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Detailed record for Additional 10293

Title Lancelot du Lac
Origin France, N. (Saint-Omer or Tournai)
Date c. 1316
Language French
Script Gothic
Decoration 436 miniatures in colours on gold grounds, within pink, blue and red borders with penwork decoration in white, some framed in silver (to f. 32v), each above an initial in gold on a blue and rose ground with penwork decoration in white. Initials in gold on blue and rose grounds with pen-flourishing. Numerous initials in red or blue with pen-flourishing in the other colour and pen-flourished partial borders in blue and red extending the length of the page along the edge of each column. Rubrics in red added above each miniature (except ff. 344-351). Instructions to rubricators at the bottom of pages, partially erased (e.g., f. 300v).
Dimensions in mm 395 x 295 (290/5 x 230) in three columns
Official foliation ff. 383 (+ 2 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the beginning and at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Red leather with gilt fore-edges and Roxburgh family crest.
Provenance Dated 1316: an inscription in Additional 10292, ff. 55v.
Charles VI (b. 1368, d. 1422), king of France: listed in the 1411 inventory of his library (see Delisle 1907).
? Louis de Chalon Arlay, Prince of Orange (b. 1390, d. 1463).
The princes of Orange at Nozeroy: in the inventory of 1533 (no 5) and in the 1686 catalogue of their collection, (Additional 10292, 10293 and 10294 still bound together as no 5), (see Middleton 2006, p. 45).
Louis César de Baume le Blanc, Duc de La Vallière (b. 1708, d. 1780): his sale, Paris, 1783, lot 3989.
John Duke of Roxburghe (b. 1740, d. 1804), his sale, 1812, lot 6093. His family crest on the cover with motto 'Pro Christo et Patria'.
Richard Heber, book collector (b. 1773, d. 1833): the three volumes, now Additional 10292, 10293 and 10294 bought by the British Museum at his sale, 19 February 1836, lot 1488, for £131 5s.
Notes Now bound in four volumes: Additional 10292, 10293, 10294 and 10294/1, ff. 1).
f. 1 is kept separately as Add. MS 10293, f.1 and 10294, f. 1 (Catalogue 10293/4)
The texts are related to Paris, Bibliotheque Nationale de France, MS fr. 110, MS fr. 749 and MS fr. 96.
The decoration is connected in style to Royal 14 E III and to the Rochefoucauld Grail or former Amsterdam, Bibliotheca Philosophica Hermetica, MS 1 (sold at Sotheby's, December 2010, lot 33), both containing Arthurian cycles.
Select bibliography H. Oskar Sommer, The Vulgate Version of the Arthurian Romances, 7 vols, vol. iv (Washington, 1909-1916), III, IV, V [an edition of the text of this manuscript].

H. L. D. Ward and J. A. Herbert, Catalogue of Romances in the Department of Manuscripts in the British Museum, 3 vols (London: British Museum, 1883-1910), I, H. L. D. Ward, , pp. 352-53.

Michael Camille, The Medieval Art of Love: Objects and Subjects of Desire (London: Laurence King, 1998), pp. 137, 141, pls 124, 128, 129.

Roger Middleton. 'The Manuscripts' in Arthur of the French, ed. by Glyn Burgess and Karen Pratt (Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 2006), pp. 8-92 (pp. 45, 79).

La légende du roi Arthur, ed. by Thierry Delcourt (Paris: Bibiothèque nationale de France, 2009), p. 167.

For further bibliography, see Additional 10292.


Images
* * *
 
Attack on a castle.

f. 57
Attack on a castle.
Guinevere and Lancelot

f. 199
Guinevere and Lancelot
Guinevere and Lancelot

f. 199
Guinevere and Lancelot
 
Gawain before the twelve tombs

f. 243
Gawain before the twelve tombs
Hector fighting two lions

f. 247v
Hector fighting two lions
The abbess of the White Nuns cuts the hair of a novice

f. 261
The abbess of the White Nuns cuts the hair of a novice
 
Lancelot joins the enchanted dance

f. 292v
Lancelot joins the enchanted dance
Lancelot and Guinevere

f. 325v
Lancelot and Guinevere
Dwarf hitting Lancelot with a staff

f. 332v
Dwarf hitting Lancelot with a staff
 
Lancelot holds the head of his grandfather

f. 335
Lancelot holds the head of his grandfather

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