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Detailed record for Additional 10294

Title La Queste del Saint Graal (ff. 2-53); Morte Artu (ff. 53-96)
Origin France, N. (Saint-Omer or Tournai)
Date c. 1316
Language French
Script Gothic
Decoration 72 miniatures in colours on gold grounds, within pink, blue and red borders with penwork decoration in white, each above an initial in gold on a blue and rose ground with penwork decoration in white. Numerous initials in red or blue with pen-flourishing in the other colour and pen-flourished partial borders in blue and red extending the length of the page along the edge of each column. Rubrics in red added above each miniature. Instructions to rubricators at the bottom of pages, partially erased (e.g., f. 34v).
Dimensions in mm 400 x 295 (295 x 240) in three columns
Official foliation ff. 95 (+ 2 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the beginning and 3 at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Red leather with gilt fore edges and Roxburgh family crest.
Provenance Dated 1316 : an inscription in Additional 10292, ff. 55v)
Charles VI (b. 1368, d. 1422), king of France: listed in the 1411 inventory of his library (see Delisle 1907).
? Louis de Chalon Arlay, Prince of Orange (b. 1390, d. 1463).
The princes of Orange at Nozeroy: in the inventory of 1533 (no 5) and in the 1686 catalogue of their collection, (Additional 10292, 10293 and 10294 still bound together as no 5), (see Middleton 2006, p. 45).
Louis César de Baume le Blanc, Duc de La Vallière (b. 1708, d. 1780): his sale, Paris, 1783, lot 3989.
John Duke of Roxburghe (b. 1740, d. 1804), his sale, 1812, lot 6093. His family crest on the cover with motto 'Pro Christo et Patria'.
Richard Heber, book collector (b. 1773, d. 1833): the 3 volumes, now Additional 10292, 10293 and 10294 bought by the British Museum at his sale, 19 February 1836, lot 1488, for £131 5s.
Notes Now bound in four volumes: Additional 10292, 10293, 10294 and 10293/4, ff. 1).
f. 1 is kept separately in Add itional 10293/4, f. 1).
The texts are related to Paris, Bibliotheque Nationale de France, MS fr. 110, MS fr. 749 and MS fr. 96.
The precise date of 1316 is from an inscription in Additional MS 10292, f. 55v.
The decoration is connected in style to Royal 14 E III and to the Rochefoucauld Grail or former Amsterdam, Bibliotheca Philosophica Hermetica, MS 1 (sold at Sotheby's, December 2010, lot 33), both containing Arthurian cycles.
Select bibliography H. L. D. Ward and J. A. Herbert, Catalogue of Romances in the Department of Manuscripts in the British Museum, 3 vols (London: British Museum, 1883-1910), I, H. L. D. Ward, , pp. 352-53.

H. Oskar Sommer, The Vulgate Version of the Arthurian Romances, 7 vols, vol. iv (Washington, 1909-1916), VI and VII [an edition of the text of this manuscript].

Janet Backhouse, The Illuminated Manuscript (Oxford: Phaidon, 1979), pl. 44.

Alison Stones, 'Indications écrites et modèles picturaux, guides aux peintres de manuscrits enluminés aux environs de 1300', in Artistes, artisans et production artistique au Moyen Age: Colloque international, ed. by. Xavier Barral i Altet, 3 vols (Paris: Picard, 1986-90), III: Fabrication et consommation de l'oeuvre, 321-49.

Jonathan J. G. Alexander, Medieval Illuminators and their Methods of Work (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1992), p. 115, fig. 196.

Medieval Mastery: Book Illumination from Charlemagne to Charles the Bold 800-1475 (Leuven: Brepols, 2002), no. 55 [exhibition catalogue].

Alixe Bovey, The Chaworth Roll: A fourteenth-century Genealogy of the Kings of England (London: Sam Fogg, 2004), p. 17, fig. 13.

Alison Stones, 'Illustration and the fortunes of Arthur' in The Fortunes of King Arthur, ed. by Norris J. Lacy (Cambridge: D.S. Brewer, 2005), 116-165 (pp. 117, 125, 136).

Roger Middleton. 'The Manuscripts' in Arthur of the French, ed. by Glyn Burgess and Karen Pratt (Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 2006), pp. 8-92 (pp. 45, 79).


Deirdre Jackson, Marvellous to Behold: Miracles in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2007), pl. 60.

Joe Flatman, Ships and Shipping in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2009), pl. 28.

La légende du roi Arthur, ed. by Thierry Delcourt (Paris: Bibiothèque nationale de France, 2009), p. 116.

For further bibliography, see Additional 10292.
Last revised: 18 October 2001


Images
* * *
 
Lancelot fighting

f. 68
Lancelot fighting
Lancelot

f. 68
Lancelot
Arthur on the Wheel of Fortune

f. 89
Arthur on the Wheel of Fortune
 
The final battle on Salisbury Plain

f. 93
The final battle on Salisbury Plain
The battle on Salisbury Plain

f. 93
The battle on Salisbury Plain
Arthur's sword returned to the lake

f. 94
Arthur's sword returned to the lake
 
Hand in the lake retrieves Arthur's sword

f. 94
Hand in the lake retrieves Arthur's sword

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