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Detailed record for Royal 20 A XVII

Author Guillaume de Lorris, Jean de Meun, Thomas de Bailleul
Title Roman de la Rose (ff. 2-175v), la Bataille d'Annezin (a burlesque chanson in 50 alexandrines), beginning 'A l'entrée de may / quivers va a declin' (ff. 176v-177)
Origin France, N. (Artois or Picardy)
Date c. 1340
Language French
Script Gothic
Scribe 2 scribes, with a change of hands at f. 55v
Decoration 43 column miniatures in colours and gold illustrating the Roman de la Rose, beginning with the dreamer in bed and ending with Pygmalion kissing a statue (ff. 2 (with a partial bar border), 3 (x 2), 3v (x 2), 4, 4v, 5, 5v, 6, 7, 7v, 9, 14, 14v, 15v, 16, 18, 18v, 19v, 26, 28, 29, 32v, 33v, 35v, 60v, 82v, 83, 85, 86, 86v, 88, 100, 104v, 119, 120v, 121, 125, 168v, 170, 170v, 171). 1 miniature (extending across 2 columns) of the Battle of Annezin (f. 176v). Initials in blue with red pen-flourishing and in gold with blue pen-flourishing. Rubrics in red. Cadels.
Dimensions in mm 230 x 170 (165 x 125) in two columns
Official foliation ff. 177 (+ 5 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the beginning + 4 at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house. Rebound in 1977.
Provenance Fragment of an old parchment cover inscribed 'Ce livre contient. c. et lxviii. et xliiii ystoires' (f. [v]).
Old Royal Library (the English Royal Library): included in the catalogue of 1666, Royal Appendix 71, f. 13 or 14.
Presented to the British Museum by George II in 1757 as part of the Old Royal Library.
Notes The text of the Roman de la rose was begun around 1220, possibly by Guillaume de Lorris and continued by Jean de Meun between 1269-1278. It is around 20,000 octosyllabic lines of French verse narrating the dream of a young lover, in which the long quest he has undertaken ends when he breaches the castle of Jealousy and obtains the rose. The earlier text is around 4,000 lines, and is lyrical and courtly, while the later addition is more didactic, scholarly, and pessimistic.
f. 1 is a parchment flyleaf
Musical notation on a four-line stave, probably part of the melody of the chanson, la Bataille d'Annezin. This appears to be the only extant copy of the song (f. 177).
For a description of the miniatures, see:
http://searcharchives.bl.uk/primo_library/libweb/action/search.do?dscnt=0&frbg=&scp.scps=scope%3A%28BL%29&tab=local&dstmp=1358174660037&srt=rank&ct=search&mode=Basic&dum=true&indx=1&vl(freeText0)=Royal+20+a+xvii&fn=search&vid=IAMS_VU2
Select bibliography Henri Omont, 'Les manuscrits français des rois d'Angleterre au château de Richmond', in Etudes romanes dédiés à Gaston Paris (Paris: É. Bouillon, 1891), pp. 1-13 (p. 10).

H. L. D. Ward and J. A. Herbert, Catalogue of Romances in the Department of Manuscripts in the British Museum, 3 vols (London: British Museum, 1883-1910), I, pp. 880-84.

Ernest Langlois, Les manuscrits du Roman de la Rose: description et classement, Travaux et mémoires de l'Université de Lille, nouv. sér. I, 7 (Lille: Tallandier and Paris: H. Champion, 1910), pp. 142, 238.

George F. Warner and Julius P. Gilson, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and King’s Collections, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1921), II, pp. 357-58.

Herman Beart, 'Der Roman der Rose: Raum im Blick', in Träume im Mittelalter: Ikonologische Studien, ed. by Agostino Paravicini Bagliani and Giorgio Stabile (Stuttgart: Belser, 1989), pp. 183-92 (p. 190, n. 2).

Herman Beart, 'Aux sources du Roman de la Rose', in Medieval Codicology, Iconography, Literature, and Translation: Studies for Keith Val Sinclair, ed. by Peter Rolfe Monks and D. D. R. Owen (Leiden: Brill, 1994), pp. 110-16 (p. 111, n. 6).

Herman Beart, 'L'illustration de l'illustration: L'exemple de l'image dans le Roman de la Rose', in Ensi firent li ancessor: Mélanges de philologie médiévale offert à Marc-René Jung, ed. by Luciano Rosi, 2 vols (Alessandria: Edizioni dell'Orso, 1996), II, pp. 491-504 (pp. 495, n. 34, 504).

Pamela Porter, Courtly Love in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2003), p. 28.

Royal Manuscripts: The Genius of Illumination (London: British Library, 2011), no. 130 [exhibition catalogue].
Last revised: 18 September 2009


Images
* * *
 
Dream of the Lover

f. 2
Dream of the Lover
Dream of the Lover

f. 2
Dream of the Lover
Hayne and Vilainie

f. 3
Hayne and Vilainie
 
Convoitise and Avarice with treasure chests

f. 3v
Convoitise and Avarice with treasure chests
Envie

f. 4
Envie
Tristeche

f. 4v
Tristeche
 
Vieleche

f. 5
Vieleche
Papelardie

f. 5v
Papelardie
Povrete in rags

f. 6
Povrete in rags
 
Oyseuse directing the dreamer

f. 7
Oyseuse directing the dreamer
Idleness and the Lover

f. 7v
Idleness and the Lover
Idleness and the Lover

f. 7v
Idleness and the Lover
 
Idleness and the Lover

f. 7v
Idleness and the Lover
Dance of love

f. 9
Dance of love
Text page

f. 9v
Text page
 
Text page

f. 10
Text page
Text page

f. 10v
Text page
Text page

f. 11
Text page
 
Text page

f. 11v
Text page
Text page

f. 12
Text page
Text page

f. 12v
Text page
 
Text page

f. 13
Text page
Text page

f. 13v
Text page
Narcisus at the fountain

f. 14
Narcisus at the fountain
 
Narcissus

f. 14
Narcissus
Narcissus

f. 14v
Narcissus
Narcissus

f. 14v
Narcissus
 
Dreamer at the fountain

f. 15v
Dreamer at the fountain
Diex d'Amours shooting the dreamer

f. 16
Diex d'Amours shooting the dreamer
Diex d'Amours approaching the dreamer

f. 18
Diex d'Amours approaching the dreamer
 
Dreamer kissing Diex d'Amours

f. 18v
Dreamer kissing Diex d'Amours
Diex d'Amours repeating his commandments

f. 19v
Diex d'Amours repeating his commandments
Dangier coming to Bel-Acoeil and the dreamer

f. 26
Dangier coming to Bel-Acoeil and the dreamer
 
Dreamer coming to Dangier

f. 28
Dreamer coming to Dangier
Pitez and Franchise talking to the dreamer

f. 29
Pitez and Franchise talking to the dreamer
Honte and Paour rousing Dangier

f. 32v
Honte and Paour rousing Dangier
 
Jalousie building a tower

f. 33v
Jalousie building a tower
Jehan de Meun

f. 35v
Jehan de Meun
Amis joining the dreamer and Raison departing.

f. 60v
Amis joining the dreamer and Raison departing.
 
Dreamer coming to the castle and leaving Amis

f. 82v
Dreamer coming to the castle and leaving Amis
Rikesce speaking to the dreamer

f. 83
Rikesce speaking to the dreamer
Diex d'Amours speaking to the dreamer

f. 85
Diex d'Amours speaking to the dreamer
 
Faus-semblant and Contrainte-Abstinence

f. 86
Faus-semblant and Contrainte-Abstinence
Diex d'Amours addressing his followers

f. 86v
Diex d'Amours addressing his followers
Diex d'Amours giving commands to his army

f. 88
Diex d'Amours giving commands to his army
 
Faus-semblant and Contrainte-Abstinence

f. 100
Faus-semblant and Contrainte-Abstinence
Bel-Acoeil taking the chaplet and mirror

f. 104v
Bel-Acoeil taking the chaplet and mirror
Bel-Acoeil talking to the old woman

f. 119
Bel-Acoeil talking to the old woman
 
Dreamer talking to Bel-Acoeil

f. 120v
Dreamer talking to Bel-Acoeil
Dangier, Paour, and Honte with the dreamer

f. 121
Dangier, Paour, and Honte with the dreamer
God of Love

f. 125
God of Love
 
God of Love

f. 125
God of Love
Pygmalion kneeling before the statue

f. 168v
Pygmalion kneeling before the statue
Pygmalion praying before the temple

f. 170
Pygmalion praying before the temple
 
Statue speaking to Pygmalion

f. 170v
Statue speaking to Pygmalion
Pygmalion kissing the statue

f. 171
Pygmalion kissing the statue
La Bataille d'Annezin

ff. 176v-177
La Bataille d'Annezin
 
La Bataille d'Annezin

f. 176v
La Bataille d'Annezin
La Bataille d'Annezin

f. 177
La Bataille d'Annezin

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