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Detailed record for Royal 18 E II

Author Jehan Froissart
Title Chroniques
Origin Netherlands, S. (Bruges)
Date Last quarter of the 15th century, before 1483
Language French
Script Gothic cursive (bâtarde)
Artists Master of the Getty Froissart; Master of the Chattering Hands and
Master of the Harley Froissart
Decoration 1 large miniature in colours and gold with a full border with flowers and acanthus leaves, at the beginning of the volume (f. 7). 53 one or two- column miniatures in colours and gold, with partial borders, at the beginning of chapters (ff. 18v, 24v, 31, 35v, 39, 40v, 50v, 70v, 74, 96, 113, 124v, 128, 142, 159v, 163, 170v, 178v, 190v, 206, 211v, 216, 224, 226v, 227v, 241, 247, 249v, 261v, 266v, 268v, 270v, 293v, 316v, 328v, 336v, 344v, 346v, 352, 354v, 362, 363v, 366v, 382, 386, 388, 390, 393, 394v, 401, 404, 411v, 416v). Instruction to illuminators in French in the lower margins (ff. 35v, 216, 224, 227v, 241). Initials and paraphs in gold on blue and rose grounds with penwork decoration in white.
Dimensions in mm 485 x 335 (290 x 190)
Official foliation ff. 419 (+ 3 unfoliated modern paper flyleaves at the beginning and at the end, and 1 unfoliated medieval parchment at the end; f. 1 is a medieval parchment flyleaf; there are currently 2 folios numbered f. 216; the first such folio, which is blank, should be numbered f. 215*)
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house. Rebound in 1975, with the former binding of brown leather with the royal arms and the date of 1757, kept separately. Gilt edges.
Provenance Edward IV (b. 1442, d. 1483), king of England and lord of Ireland, made for him: the royal arms of England surrounded by the Garter, and surmounted by a crowned helm with a mantling in Edward's colours of red and blue (f. 7).
The Old Royal Library (the English Royal Library): perhaps to be identified with 'Le petit Froissart' in the list of books at Richmond Palace of 1535, no. 58.
John Lumley, 1st baron Lumley (b. c. 1533, d. 1609), collector and conspirator: inscribed with his name (f. 2); listed in the 1609 catalogue of his collection, no. 1235 (see The Lumley Library, 1956); passed to Henry, prince of Wales.
Henry Frederick, prince of Wales (b. 1594, d. 1612), eldest child of James I: his collection became part of the Royal Library.
Presented to the British Museum by George II in 1757 as part of the Old Royal Library.
Notes Includes a volume 4 of the 'Chroniques' of Froissart, covering the period 1389-1400, preceded by a list of contents (ff. 2-5v).
According to Kren and McKendrick 2003, two miniatures are attributed to the Master of the Getty Froissart (ff. 7, 206), named after Los Angeles, J. Paul Getty Museum, Ludwig XIII; the rest of the illuminations is by Master of the Chattering Hands and Master of the Harley Froissart (see McKendrick and Lowden 2011).
Probably volume 4 of a set; other volumes are Royal 18 E I (volume 2) and Los Angeles, J. Paul Getty Museum, Ludwig MS XIII 7 (volume 3); volume 1 is untraced.
Catchwords written vertically.
Select bibliography H. Omont, 'Les manuscrits français des rois d'Angleterre au château de Richmond', in Etudes romanes dédiés à Gaston Paris (Paris: É. Bouillon, 1891), pp. 1-13 (p. 5).

George F. Warner and Julius P. Gilson, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and King’s Collections, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1921), II, pp. 314-15.

The Lumley Library: The Catalogue of 1609, ed. by Sears Jayne and Francis R. Johnson (London: British Museum, 1956), p. 156.

Margaret Kekewich, 'Edward IV, William Caxton, and Literary Patronage in Yorkist England', The Modern Language Review, 66 (1971) 481-87 (p. 483).

Otto Pächt, 'La terre de Flandres', Pantheon, 36 (1978), 3-16 (p. 14).

A. A. J. Armstrong 'L'échange culturel entre les cours d'Angleterre et de Bourgogne a l'époque de Charles le Témeraire', in England, France and Burgundy in the Fifteenth century, ed. by A. A. J. Armstrong (London: Hambledon Press, 1983), 35-49 (p. 47).

Janet Backhouse, ‘Founders of the Royal Library: Edward IV and Henry VII as Collectors of Illuminated Manuscripts’, in England in the Fifteenth Century: Proceedings of the 1986 Harlaxton Symposium, ed. by David Williams (Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 1987), pp. 23-42 (pp. 28, 29, 40).

Scot McKendrick, 'The Romuléon and the Manuscripts of Edward IV', in England in the Fifteenth Century, ed. by Nicholas Rogers, Harlaxton Medieval Studies, 4 (Stamford: Paul Watkins, 1994), pp. 149-69 (pp. 161, n. 73).

The Libraries of King Henry VIII, ed. by J. P. Carley, Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues, 7 (London: The British Library, 2000), H1.56.

Scot McKendrick, Flemish Illuminated Manuscripts 1400-1550 (London: British Library, 2003), pl. 64.

Thomas Kren and Scot McKendrick, Illuminating the Renaissance: The Triumph of Flemish Manuscript Painting in Europe (Los Angeles: The J. Paul Getty Museum, 2003), p. 282 [exhibition catalogue].

Scot McKendrick, 'The Earliest Reproduction of the Crucifixion of the Parlement de Paris?', in Von Kunst und Temperament: Festschrift für Eberhard König, ed. by Caroline Zohl and Mara Hofmann (Turnhout: Brepols, 2007), pp. 177-82 (p. 180, fig. 4).

Hanno Wijsman, 'Two Petals of a Fleur: The 'Copenhagen Fleur des Histoires' and the Production of Illuminated Manuscripts in Bruges around 1480', in Fund og Forskning I Det Kongelige Biblioteks, 47 (2008), 17-72 (p. 68, ns. 105, 106).

Scot McKendrick, John Lowden, and Kathleen Doyle, Royal Manuscripts: The Genius of Illumination (London: British Library, 2011), no. 49.

Scot McKendrick, ‘The Manuscripts of Edward IV: The Documentary Evidence’, in 1000 Years of Royal Books and Manuscripts, ed. by Kathleen Doyle and Scot McKendrick (London: The British Library, 2013), pp. 149-77 (pp. 155, 159, 165, 168).
Last revised: 10 May 2011


Images
* * *
 
Rubric

f. 6v
Rubric
Entry of Isabel of Bavaria into Paris

f. 7
Entry of Isabel of Bavaria into Paris
Entry of Isabel of Bavaria into Paris

f. 7
Entry of Isabel of Bavaria into Paris
 
Charles VI

f. 18v
Charles VI
King

f. 18v
King
Knights jousting

f. 24v
Knights jousting
 
Execution of Bethisach

f. 31
Execution of Bethisach
Siege of La Roche de Vendaix

f. 74
Siege of La Roche de Vendaix
Fire at a masked dance

f. 206
Fire at a masked dance
 
Richard II

f. 226v
Richard II
Richard II

f. 226v
Richard II
Funeral of Anne of Bohemia

f. 227v
Funeral of Anne of Bohemia
 
Lawsuit of Jeanne, queen of Naples

f. 268v
Lawsuit of Jeanne, queen of Naples
Lawsuit of Jeanne, queen of Naples

f. 268v
Lawsuit of Jeanne, queen of Naples
Isabella and Richard II

f. 270v
Isabella and Richard II
 
Isabella and Richard II

f. 270v
Isabella and Richard II
Henry Bolingbroke

f. 390
Henry Bolingbroke
Henry Bolingbroke

f. 390
Henry Bolingbroke
 
Richard II

f. 393
Richard II
Richard II

f. 401v
Richard II
Richard II

f. 401v
Richard II
 
Coronation of Henry IV

f. 404
Coronation of Henry IV
Coronation of Henry IV

f. 404
Coronation of Henry IV
Funeral of Richard II

f. 416v
Funeral of Richard II
 

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