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Detailed record for Royal 20 D I

Title Histoire ancienne jusqu'à César, part 3 of the second redaction
Origin Italy, S. (Naples)
Date 2nd quarter of the 14th century
Language French
Script Gothic
Decoration 4 full page miniatures in colours, silver, and gold, damaged (ff. 26v, 67, 154, 169). 297 miniatures in colours, some in colours and gold, in the lower margins. 2 small miniatures in colours, integrated in columns of the text (ff. 163v, 191). Numerous instructions to illuminators in French (ff. 33, 47, 50v, 53, 58, 60, 62v, 75v, 79, 82v, 99v, 102v, 106, 117, 123v, 134, 139v, 141v, 144, 145v, 146, 148, 148v, 149v, 150v, 154, 156, 159v, 161, 165v-167, 169, 172, 174, 175v-177, 178v, 179, 192, 193v, 246, 248-249, 257v-259, 260, 263v, 267v, 269, 271, 272, 273, 274, 276, 277, 279, 279v, 280v, 281, 282, 283v-185, 290, 291, 296-298, 299v, 300v, 304, 305, 307v, 311, 314, 315, 317, 319, 320, 323v, 324v, 321, 330v, 332, 334v, 335v, 336, 337, 338, 339, 341), some with space left for miniatures (ff. 246v, 249v, 250, 252-254v, 255v, 256v-257, 259v, 261, 263, 264v, 266, 269v, 273v, 274v, 282v, 308v, 311v). Historiated (ff. 27, 38v, 82v, 86v, 93, 104v, 109v, 117v, 125v, 130v, 134v, 138v, 140, 141, 143v, 145, 149v, 153v, 155v, 156, 158, 172, 191, 194, 223v, 344) or ornamental initials in colours and gold, at the beginning of books. Initials in blue with red pen-flourishing or in red with purple pen-flourishing.
Dimensions in mm 335 x 235 (215 x 140)
Official foliation ff. i + 363 (+ 3 unfoliated medieval parchment flyleaves at the beginning and at the end; f. i is a medieval parchment flyleaf)
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house. Gilt edges.
Provenance A member of the Anjou family of Naples (perhaps Robert of Anjou (b. 1277, d. 1343), king of Naples and titular king of Jerusalem): the arms of Anjou, Anjou-Naples, Anjou-Hungary, and Anjou quartered with Provence, assigned to Greek heroes in the miniatures (e.g., ff. 21v, 35, 35v, 88), with the modified arms of Jerusalem (f. 138v).
Charles V (b. 1338, d. 1380), king of France: to be identified with the 'Dez faiz de Troye, des Roumains, de Thèbes, de Alexandre le Grant, hystorié au commencement, escript de lettre boulenoise, et sont les ystoires par les marges très anciennes' listed in the catalogue of his Louvre library composed after his death in 1380, no. 93 (see Léopold Delisle, Recherches sur la Librairie de Charles V, 2 vols (Paris: Champion, 1907), II, no 1211).
Charles VI, king of France: inherited by him with the Louvre Library; a note in the catalogue of 1380 recording a withdrawal of the manuscript by the king before his pilgrimage to Mont Saint-Michel, c. 1393-1394, 'Le roy le print quant il ala au Mont Saint Michel' (See Avril 1969).
Jean of Valois, (b. 1340, d.1416), duke of Berry: included in the inventory of his library of 1413, no. 61: 'Item un livre des Histoires de Troye, d'Alixandre et des mains, ouquel fault le commancement, lequel fut du roy, et au commancement du secont feuillet a escript: et fait; et est couvert de cuir vert, fermant à deux fermouers de laton' (See Delisle, 1907, II, no 226).
Renaut (or Regnault) du Montet, Parisian libraire, probably responsible for supervising the production of the copy of Royal 20 D I, identified with Paris, Bibliothèque nationale, fr. 301: a note recording of a missing quire in his possession that was given to the Parisian illuminator Perrin Remiet (or Remy), active 1368, or c. 1396-1420 : 'Ci faut le secomt cayer que maistre Renaut doit avoir, qui fut baille / a Perrin Remiet po[ur] faire lenluminure de lautre cayer', (f. 8); probably to be identified with the Neapolitan manuscript copied for Jean, duke of Berry, for which Bureau de Dampmartin, duke's agent, paid an unnamed libraire in 1402 (see Rouse 2000, I).
List of contents, 15th century (f. i verso).
Inscribed: 'Viue le roy noble Henry / O misericordia of the Taxe', 15th century (f. i).
The Old Royal Library (the English Royal Library): probably to be identified with 'La destruction de Thebes' included in the list of books at Richmond Palace of 1535, no. 104; and in the catalogue of 1666, Royal Appendix 71, f. 11.
Presented to the British Museum by George II in 1757 as part of the Old Royal Library.
Notes This manuscript contains the second redaction of the text, probably produced in the 14th century and the Roman de Troie is the Prose 5 version (see Jung 1996, pp. 440, 506). The revision did not achieve the popularity of the original text (which survives in around seventy manuscripts), and is now preserved in only thirteen manuscripts.
It is drawn from a variety of sources, covering ancient history from Thebes in the time of Oedipus to Rome in the time of Pompey. This is the earliest surviving copy of this second redaction of 'Histoire ancienne jusq'à César', which focuses on Troy, eliminating the biblical histories and the history of Alexander. It preserves the sections dedicated to Thebes, the Greeks and Amazons, Aeneas, Rome, and the Persians.
Following the Italian fashion the illustrations are in the lower margin rather than integrated in the text.
The direct copies of Royal 20 D I, produced in France, are: Paris, Bibliothèque nationale fr. 301, and Stowe 54. Paris fr. 301was probably illuminated by Perrin Remiet (the 1st painter, according to Avril 1969) and includes four miniatures (ff. 25, 59, 134v, 147) copied from Royal 20 D I (ff. 26v, 67, 154, 169).
Catchwords and bifolium signatures. Correction sign 'cor xxvii' (f. 254v).
According to Sagesse (2010), the four full-page miniatures might have been painted by the Neapolitan, Christophoro Orimina.
Select bibliography P. Meyer, 'Les premières compilations françaises d'histoire ancienne', Romania, 14 (1885), 36-81 (p. 50).

H. Omont, 'Les manuscrits français des rois d'Angleterre au château de Richmond', in Etudes romanes dédiés à Gaston Paris (Paris: É. Bouillon, 1891), pp. 1-13 (p. 11).

George F. Warner and Julius P. Gilson, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and King’s Collections, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1921), II, pp. 375-77.

Fritz Saxl and Hans Meier, Catalogue of Astrological and Mythological Illuminated Manuscripts of the Latin Middle Ages, 4 vols (London: The Warburg Institute, 1953), III: Manuscripts in English Libraries, pp. 223-42.

Fritz Saxl, 'The Troy Romance in French and Italian Art', in Lectures, 2 vols (London: Warburg Institute, 1957), I, pp. 125-38 (pp. 135-36).

Robert L. Wyss, Dei Caesarteppiche und ihr ikonographiches Verhältnis zur Illustration der 'Faits des Romains' im 14. und 15. Jahrhundert (Bern: K. J. Wyss, 1957), p. 61.

François Avril, 'Trois Manuscrits Napolitains des Collections de Charles V et de Jean de Berry', Bibliothèque de l'École des Chartes, 127 (1969), 291-328 (p. 295 n. 3, 300-07, 309, 311-14).

Hugo Buchthal, Historia Troiana: Studies in the History of Mediaeval Secular Illustration (London: The Warburg Institute, 1971), pp. 16, 30, 33, 36, 39, 41.

Jaroslav Folda, Crusader Manuscript Illumination at Saint-Jean d'Acre, 1275-1291 (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1976), p. 142, n. 114.

Bernhard Degenhart and Annegrit Schmitt, 'Frühe angiovinische Buchkunst in Neapel', in Festschrift Wolfgang Braunfels, ed. by Friedrich Piel and Jörg Träger (Tübingen: Wasmuth, 1977), pp. 71-92 (pp. 71, 88, n. 2).

Patrick de Winter, 'Copistes, éditeurs et enlumineurs de la fin du XIVe siècle: La production à Paris de manuscrit à miniatures', in Actes des 100e congrès national des Sociétés Savantes, Paris 1975 (Paris 1978) 173-98 (p. 176, n. 2).

Janet Backhouse, The Illuminated Manuscript (Oxford: Phaidon, 1979), pl. 45.

Bernhard Degenhart and Annegrit Schmitt, Corpus der Italienischen Zeichnungen 1300-1450, part 2 in two volumes (Berlin: Gerb. Mann, 1980), II, p. 279.

Clem C. Williams, 'A case of Mistaken Identity: Still Another Trojan Narrative in Old French Prose', Medium Aevum, 53 (1984) 59-72 (pp. 60, 61, 62).

François Avril, 'Un atelier 'picard' à la cour Angevins de Naples', in 'Nobile claret opus': Festgabe für Frau Prof. Dr. Ellen Judith Beer zum 60. Geburstag, Zeitschrift für Schweizerishe Archäologie und Kunstgeschichte, 43 (1986), pp. 76-85 (p. 76, fig. 2).

Fake? The Art of Deception, ed. by Mark Jones, Paul Craddock, and Nicolas Barker (London: British Museum, 1990), no. 37 [exhibition catalogue].

Jonathan J. G. Alexander, Medieval Illuminators and their Methods of Work (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1992), pp. 50 n. 85, 135, fig. 231.

Scot McKendrick, 'La vraye histoire de Troye la grant': Truth and Romance in the Late Medieval Story of Troy in Literature and Art', in Why fakes matter: essays on problems of authenticity, ed. by Mark Jones (London: British Museum Press, 1992), pp. 71-87 (p. 73, fig. 2).

Marc-René Jung, La Légende de Troie en France au moyen age (Basel & Tubingen: Francke Verlag, 1996), pp. 347, 355, 499, 505, 506, 509-26.

The Mythical Quest: In Search of Adventure, Romance and Enlightenment, intro. by Penelope Lively (London: British Library, 1996), pls on pp. 9, 14.

Janet Backhouse, The Illuminated Page: Ten Centuries of Manuscript Painting in the British Library (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1997), no. 97.

Jane Chance, 'Mostra - naturalità distorte: Bertram dal Bornio, Ecuba', in I mostra nell'inferno dantesco: Tradizione e simbologia, Atti del XXXIII Convegno Storico Internazionale, Todi 13-16 ottobre 1996 (Spoleto: Centro Italiano di Studi Sull'Alto Medioevo, 1997), pp. 235-76 (p. 236, fig. 2).

Histoire Ancienne jusqu'a César (Estoires Roger), ed. by Marijke de Visser-van Terwisga, 2 vols (Orleans: Paradigme, 1999), vol 1 [an edition of the text], vol 2, pp. 14, 22, n. 72, 73.

The Libraries of King Henry VIII, ed. by J. P. Carley, Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues, 7 (London: The British Library, 2000), H1.94.

Richard H. Rouse and Mary A. Rouse, Manuscripts and Their Makers: Commercial Book Producers in Medieval Paris 1200-1500, 2 vols (Turnhout: Harvey Miller, 2000), I, pp. 293-96, 402 n. 66; II, pp. 115, 124.

Christopher de Hamel, The British Library Guide to Manuscript Illumination: History and Techniques (London: British Library, 2001), pl. 42.

Alessandra Perriccioli Saggese, 'L’Enluminure á Naples au temps des Anjou (1266 - 1350)', in L’Europe des Anjou: Aventure des princes angevins du XIIIe au XVe siècle, ed. by Francesco Aceto et al. (Paris: Somogy, 2001), pp. 123-33 (p. 127).

Paris 1400: Les arts sous Charles VI (Paris: Réunion des musées nationaux, 2004), pp. 206, 268, fig. 55 on p. 206 [exhibition catalogue].

Alessandra Perriccioli Saggese, 'Cristophoro Orimina: An Illuminator at the Court of Naples', in The Anjou Bible: A Royal Manuscript Revealed, Naples 1340, ed. by Lieve Watteeuw and Jan Van der Stock (Paris: Peeters, 2010), pp. 113-25.

Elizabeth Morrison and Anne D. Hedeman, eds, Imagining the Past: History in Manuscript Painting 1250-1500 (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2010), no. 50 [exhibition catalogue].

Scot McKendrick, John Lowden, and Kthleen Doyle, Royal Manuscripts: The Genius of Illumination (London: British Library, 2011), no. 135 [exhibition catalogue].


Images
* * *
 
Infant Oedipus

f. 1
Infant Oedipus
Death of Laius

f. 2
Death of Laius
The Sphinx slain

f. 2v
The Sphinx slain
 
Tydeus and Polynices

f. 6
Tydeus and Polynices
Tydeus

f. 8
Tydeus
Marginal note

f. 8v
Marginal note
 
Marginal note

f. 8v
Marginal note
Tydeus

f. 10
Tydeus
Tydeus

f. 11
Tydeus
 
Adrastus

f. 12v
Adrastus
Adrastus

f. 15v
Adrastus
Thebes

f. 16v
Thebes
 
Jocasta

f. 17
Jocasta
Tame tiger

f. 17v
Tame tiger
Battle scene

f. 18
Battle scene
 
Car of Amphiaraus

f. 18v
Car of Amphiaraus
Eteocles and Polynices

f. 19v
Eteocles and Polynices
Adrastus and Theseus

f. 20v
Adrastus and Theseus
 
Theseus

f. 21
Theseus
Battle

f. 21v
Battle
Minotaur

f. 22
Minotaur
 
Battle scene

f. 22v
Battle scene
Battle scene

f. 23v
Battle scene
Hercules

f. 24v
Hercules
 
Hercules and the Queen of the Amazons

f. 25v
Hercules and the Queen of the Amazons
Hercules and the giant

f. 26
Hercules and the giant
Troy, Rome, Contantinople, and Galatea

f. 26v
Troy, Rome, Contantinople, and Galatea
 
Jason

f. 33v
Jason
Expedition against Troy

f. 34v
Expedition against Troy
Expedition against Troy

f. 34v
Expedition against Troy
 
Troy

f. 35
Troy
Battle

f. 35v
Battle
Battle

f. 35v
Battle
 
Troy

f. 36
Troy
Medea

f. 37v
Medea
Medea

f. 37v
Medea
 
Hercules

f. 38
Hercules
Hercules

f. 38
Hercules
Historiated initial

f. 38v
Historiated initial
 
Rebuilding of Troy

f. 41
Rebuilding of Troy
Rebuilding of Troy

f. 41
Rebuilding of Troy
Palladium

f. 46v
Palladium
 
Voyage of Paris

f. 47
Voyage of Paris
Paris and Helen

f. 49v
Paris and Helen
Helen

f. 50v
Helen
 
Priam, Hecuba, Paris and Helen

f. 52v
Priam, Hecuba, Paris and Helen
Greek ships

f. 58
Greek ships
Siege of Lyrnessus

f. 60
Siege of Lyrnessus
 
Siege of Tenedos

f. 60v
Siege of Tenedos
Ulysses and Diomedes

f. 61v
Ulysses and Diomedes
Teuthras

f. 62v
Teuthras
 
Flotilla of ships

f. 66v
Flotilla of ships
Flotilla of ships

f. 66v
Flotilla of ships
Scenes in Troy

f. 67
Scenes in Troy
 
Agamemnon

f. 69v
Agamemnon
Troy

f. 70
Troy
Death of Patroclus

f. 72v
Death of Patroclus
 
Corpse of Patroclus

f. 73
Corpse of Patroclus
Hector

f. 74v
Hector
Le curre de Fion

f. 75v
Le curre de Fion
 
Thoas and Hector

f. 77v
Thoas and Hector
Hector killing Meriones

f. 78v
Hector killing Meriones
Truce

f. 79
Truce
 
Palace of Priam

f. 82v
Palace of Priam
Hector and Achilles

f. 83
Hector and Achilles
Hector

f. 83v
Hector
 
Agamemnon rescued by Achilles

f. 87
Agamemnon rescued by Achilles
Paris

f. 88
Paris
Thoas, Achilles, and Hector

f. 88v
Thoas, Achilles, and Hector
 
Priam's palace

f. 89v
Priam's palace
Centaur-archer

f. 94v
Centaur-archer
Capture of Antenor

f. 95
Capture of Antenor
 
Battle scene

f. 98v
Battle scene
Cressida

f. 101v
Cressida
Calcas

f. 102v
Calcas
 
Hector

f. 105
Hector
Hector

f. 105v
Hector
Hector and Achilles

f. 106
Hector and Achilles
 
Cressida

f. 106v
Cressida
Troilus

f. 107
Troilus
Hector

f. 108
Hector
 
Battle scene

f. 111
Battle scene
Troilus and Diomedes

f. 111v
Troilus and Diomedes
Battle scene

f. 112
Battle scene
 
Hector and Achilles

f. 113
Hector and Achilles
Hector

f. 114
Hector
Lament for Hector

f. 114v
Lament for Hector
 
Dispute of Palamedes and Agamemnon

f. 117
Dispute of Palamedes and Agamemnon
Dispute of Palamedes and Agamemnon

f. 117
Dispute of Palamedes and Agamemnon
Priam

f. 117v
Priam
 
Sarpedon killing Neoptolemus

f. 118
Sarpedon killing Neoptolemus
Agamemnon

f. 120
Agamemnon
Hector

f. 121
Hector
 
Hecuba and Priam

f. 122v
Hecuba and Priam
Le parlement dachilles

f. 123v
Le parlement dachilles
Deiphobus

f. 126
Deiphobus
 
Deiphobus

f. 126v
Deiphobus
Death of Palamedes

f. 127
Death of Palamedes
Death of Palamedes

f. 127
Death of Palamedes
 
Burning of ships

f. 127v
Burning of ships
Achilles and Deiphobus

f. 128
Achilles and Deiphobus
Trojans

f. 130v
Trojans
 
Battle scene

f. 131
Battle scene
Nestor, Diomedes and Ulysses appealing to Achilles

f. 131v
Nestor, Diomedes and Ulysses appealing to Achilles
Council of the Greeks

f. 134
Council of the Greeks
 
Historiated initial

f. 134v
Historiated initial
Diomedes

f. 135
Diomedes
Battle scene

f. 135v
Battle scene
 
Diomedes and Cressida

f. 136
Diomedes and Cressida
Agamemnon, Nestor, and Achilles

f. 138v
Agamemnon, Nestor, and Achilles
Troilus

f. 139
Troilus
 
Troilus

f. 139v
Troilus
Battle scene

f. 140v
Battle scene
Battle scene

f. 141
Battle scene
 
Battle scene

f. 141v
Battle scene
Achilles and Troilus

f. 142
Achilles and Troilus
Death of Troilus

f. 144
Death of Troilus
 
Achilles and Memnon

f. 144v
Achilles and Memnon
Death of Memnon

f. 145
Death of Memnon
Hecuba mourning over Troilus

f. 145v
Hecuba mourning over Troilus
 
Hecuba mourning over Troilus

f. 145v
Hecuba mourning over Troilus
Troilus and Memnon

f. 146
Troilus and Memnon
Achilles and Antilogus

f. 148
Achilles and Antilogus
 
Mourning for Achilles

f. 148v
Mourning for Achilles
Trojans

f. 149v
Trojans
Paris

f. 150
Paris
 
Death of Paris

f. 150v
Death of Paris
Mourning for Paris

f. 151
Mourning for Paris
Mourning for Paris

f. 151v
Mourning for Paris
 
Priam meeting Penthesilia

f. 153
Priam meeting Penthesilia
Troy

f. 154
Troy
Battle scene

f. 155v
Battle scene
 
Pyrrhus

f. 156
Pyrrhus
Pyrrhus

f. 156v
Pyrrhus
Penthesiliea

f. 157
Penthesiliea
 
Prowess of Ortia

f. 158v
Prowess of Ortia
Orian and Pyrrhus

f. 159
Orian and Pyrrhus
Council of the Greeks

f. 159
Council of the Greeks
 
Plots and councils in Troy

f. 161
Plots and councils in Troy
Antenor

f. 162
Antenor
Wheel of Fortune

f. 163v
Wheel of Fortune
 
Grief of Priam

f. 164
Grief of Priam
Trojan sacrifices

f. 165v
Trojan sacrifices
Theft of the Palladium

f. 166
Theft of the Palladium
 
Philimenes and Penthesilea

f. 166v
Philimenes and Penthesilea
Oaths

f. 167
Oaths
Oaths

f. 167
Oaths
 
Horse of Troy

f. 167v
Horse of Troy
Burning of the Greek camp

f. 168
Burning of the Greek camp
Burning of the Greek camp

f. 168
Burning of the Greek camp
 
Return of the Greeks

f. 168v
Return of the Greeks
Return of the Greeks

f. 168v
Return of the Greeks
The Sack of Troy

f. 169
The Sack of Troy
 
Trojan captives

f. 170v
Trojan captives
Finding of Polyxena

f. 171
Finding of Polyxena
Deaths of Polyxena and Hecuba

f. 172
Deaths of Polyxena and Hecuba
 
Death of Ajax

f. 174
Death of Ajax
Ships

f. 176v
Ships
Shipwreck of Ajax Oileus

ff. 176v-177
Shipwreck of Ajax Oileus
 
Shipwreck

f. 177
Shipwreck
Nauplius

f. 178v
Nauplius
Deaths of Assandrus and Agamemnon

f. 179
Deaths of Assandrus and Agamemnon
 
Diomedes and Aegiale

f. 180
Diomedes and Aegiale
Death of Clytemnestra

f. 180v
Death of Clytemnestra
Return of Menelaus and Helen

f. 181
Return of Menelaus and Helen
 
Ulysses

f. 181v
Ulysses
Ulysses

f. 185
Ulysses
Pyrrhus

f. 185v
Pyrrhus
 
Pyrrhus

f. 186v
Pyrrhus
Pyrrhus

f. 187
Pyrrhus
Pyrrhus

f. 188v
Pyrrhus
 
Telemachus

f. 189v
Telemachus
Telegonus and Ulysses

f. 190
Telegonus and Ulysses
Ulysses

f. 190v
Ulysses
 
Landomacha

f. 191v
Landomacha
Calchas and Menelaus

f. 192
Calchas and Menelaus
Landromacha

f. 192v
Landromacha
 
Landromacha

f. 193
Landromacha
Landromacha

f. 193v
Landromacha
Aeneas

f. 194
Aeneas
 
Aeneas

f. 196v
Aeneas
Dido and Aeneas

f. 197
Dido and Aeneas
Suicide of Dido

f. 199
Suicide of Dido
 
Aegesta

f. 200v
Aegesta
Slaying the Minotaur

f. 201
Slaying the Minotaur
Slaying the Minotaur

f. 201
Slaying the Minotaur
 
Etiam mensas consumimus

f. 202
Etiam mensas consumimus
Lavinium

f. 202v
Lavinium
Text page

f. 203
Text page
 
Turnus

f. 205
Turnus
Turnus

f. 205
Turnus
Nisus and Euryalus

f. 206
Nisus and Euryalus
 
Nisus and Volscens

f. 206v
Nisus and Volscens
Turnus and Camilla

f. 209v
Turnus and Camilla
Death of Camilla

f. 210
Death of Camilla
 
Battle scene

f. 211v
Battle scene
Battle scene

f. 212
Battle scene
Death of Turnus

f. 212v
Death of Turnus
 
Infant Cyrus

f. 215
Infant Cyrus
Persians

f. 216
Persians
Cyrus

f. 217v
Cyrus
 
Cyrus

f. 218v
Cyrus
Battle with Amazons

f. 219v
Battle with Amazons
Battle of Salamis

f. 222v
Battle of Salamis
 
Battle of Plataea

f. 223
Battle of Plataea
Exposure of Romulus and Remus

f. 224
Exposure of Romulus and Remus
Building of Rome

f. 225
Building of Rome
 
Rape of the Sabines

f. 225v
Rape of the Sabines
Battle with the Sabines

f. 227
Battle with the Sabines
Battle with the Tarquins

f. 231v
Battle with the Tarquins
 
Coriolanus

f. 232v
Coriolanus
Fabii

f. 233v
Fabii
Fabii

f. 233v
Fabii
 
Death of Virginia

f. 235
Death of Virginia
Death of Virginia

f. 235
Death of Virginia
Battle with Brenus

f. 236v
Battle with Brenus
 
Gauls in Rome

f. 237
Gauls in Rome
Curtius

f. 239v
Curtius
Torquatus and the Gaul

f. 240v
Torquatus and the Gaul
 
Corvinus and the Gaul

f. 242
Corvinus and the Gaul
Battle with Samnites

f. 244v
Battle with Samnites
Battle with the Samnites

f. 244v
Battle with the Samnites
 
Theatre at Tarentum

f. 246
Theatre at Tarentum
Pyrrhus and elephants

f. 247v
Pyrrhus and elephants
Pyrrhus

f. 248v
Pyrrhus
 
Elephants

f. 249
Elephants
Battle with the Carthaginians

f. 251
Battle with the Carthaginians
Battle with the Carthaginians

f. 251
Battle with the Carthaginians
 
Romans

f. 257v
Romans
Naval battle

f. 258
Naval battle
Naval battle

f. 258
Naval battle
 
Naval battle

f. 263v
Naval battle
Naval battle

f. 264
Naval battle
Death of Hamilcar

f. 267v
Death of Hamilcar
 
Defeat of the Gauls

f. 269
Defeat of the Gauls
Hannibal

f. 270v
Hannibal
Siege of Sagantum

f. 271
Siege of Sagantum
 
Taking of Saguntum

f. 272
Taking of Saguntum
Taking of Saguntum

f. 272
Taking of Saguntum
Hannibal

f. 273
Hannibal
 
Hannibal

f. 273
Hannibal
Battle of the Ticinus

f. 274
Battle of the Ticinus
Sufferings of the Carthaginians

f. 275v
Sufferings of the Carthaginians
 
Sufferings of the Carthaginians

f. 275v
Sufferings of the Carthaginians
Battle of Trasimenus

f. 276
Battle of Trasimenus
Battle of Cannae

f. 277
Battle of Cannae
 
Battle of Nola

f. 279
Battle of Nola
Defeat of the Hasdrubal

f. 279v
Defeat of the Hasdrubal
Hannibal

f. 280v
Hannibal
 
Storm

f. 281
Storm
Hannibal

f. 282
Hannibal
Marroc

f. 283v
Marroc
 
Battle of Baecula

f. 284
Battle of Baecula
Capture of Tarentum

f. 284v
Capture of Tarentum
Battle and siege

f. 285
Battle and siege
 
Battle and siege

f. 285
Battle and siege
Battle of Metaurus

f. 286
Battle of Metaurus
Scipio

f. 288
Scipio
 
Hannibal and Scipio

f. 290
Hannibal and Scipio
Battle of Zama

f. 291
Battle of Zama
Glabrio defeating Antiochus

f. 296
Glabrio defeating Antiochus
 
Hannibal

f. 297
Hannibal
Hannibal

f. 297v
Hannibal
Battle of Pydna

f. 299v
Battle of Pydna
 
Triumph of Aemilius Paulus

f. 300v
Triumph of Aemilius Paulus
Scipio Africanus

f. 302v
Scipio Africanus
Carthage

f. 304
Carthage
 
Siege of Carthage

f. 305
Siege of Carthage
Siege of Carthage

f. 305
Siege of Carthage
Siege of Carthage

f. 306
Siege of Carthage
 
Siege of Carthage

f. 306
Siege of Carthage
Burning of Carthage

f. 306v
Burning of Carthage
Siege of Corinth

f. 307v
Siege of Corinth
 
Appius Claudius Pulcher

f. 309
Appius Claudius Pulcher
Battle of Mancinus

f. 311
Battle of Mancinus
Battle of Scipio

f. 314
Battle of Scipio
 
Battle of Scipio

f. 315
Battle of Scipio
Sortie from Numantia

f. 316v
Sortie from Numantia
Burning of Numantia

f. 317
Burning of Numantia
 
Taking of a castle

f. 319
Taking of a castle
Taking of a castle

f. 319
Taking of a castle
P. Crassus and Aristonicus

f. 320
P. Crassus and Aristonicus
 
Carage

f. 323v
Carage
C. Gracchus

f. 324v
C. Gracchus
Marcius Rex

f. 327
Marcius Rex
 
Battle with Jugurtha

f. 330v
Battle with Jugurtha
Triumph of Marius

f. 332
Triumph of Marius
Defeat of Caepio

f. 334v
Defeat of Caepio
 
Aquae Sextiae

f. 335v
Aquae Sextiae
Women of Teutones

f. 336
Women of Teutones
Women of Teutones

f. 336
Women of Teutones
 
Cimbrian women

f. 337
Cimbrian women
Satuminus

f. 338
Satuminus
Samnium

f. 340
Samnium
 
Siege of Asculum

f. 341
Siege of Asculum
Sulpicius Rufus

f. 342v
Sulpicius Rufus
Battle

f. 343v
Battle
 
Sertorius and Octavius

f. 345v
Sertorius and Octavius
Sulla

f. 347
Sulla
Marius the Younger

f. 347v
Marius the Younger
 
Marius the Younger

f. 347v
Marius the Younger
Pompeius

f. 348v
Pompeius
Pompeius and Sertorius

f. 349v
Pompeius and Sertorius
 
Siege in Spain

f. 351
Siege in Spain
Defeat of Archelaus

f. 354
Defeat of Archelaus
Lucullus' messenger

f. 356
Lucullus' messenger
 
Varius

f. 357
Varius
Varius

f. 357
Varius
Pompeius

f. 358
Pompeius
 
Mithridates

f. 359
Mithridates
Mithridates

f. 361
Mithridates
City in Syria

f. 361v
City in Syria
 
Pompeius in Jerusalem

f. 362v
Pompeius in Jerusalem
Triumph of Pompeius

f. 363
Triumph of Pompeius
Hannibal

f. 396v
Hannibal
 

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