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Detailed record for Royal 19 E V

Author Benvenuto d'Imola, translated by Jean Miélot
Title Romuléon
Origin Netherlands, S. (Bruges)
Date 1480
Language French
Script Gothic cursive (bâtarde)
Artists Master of the White Inscriptions
Decoration 9 large and 2 one-column miniatures in colours and gold with full (f. 32, 196) or partial (62, 98v, 125, 160v,233, 238, 280, 336v, 367) foliate borders, and initials in colours with penwork decoration in gold or foliate initials in colours and gold, at the beginning of books (except f. 233). Some miniatures with instructions to illuminators (ff. 62, 125, 196 trimmed, 233 trimmed, 238 trimmed). Initials and paraphs in gold on blue and rose grounds with penwork decoration in gold.
Dimensions in mm 475 x 335 (290 x 185)
Official foliation ff. 418 (+ 3 unfoliated modern paper flyleaves at the beginning and at the end, and 1 unfoliated modern parchment flyleaf at the beginning and 2 unfoliated medieval parchment flyleaves at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house. Rebound in 1985. Gilt and gauffered edges.
Provenance Edward IV (b. 1442, d. 1483), king of England and lord of Ireland, made for him in 1480, probably in Bruges: the royal arms of England surrounded by the Garter with the motto 'Honny soit qui mal y pense' and surmounted by a crowned helm with a mantling in Edward IV's colours of red and blue and a crest of a lion, with the royal arms differentiated by labels of three and five points for Edward's sons, Edward, prince of Wales, and Richard, duke of York; the royal arms on banners (f. 32), and the Yorkist badge with the motto 'Dieu est mon droit' (ff. 32, 196); the date of '1480' inscribed in the background of a miniature (f. 367v).
The Old Royal Library (the English Royal Library): included in the list of books at Richmond Palace in 1535, no. 32; included in the catalogue of 1666, Royal Appendix, f. 13.
Presented to the British Museum by George II in 1757 as part of the Old Royal Library.
Notes Includes the Romuleon of Benvenuto da Imola, compiled c. 1361-1364, at the request of Gomez Albornoz, governor of the city of Bologna, in the French translation of Jean Miélot of 1463 ('Et fut ledit traittie translatte de latin en cler franchois par sir Jehan Mielot chanoine de Lille en Flandres l'an de grace mil quatrecens soixante et troiz en la fourme et stille plus au long declare', f. 336); preceded by a list of contents (ff. 1-31v), and followed by an alphabetical index (ff. 397-418v).
The script is close to the formal bastard secretary of manuscripts produced by David Aubert between 1458 and 1479/80, but is not in Aubert's hand (see Mc Kendrick 1994).
Only five other complete manuscripts of Miélot's French Romuléon are known: Besançon, Bibliothèque Municipale 850; Brussels, Bibliothèque Royale 9055 and 10173-4; Florence, Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana Med. Pal. 156, vols 1-2; and Turin, Biblioteca Nazionale Universitaria L.I.4, vols 1-2; they all were produced in the Southern Netherlands.
Catchwords and bifolium signatures.
Select bibliography H. Omont, 'Les manuscrits français des rois d'Angleterre au château de Richmond', in Etudes romanes dédiés à Gaston Paris (Paris: É. Bouillon, 1891), pp. 1-13 (p. 7).

J. A. Herbert, Illuminated Manuscripts (London: Methuen, 1911), p. 314.

Paul Durrieu, La Miniature flamande au temps de la cour de Bourgogne (1415-1530) (Paris and Brussels: G. van Oest, 1921), p. 61, pl. LXV.

George F. Warner and Julius P. Gilson, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and King’s Collections, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1921), II, pp. 348-49.

F. Winkler,Die flämische Buchmalerei des XV. und XVI. Jahrhunderts : Künstler und Werke von den Brüdern van Eyck bis zu Simon Bening (Leipzig: E. A. Seemann, 1925), pp.137, 179.

F. Saxl and H. Meier, Catalogue of Astrological and Mythological Illuminated Manuscripts of the Latin Middle Ages, 4 vols (London: Warburg Institute, 1953), III: Manuscripts in English Libraries, p. 219.

D. J. A. Ross, 'Alexander Historiatus: A Supplement', Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes, 30, (1967), 383-388 (p. 387).

Margaret Kekewich, 'Edward IV, William Caxton, and Literary Patronage in Yorkist England', The Modern Language Review, 66 (1971) 481-87 (p. 484).

Andrew G. Watson, Catalogue of Dated and Datable Manuscripts c. 700-1600 in The Department of Manuscripts: The British Library, 2 vols (London: British Library, 1979), I, no. 915.

Janet Backhouse, 'Founders of the Royal Library: Edward IV and Henry VII as Collectors of Illuminated Manuscripts', in England in the Fifteenth Century: Proceedings of the 1986 Harlaxton Symposium, ed. by David Williams (Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 1987), pp. 23-42 (p. 39).

P. Chavy, Traducteurs d'autrefois: dictionnaire des traducteurs et de la littérature traduite en ancien et moyen français (842-1600) (Paris: Champion, 1988), p. 1216.

Paul Oskar Kristeller, Iter Italicum: Accedunt Alia Itinera: A Finding List of Uncatalogued or Incompletely Catalogued Humanistic Manuscripts of the Renaissance in Italian and other Libraries 7 vols (London: Warburg Institute; Leiden: Brill, 1963-1997), IV (1989), p. 204.

McKendrick, Scot, ‘La Grande Histoire Cesar and the Manuscripts of Edward IV’, in English Manuscript Studies 1100-1700, 2, ed. by Peter Beal and Jeremy Griffiths, (London: British Library, 1990), pp. 109-38, (p. 110).

Wim Blockmans, 'The Devotion of a Lonely Duches', in Margaret of York, Simon Marmion, and the Visions of Tondal, ed. by Thomas Kren (Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum, 1992), pp. 29-46 (pp. 32, 40, 56, n. 40, fig. 1).

Scot McKendrick, 'Lodewijk van Gruuthuse en de Librije van Edward IV', in Lodewijk van Gruuthuse, Mecenas en Europees Diplomaats ca. 1427-1492, ed. by M. P. J. Marten (Bruges: Stichting, 1992), pp. 153-59 (p.159, n. 89).

Scot McKendrick, 'The Romuléon and the Manuscripts of Edward IV', in England in the Fifteenth Century, ed. by Nicholas Rogers, Harlaxton Medieval Studies, 4 (Stamford: Paul Watkins, 1994), pp. 149-69.

Maurits Smeyers, Flemish Miniatures from the 8th to the mid-16th Century: The Medieval World on Parchment (Turnhout: Brepols, 1999), p. 467.

Bodo Brinkmann, Die flämische Buchmalerei am Ende des Burgunderreichs: der Meister des Dresdener Gebetbuchs und die Miniaturisten seiner Zeit (Turnhout: Brepols, 1997), p. 115, n. 60.

Maurits Smeyers, Flemish Miniatures from the 8th to the mid-16th Century (Leuven: Brepols, 1999), p.467, pl. 70 on p. 466.

The Libraries of King Henry VIII, ed. by J. P. Carley, Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues, 7 (London: The British Library, 2000), H1.32.

Hanno Wijjsman, 'William Lord Hastings, Les Faits de Jacques De Lalaing et le Maître aux inscriptions blanches à propos du manuscrit français 16830 de la Bibliothèque nationale de France', in ’Als Ich Can’: Liber Amicorum in Memory of Professor Dr. Maurits Smeyers, ed. by Bert Cardon and others, 2 vols (Paris: Uitgeverij Peeters, 2002), pp. 1641-64 (p. 1652).

Thomas Kren and Scot McKendrick, Illuminating the Renaissance: The Triumph of Flemish Manuscript Painting in Europe (Los Angeles: The J. Paul Getty Museum, 2003), p. 289 [exhibition catalogue].

Anne-Marie Legaré, 'La librairye de Madame: Two Princesses and their Libraries', in Women of Distinction : Margaret of York, Margaret of Austria, ed. by Dagmar Eichberger (Davidsfonds: Brepols, 2005), pp. 207-19 (p. 210, fig. 3) [Exhibition catalogue, Mechelen, Lamot Sept. 17-Dec. 18, 2005].

Royal Manuscripts: The Genius of Illumination (London: British Library, 2011), no. 51 [exhibition catalogue].

Scot McKendrick, ‘The Manuscripts of Edward IV: The Documentary Evidence’, in 1000 Years of Royal Books and Manuscripts, ed. by Kathleen Doyle and Scot McKendrick (London: The British Library, 2013), pp. 149-77 (pp. 171-72).
Last revised: 01 June 2011


Images
* * *
 
Romulus and Remus

f. 32
Romulus and Remus
Romulus and Remus

f. 32
Romulus and Remus
Oath

f. 62
Oath
 
Oath

f. 62
Oath
Camillius

f. 98v
Camillius
Roman army

f. 125
Roman army
 
Roman army

f. 125
Roman army
Hannibal

f. 160v
Hannibal
Hannibal

f. 160v
Hannibal
 
Scipio Africanus

f. 196
Scipio Africanus
Scipio Africanus

f. 196
Scipio Africanus
Hannibal and Scipio Africanus

f. 233
Hannibal and Scipio Africanus
 
Senate

f. 238
Senate
Caesar

f. 280
Caesar
Caesar

f. 280
Caesar
 
Return of Octavius

f. 336v
Return of Octavius
Trajan and Hadrian

f. 367v
Trajan and Hadrian
Trajan and Hadrian

f. 367v
Trajan and Hadrian
 

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