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Detailed record for Royal 2 B VI

Title Psalter and Canticles
Origin England, S. (St Albans)
Date c. 1246-c. 1260
Language Latin
Script Gothic
Decoration 9 full-page prefatory miniatures tinted with colours (ff. 8-11v, 12v). 10 ornamental initials in colours and gold with display script, at the beginning of the major Psalm divisions (ff. 13v, 33, 45v, 56v, 57v, 69, 83v, 97, 98v, 111v). Initials in red with blue pen-flourishing or in blue with red pen-flourishing (initials in gold with blue pen-flourishing or in blue with red pen-flourishing, f. 73v), at the beginning of other Psalms. Initials in red or blue at the beginning of verses and ornamental line fillers in red or blue. Words omitted in Psalm 107, written in the margin and decorated with red and green ink (f. 109v).
Dimensions in mm 280 x 195 (160 x 105)
Official foliation ff. i + 163 (+ 3 unfoliated modern paper flyleaves at the beginning and at the end; ff. i and 1 are medieval parchment flyleaves)
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house. Gilt edges.
Provenance Made after 1246: the calendar and litany include Edmund of Abington (canonized in 1246, 16th November, ff. 7, 153v); for St. Albans use: the calendar includes: the octave of the dedication of the church of St. Albans (4th January, f. 2), 'Festivitas reliquiarum' in gold (27th January, f. 2), the passion of Alban in gold (22nd June, f. 4v), 'Inventio sancti Amphibaldi' in gold (25th June, f. 4v), 'Inventio Sancti Albani' in gold (2nd August, f. 5v), the dedication of the church of St. Alban 'Dedicatio huius ecclesie' (29th December, f. 7v).
John of Dalling, monk of the Benedictine abbey of St Albans: given by him with the permission of John of Hertford, abbot of St. Albans (1235-60), before 1260, inscribed, 'Hunc librum dedit Frater Johannes de Dal/ling ex licencia domini Joh[annis] abb[at]is deo / eccl[es]ie s[anc]ti Albani ita tamen quod habeat / usum t[antu]m in vita sua. Quem quid[em] qui ab / eadem ecc[lesie] alienaverit v[e]l titulum dele/verit anathema sit. Amen. / Anima Johannis de dalling et anime omnium fidelium defunctorum requiescant in pace. Amen/' (f. 1).
The Benedictine abbey of St Albans, where it was kept in a cupboard in the choir: inscribed, 'De armariolo in choro', 14th century (f. 1).
Robert Gylles, inscribed with his name, 'Robarthus Gylles', 16th century (f. i).
John Theyer (bap. 1598, d. 1673), antiquary: inscribed 'Ioannes Theyer of Coopers Hill near Gloucester to pay for ... booke ...'(f. 163v); included in the catalogue of his library left to his grandson Charles Theyer (b. 1651): see E. Bernard, Catalogi librorum manuscriptorum Angliae et Hiberniae, 3 vols. (Oxford: Sheldonian, '1697', but 1698?), II, no. 6378.
Robert Scott (b. c. 1632, d. 1709/10), London bookseller: included in the catalogue of John Theyer’s manuscripts in his possession, made in 1678 by William Beveridge and William Jane, Royal Appendix, 70, no. 20.
Charles II (b. 1630, d.1685), king of England, Scotland, and Ireland: purchased from Scott together with other 311 manuscripts from Theyer's library.
Presented to the British Museum by George II in 1757 as part of the Old Royal Library.
Notes Includes a calendar (ff. 2-7v).
According to Morgan (1982), illuminated by the artist close in style to Matthew Paris, who perhaps later illustrated two Apocalypses, Getty Museum, Ms. Ludwig III i (83. MC. 72) and Add. 35166.
Catchwords, instructions for display script and for words omitted in Psalm 107 (f. 109v).
Select bibliography Walter de Gray Birch and Henry Jenner, Early Drawings and Illuminations: An Introduction to the Study of Illustrated Manuscripts (London: Bagster and Sons, 1879), p. 6.

Robert Steele, 'Dies Aegyptiaci', Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine, 13 (1919), 108-21 (p. 9).

George F. Warner and Julius P. Gilson, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and King’s Collections, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1921), I, pp. 41-42.

Eric. G. Millar, English Illuminated Manuscripts from the Xth to the XIIIth Century (Paris: Van Oest, 1926), p. 124.

English Benedictine Calendars after A. D. 1100, ed. by Francis Wormald, 2 vols, Henry Bradshaw Society, 77, 81 (London: Harrison and Sons, 1934-1939), I, 31.

The Monastic Breviary of Hyde Abbey, Winchester: MSS. Rawlinson Liturg. e. 1*, and Gough Liturg. 8, in the Bodleian Library, Oxford, ed. by J. B. L. Tolhurst, Henry Bradshaw Society, LXV-LXXX, 6 vols (London: Henry Bradshaw Society, 1932-1942), 6, p. 241.

Peter Brieger, English Art 1216-1307, Oxford History of English Art, 4 (Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1957), p. 220.

Otto Pächt, C. R. Dodwell, and Francis Wormald, The St. Albans Psalter (Albani Psalter) (London: Warburg Institute, 1960), p. 8.

Medieval Libraries of Great Britain: A List of Surviving Books, ed. by N. R. Ker, 2nd edn, Royal Historical Society Guides and Handbooks, 3 (London: Royal Historical Society, 1964), pp. 167, 362.

R. W. Hunt, 'The Library of the Abbey of St Albans', in Medieval Scribes, Manuscripts & Libraries: Essays Presented to N. R. Ker, ed. by M. B. Parkes and Andrew G. Watson (London: Scolar Press, 1978), pp. 251-78 (p. 264).

A. G. Watson, Catalogue of Dated and Datable Manuscripts c.700-1600 in the Department of Manuscripts, The British Library (London: British Library, 1979), I, no. 861.

Nigel J. Morgan, Early Gothic Manuscripts (I) 1190-1250 (Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles), (London: Harvey Miller, 1982), no. 86.

Suzanne Lewis, The Art of Matthew Paris in the Chronica Majora (Aldershot: Scolar Press, 1987), pp. 25-26, 304, 425-26, 427, 436, 441, 442, 471, 476 ns. 88, 101, fig. 5.

John Higgitt, The Murthly Hours: Devotion, Literacy and Luxury in Paris, England and the Gaelic West (London: British Library, 2000), p. 250.

James P. Carley, The Books of King Henry VIII and His Wives, preface by David Starkey (London: British Library, 2004), p. 36, pl. 27.

Greg Buzwell, Saints in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2005), p. 39.

Royal Manuscripts: The Genius of Illumination (London: British Library, 2011), no. 84 [exhibition catalogue].

Nicholas Vincent, 'The Great Lost Library of England's Medieval Kings' in1000 Years of Royal Books and Manuscripts, ed. by Kathleen Doyle and Scot McKendrick (London: The British Library, 2013), pp. 73-112 (p. 91).
Last revised: 17 September 2009


Images
* * *
 
Ownership inscription

f. 1
Ownership inscription
June calendar page

f. 4v
June calendar page
Annunciation and Nativity

f. 8
Annunciation and Nativity
 
Annunciation

f. 8
Annunciation
Nativity

f. 8
Nativity
Annunciation to the Shepherds and Adoration of the Magi

f. 8v
Annunciation to the Shepherds and Adoration of the Magi
 
Presentation in the Temple and Flagellation

f. 9
Presentation in the Temple and Flagellation
Presentation in the Temple

f. 9
Presentation in the Temple
Flagellation of Christ

f. 9
Flagellation of Christ
 
Crucifixion

f. 9v
Crucifixion
Ascension and Martyrdom of Edmund

f. 10
Ascension and Martyrdom of Edmund
Ascension

f. 10
Ascension
 
Martyrdom of Edmund

f. 10
Martyrdom of Edmund
Alban and Amphibaldus

f. 10v
Alban and Amphibaldus
Alban

f. 10v
Alban
 
Amphilabus

f. 10v
Amphilabus
Martyrdom of Alban and Amphibaldus

ff. 10v-11
Martyrdom of Alban and Amphibaldus
John the Baptist and John the Evangelist

f. 11
John the Baptist and John the Evangelist
 
John the Baptist and John the Evangelist

f. 11
John the Baptist and John the Evangelist
Two bishop saints

f. 11
Two bishop saints
Edward the Confessor, Edward the Martyr (?), and Catherine

f. 11v
Edward the Confessor, Edward the Martyr (?), and Catherine
 
Edward the Confessor, Edward the Martyr (?)

f. 11v
Edward the Confessor, Edward the Martyr (?)
Catherine and a female saint

f. 11v
Catherine and a female saint
Virgin and Child

f. 12v
Virgin and Child
 
Illuminated initial

f. 13v
Illuminated initial
Illuminated initial

f. 45v
Illuminated initial
Text page

f. 73v
Text page
 
Illuminated initial

f. 111v
Illuminated initial
Text page

f. 121
Text page
Text

f. 121
Text
 
Text page

f. 153
Text page

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