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Detailed record for Additional 14759

Part 1 ff. 3v-480 
Author Levi ben Gershon (Gershonides)
Title Commentary on the Pentateuch
Origin France, S. (Avignon)
Date 1429
Language Hebrew
Script Sephardi (Provencal) semi-cursive script, unpunctuated
Scribe Nathanael ben Nehemiah Caspi
Decoration Numerous carmina figurata.
Dimensions in mm 240 x 170 (155 x 110)
 
Part 2 ff. 1-3 
Origin Italy
Date 1460s
Script Ashkenazi square script, unpunctuated
Artists Joel ben Simeon Feibush
Decoration 4 added full-page drawings in grisaille, of the Sacrifice of Isaac and the Temple implements (ff. 1v-3).
Dimensions in mm 240 x 170
 
Official foliation ff. 481 (+ 2 unfoliated modern and 1 older paper flyleaves at the beginning and 2 unfoliated modern paper flyleaves at the end); f. 481 is an older paper flyleaf
Collation 61 quires: i2 (ff. 1-2), ii8 (ff. 3-10), iii8 (ff. 11-18), iv8 (ff. 19-26), v8 (ff. 27-34), vi8 (ff. 35-42), vii8 (ff. 43-50), viii8 (ff. 51-58), ix8 (ff. 59-66), x8 (ff. 67-74), xi8 (ff. 75-82), xii8 (ff. 83-90), xiii8 (ff. 91-98), xiv8 (ff. 99-106), xv8 (ff. 107-114), xvi8 (ff. 115-122), xvii8 (ff. 123-130), xviii8 (ff. 131-138), xix8 (ff. 139-146),xx8 (ff. 147-154), xxi8 (ff. 155-162), xxii8 (ff. 163-170), xxiii8 (ff. 171-178), xxiv8 (ff. 179-186), xxv8 (ff. 187-194), xxvi8 (ff. 195-202), xxvii8 (ff. 203-210), xxviii8 (ff. 211-217a), xxix8 (ff. 218-225), xxx8 (ff. 226-233), xxxi8 (ff. 234-241), xxxii8 (ff. 242-249), xxxiii8 (ff. 250-257), xxxiv8 (ff. 258-265), xxxv8 (ff. 266-273), xxxvi8 (ff. 274-281), xxxvii8 (ff. 282-289), xxxviii8 (ff. 290-297), xxxix8 (ff. 298-305), xl8 (ff. 306-313), xli8 (ff. 314-321), xlii8 (ff. 322-329), xliii8 (ff. 330-337), xliv8 (ff. 338-345), xlv8 (ff. 346-353), xlvi8 (ff. 354-361), xlvii8 (ff. 362-369), xlviii8 (ff. 370-377), xlix8 (ff. 378-385), l8 (ff. 386-393), li8 (ff. 394-401), lii8 (ff. 402-409), liii8 (ff. 410-417), liv8 (ff. 418-425), lv8 (ff. 426-433), lvi8 (ff. 434-441), lvii8 (ff. 442-449), lviii8 (ff. 450-457), lix8 (ff. 458-465), lx8 (ff. 466-473), lxi8-1 (ff. 474-480).
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house.
Provenance Authorial colophons of Gershonides copied by the scribe: 1 Elul [50]90 [1330 CE] (f. 217); 23 Tevet 5098 [1337 CE] (f. 392); 23 Svat 5098 [1338 CE], Orange (f. 480).
Nathanael ben Nehemiah Caspi, scribe: inscribed with his name in the colophon, Avignon, 18 Kislev 5190 [1429] (f. 480).
Censor’s note: ‘revisto per j g s’ (f. [iii verso])
Censored by Antonio Franc. Enriques: inscribed with his name, Archiv d’Urbino, 1687, below it oval stamp perhaps of the Archiv (f. 480v); ee William Popper, The Censorship of Hebrew Books (New York: KTAV Publishing House, 1969), appendix § 44.
Moses Panzi of Ricanati: inscribed with his name, undated (f. 1).
Inscriptions, partially illegible (16th century) (f. 481).
Payne & Foss, London booksellers: purchased by the British Museum from them in 1844: inscribed (f. 481v).
Notes Gilt edges. Hebrew characters are used instead of catchwords. Ruling is visible. After f. 217 blank, unfoliated leaf.
On the dating of part 2, see Narkiss, 'The Art of the Washington Haggadah', pp. 36, 42. Quire i2 was probably added in the 1460s.
Select bibliography Michael Footner, 'Joel ben Simeon Illuminator of Hebrew MSS. In the XVth Century', The Jewish Quarterly Review, 27 (1937), 217-32.

George Margoliouth, Catalogue of the Hebrew and Samaritan Manuscripts in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1899-1935; vols I-III repr. 1965); IV, Introduction, Indexes, ed. by Jacob Leveen (London: British Museum, 1977), I, no. 219.

Joseph Gutmann, 'Thirteen Manuscripts in Search of Author: Joel Ben Simeon, 15th Century Scribe-Artist', Studies in Bibliography and Booklore, 9 (1970), 76-95.

Bezalel Narkiss, 'The Art of the Washington Haggadah', in The Washington Haggadah: A Facsimile Edition of an Illuminated Fifteenth-Century Hebrew Manuscript at the Library of Congress Signed by Joel ben Simeon, ed. By M. M. Weinstein (Washington: Library of Congress, 1991), pp. 36, 42.


Images

Part  1   ff. 3v-480
Levi ben Gershon (Gershonides) Commentary on the Pentateuch
* * *
 
Sacrifice of Isaac

f. 1v
Sacrifice of Isaac
Sacrifice of Isaac

f. 1v
Sacrifice of Isaac
Abraham's servants

f. 1v
Abraham's servants
 
Sacrifice of Isaac

f. 1v
Sacrifice of Isaac
Menorah

f. 2
Menorah
Temple implements

f. 2v
Temple implements
 
Ark of the Covenant with the cherubim

f. 2v
Ark of the Covenant with the cherubim
Temple implements

f. 2v
Temple implements
Temple implements

f. 3
Temple implements
 
Temple implements

f. 3
Temple implements

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