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Detailed record for Royal 17 B XLIII

Author John Mandeville
Title Travels in English translation; Sir Gowghter; Saint Patrick's Purgatory; Vision of Tondal (imperfect)
Origin England
Date 1451
Language English
Script Gothic cursive
Decoration 2 full-page tinted drawings in colours (ff. 132v, 149v). 2 foliate initials with full borders in colours and gold (ff. 4, 116). 2 initials in colours (f. 132). Initials in green with brown and green pen-flourishing, in blue or in brown with brown and blue pen-flourishing (ff. 4-115v). Initials in red (ff. 150-184v).
Dimensions in mm 205 x 140 (150 x 100)
Official foliation ff. 187 (+ 3 unfoliated modern paper flyleaves at the beginning and at the end; ff. 1-3 and 185-187 are medieval parchment flyleaves)
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house.
Provenance Written in 1451: colophon 'Explicit Tondale ('Scriptum' added in a later hand) / anno d[om]ni millesimo quadringentesimo quinquagesimo primo / anno regni regis Henrici sexti p[ost] conquestum Anglie vicesimo nono' (f. 184).
Added religious poem in English, beginning 'Com home agayne, | Com home agayne, | Mi nowine swet hart, com home agayne', and ending
'Bot I am he | That shall los the | From Satan the phinnes bond' (ff. 184r-v), and inscribed by the same hand 'John' (f. 183v) and ' In the name of God a / men the XIIth days / of mays in the yare / y y y / in the name of god amen' (f. 3v) c. 1500.
John Theyer (bap. 1598, d. 1673), antiquary: his monogram with a number '15' (f. 1); included in the catalogue of his library left to his grandson Charles Theyer (b. 1651): see E. Bernard, Catalogi librorum manuscriptorum Angliae et Hiberniae, 3 vols. (Oxford: Sheldonian, '1697', but 1698?), II, no. 6643;
Robert Scott (b. c. 1632, d. 1709/10), London bookseller: included in the catalogue of John Theyer’s manuscripts in his possession, made in 1678 by William Beveridge and William Jane, Royal Appendix, 70, no. 218.
Charles II (b. 1630, d.1685), king of England, Scotland, and Ireland: purchased from Scott together with other 311 manuscripts from Theyer's library.
Added list of contents, 18th century (f. 2).
Presented to the British Museum by George II in 1757 as part of the Old Royal Library.
Notes Includes John Mandeville, 'Voyage d'outre mer' in English translation (ff. 4-115v);
The metrical romance 'Sir Gowghter' (ff. 116-131v);
Saint Patrick's Purgatory: the vision of William Staunton, a native of the county of Durham, as seen by him on Friday, 20 Sept. 1409 (ff. 133-148v);
The Vision of Tondal (ff. 150-184v).
The drawings on ff. 132v and 149v are both on inserted pieces of parchment, that are not part of the regular gatherings.
Catchwords and bifolium signatures.
Select bibliography G. P. Krapp, The Legend of Saint Patrick's Purgatory: Its Later Literary History, (Baltimore: John Murphy, 1900), p. 58.

H. L. D. Ward and J. A. Herbert, Catalogue of Romances in the Department of Manuscripts in the British Museum, 3 vols (London: British Museum, 1883-1910), I, p. 161; II, pp. 433, 484.

Anna C. Paues, 'The Name of the Letter ?', Modern Language Review, 4 (1911), 441-54 (p. 445).

George F. Warner and Julius P. Gilson, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and King’s Collections, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1921), II, pp. 233-34.

M. C. Seymour, 'The English Epitome of Mandeville's Travels', Anglia: Zeitschirift für Englische Philologie, 84 (1996), 27-58 (p. 50, n. 90).

Gisela Guddat-Figge, Catalogue of Manuscripts Containing Middle English Romances, Münchener Universitäts-Schriften Philosophische Fakultät Texte und Untersuchungen zur Englischen Philologie, ed. by Helmut Gneuss and Wolfgang Weiss, 4 (Munich: Wilhem Fink, 1976), no. 54.

Andrew G. Watson, Catalogue of Dated and Datable Manuscripts c. 700-1600 in The Department of Manuscripts: The British Library, 2 vols (London: British Library, 1979), I, no. 902.

Tamarah Kohanski, 'Two Manuscripts of Mandeville's Travels', Notes and Queries, New Series 42 (1995), 269-70 (p. 269).

Kathleen L. Scott, Tradition and Innovation in Later Medieval English Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2007), pp. 70, 167, n. 266, fig. 63.

Joyce Boro, 'Miscellaneity and History: Reading Sixteenth-Century Romance Manuscripts, in Tudor Manuscripts 1485-1603, ed. by A. S. G. Edwards, English Manuscript Studies, 15 (London: British Library, 2009), pp. 123-51 (p. 125).

* * *

f. 132v

f. 133
Winged figure

f. 149v
Winged figure
Text page

f. 150
Text page

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