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Detailed record for Royal 14 E IV

Author Jean of Wavrin
Title Recueil des croniques d’Engleterre
Origin France, N. E. (Lille?) and Netherlands, S. (Bruges)
Date c. 1470- c. 1480
Language French
Script Gothic cursive
Scribe Jean Du Quesne (Jean Duchesne)
Artists Master of the Vienna and Copenhagen Toison d’Or, Master of the White Inscriptions, Master of Edward IV
Decoration 5 half-page miniatures in colours and gold, with full borders, and initials in colours and gold with flowers, at the beginning of books (ff. 10, 71, 121, 186, 254). 33 half-page or one-column miniatures with partial borders, and foliate initials in colours and gold, at the beginning of chapters (ff. 14v, 23, 28v, 34, 39, 47v, 49v, 57, 59v, 64, 81, 98v, 114, 169v, 195, 201v, 204, 210, 217v, 224, 232, 236, 244v, 252, 258v, 259v, 265v, 267v, 276, 281v, 284, 293v, 299). Initials in gold on blue and rose grounds with penwork decoration in white. Line-fillers in blue and rose with penwork decoration in white.
Dimensions in mm 460 x 330 (275 x 200), in two columns
Official foliation ff. 329 (+ 1 unfoliated modern paper flyleaf at the beginning and at the end, and 2 unfoliated medieval parchment flyleaves at the beginning and 1at the end; 1 blank leaf after f. 9)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. The Royal Library binding of brown leather with royal arms and a date of 1757; gilt edges.
Provenance Edward IV (b. 1442, d. 1483), king of England and lord of Ireland: the royal arms of England surmounted by a crowned helm with mantling in Edward's colours of red and blue, and surrounded by the Garter (ff. 10, 71); with a lozenge bearing a white rose of the York family, with a Yorkist badge 'Dieu et mon droit' (e.g., ff. 1, 23, 34, 49v etc.); adapted and completed for him in the southern Netherlands, probably c. 1479- c. 1480: record of payment to the foreign merchant Philip Maisertuell for books and record of books in the Great Wardrobe Accounts of 1480 (see McKendrick 1994).
The Old Royal Library (the English Royal Library): included in the list of books at Richmond Palace of 1535, no. 43.
Presented to the British Museum by George II in 1757 as part of the Old Royal Library.
Notes Includes the third volume of the Recueil des croniques d’Engleterre of Jean of Wavrin, preceded by a list of contents (ff. 1-9v).
According to McKendrick (see McKendrick and Lowden 2011), copied by Jean Du Quesne (or Duchesne), scribe and translator from Lille and illuminated by the Master of the Vienna and Copenhagen Toison d’Or in c. 1470; the work was completed with a collaboration of the Master of the White Inscriptions (ff. 81, 98v, 114, 121, 169v, 299, see Kren and McKendrick 2003, p. 289), and the Master of Edward IV (f. 293v); the majority of its illuminated borders are in a style associated with the Master of the Harley Froissart, except for the three borders of the original campaign, attributable to the Master of the Vienna and Copenhagen Toison d’Or (ff. 14v, 281v, 284).
Catchwords and bifolium signatures. Foliation in red beginning on f. 10.
Written instructions to the illuminator.
Select bibliography H. Omont, 'Les manuscrits français des rois d'Angleterre au château de Richmond', in Etudes romanes dédiés à Gaston Paris (Paris: É. Bouillon, 1891), pp. 1-13 (p. 7).

George F. Warner and Julius P. Gilson, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and King’s Collections, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1921), II, p. 140.

F. Winkler, Die flämische Buchmalerei des XV. und XVI. Jahrhunderts: Künstler und Werke von den Brüdern van Eyck bis zu Simon Bening / Mit 91 Lichtdrucktafeln (Leipzig: E.A. Seemann, 1925), p. 179.

Janet Backhouse, 'Manuscript Sources for the History of Mediaeval Costume', Costume: Journal of the Costume Society, 1 (1968), 9-14 (p. 14, pl. 4).

Margaret Kekewich, 'Edward IV, William Caxton, and Literary Patronage in Yorkist England', The Modern Language Review, 66 (1971) 481-87 (p. 484).

Janet Backhouse, 'Founders of the Royal Library: Edward IV and Henry VII as Collectors of Illuminated Manuscripts', in England in the Fifteenth Century: Proceedings of the 1986 Harlaxton Symposium, ed. by David Williams (Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 1987), pp. 23-42 (pp. 25, 39).

McKendrick, Scot, ‘La Grande Histoire Cesar and the Manuscripts of Edward IV’, in English Manuscript Studies 1100-1700, 2, ed. by Peter Beal and Jeremy Griffiths, (London: British Library, 1990), pp. 109-38, (p. 110).

Scot McKendrick, 'Lodewijk van Gruuthuse en de Librije van Edward IV', in Lodewijk van Gruuthuse , Mecenas en Europees Diplomaats ca. 1427-1492, ed. by M. P. J. Marten (Bruges: Stichting, 1992), pp. 153-59 (p.159, n. 89).

Scot McKendrick, 'The Romuléon and the Manuscripts of Edward IV', in England in the Fifteenth Century, ed. by Nicholas Rogers, Harlaxton Medieval Studies, 4 (Stamford: Paul Watkins, 1994), pp. 149-69 (pp. 162, ns 74, 75, 163).

Lilian M. C. Randall and others, Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Walters Art Gallery, 3 vols (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1989-1997), III: Belgium, 1250-1530, p. 390.

The Libraries of King Henry VIII, ed. by J. P. Carley, Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues, 7 (London: The British Library, 2000), H1.43, p. xxv.

Pamela Porter, Medieval Warfare in Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2000), p. 15, p. 29.

The Image of Time: European Manuscript Books (Lisbon: Calouste Gulbenkian Museum, 2000), no. 56 [exhibition catalogue].

Hanno Wijjsman, 'William Lord Hastings, Les Faits de Jacques De Lalaing et le Maître aux inscriptions blanches à propos du manuscrit français 16830 de la Bibliothèque nationale de France', in ’Als Ich Can’: Liber Amicorum in Memory of Professor Dr. Maurits Smeyers, ed. by Bert Cardon and others, 2 vols (Paris: Uitgeverij Peeters, 2002), pp. 1641-64 (p. 1652).

C. T. L. Visser-Fuchs, 'Warwick and Wavrin, Two Case Studies on the Literary Background of Anglo-Burgundian Relations in the Yorkist Period' (unpublished doctoral thesis, University College, London, 2002), pp. 322, 331.

Justin Clegg, The Medieval Church in Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2003), p. 34, fig. 28.

Pamela Porter, Courtly Love in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2003), p. 18.

Thomas Kren and Scot McKendrick, Illuminating the Renaissance: The Triumph of Flemish Manuscript Painting in Europe (Los Angeles: The J. Paul Getty Museum, 2003), pp. 279, 280, 289. [exhibition catalogue].

Joe Flatman, Ships and Shipping in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2009), pls 85, 90, 97, 103.

Royal Manuscripts: The Genius of Illumination (London: British Library, 2011), no. 48.
Last revised: 10 May 2011


Images
* * *
 
Richard II

f. 10
Richard II
Border with Yorkist badge

f. 10
Border with Yorkist badge
Richard II

f. 10
Richard II
 
Richard II

f. 10
Richard II
Angel with a banner

f. 10
Angel with a banner
Royal arms

f. 10
Royal arms
 
Battle

f. 14v
Battle
Battle

f. 14v
Battle
Siege of Mortagne

f. 23
Siege of Mortagne
 
Siege of Mortagne

f. 23
Siege of Mortagne
Siege of Pamplona

f. 28v
Siege of Pamplona
King of Navarre

f. 28v
King of Navarre
 
King of Navarre

f. 28v
King of Navarre
Death of de Lagurant

f. 34
Death of de Lagurant
Death of de Lagurant

f. 34
Death of de Lagurant
 
Waleran and Maud

f. 39
Waleran and Maud
Waleran and Maud

f. 39
Waleran and Maud
Birds

f. 39
Birds
 
Bertrand du Guesclin

f. 47v
Bertrand du Guesclin
Bertrand du Guesclin

f. 47v
Bertrand du Guesclin
Earl of Buckingham

f. 49v
Earl of Buckingham
 
Earl of Buckingham

f. 49v
Earl of Buckingham
Siege of Troyes

f. 57
Siege of Troyes
Siege of Troyes

f. 57
Siege of Troyes
 
Siege of Troyes

f. 59v
Siege of Troyes
Siege of Troyes

f. 59v
Siege of Troyes
Charles V

f. 64
Charles V
 
Charles V

f. 64
Charles V
Angel

f. 71
Angel
Sortie from Nantes

f. 71
Sortie from Nantes
 
Sortie from Nantes

f. 71
Sortie from Nantes
Sortie from Nantes

f. 71
Sortie from Nantes
Joust

f. 81
Joust
 
Joust

f. 81
Joust
Richard II

f. 98v
Richard II
Richard II

f. 98v
Richard II
 
Pennon of St George

f. 114
Pennon of St George
Ghent

f. 121
Ghent
Ghent

f. 121
Ghent
 
Herald and monkeys

f. 121
Herald and monkeys
Duke Albert

f. 169v
Duke Albert
Duke Albert

f. 169v
Duke Albert
 
Edmund Langley

f. 186
Edmund Langley
Edmund Langley

f. 186
Edmund Langley
Monkey and man

f. 186
Monkey and man
 
English ships at Lisbon

f. 195
English ships at Lisbon
English ships at Lisbon

f. 195
English ships at Lisbon
Battle

f. 201v
Battle
 
Battle

f. 201v
Battle
King of Portugal

f. 204
King of Portugal
King of Portugal

f. 204
King of Portugal
 
Bastion erected against Brest

f. 210
Bastion erected against Brest
Bastion erected against Brest

f. 210
Bastion erected against Brest
Chapel Ardente

f. 217v
Chapel Ardente
 
Chapel Ardente

f. 217v
Chapel Ardente
Battle at Brest

f. 224
Battle at Brest
Battle at Brest

f. 224
Battle at Brest
 
Council of the king of France

f. 232
Council of the king of France
Council of the king of France

f. 232
Council of the king of France
Lancaster arriving in Spain

f. 236
Lancaster arriving in Spain
 
Lancaster arriving in Spain

f. 236
Lancaster arriving in Spain
Lancaster dining with the king of Portugal

f. 244v
Lancaster dining with the king of Portugal
Lancaster dining with the king of Portugal

f. 244v
Lancaster dining with the king of Portugal
 
Text page

f. 245
Text page
Assault on Ribodane

f. 252
Assault on Ribodane
Assault on Ribodane

f. 252
Assault on Ribodane
 
Court of the king of Castile

f. 254
Court of the king of Castile
Court of the king of Castile

f. 254
Court of the king of Castile
Birds

f. 258v
Birds
 
King of France arriving at Sluys

f. 258v
King of France arriving at Sluys
King of France arriving at Sluys

f. 258v
King of France arriving at Sluys
King of Armenia and Richard II

f. 259v
King of Armenia and Richard II
 
King of Armenia and Richard II

f. 259v
King of Armenia and Richard II
Dukes of York, Gloucester and Ireland

f. 265v
Dukes of York, Gloucester and Ireland
Dukes of York, Gloucester and Ireland

f. 265v
Dukes of York, Gloucester and Ireland
 
Jacques le Gris and Jean de Carrouges

f. 267v
Jacques le Gris and Jean de Carrouges
Jacques le Gris and Jean de Carrouges

f. 267v
Jacques le Gris and Jean de Carrouges
Naval battle between English and Flemings

f. 276
Naval battle between English and Flemings
 
Naval battle between English and Flemings

f. 276
Naval battle between English and Flemings
Taking of Ribodane

f. 281v
Taking of Ribodane
Taking of Ribodane

f. 281v
Taking of Ribodane
 
Philippa of Lancaster and John of Portugal

f. 284
Philippa of Lancaster and John of Portugal
Philippa of Lancaster and John of Portugal

f. 284
Philippa of Lancaster and John of Portugal
Joust

f. 293v
Joust
 
Joust

f. 293v
Joust
Council of king John of Castile

f. 299
Council of king John of Castile
Council of king John of Castile

f. 299
Council of king John of Castile
 
Bird and fool

f. 299
Bird and fool

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