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Detailed record for Royal 20 C VII

ff. 1-216v 
Title Chroniques de France ou de St Denis (from 1270 to 1380)
 
ff. 2, 2v, 4v, 5v, 6, 7, 8, 8v 
Title Chroniques de France ou de St Denis (from 1270 to 1380)
 
Origin France, Central (Paris)
Date Last quarter of the 14th century, after 1380
Language French
Script Gothic
Artists Virgil Master and his atelier
Decoration 266 two or one-column miniatures planned, some drawn but unpainted (quires xi-xv), some repainted later (see part 2), and some miniature-spaces left blank (quires xvi-xvii, xx-xxiii), at the beginning of chapters. Foliate initials in colours and gold with marginal extensions of vine branches, at the beginning of chapters. Initials and paraphs in blue with red pen-flourishing, or in blue with red pen-flourishing, throughout the text. Initials and paraphs in gold on blue and rose grounds with penwork decoration in white, at the beginning of entries in the lists of rubrics. Line-fillers in blue, rose and gold with penwork decoration in white.
Dimensions in mm 385 x 280 (250 x 180)
Official foliation ff. 216 (+ 2 unfoliated modern paper flyleaves at the beginning and at the end, and 2 unfoliated medieval parchment flyleaves at the beginning and at the end; 1 blank leaf after 106)
Collation i-viii8 (ff. 1-64), ix7 (ff. 65-71), x-xiii (ff. 72-103), xiv4 (ff. 104-106bis), xv-xvii (ff. 107-210), xxviii7 (ff. 211-216bis).
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Royal library binding of brown leather with the royal arms and a date of 1757. Gilt edges.
Provenance Edward [Edward of Langley, Edward of York], earl of Rutland and 2nd duke of York (b. c.1373, d. 1415), perhaps to be identified with the Chroniques de France acquired by him from Renaut (or Regnault) du Montet, Parisian bookseller, who described his journey to England in 1399, to collect a sum of 60 écus due to him for this book (see Rouse 2000).
Richard III (b. 1452, d.1485), king of England and lord of Ireland, heir of Richard (b. 1411, d. 1460), 3rd duke of York, nephew of Edward, earl of Rutland, acquired by him while he was duke of Gloucester, before his accession to the throne in 1483: inscribed, 'Richard Gloucestre' (f. 134).
The Old Royal Library (the English Royal Library): included in the list of books at Richmond Palace of 1535, no. 102; and in the catalogue of 1666, Royal Appendix 71, f. 14v.
Presented to the British Museum by George II in 1757 as part of the Old Royal Library.
Notes Includes the series of nine miniatures illustrating the visit of the Emperor Charles IV to the King of France, Charles V, which occur in only two other copies of the Grandes Chroniques: Paris, Bibliothèque nationale, fr. 2813, Charles V's personal copy, and Bibliothèque nationale, fr. 6465, probably made for Charles VII.
According to Hedeman 1991, illuminated by 5 artists: I: later repaintings (ff. 2, 2v, 4v, 5v, 6, 7, 8, 8v), II: the Virgil Master (quires i, iv), and three followers of the Virgil Master: III (quires ii, vi, xvii, xviii, xix); IV (quires iii, ix, x, xxiv, xxv, xxvi, xxvii, xxviii); and V (quires iv, v, vii, viii).
One of thirteen known surviving books signed by Richard III: see Sutton and Visser-Fuchs 1997 p. 1.
Catchwords and bifolium signatures.
Select bibliography H. Omont, 'Les manuscrits français des rois d'Angleterre au château de Richmond', in Etudes romanes dédiés à Gaston Paris (Paris: É. Bouillon, 1891), pp. 1-13 (p. 11).

George F. Warner and Julius P. Gilson, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and King’s Collections, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1921), II, pp. 372-74.

Pamela Wynn Reeves, 'The Guildhall Chronicles of the Kings of France', The Guildhall Miscellany, 2 (1953), 3-15 (p. 12).

J. J. G. Alexander, 'Painting and Manuscript Illumination for Royal Patrons in the Later Middle Ages', in English Court Culture in the Later Middle Ages, ed. by V. J. Scattergood and J. W. Sherborne (London: Duckworth, 1983), pp. 141-62 (p. 153).

Anne Dawson Hedeman, 'Valois Legitimacy: Editorial Changes in Charles V's Grandes Chroniques de France', The Art Bulletin, 66 (1984) 97-117 (p. 100, n. 15).

Jean Fouquet: Die Bilder der Grandes Chroniques de France, ed. by François Avril, Marie-Thérèse Gousset, and Bernard Guenée (Graz: Akademishe Druck, 1987), pp. 18 110.

Anne F. Sutton and Livia Visser-Fuchs, 'Richard III’s Books: IX. The Grandes Chroniques de France', The Ricardian: Journal of the Richard III Society, 8 (1990), 494-514.

Lynda Dennison, 'Illumination of Royal 20 C VII: Stylistic and Codicological Analysis', in Anne F. Sutton and Livia Visser-Fuchs, 'Richard III’s Books: IX. The Grandes Chroniques de France', The Ricardian: Journal of the Richard III Society, 8 (1990), 494-514 (pp. 503-08).

Anne D. Hedeman, The Royal Image: Illustrations of the Grandes chroniques de France 1274-1422 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1991), pp. 221-26.

Anne F. Sutton and Livia Visser-Fuchs, Richard III’s Books: Ideal and Reality in the Life and Library of a Medieval Prince (Stroud: Sutton, 1997), pp. 166, 289-90, fig. 56 [with additional bibliography].

Richard H. Rouse and Mary A. Rouse, Manuscripts and Their Makers: Commercial Book Producers in Medieval Paris 1200-1500, 2 vols (Turnhout: Harvey Miller, 2000), I, pp. 287-88; II, pp.124.

The Libraries of King Henry VIII, ed. by J. P. Carley, Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues, 7 (London: The British Library, 2000), H1.92, p. xxiv.

Christopher de Hamel, The British Library Guide to Manuscript Illumination: History and Techniques (London: British Library, 2001), pl. 75.

James P. Carley, The Books of King Henry VIII and His Wives, preface by David Starkey (London: British Library, 2004), pl. 34.

Paris 1400: Les arts sous Charles VI (Paris: Réunion des musées nationaux, 2004), p. 202, fig. 53 [exhibition catalogue].

Sophie Page, Magic in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2004), pp. 14, 16, 59-60, pl. 14, 54.

Mary and Richard Rouse, ‘A Cat Can Look at a King: An Illustrated Episode in the Grandes Chroniques’, in Tributes to Jonathan J. G. Alexander: The Making and Meaning of Illuminated Medieval & Renaissance Manuscripts, Art & Architecture, ed. by Susan L'Engle and Gerald B. Guest (London: Harvey Miller, 2006), pp. 429-41 (pp. 431-34, fig. 1).

Margaret Scott, Medieval Dress & Fashion (London: British Library, 2007), pl. 76.

Joe Flatman, Ships and Shipping in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2009), pls 106, 107.


Images

ff. 1-216v
Chroniques de France ou de St Denis (from 1270 to 1380)
* * *
 
Death of Louis

f. 1
Death of Louis
Charles of Anjou

f. 1v
Charles of Anjou
Philip

f. 6
Philip
 
Philip

f. 6
Philip
Coronation ceremonies

f. 8
Coronation ceremonies
Louis' death-bed

f. 8v
Louis' death-bed
 
Death of Ferdinand of Castile

f. 11
Death of Ferdinand of Castile
Death of Ferdinand of Castile

f. 11
Death of Ferdinand of Castile
Abbot of Saint Denis

f. 12
Abbot of Saint Denis
 
Comte d'Artois

f. 14v
Comte d'Artois
Execution of Pierre de la Brosse

f. 15
Execution of Pierre de la Brosse
Execution of Pierre de la Brosse

f. 15
Execution of Pierre de la Brosse
 
Execution of Pierre de la Brosse

f. 15
Execution of Pierre de la Brosse
French destroying Genoa

f. 19
French destroying Genoa
Peter III of Aragon

f. 20v
Peter III of Aragon
 
Death-bed of Philip

f. 21v
Death-bed of Philip
Death-bed of Philip

f. 21v
Death-bed of Philip
Edward I

f. 22v
Edward I
 
Charles of Salerno

f. 23v
Charles of Salerno
Christians of Acre

f. 24
Christians of Acre
Siege of Acre

f. 24v
Siege of Acre
 
English landing in Normandy

f. 25v
English landing in Normandy
English at sea

f. 26v
English at sea
Siege of Rions

f. 27v
Siege of Rions
 
Siege of Rions

f. 27v
Siege of Rions
John, king of Scotland

f. 28
John, king of Scotland
Capture of John de St John

f. 28v
Capture of John de St John
 
Comte de Bar

f. 29v
Comte de Bar
French besieging

f. 29v
French besieging
Robert d'Artois

f. 30
Robert d'Artois
 
Robert d'Artois

f. 30
Robert d'Artois
Jews of Magdeburg

f. 32
Jews of Magdeburg
Fighting at Bruges

f. 33v
Fighting at Bruges
 
Battle of Courtrai

f. 34
Battle of Courtrai
Council of barons and clergy

f. 36v
Council of barons and clergy
Death-bed of Boniface

f. 37
Death-bed of Boniface
 
Funeral of Jeanne

f. 40v
Funeral of Jeanne
Rioters pillaging a house in Paris

f. 41v
Rioters pillaging a house in Paris
Arrest of the Templars

f. 42v
Arrest of the Templars
 
Arrest of the Templars

f. 42v
Arrest of the Templars
Henry of Luxembourg

f. 43
Henry of Luxembourg
Templars being burnt at the stake

f. 44v
Templars being burnt at the stake
 
Cardinal preaching

f. 47
Cardinal preaching
Burning of the Grand Master

f. 48
Burning of the Grand Master
Funeral procession of Philippe le Bel

f. 49
Funeral procession of Philippe le Bel
 
Enguerrand de Marigny hanged

f. 51
Enguerrand de Marigny hanged
Third Crusade of Pastoureaux

f. 55v
Third Crusade of Pastoureaux
Burning of lepers

f. 56v
Burning of lepers
 
Jourdain de L'Isle

f. 60
Jourdain de L'Isle
Crossroads

f. 60v
Crossroads
King of Bohemia

f. 62
King of Bohemia
 
King of Bohemia

f. 62
King of Bohemia
Nobles discussing succession

f. 68
Nobles discussing succession
Death-bed of Charles IV

f. 68
Death-bed of Charles IV
 
Edward III

f. 72v
Edward III
Demoiselle of Divion

f. 75
Demoiselle of Divion
Illness of the Duke of Normandy

f. 78v
Illness of the Duke of Normandy
 
Unfinished miniature

f. 88v
Unfinished miniature
Duke of Brittany's deathbed

f. 89v
Duke of Brittany's deathbed
Execution of Olivier de Clisson

f. 93v
Execution of Olivier de Clisson
 
Execution of forgers

f. 94
Execution of forgers
John of Normandy

f. 95
John of Normandy
French army besieging Aiguilon

f. 100v
French army besieging Aiguilon
 
English army

f. 102
English army
Execution

f. 102v
Execution
Siege of La Roche Derrien

f. 104
Siege of La Roche Derrien
 
Meeting of Henry of Lancaster and Otto of Brunswick

f. 108
Meeting of Henry of Lancaster and Otto of Brunswick
Execution of the count of Harcourt

f. 112v
Execution of the count of Harcourt
Regent

f. 131
Regent
 
Parisians removing arms

f. 132
Parisians removing arms
Outbreak of Jacquerie

f. 133
Outbreak of Jacquerie
Siege of Meaux

f. 134
Siege of Meaux
 
Siege of Meaux

f. 134
Siege of Meaux
Execution of the Jacquerie

f. 134v
Execution of the Jacquerie
King of Navarre

f. 134v
King of Navarre
 
Regent blockading Paris

f. 135v
Regent blockading Paris
Regent blockading Paris

f. 135v
Regent blockading Paris
Regent and king of Navarre

f. 135v
Regent and king of Navarre
 
A battle renewed

f. 136
A battle renewed
Passage of the Seine

f. 136v
Passage of the Seine
Battle on the bridge over the Seine

f. 137v
Battle on the bridge over the Seine
 
English prisoners

f. 138v
English prisoners
Execution

f. 139v
Execution
Execution of traitors

f. 140
Execution of traitors
 
Battle before a castle in Picardy

f. 140v
Battle before a castle in Picardy
Chancellor of Navarre

f. 140v
Chancellor of Navarre
Regent holding a council

f. 144v
Regent holding a council
 


f. 172
Marriage of Philip

f. 182
Marriage of Philip
The English army

f. 186
The English army
 
Duke of Anjou

f. 187
Duke of Anjou
Cardinal legates

f. 188v
Cardinal legates
Cardinal legates

f. 188v
Cardinal legates
 
Cardinal of Beauvais

f. 188v
Cardinal of Beauvais
Burning of books

f. 189
Burning of books
Birth of Louis, and burning of books

f. 189
Birth of Louis, and burning of books
 
Sea fight off of La Rochelle

f. 189v
Sea fight off of La Rochelle
Baptism of Isabella

f. 190v
Baptism of Isabella
Charles

f. 192
Charles
 
Coronation of Richard II

f. 192v
Coronation of Richard II
Town surrendering to Anjou

f. 194
Town surrendering to Anjou
King, Dukes and Emperor

f. 196v
King, Dukes and Emperor
 
Emperor and his son

f. 197
Emperor and his son
Magistrates of Paris

f. 197v
Magistrates of Paris
Procession of the Emperor and king

f. 198v
Procession of the Emperor and king
 
Procession of the Emperor and king

f. 198v
Procession of the Emperor and king
Funeral procession

f. 200
Funeral procession
Execution

f. 203v
Execution
 
Coronation of Pope Clement VII

f. 208v
Coronation of Pope Clement VII
King addressing barons

f. 210v
King addressing barons
Killing of the bailiff

f. 212
Killing of the bailiff
 
Revolt at Montpellier

f. 212v
Revolt at Montpellier
Duke of Anjou

f. 213
Duke of Anjou
English at sea

f. 214v
English at sea
 
Death of Charles V

f. 215
Death of Charles V
Coronation of Charles VI

f. 216
Coronation of Charles VI

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