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Detailed record for Additional 10456

Title Festival prayer book (mahzor) for the Special Shabbatot, Passover and Shavuot, Ashkenazi rite, with Books of Ruth (ff. 163v-168v) and Song of Songs (ff. 168v-172v)
Origin Germany or Eastern Mediterranean
Date 1349
Language Hebrew
Script Ashkenazi square script, punctuated
Scribe Nehemiah bar Jacob
Decoration 17 initial-words decorated with foliate motifs or penwork decoration in black ink and sometimes red (ff. 1v, 4v, 6, 15, 42, 47, 47v, 51, 59, 65, 78v, 92v, 109, 112v, 137, 163v, 168). 2 textual illustrations in the margin (ff. 28v, 159v).
Dimensions in mm 300 x 225 (210/230 x 145/155)
Official foliation ff. 172, no flyleaf
Collation 22 quires: i8 (ff. 1-8), ii8 (ff. 9-16), iii8 (ff. 17-24), iv8 (ff. 25-32), v8 (ff. 33-40), vi10 (ff. 41-50), vii8 (ff. 51-58), viii8 (ff. 59-66), ix8 (ff. 67-74), x8 (ff. 75-82), xi8 (ff. 83-90), xii8 (ff. 91-98), xiii8 (ff. 99-106), xiv8 (ff. 107-114), xv8 (ff. 115-122), xvi8 (ff. 123-130), xvii6 (ff. 131-136), xviii8 (ff. 137-144), xix8 (ff. 145-152), xx8 (ff. 153-160), xxi8 (ff. 161-168), xxii4 (ff. 169-172). Catchwords.
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Binding in velvet and silk.
Provenance Nehemiah bar Jacob, scribe: his colophon: 'I, Nehemiah bar Jacob the scribe, wrote this book for Rabbi Joel bar Samson ha-Levi. I finished this book on 8 Shvat 109 of the fifth millenium of the creation of the world. Grow stronger and let us grow stronger. May no harm befall the copyist until the donkey ascends the ladder to the heavens' (1349) (f. 172v); inscription naming the scribe Nehemiah bar Jacob and Jerusalem 1349 as the place of production and date on an early modern additional parchment leaf pasted onto folio 1, perhaps a copy of an original inscription now missing.
Cologne: reference to the town in captions, 'This is the seder of Qolonyya' (f. 92v), and 'This is the end of the seder of Qolonyya' (f. 140).
Mainz: reference to the town in a caption, 'Here I start the seder of Mentza' (f. 140).
Worms: reference to the town in later marginal notes (ff. 44v, 92v, 137).
Juda Lib ben Isaiah Freger or Preger: inscribed with his name in a purchase note, 1719 (f. 172v).
Purchased of Rodd (?), May 1836 (inner front cover); perhaps Thomas Rodd the younger (b. 1796, d. 1849), bookseller.
Notes Pricking and ruling are visible. Edges coloured in red.
Jerusalem as the place of production is mentioned only in the later complement pasted onto f. 1, but not in the original colophon on folio 172v.
Select bibliography Israel Davidson, Otsar ha-shirah veha piyut: mi-zeman hatimat kitve ha- kodesh ad reshit tekufat ha-haskalah [Thesaurus of Mediaeval Hebrew Poetry] (New York: Bet midrash ha-Rabanim de-Amerikah, 1924-1933) [on the text].

George Margoliouth, Catalogue of the Hebrew and Samaritan Manuscripts in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1899-1935; vols I-III repr. 1965); IV, Introduction, Indexes, ed. by Jacob Leveen (London: British Museum, 1977), II, no. 659.


Images
* * *
 
Decorated initial word

f. 1v
Decorated initial word
Red heifer

f. 28v
Red heifer
Red heifer

f. 28v
Red heifer
 
Cauldron

f. 47v
Cauldron
Decorated initial word

f. 51
Decorated initial word
Decorated initial word

f. 92v
Decorated initial word
 
Man praying

f. 159v
Man praying


f. 159v

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