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Detailed record for Royal 20 B IV

Author Pseudo-Bonaventure, translated by Jean Galopes dit le Galoys
Title Meditationes vitae Christi (Le Livre doré des meditations de la vie de nostre seigneur Jesu Christ)
Origin France, Central (Paris?)
Date c. 1420, before 1422
Language French
Script Gothic cursive
Artists attributed to the Master of the Harvard Hannibal
Decoration 1 large miniature in colours and gold with a full border containing the royal arms of England, at the beginning of the preface (f. 1). 1 small miniature in colours and gold, with a full border, at the beginning of the prologue (f. 3). 96 miniatures in semi-grisaille, with partial borders, at the beginning of chapters, some with preliminary sketches (ff. 16, 19v, 24, 26, 40v, 55, 59, 60v, 61v, 62, 63, 65v, , 67, 69v, 70, 72, 73v, 76v, 100v, 112, 114, 128, 131). Foliate initials in colours and gold, at the beginning of chapters. Paraphs in red or blue.
Dimensions in mm 258 x 185 (170 x 110)
Official foliation ff. 169 (+ 1 unfoliated parchment flyleaf attached to a modern paper flyleaf and 2 unfoliated modern paper flyleaves at the beginning and 1 unfoliated medieval parchment and 1 unfoliated modern paper flyleaf at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. 18th-century royal library brown leather binding.
Provenance ?Henry V (b. 1386/7, d. 1422), king of England and lord of Ireland, and duke of Aquitaine, perhaps made for him: his portrait and the royal arms of England, the text dedicated to him in the preface, but the number after his name left blank: ' A treshault tresfort et tres/victorieux prince Henry (space) / de ce nom par la grace de dieu Roy / dangleterre heritier et Regent / de france et Duc dirlande. Vostre / humble chapelain Jehan Galopes/ dit le galoys...', (f. 1); and the copy presented to the king is probably Cambridge, Corpus Christi College 213, containing a 16th-century inscription, 'This wasse sumtyme King Henri ye / fifeth Booke' (see Krochalis 1988).
The Old Royal Library (the English Royal Library): included in the Catalogue of 1666, Royal Appendix 71, f. 13v.
Presented to the British Museum by George II in 1757 as part of the Old Royal Library.
Notes Meditationes vitae Christi attributed here to Bonaventure, translated as Le Livre doré des meditations de la vie de nostre seigneur Jesu Christ by Jean Galopes, dean of Saint-Louis de la Saussaye (diocese of Evreux), chaplain of Henry V of England, and of John, duke of Bedford, were composed for Henry V probably c. 1420. Another contemporary copy of this text is Cambridge, Corpus Christi College, MS. 213.
According to Meiss 1974, illuminated by the Master of the Harvard Hannibal, named after the Coronation of Hannibal in Harvard, Houghton Library, Richardson 32 and his assistant.
Catchwords and bifolium signatures.
Select bibliography George F. Warner and Julius P. Gilson, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and King’s Collections, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1921), II, pp. 360-61.

Frédéric Lyna, 'Les miniatures d'un ms. du 'Ci nous dit' et le réalisme préeyckien', Scriptorium: Revue internationale des études relative aux manuscrits, 1 (1946-1947) 106-18, (p. 113).

Millard Meiss, 'The Exhibition of French Manuscripts of the XIII-XVI Centuries at the Bibliothèque Nationale', The Art Bulletin, 38 (1956), 187-96 (p. 196, n. 35).

Marie Brisson, 'An unpublished detail of Iconography of the Passion in Le Chastel Perilleaux', Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes, 30 (1967) 398-401 (p. 400, n. 17).

Millard Meiss, French Painting in the Time of Jean de Berry: The Late XIV Century and the Patronage of the Duke, 2 vols, National Gallery of Art Kress Foundation Studies in the History of European Art, 2 (London: Thames and Hudson, 1967), I, pp. 12, 354, fig. 316.

Millard Meiss, with Sharon Off Dunlap Smith and Elizabeth Home Beaton, French Painting in the Time of Jean de Berry: The Limbourgs and Their Contemporaries, 2 vols (London: Thames and Hudson, 1974), I, p. 391.

J. J. G. Alexander, 'Painting and Manuscript Illumination for Royal Patrons in the Later Middle Ages', in English Court Culture in the Later Middle Ages, ed. by V. J. Scattergood and J. W. Sherborne (London: Duckworth, 1983), pp. 141-62 (p. 149).

Jonathan J. G. Alexander, 'Preliminary Marginal Drawings in Medieval Manuscripts', in Artistes, artisans et production artistique au Moyen Age: Colloque international, ed. by. Xavier Barral i Altet, 3 vols (Paris: Picard, 1986-90), III: Fabrication et consommation de l'oeuvre, pp. 307-19 (p. 309).

Jeanne E. Krochalis, 'The Books and Readings of Henry V and his Circle', The Chaucer Review, 23 (1988), 50-77 (p. 66).

Jonathan J. G. Alexander, Medieval Illuminators and their Methods of Work (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1992), p. 66, 68-9, 186, figs 106-07, 114.

Maureen Boulton, 'Jean Galopes, traducteur des Meditationes Vitae Christi', in Traduction, Dérimation, Compilation: La Phraséologie. Actes du Colloque international, Université McGill, Montréal 2000, Le Moyen Français 51, 52, 53 (Montréal: CERES, 2002/2003), pp. 91-102.

Royal Manuscripts: The Genius of Illumination (London: British Library, 2011), no. 29.
Last revised: 09 May 2011


Images
* * *
 
Henry V receiving the book

f. 1
Henry V receiving the book
Henry V receiving the book

f. 1
Henry V receiving the book
Bonaventura

f. 3
Bonaventura
 
Bonaventura

f. 3
Bonaventura
Intercession of the Angels

f. 6
Intercession of the Angels
Contest of Mercy and Truth

f. 7
Contest of Mercy and Truth
 
Virgin kneeling

f. 9v
Virgin kneeling
The Annunciation

f. 12
The Annunciation
The Visitation

f. 16
The Visitation
 
Angel appearing to Joseph

f. 18
Angel appearing to Joseph
The Nativity

f. 19v
The Nativity
The Circumcision

f. 23
The Circumcision
 
Adoration of the Magi

f. 24
Adoration of the Magi
Departure of the Magi

f. 26
Departure of the Magi
Presentation in the Temple

f. 27
Presentation in the Temple
 
Flight into Egypt

f. 29
Flight into Egypt
Return from Egypt

f. 34v
Return from Egypt
Disputation in the Temple

f. 37v
Disputation in the Temple
 
Disputation in the Temple

f. 37v
Disputation in the Temple
Christ praying

f. 40v
Christ praying
Christ praying

f. 40v
Christ praying
 
Christ

f. 45
Christ
First Temptation

f. 47v
First Temptation
Christ

f. 52v
Christ
 
Christ

f. 54
Christ
Miracle at Cana

f. 55
Miracle at Cana
Sermon on the Mount

f. 58
Sermon on the Mount
 
Christ

f. 59
Christ
The paralytic

f. 59v
The paralytic
Christ healing

f. 60v
Christ healing
 
Christ asleep

f. 61
Christ asleep
Raising of the widow's son

f. 61v
Raising of the widow's son
Raising of the widow's son

f. 61v
Raising of the widow's son
 
Christ healing

f. 62
Christ healing
Christ healing

f. 62
Christ healing
Mary Magdalene

f. 63
Mary Magdalene
 
John the Baptist

f. 65
John the Baptist
Execution of John the Baptist

f. 65v
Execution of John the Baptist
Woman of Samaria

f. 67v
Woman of Samaria
 
Christ

f. 69
Christ
Christ healing

f. 69v
Christ healing
Christ healing

f. 69v
Christ healing
 
Christ feeding the multitude

f. 70
Christ feeding the multitude
Christ feeding the multitude

f. 70
Christ feeding the multitude
Christ departing

f. 72
Christ departing
 
Peter

f. 73v
Peter
Christ and the woman of Canaan

f. 76v
Christ and the woman of Canaan
Christ

f. 78
Christ
 
Christ teaching

f. 79
Christ teaching
Christ teaching

f. 81
Christ teaching
Transfiguration

f. 81v
Transfiguration
 
Christ and the moneylenders

f. 82
Christ and the moneylenders
Christ healing

f. 82v
Christ healing
Christ

f. 84v
Christ
 
Mary and Martha

f. 85v
Mary and Martha
Man praying

f. 86
Man praying
Kneeling man

f. 88v
Kneeling man
 
Wicked husbandman

f. 91v
Wicked husbandman
Christ

f. 92v
Christ
Christ healing

f. 93
Christ healing
 
Christ entering Jericho

f. 94
Christ entering Jericho
Christ healing

f. 94v
Christ healing
Christ leaving the Temple

f. 95v
Christ leaving the Temple
 
Christ and two disciples

f. 96
Christ and two disciples
Raising of Lazarus

f. 96v
Raising of Lazarus
Christ

f. 98v
Christ
 
Adulterous woman

f. 99
Adulterous woman
The High Priest

f. 100
The High Priest
Mary Magdalene

f. 100v
Mary Magdalene
 
Entry into Jerusalem

f. 102
Entry into Jerusalem
Christ foretelling his death

f. 104
Christ foretelling his death
The Last Supper

f. 105
The Last Supper
 
Christ in the tomb

f. 112
Christ in the tomb
Betrayal of Christ

f. 114
Betrayal of Christ
Christ before Pilate

f. 119v
Christ before Pilate
 
Christ carrying the cross

f. 121v
Christ carrying the cross
Crucifixion

f. 123v
Crucifixion
Piercing of Christ's side

f. 128
Piercing of Christ's side
 
The Emtombment

f. 131
The Emtombment
Virgin and Apostles mourning

f. 135v
Virgin and Apostles mourning
Harrowing of Hell

f. 137
Harrowing of Hell
 
Harrowing of Hell

f. 137v
Harrowing of Hell
Christ and the Virgin

f. 141
Christ and the Virgin
The Maries at the tomb

f. 142
The Maries at the tomb
 
Christ appearing to Magdalene

f. 143v
Christ appearing to Magdalene
Christ appearing

f. 145
Christ appearing
Christ appearing

f. 145
Christ appearing
 
Christ appearing

f. 145v
Christ appearing
Christ

f. 146v
Christ
Christ at Emmaeus

f. 147
Christ at Emmaeus
 
Christ appearing

f. 148v
Christ appearing
Adam

f. 150
Adam
Noe

f. 150v
Noe
 
Abraham

f. 151
Abraham
Moses

f. 152
Moses
David

f. 152v
David
 
Ezra

f. 153
Ezra
Simeon

f. 153v
Simeon
Angels

f. 154
Angels
 
Doubting Thomas

f. 154v
Doubting Thomas
Christ appearing

f. 155v
Christ appearing
Christ appearing

f. 156
Christ appearing
 
Christ appearing

f. 157v
Christ appearing
Ascension of Christ

f. 158v
Ascension of Christ
Pentecost

f. 165v
Pentecost
 

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