wolf

f. 18
Priest of Ulster and the wolf
 
Priest and wolf

f. 18
Priest and wolf
Priest of Ulster and the wolf

f. 18
Priest of Ulster and the wolf
Bearded Woman and man-ox

ff. 18v-19
Bearded Woman and man-ox
 
Bearded woman of Limerick and man-ox of Wicklow

f. 19
Bearded woman of Limerick and man-ox of Wicklow
Bearded woman of Limerick and man-ox of Wicklow

f. 19
Bearded woman of Limerick and man-ox of Wicklow
Woman of Connaught and Joanna of Paris

f. 19v
Woman of Connaught and Joanna of Paris
 
Woman of Connaught and Joanna of Paris

f. 19v
Woman of Connaught and Joanna of Paris
Cow-stag of Chester

f. 19v
Cow-stag of Chester
Examples of bestiality

ff. 19v-20
Examples of bestiality
 
Kevin and the blackbird

f. 20
Kevin and the blackbird
Kevin and the blackbird

f. 20
Kevin and the blackbird
Bear of St Firmin of Uzio

f. 20v
Bear of St Firmin of Uzio
 
Bear of St Firmin of Uzio

f. 20v
Bear of St Firmin of Uzio
Colman and the ducks

f. 21
Colman and the ducks
Colman and the ducks

f. 21
Colman and the ducks
 
Rats of Ferneginan and the wandering bell of Mactalewus

f. 21v
Rats of Ferneginan and the wandering bell of Mactalewus
Rats of Ferneginan

f. 21v
Rats of Ferneginan
Marginal scenes

ff. 21v-22
Marginal scenes
 
Falcon of Kildare and the Gospels of Kildare

f. 22
Falcon of Kildare and the Gospels of Kildare
The Gospels of Kildare

f. 22
The Gospels of Kildare
Falcon of Kildare and the Gospels of Kildare

f. 22
Falcon of Kildare and the Gospels of Kildare
 
Salmon

f. 23
Salmon
Salmon

f. 23
Salmon
Salmon

f. 23
Salmon
 
Crucifix of Dublin

f. 23v
Crucifix of Dublin
Crucifix of Dublin

f. 23v
Crucifix of Dublin
Crucifix of Dublin

ff. 23v-24
Crucifix of Dublin
 
Woman playing a harp

f. 26
Woman playing a harp
Woman playing a harp

f. 26
Woman playing a harp
Man carrying another

f. 27v
Man carrying another
 
Man carrying another

f. 27v
Man carrying another
Man killing another

f. 28
Man killing another
Man killing another

f. 28
Man killing another
 
Man killing another

f. 28
Man killing another
Kingship ritual

f. 28v
Kingship ritual
Kingship ritual

f. 28v
Kingship ritual
 
Kingship ritual and the Irish

ff. 28v-29
Kingship ritual and the Irish
Men of Connaught in a boat

f. 29
Men of Connaught in a boat
Men of Connaught in a boat

f. 29
Men of Connaught in a boat
 
Men of Connaught in a boat

f. 29
Men of Connaught in a boat
Bernard blowing the horn of Brendan

f. 30
Bernard blowing the horn of Brendan
Bell and crozier

f. 30
Bell and crozier
 
Bernard blowing the horn of Brendan

f. 30
Bernard blowing the horn of Brendan
A crippled man

f. 30v
A crippled man
A crippled man

f. 30v
A crippled man
 
Crippled man

f. 30v-31
Crippled man
Decorated initial

f. 34v
Decorated initial
Zoomorphic initial

f. 37
Zoomorphic initial
 
Decorated initial

f. 38
Decorated initial
Illuminated initial

f. 54v
Illuminated initial
Decorated initial

f. 73v
Decorated initial
 
Decorated initial

f. 74v
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 90v
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 100v
Decorated initial
 
Decorated initial

f. 101v
Decorated initial

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