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Detailed record for King's 1

Part 1 ff. 1-429 
Title Bible (the 'King's Bible')
Origin Spain, N. E., Catalonia (Solsona)
Date Last quarter of the 14th century, 1384
Language Hebrew
Script Sephardi semi-cursive script, punctuated
Scribe Jacob ben Joseph of Ripoll
Decoration 1 full-page frontispiece, in colours and gold (f. 2v). 2 full-page miniatures of Temple implements, in colours and gold (ff. 3v-4).
Dimensions in mm 335 x 270 (210 x 165) in two columns
 
Part 2  
Date Last quarter of the 17th century, after 1683
Decoration 3 full-page miniatures in colours and gold (ff. 2, 7v, 8). Numerous decorated initial-word panels, in colours and gold. Numerous decorated chapter numbers.
 
Official foliation ff. 429 (+ 1 unfoliated parchment flyleaf at the beginning)
Collation 53 quires: i8-1 (ff. 1-7), ii-lii8 (ff. 8-423), liii8-1 (ff. 424-429, [430]). Hebrew quire numbering.
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Red leather, 18th century, gold tooled with the monogram of George III.
Provenance Jacob ben Joseph of Ripoll, the scribe: inscribed with his name in the colophon, Solsona, Kislew 5145 [1384] (f. 427).
Isaac ben Judah of Tulusa (Toulouse), the patron: inscribed with his name on the frontispiece and in the colophon, Solsona Kislew 5145 [1384] (ff. 2v, 427).
Laurentius D'Arvieux (b. 1635, d. 1702), French traveller and diplomat, consul for France and Holland at Aleppo: Latin title page added by him (f. 1); purchased in 1683.
Latin account on the history of the manuscript, 16th century (f. 1v).
Benjamin Kennicott (b. 1718, d. 1783), English biblical scholar: his translation of the Latin account on f. 1v, 1768 (a paper sheet affixed on f. [i verso]).
King George III (b. 1738, d. 1820): his stamp on upper and lower covers.
Given to the British Museum by King George IV in 1823 as part of the library of King George III.
Notes Flesh and hair side are distinguishable. Ruling and pricking are visible. Pagination and decorated chapter numbers - both with Hebrew characters - are later additions (after 1683).
Remains of inscriptions probably printed from another consecutive page presently missing, upside down and right to left ( f. [i]).
Select bibliography George Margoliouth, Catalogue of the Hebrew and Samaritan Manuscripts in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1899-1935; vols I-III repr. 1965); IV, Introduction, Indexes, ed. by Jacob Leveen (London: British Museum, 1977), I, no. 56.

Therese and Mendel Metzger, Jewish Life in the Middle Ages: Illuminated Hebrew Manuscripts of the Thirteenth to the Sixteenth Centuries (New York: Alpine Fine Arts Collection, 1982), p. 304.

Bezalel Narkiss, Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts in the British Isles: A Catalogue Raisonne´. The Spanish and Portuguese Manuscripts, 2 vols (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1982), I, no. 22; II, figs 332-36.

Bezalel Narkiss, Kitvei yad ivriyim metzuyarim (Jerusalem: Keter, 1984), p. 31.

Katrin Kogman-Appel, Jewish Book Art Between Islam and Christianity: the Decoration of Hebrew Bibles in Medieval Spain (Lieden: Brill, 2004), pp. 154-168.

Ilana Tahan, Hebrew Manuscripts: The Power of Script and Image (London, British Library, 2007), pp. 49-51.

Sacred: Books of the Three Faiths: Judaism, Christianity, Islam (London: British Library, 2007), p. 107 [exhibition catalogue].


Images

Part  1   ff. 1-429
Bible (the 'King's Bible')
* * *
 
Tetragrammaton

f. 2
Tetragrammaton
Frontispiece

f. 2v
Frontispiece
Menorah

f. 3
Menorah
 
Temple implements

f. 3v
Temple implements
Temple implements

f. 4
Temple implements
Tablets of the Law

f. 7v
Tablets of the Law
 
Decorated initial-word panel

f. 31
Decorated initial-word panel
Decorated initial-word panel

f. 31
Decorated initial-word panel
Colophon

f. 427
Colophon
 

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