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Detailed record for Royal 19 D II

Author Guyart des Moulins
Title Bible historiale complétée moyenne (the 'Bible Historiale of John the Good')
Origin France, Central (Paris)
Date c. 1350-before 1356
Language French
Script Gothic
Scribe Henri de Trévou
Artists Master of the Coronation Book of Charles V
Decoration 2 large miniatures in colours and gold with foliate initials in gold and colours and full bar borders containing bas-de-page scenes, at the beginning of the prologue and Proverbs (ff. 1, 273). 87 one-column miniatures in colours and gold with foliate initials and partial borders, at the beginning of books and other major divisions. 4 historiated initials in colours and gold, at the beginning of some Psalms (ff. 254, 257, 260, 263). Numerous miniatures and historiated initials with notes indicating the colour (e.g., ff. 3v-5), or pattern (f. 288v) of the background, some with numbers (e.g., ff. 110, 117, 174v), and some with instructions to the illuminator (ff. 482v, 487v, 492, 493v, 495v, 497v, 498v, 499v). Marginal drawing of a head (f. 37). Foliate initials in colours and gold with ivy extensions. Initials in gold with blue pen-flourishing, or in blue with red pen-flourishing. Line-fillers in red and blue, or blue and gold. Running titles in gold and blue with blue and red pen-flourishing.
Dimensions in mm 420 x 285 (300 x 200) in two columns
Official foliation ff. i + 526 (+ 1 unfoliated modern paper and 1 unfoliated modern parchment flyleaf at the beginning and at the end; f. i is a medieval parchment flyleaf)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Royal library binding of brown leather with the royal arms and a date of 1757; gilt and gauffered edges.
Provenance John II (John the Good) (b. 1319, d. 1364), king of France (1350-1364), made for him and seized by the English at the Battle of Poitiers in 1356: note in a late 14th-century hand, 'Cest livre fust pris oue le roy de Fraunce a la bataille de Peyters et le bon counte de Saresbirs / William Montagu la achata pur cent mars et le dona a sa compaigne Elizabeth la bone / countesse qe dieux assoile. Et est continus dedeins le Bible ent[er] oue tixt et glose le mestre / de histoires et incident tout en memes le volym la quele lyvre la dite countesse assigna / a ces executours de le vendre pur xl. Livers', (fol. 1v) .
William Montagu [William de Montacute], 2nd earl of Salisbury (b. 1328, d. 1397), lord of Man and the Isle of Wight, purchased by him for 100 marks: above inscription.
Elizabeth, countess of Salisbury (b. 1343, d. 1415): given to her by her husband, William Montagu, and directed by her to be sold by her executors for 40 pounds: see above-cited inscription.
The Old Royal Library (the English Royal Library): perhaps to be identified with 'La Bible' included in the list of books at Richmond Palace of 1535, no. 73; and in the catalogue of 1666, Royal Appendix 71, f. 13.
Presented to the British Museum by George II in 1757 as part of the Old Royal Library.
Notes Contains the Bible historiale, a French adaptation of Peter Comestor's Historia scholastica by Guyart des Moulins (c. 1291-95), classified as the bible historiale complétée moyenne by Berger 1884.
Written by two scribes (ff. 1-308 and ff. 309-526v). According to Avril 1982, the second scribe can be identified with Henri de Trévou, libraire and écrivain du roi working for Charles V, active in Paris (1356-1395) (see Rouse 2000, II, pp. 51-52).
Illuminated by the Master of The Coronation Book of Charles V, Cotton Tiberius B VIII (see Avril 1982). Two other manuscripts by this artist are BNF MSS fr. 2813, and fr. 24287.
Catchwords; instructions for the running titles, and rubrics (e.g., ff. 397v, 398, 399, 400, 400v, 520).
Select bibliography Léopold Delisle, Le Cabinet des Manuscrits de la Bibliothèque Impériale [Nationale]: Étude sur la formation de ce dépôt 3 vols. (Paris: Imprimerie Nationale, 1868-1881), I, 17 n. 2.

Walter de Gray Birch and Henry Jenner, Early Drawings and Illuminations: An Introduction to the Study of Ilustrated Manuscripts (London: Bagster and Sons, 1879), p. 9.

Samuel Berger, La bible française au moyen âge: Étude sur les plus anciennes versions de la bible écrites en prose de langue d'oïl (Paris: Champion, 1884), pp. 203, 214, 391-92.

H. Omont, 'Les manuscrits français des rois d'Angleterre au château de Richmond', in Etudes romanes dédiés à Gaston Paris (Paris: É. Bouillon, 1891), pp. 1-13 (p. 9).

Léopold Delisle and P. Meyer, L'Apocalypse en français au XIIIe siècle, (Bibl. Nat. Fr. 403), Société des anciens textes francais (Paris: Firmin Didot, 1901), p. CCXLV.

Léopold Delisle, Recherches sur la Librairie de Charles V, 2 vols (Paris: Champion, 1907), I, pp. 291, 330.

J. A. Herbert, Illuminated Manuscripts (London: Methuen, 1911), p. 239.

George F. Warner and Julius P. Gilson, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and King’s Collections, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1921), II, pp. 341-42.

Eric G. Millar, Souvenir de l’exposition de manuscrits français à peintures organisée à la Grenville Library, British Museum, en janvier-mars, 1932 (Paris: Société Française de Reproductions de Manuscrits a Peintures, 1933), p. 29, pl. XXXV.

François Avril, 'Une Bible Historiale de Charles V', Jahrbuch der Hamburger Kunstsammlungen 14/15 (1970), 45-76 (pp. 67, n. 43, 68, n. 45).

François Avril, 'Un chef-d'oeuvre de l'enluminure sous la regne de Jean le Bon: La Bible moralisée manuscrit français 167 de la Bibliothèque nationale', Monuments et mémoires de la Fondation Eugène Piot, 58 (1972), 91-125 (p. 123, n. 4).

Fastes du Gothique: le siècle de Charles V, Galeries Nationales du Grand Palais (Paris: Réunion des musées nationaux, 1982), no. 277 (exhibition catalogue).

J. J. G. Alexander, 'Painting and Manuscript Illumination for Royal Patrons in the Later Middle Ages', in English Court Culture in the Later Middle Ages, ed. by V. J. Scattergood and J. W. Sherborne (London: Duckworth, 1983), 141-62 (p. 145).

Christopher De Hamel, A History of Illuminated Manuscripts, (Oxford : Phaidon, 1986), p. 148.

Susan H. Cavanaugh, 'Royal Books: King John to Richard II', The Library, 6th series, 10 (1988) 304-16 (p. 307, n. 17).

Jonathan J. G. Alexander, Medieval Illuminators and their Methods of Work (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1992), p. 161 n. 57, 164 n. 41.

Carra Ferguson O'Meara, Monarchy and Consent: The Coronation Book of Charles V of France: British Library MS Tiberius B VIII (London : Harvey Miller, 2001), pp. 209, 215, 217, 228, 261, 332, n. 1, 336, n. 10, ills 60, 96.

The Libraries of King Henry VIII, ed. by J. P. Carley, Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues, 7 (London: The British Library, 2000), H1.67.

Clive R. Sneddon, 'On the Creation of the 'Old French Bible'', Nottingham Mediaeval Studies 46 (2002), 25-44 (p. 35, n. 42).

Akiko Komada, Les illustrations de la Bible Historiale: les manuscrits réalisés dans le Nord, 4 vols (Paris: Thèse de doctorat, Université Paris IV, 2000), III, no. 40.

John Lowden, The Making of the Bibles Moralisées, 2 vols (University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2000), I: The Manuscripts, p. 240.

Richard H. Rouse and Mary A. Rouse, Manuscripts and Their Makers: Commercial Book Producers in Medieval Paris 1200-1500, 2 vols (Turnhout: Harvey Miller, 2000), I, p. 271; II, App.10C.

Scot McKendrick and Kathleen Doyle, Bible Manuscripts: 1400 Years of Scribes and Scripture (London: British Library, 2007), p. 133, fig. 120.

Kathleen L. Scott, Tradition and Innovation in Later Medieval English Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2007), p. 49.

Scot McKendrick, John Lowden, and Kathleen Doyle, Royal Manuscripts: The Genius of Illumination (London: British Library, 2011), no. 137 [exhibition catalogue].


Images
* * *
 
God and Evangelists

f. 1
God and Evangelists
God and Evangelists

f. 1
God and Evangelists
Samson and Solomon

f. 1
Samson and Solomon
 
John

f. 1
John
Matthew

f. 1
Matthew
Mark

f. 1
Mark
 
Luke

f. 1
Luke
Creation

f. 3v
Creation
Creation

f. 4
Creation
 
Creation

f. 4v
Creation
Creation

f. 5
Creation
Creation

f. 5v
Creation
 
God and Adam

f. 7
God and Adam
God and Adam

f. 7v
God and Adam
The Fall

f. 8
The Fall
 
Expulsion from Paradise

f. 9
Expulsion from Paradise
Cain and Abel

f. 9v
Cain and Abel
Murder of Abel

f. 10v
Murder of Abel
 
Descendants of Adam and Eve

f. 11
Descendants of Adam and Eve
Noah

f. 12v
Noah
The Ark

f. 13v
The Ark
 
Sin of Ham

f. 15
Sin of Ham
Abraham

f. 17
Abraham
Esau and Jacob

f. 26
Esau and Jacob
 
Jacob

f. 27v
Jacob
Rebecca and Jacob

f. 28
Rebecca and Jacob
Jacob's dream

f. 28v
Jacob's dream
 
Joseph

f. 33v
Joseph
Bondage of the Israelites

f. 43v
Bondage of the Israelites
The Tabernacle

f. 68v
The Tabernacle
 
Moses

f. 77
Moses
Moses

f. 95v
Moses
Joshua

f. 110
Joshua
 
Samson

f. 117
Samson
Delilah and Samson

f. 124
Delilah and Samson
Offering of Elkanah

f. 128v
Offering of Elkanah
 
David and the Amalekite

f. 142
David and the Amalekite
David and Solomon

f. 155
David and Solomon
Elijah

f. 174v
Elijah
 
Job

f. 195v
Job
Job

f. 206v
Job
Tobit

f. 207v
Tobit
 
Death of Gedaliah

f. 212
Death of Gedaliah
Judith and Holofernes

f. 224
Judith and Holofernes
Ahasuerus and Esther

f. 232v
Ahasuerus and Esther
 
Haman

f. 237v
Haman
David

f. 242
David
Marriage of Philip

f. 243v
Marriage of Philip
 
Text page

f. 245
Text page
David

f. 246
David
David

f. 249
David
 
The Fool

f. 251v
The Fool
David

f. 254
David
David

f. 257
David
 
Three singers

f. 260
Three singers
The Trinity

f. 263
The Trinity
Solomon

f. 273
Solomon
 
Solomon

f. 273
Solomon
Border

f. 273
Border
Grotesque

f. 273
Grotesque
 
Solomon

f. 284v
Solomon
Christ

f. 288
Christ
Solomon

f. 289v
Solomon
 
Solomon

f. 296v
Solomon
Martyrdom of Isaiah

f. 315
Martyrdom of Isaiah
Jeremiah

f. 335v
Jeremiah
 
Jeremiah

f. 357v
Jeremiah
Baruch

f. 359v
Baruch
Ezechiel

f. 362v
Ezechiel
 
Nebuchadnezzar

f. 381
Nebuchadnezzar
Hosea

f. 388v
Hosea
Joel

f. 391
Joel
 
Amos

f. 392v
Amos
Obadiah

f. 394v
Obadiah
Jonah

f. 395
Jonah
 
Micah

f. 395v
Micah
Nahum

f. 397v
Nahum
Habbakuk

f. 398
Habbakuk
 
Zephaniah

f. 399
Zephaniah
Haggai

f. 400
Haggai
Zechariah

f. 400v
Zechariah
 
Malachai

f. 403v
Malachai
Beheaded man

f. 404v
Beheaded man
Messenger

f. 416v
Messenger
 
Matthew

f. 426
Matthew
Mark

f. 440
Mark
Luke

f. 450
Luke
 
John

f. 466
John
Paul

f. 477v
Paul
Paul

f. 482v
Paul
 
Paul

f. 487v
Paul
Paul

f. 490v
Paul
Paul

f. 492
Paul
 
Paul

f. 493v
Paul
Paul

f. 495v
Paul
Paul

f. 496v
Paul
 
Paul

f. 497v
Paul
Paul

f. 498v
Paul
Paul

f. 499v
Paul
 
Paul

f. 500v
Paul
Luke

f. 504
Luke
James

f. 516
James
 
Peter

f. 517
Peter
John

f. 520
John

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