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Detailed record for Royal 15 D IV

Author Quintus Curtius Rufus, translated by Vasco da Lucena
Title Historia Alexandri (Quinte Curse Ruffe des faiz du grant Alexandre)
Origin France N. E. (Amiens or Hesdin) or Netherlands, S. (Bruges)
Date c. 1468-c. 1480
Language French
Script Gothic cursive (bâtarde)
Artists Rambures Master
Decoration 17 large double-column miniatures partially in grisaille, with full borders in colours and gold, and foliate initials in colours and gold, at the beginning of the prologues and books (ff. 11, 24v, 38, 50, 56, 70, 90, 101v, 112, 135, 145, 158, 172, 185, 195, 205, 214). 31 one-column miniatures partially en grisaille, signed with letters of the alphabet or symbols, with partial borders, at the beginning of some chapters (ff. 17, 21v, 33v, 44v, 52v, 59v, 64, 77, 82, 85v, 93v, 97, 105, 108v, 115v, 119v, 132v, 139, 141v, 148, 153, 163, 174v, 180, 188, 192, 198, 201, 211v, 216, 218v). 1 space left for a one-column miniature (f. 208). Initials in gold on blue and rose grounds with penwork decoration in white. Line-fillers in blue and rose with penwork decoration in white, some with gold.
Dimensions in mm 430 x 330 (260 x 210)
Official foliation ff. 219 (+ 3 unfoliated modern paper flyleaves at the beginning and at the end, and 1 unfoliated medieval parchment flyleaf at the beginning and at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Royal library binding of brown leather with the royal arms and a date of 1757.
Provenance Guillaume de la Baume (d. 1516), seigneur d'Irlain, a 'chevalier d'honneur' to Margaret of York: his arms of a bend dancetty azure charged in chief with a six-pointed star argent erased, but visible under ultraviolet light (f. 219).
Sir John Donne (d. 1503), soldier and administrator: his arms of a wolf rampant erased (f. 219); includes autograph greetings to him from Margaret of York (b. 1446, d. 1503), duchess of Burgundy and Marie de Bourgogne (b. 1457, d.1482), her stepdaughter, 'For yet not har that /ys on of yo[u]r treu frendes / Margarete of Yorke', and, over an erasure, 'Prenez moy a jamais pour votre / bonne amie Marie .X. de bourg[og]ne' (f. 219); perhaps given to him during his diplomatic journey to Flanders in 1477, or during Margaret of York's visit to England in 1480 (see: Eichberger 2005).
Henry VIII (b. 1491, d. 1547), king of England and Ireland, probably presented to him in honour of his marriage to Katharine of Aragon (b. 1485, d. 1536) in 1509: the badge of Tudor roses and pomegranates surmounted by a crowned fleur-de-lys (f. 219), and the Tudor royal arms of England supported by a red dragon and a white greyhound (f. 11).
The Old Royal Library (the English Royal Library): perhaps to be identified with 'La quinte course d'Alexandre' included in the list of books at Richmond Palace of 1535, no. 40; and in the catalogue of 1666, Royal Appendix 71, ff. 12v, 13 or 14v.
Presented to the British Museum by George II in 1757 as part of the Old Royal Library
Notes Contains the Historia Alexandri translated as Quinte Curse Ruffe des faiz du grant Alexandre by Vasco da Lucena, a Portuguese in the service of Isabella of Portugal and then of Margaret of York, first presented to Charles in 1468; preceded by a list of contents (ff. 1-10).
According to Avril and Reynaud 1993, illuminated by the Rambures Master, named after the Hours of Jacques de Rambures, Amiens, Bibliothèque Municipale 200, active in Amiens or Hesdin.
ff. 12 and 19 are misbound and should follow f. 218.
Catchwords and bifolium signatures. Small miniatures signed by letters indicating the order of insertion in the book.
Select bibliography H. Omont, 'Les manuscrits français des rois d'Angleterre au château de Richmond', in Etudes romanes dédiés à Gaston Paris (Paris: É. Bouillon, 1891), pp. 1-13 (p. 7).

George F. Warner and Julius P. Gilson, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and King’s Collections, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1921), II, p. 173.

D. J. A. Ross, Alexander Historiatus: A Guide to Medieval Illustrated Alexander Literature (London: Warburg Institute, 1963), p. 70 .

Robert Lucas, 'Medieval French Translations of the Latin Classics to 1500', Speculum, 45 (1970), 225-53 (p. 237).

Margaret Kekewich, 'Edward IV, William Caxton, and Literary Patronage in Yorkist England', Modern Language Review, 66 (1971) 481-87 (p. 484).

Lotte Hellinga, 'Caxton and the Bibliophiles', in Actes du XI Congrès International de Bibliophilie (Brussels, 1979), pp. 11-38 (pp. 24-26).

Janet Backhouse, 'Founders of the Royal Library: Edward IV and Henry VII as Collectors of Illuminated Manuscripts', in England in the Fifteenth Century: Proceedings of the 1986 Harlaxton Symposium, ed. by David Williams (Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 1987), pp. 23-42 (f. 31).

Christine Weightman, Margaret of York, Duchess of Burgundy, 1446-1503 (Gloucester: Sutton, 1989), pp. 209, 239.

Otto Pächt and Dagmer Thoss, Die illuminierten Handschriften der Österreichischen Nationalbibliothek: Flämische Schule (Vienna: O¨sterreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1990), pp. 49-64.

Anna Rapp Buri and Monica Stucky-Schu¨rer, Zahm und wild: Basler und Strassburger Bildteppiche des 15 Jahrhunderts (Mainz: Von Zabern, 1990), p. 382.

Kurtis A. Barstow, 'The Library of Margaret of York and Some Related Books', in Margaret of York, Simon Marmion, and the Visions of Tondal, ed. by Thomas Kren (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1992), pp. 257-63 (p. 262).

Wim Blockmans, 'The Devotion of a Lonely Duchess', in Margaret of York, Simon Marmion, and the Visions of Tondal, ed. by Thomas Kren (Malibu:J. Paul Getty Museum, 1992), pp. 29-46 (p. 41).

Pierre Cockshaw, 'Some Remarks on the Character and Content of the Library of Margaret of York', in Margaret of York, Simon Marmion, and the Visions of Tondal, ed. by Thomas Kren (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1992), pp. 57-62 (pp. 58, 60).

Albert Derolez, 'A Renaissance Manuscripts in the Hands of Margaret of York', in Margaret of York, Simon Marmion, and the Visions of Tondal, ed. by Thomas Kren (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1992), pp. 99-102 (p. 102, n. 7).

Thomas Kren, 'Introduction', in 'The Library of Margaret of York and Some Related Books', in Margaret of York, Simon Marmion, and the Visions of Tondal, ed. by Thomas Kren (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1992), pp. 13-27 (pp. 15, 18, 25, n. 41).

François Avril and Nicole Reynaud, Les Manuscrits à Peintures en France 1440-1520 (Paris: Flammarion, 1993), p. 97 [exhibition catalogue].

Janet Backhouse, 'Sir John Donne's Flemish Manuscripts', in Medieval Codicology, Iconography, Literature and Translation: Studies for Keith Val Sinclair, ed. by P. R. Monks (Leiden, 1994), pp. 48-57 (pp. 49-51 figs 11, 12).

Janet Backhouse, 'Illuminated Manuscripts Associated with Henry VII and Members of his Immediate Family', in The Reign of Henry VII: Proceedings of the 1993 Harlaxton Symposium, ed. by Benjamin Thompson (Stamford: Paul Watkins, 1995), pp. 175-87 (p. 183, n. 31).

Scot McKendrick, 'Illustrated Manuscripts of Vasco da Lucena's Translation of Curtius's Historiae Alexandri Magni: Nature Corrupted by Fortune', in Medieval Manuscripts of the Latin Classics: Production and Use, ed. by Claudine A. Chavannes-Mazel and Margaret M. Smith (Leiden: Anderrson-Lovelace and the Red Gull Press, 1996) pp. 131-50 (pp. 133, n. 13, 144, nn. 45-57, 145, n. 50).

Scot McKendrick, The History of Alexander the Great: Illuminated Manuscripts of Vasco da Lucena's French Translation of the Ancient Text by Quintus Curtius Rufus (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1996), pp. 20, 24, 102.

Anne F. Sutton and Livia Visser-Fuchs, Richard III’s Books: Ideals and Reality in the Life and Library of a Medieval Prince (Stroud: Sutton, 1997), p. 39.

Lorne Campbell, The Fifteenth-Century Netherlandish Schools (London: National Gallery, 1998), p. 382.

Maurice Smeyers, Flemish Miniatures from the 8th to the mid-16th Century: The Medieval World on Parchment (Turnhout: Brepols, 1999), pp. 468, 483, n. 122.

Marc Gill, 'Du Maître du Mansel au Maître de Rambures: Le milieu des peintres et des enlumineurs de Picardie (ca. 1440-1480)' (Unpublished doctoral dissertation University of Paris IV-Sorbonne, 1999), pp. 293-99, 499-55.

The Libraries of King Henry VIII, ed. by J. P. Carley, Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues, 7 (London: The British Library, 2000), H1.38, p. lv, n. 117.

Janet Backhouse, 'Memorials and Manuscripts of a Yorkist Elite', in St George's Chapel, Windsor, in the Late Middle Ages, ed. by Colin Richmond and Eileen Scarff, Historical Monographs relating to St George Chapel, Windsor Castle, 17 (Leeds: Maney Publishing, 2001), pp. 151-60 (p. 158).

Scot McKendrick, Flemish Illuminated Manuscripts 1400-1550 (London: British Library, 2003), pl. 33.

Thomas Kren and Scot McKendrick, Illuminating the Renaissance: The Triumph of Flemish Manuscript Painting in Europe (Los Angeles: The J. Paul Getty Museum, 2003), pp. 78, n. 123, 256

Peter Lord, The Visual Culture of Wales: Medieval Vision (Cardiff: University of Wales, 2003), pp. 252-53, fig. 403.

James P. Carley, The Books of King Henry VIII and His Wives, preface by David Starkey (London: British Library, 2004), pl. 100.

Women of Distinction : Margaret of York, Margaret of Austria, ed. by Dagmar Eichberger (Davidsfonds: Brepols, 2005), no. 81, pp. 207, 243-44, 290 [Exhibition catalogue].

Chrystèle Blondeau, 'Imiter le prince?: la diffusion des Faits et gestes d'Alexandre de Vasque de Lucène à la cour de Bourgogne', in Hofkultur in Frankreich und Europa im Spätmittelalter: La culture de cour en France et en Europe a la fin du Moyen-Age, ed. by Christian Freigang and Jean-Claude Schmitt (Berlin: Akademie Verlag, 2005), pp. 185-208 (pp. 188-89).

Nicolas Bell, 'Commentary', in Music for King Henry: BL Royal MS II E XI (London: Folio Society, 2009), pll on p. 44.

Royal Manuscripts: The Genius of Illumination (London: British Library, 2011), no. 149 [exhibition catalogue].
Last revised: 10 May 2011


Images
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Charles the Bold

f. 11
Charles the Bold
Charles the Bold

f. 11
Charles the Bold
Destruction of Thebes

f. 24v
Destruction of Thebes
 
Miniature

f. 38
Miniature
Miniature

f. 38
Miniature
Border

f. 38
Border
 
Battle of Issus

f. 50
Battle of Issus
Alexander

f. 101v
Alexander
Alexander

f. 101v
Alexander
 
Death of Alexander

f. 112
Death of Alexander
Death of Alexander

f. 112
Death of Alexander
Grotesque

f. 112
Grotesque
 
Man and stork

f. 112
Man and stork
Death of Alexander

f. 112
Death of Alexander
Death of Alexander Lyncestes

f. 135
Death of Alexander Lyncestes
 
Passage of Oxus

f. 145
Passage of Oxus
Death of Callisthenes

f. 172
Death of Callisthenes
Death of Meleager

f. 218v
Death of Meleager
 
Death of Meleager

f. 218v
Death of Meleager
Death of Meleager and Tudor rose

ff. 218v-219
Death of Meleager and Tudor rose
Royal arms

f. 219
Royal arms
 
Royal arms

f. 219
Royal arms

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