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Detailed record for Arundel 91

Part 1 ff. 2-227 
Title Passionale (Lives of the Saints) 21 September- 9 November
Origin England, S. E. (Canterbury)
Date 1st quarter of the 12th century
Language Latin
Script Protogothic
Decoration Large historiated, anthropomorphic, or decorated initials at the beginning of each life or passion, mostly in green, blue, purple, and sometimes red or yellow, usually with geometric or foliate decoration, and some also with men, hybrid creatures, animals, and/or animal head terminations; a few simpler in only one or two colours and in simpler patterns. Large and small initials in red, blue, purple, or green, some with penwork decoration. Small simple initials in brown. Rubrics in red or green letters. Later marginal drawings of the bust of a bishop, an animal, and heads (ff. 14, 86, 199v).
Dimensions in mm 325 x 230 (265 x 160) in two columns
 
Part 2 ff. 227v-229v 
Title Lectiones de Sancto Nicholao
Origin England, S. E. (Canterbury)
Date 1st half of the 12th century
Language Latin
Script Protogothic
Decoration Large blue or red initials, the red oxidised.
Dimensions in mm 325 x 220 (255 x 165) in two columns
 
Official foliation ff. 229 (+ unfoliated modern paper flyleaves)
Collation i-xxviii8 (ff. 2-225), xxix four (ff. 226-229).
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house. Marbled endpapers.
Provenance The Benedictine abbey of St Augustine, Canterbury (see Ker 1964).
List of contents added 12th century (f. 1v).
? Thomas Howard (b. 1585, d. 1646), 2nd earl of Arundel, 4th earl of Surrey, and 1st earl of Norfolk, art collector and politician.
Henry Howard (b. 1628, d. 1684), 6th duke of Norfolk, presented to the Royal Society in 1667.
The Royal Society, London (its ink stamp: 'Soc. Reg. Lond / ex dono HENR. HOWARD / Norfolciensis.', f. 2; its book-plate with the pencil inscription: 'XIV.6.15', inside upper cover).
Purchased by the British Museum from the Royal Society of London together with 549 other Arundel manuscripts in 1831.
Notes Note that the manuscript is one part of a seven volume set, and a companion and predecessor to Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS Fell 2.
Select bibliography Catalogue of Manuscripts in The British Museum, New Series, 1 vol. in 2 parts (London: British Museum, 1834-1840), I, part I: The Arundel Manuscripts, pp. 24-26.

The Historians of the Church of York and its Archbishops, ed. by J. Raine, 3 vols, Rolls Series, 71 (London: Rolls Commission, 1887-1894), I, pp. xlix, 161.

F. Wormald, ‘Decorated Initials in English MSS. From A.D. 900 to 1100’, Archaeologia, 91 (1945), 107-135 (pp. 110-11, pls 2b, 8c).

D. Talbot Rice, English Art 871-1100 (Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1952), pp. 198, 221.

E. B. Garrison, Studies in the History of Mediaeval Italian Painting, 3 vols (Florence: L’impronta, 1953-58), I (1954), fig. 19.

C. R. Dodwell, The Canterbury School of Illumination 1066-1200 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1954), pp. 26-28, 31-2, 34, 62, 74, 79, 123, pls 15a, 15c, 153, 16e, 19b, 21a, 35c.

T. S. R. Boase, English Art 1100-1216, Oxford History of English Art, 2 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1957), pp. 40, 53, 157, pl. 6b.

Hugo Buchthal and Francis Wormald, Miniature Painting in the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem (Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1957), p. 15 n. 6.

Otto Pächt, C. R. Dodwell, and Francis Wormald, The St. Albans Psalter (Albani Psalter) (London: Warburg Institute, 1960), p. 170 n. 7.

Medieval Libraries of Great Britain: A List of Surviving Books, ed. by N. R. Ker, 2nd ed., Royal Historical Society Guides and Handbooks, 3 (London: The Royal Historical Society, 1964), p. 42.

Margaret Rickert, Painting in Britain: the Middle Ages, 2nd edn (London: Penguin Books, 1965), pp. 50-51, pls 46a, 46b.

J. J. G. Alexander, Norman Illumination at Mont St Michel 966-1100 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1970), p. 98 n. 4.

Francis Klingender, Animals in Art and Thought to the end of the Middle Ages, ed. by Evelyn Antal and John Harthan (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1971), pp. 399-400, pl. 233.

Hanns Swarzenski, Monuments of Romanesque Art: The Art of Church Treasures in North-Western Europe, 2nd ed., (London: Faber and Faber, 1974), no. 86, fig. 199.

C. M. Kauffmann, Romanesque Manuscripts 1066-1190, Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles, 3 (London: Harvey Miller, 1975), no. 17, pls 40-41, 43, 44 [with additional bibliography].

J. J. G. Alexander, ‘Scribes as Artists: The Arabesque Initial in Twelfth-Century English Manuscripts’, in Medieval Scribes, Manuscripts & Libraries: Essays Presented to N. R. Ker, ed. by M. B. Parkes and Andrew G. Watson (London: Scolar Press, 1978), pp. 87-116 (p. 101).

Anne Lawrence, ‘The Influence of Canterbury on the Collection and Production of Manuscripts at Durham in the Anglo-Norman Period’, in The Vanishing Past: Studies of Medieval Art, Liturgy and Metrology presented to Christopher Hohler, ed. by Alan Borg and Andrew Martindale, BAR International Series 111 (Oxford: British Archaeological Reports, 1981), pp. 95-103 (p. 100).

Anne Lawrence, ‘Manuscripts of Early Anglo-Norman Canterbury’, in Medieval Art and Architecture at Canterbury before 1220, ed. by Nicola Coldstream and Peter Draper, British Archaeological Association Conference Transactions, 5, 1979 (Maney and Son, Leeds, 1982), pp. 101-11 (pp. 105, 109).

English Romanesque Art 1066-1200, Hayward Gallery, London 5 April-8 July 1984 (London: Arts Council of Great Britain, 1984), no. 14.

The Golden Age of Anglo-Saxon Art 966-1066, ed. by Janet Backhouse, D. H. Turner, and Leslie Webster (London: British Museum, 1984), no. 264. [exhibition catalogue].

Francis Wormald, Collected Writings, ed. by J. J. G. Alexander, T. J. Brown, and Joan Gibbs, 2 vols (London: Harvey Miller, 1984), I: Studies in Medieval Art from the Sixth to the Twelfth Centuries, pp. 50, 66, 143, 147, 161, 173 n. 12, pls 55, 63, 182, 188 [with additional bibliography].

Francis Wormald, Collected Writings, ed. by J. J. G. Alexander, T. J. Brown, and Joan Gibbs, 2 vols (London: Harvey Miller, 1984-1988), II: Studies in English and Continental Art of the Later Middle Ages, pp. 24-25, pl. 13.

F. Wormald, ‘The Survival of Anglo-Saxon Illumination after the Norman Conquest’, Proceedings of the British Academy, 30 (1944), pp. 127-145, reprinted in British Academy Papers on Anglo-Saxon England, selected by E. G. Stanley (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1990), pp. 91-109 (p. 101, pl. 6b).

Deborah Kahn, Canterbury Cathedral and its Romanesque Sculpture (London: Harvey Miller, 1991), pp. 75, 191 n. 66, pls 75, 96-97.

Liber miraculorum sancte Fidis, ed. by Luca Robertini, Biblioteca di medioevo latino, 10 (Spoleto: Centro Italiano di studi sull' alto medioevo, 1994), p. 7.

The Book of Sainte Foy trans. by Pamela Sheingorn (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1995), p. 28.

Three Eleventh-Century Anglo-Latin Saints’ Lives: Vita S. Birini, Vita et miracula S. Kenelmi and Vita S. Rumwoldi, ed. and trans. by Rosalind C. Love (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996), p. xxv.

Janet Backhouse, The Illuminated Page: Ten Centuries of Manuscript Painting in the British Library (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1997, no. 26.

Richard Gameson, The Manuscripts of Early Norman England (c. 1066-1130) (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999) p. 95 no. 357.

The Stemma Codicum of Eadmer's Vita Wilfridi <[http://www.evellum.com/wilfrid/stemma.html]> [last accessed 1.4.2005].

B. C. Barker-Benfield, The Library Catalogue of St Augustine's Abbey, Canterbury, Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues, forthcoming.

Richard Gameson, The Earliest Books of Cantebury Cathedral: Manuscripts and Fragments to c. 1200 (London: Bibliographical Society, 2008), p 27.

Richard W. Pfaff, The Liturgy in Medieval England: A History (Cambridge: University Press, 2009), p. 117 (mistakenly referred to as Arundel 92).


Images

Part  1   ff. 2-227
Passionale (Lives of the Saints) 21 September- 9 November
* * *
 
Matthew

f. 2
Matthew
Inhabited initial

f. 6v
Inhabited initial
Michael

f. 26v
Michael
 
Detail

f. 26v
Detail
Michael

ff. 26v-27
Michael
Decorated initial

f. 28v
Decorated initial
 
Detail

f. 28v
Detail
Jerome

f. 31v
Jerome
Detail

f. 31v
Detail
 
Piaton (?)

f. 33
Piaton (?)
Detail

f. 33
Detail
Bavo

f. 36
Bavo
 
Detail

f. 36
Detail
Anthropomorphic initial

f. 40v
Anthropomorphic initial
Detail

f. 40v
Detail
 
Historiated initial

f. 47v
Historiated initial
Detail

f. 47v
Detail
Hybrid

f. 55
Hybrid
 
Detail

f. 56v
Detail
Inhabited initial

f. 85
Inhabited initial
Denis

f. 86
Denis
 
Detail

f. 86
Detail
Demetrius

f. 107
Demetrius
Detail

f. 107
Detail
 
Inhabited initial

f. 116v
Inhabited initial
Text

f. 119
Text
Tharacus, Probus and Andronicus

f. 119v
Tharacus, Probus and Andronicus
 
Detail

f. 119v
Detail
Decorated initial

f. 145
Decorated initial
Detail

f. 145
Detail
 
Anthropomorphic initial

f. 156v
Anthropomorphic initial
Inhabited initial

f. 158v
Inhabited initial
Detail

f. 158v
Detail
 
Crispin and Crispinian

f. 161v
Crispin and Crispinian
Detail

f. 161v
Detail
Decorated intial

f. 165
Decorated intial
 
Decorated initial

f. 170v
Decorated initial
Folian

f. 179
Folian
Detail

f. 179
Detail
 
Benignus

f. 186v
Benignus
Detail

f. 186v
Detail
Caesarius

f. 188
Caesarius
 
Detail

f. 188
Detail
Eustace

f. 190
Eustace
Detail

f. 190
Detail
 
Decorated initial

f. 206v
Decorated initial
Historiated initial

f. 218v
Historiated initial
Detail

f. 218v
Detail
 
Theodore

f. 222v
Theodore

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