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Detailed record for Additional 14762

Author Eleazar of Worms
Title Haggadah for Passover (the 'Ashkenazi Haggadah'), German rite with the commentary of Eleazar of Worms
Origin Germany, S. (Ulm?)
Date 3rd quarter of the 15th century, c. 1460
Language Hebrew
Script Ashkenazi square and Ashkenazi semi-cursive script, main text punctuated, commentary not punctuated
Scribe Meir Jaffe (for attribution see, Glatzer, 1991, pp. 140-41)
Artists Joel ben Simeon Feibush
Decoration 19 miniatures in the margin in colours and gold (ff. 1v, 2, 2v, 4, 4v, 6, 6v, 7, 7v, 8v, 9, 9v, 11v, 12v, 14, 14v-15, 22, 22v, 31). 23 decorated initial-word panels and initials (ff. 1v, 3, 3v, 4v, 6, 6v, 7, 7v, 8, 8v, 12v, 13, 13v, 19, 23v, 25, 31, 33, 35, 39, 43, 45, 46v), and one historiated initial-word panel (f. 37v). The ten plagues in medallions in the margin (f. 17). Numerous colored initials and initial words. Commentary in the margin shaped as carmina figurata in ink and colours, on 19 pages (ff. 8, 8v, 9, 10, 10v, 11, 12, 12v, 13, 14, 14v, 15v, 16, 18, 21v, 23v, 24v, 32, 32v). One marginal decoration with foliate inhabited by animals and birds (f. 13v), and one partial border with floral decoration (f. 6).
Dimensions in mm 375 x 275 (215 x 135/145)
Official foliation ff. 49 (+ 2 modern paper flyleaves at the beginning and at the end)
Collation 6 quires: i-v8 (ff. 1-40), vi8+1 (ff. 41-49). No catchword, but at the end of each quire the first word of the following quire is written in a truncated form.
Form Parchment codex
Binding Pre-1600, contemporary. Dark brown leather, blind tooled, with remains of clasps.
Provenance Joel ben Simeon Feibush, illuminator: inscribed with his name in the colophon: 'My heart counsels me to reply to him who asks and says, who painted these [pages]? I shall answer him: I am he, Feibush, called Joel. For Jacob Mattathias, may he live long, the son of MHRZ, a pious man' ( f. 48v).
R. Jacob Mattathias, first owner: mentioned in the colophon (f. 48).
Purchased by Payne & Foss, April 1844: inscribed (f. [51]).
Notes The hair and flesh side of the parchment are not distinguishable.
Select bibliography Michael Footner, 'Joel ben Simeon Illuminator of Hebrew MSS. in the XVth Century', The Jewish Quarterly Review, 27 (1937), 217-32.

George Margoliouth, Catalogue of the Hebrew and Samaritan Manuscripts in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1899-1935; vols I-III repr. 1965); IV, Introduction, Indexes, ed. by Jacob Leveen (London: British Museum, 1977), II, no. 610.

Otto Kurz, 'A Copy after the Master E. S. on a Jewish Bookbinding,' Record of the Art Museum, Princeton University, 24 (1965), 3-11.

Bezalel Narkiss, Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts (New York: Macmillan, 1969), p. 124.

Joseph Gutmann, 'Thirteen Manuscripts in Search of Author: Joel Ben Simeon, 15th Century Scribe-Artist', Studies in Bibliography and Booklore, 9 (1970), 76-95.

Malachi Beit-Arie, 'Joel ben Simeon’s Manuscripts: a Codicologer’s View', Journal of Jewish Art, 3-4 (1977), 25-39 (pp. 32-34).

Joseph Gutmann, Hebrew Manuscript Painting (New York: Braziller, 1978), pp. 102-3.

Sheila Edmund, 'The Place of the London Haggadah in the Work of Joel ben Simeon', Journal of Jewish Art, 7 (1980), 25-34.

Therese and Mendel Metzger, Jewish Life in the Middle Ages: Illuminated Hebrew Manuscripts of the Thirteenth to the Sixteenth Centuries (New York: Alpine Fine Arts Collection, 1982), p. 303.

The Ashkenazi Haggadah: a Hebrew Manuscript of the Mid-15th Century From the Collections of the British Library, notes on the illuminations, transcription and English translation by David Goldstein (London: Thames and Hudson, 1985) [facsimile].

Evelyn M. Cohen, 'Hebrew Manuscript Illumination in Italy', in Gardens and Ghettos: The Art of Jewish Life in Italy, ed. by Vivian B. Mann (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1989), pp. 93-109 (pp. 94, 97).

Bezalel Narkiss, 'The Art of the Washington Haggadah', in The Washington Haggadah: A Facsimile Edition of an Illuminated Fifteenth-Century Hebrew Manuscript at the Library of Congress Signed by Joel ben Simeon, ed. by M. M. Weinstein (Washington: Library of Congress, 1991), pp. 27-101.

Mordechai Glatzer, 'The Ashkenazic and Italian Haggadah and the Haggadot of Joel ben Simeon', in The Washington Haggadah: A Facsimile Edition of an Illuminated Fifteenth-Century Hebrew Manuscript at the Library of Congress Signed by Joel ben Simeon, ed. by M. M. Weinstein (Washington: Library of Congress, 1991), pp. 137-69.

Yael Zirlin, 'Joel Meets Johannes: a Fifteenth-century Jewish-Christian Collaboration in Manuscript iIlumination', Viator, 26 (1995), 265-82.

Marc Michael Epstein, Dreams of Subversion in Medieval Jewish Art and Literature (Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1997), pp. 19, 130.

‘Celui qui se cache derrière l’image : colophons d’enlumineurs dans les manuscrits hébraïques', Revue des Etudes Juives, 155 (1997), 33-52 (p. 44).

Evelyn M. Cohen, Joel ben Simeon Revisited: Reflections of the Scribe’s Artistic Repertoire in a Cinquecento Haggadah, in A Crown for a King; Studies in Jewish Art, History and Archaeology in Memory of Stephen S. Kayser, ed. by Shalom Sabar, Steven Fine, and William M. Kramer (Jerusalem: Gefen, 2000), pp. 59-71.

Susan Nashman Fraiman, 'The Marginal Images of a Marginal People', in The Metamorphosis of Marginal Images; from Antiquity to Present Time, ed. by Nurith Kenaan-Kedar and Asher Ovadiah (Tel Aviv: Tel Aviv University, 2001, pp. 103-118.

Ilana Tahan, Hebrew Manuscripts: The Power of Script and Image (London, British Library, 2007), pp. 106-09.

David Stern and Katrin Kogman-Appel, The Washington Haggadah Copied and Illustrated by Joel ben Simeon (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2011), pp. 74-85.


Images
* * *
 
Front binding

Front binding
Front binding
Back binding

Back binding
Back binding
Front binding

Front binding
Front binding
 
Blank folio

f. 1
Blank folio
Searching for leaven

f. 1v
Searching for leaven
Mingling of dishes

f. 2
Mingling of dishes
 
Blessing over the wine

f. 2v
Blessing over the wine
Decorated initial-word panel

f. 3
Decorated initial-word panel
Decorated initial-word panel

f. 3v
Decorated initial-word panel
 
YaKeNHaZ

f. 4
YaKeNHaZ
YaKeNHaZ

f. 4
YaKeNHaZ
Blessing over wine

f. 4v
Blessing over wine
 
The Bread of Affliction

f. 6
The Bread of Affliction
Seder table

f. 6
Seder table
Pouring the second cup

f. 6v
Pouring the second cup
 
Pouring the second cup

f. 6v
Pouring the second cup
Slaves of Pharoah

f. 7
Slaves of Pharoah
Slaves of Pharoah

f. 7
Slaves of Pharoah
 
Benei Braq

f. 7v
Benei Braq
Decorated initial

f. 7v
Decorated initial
~Carmina figurata~

f. 8
Carmina figurata
 
~Carmina figurata~

f. 8
Carmina figurata
Wise Son

f. 8v
Wise Son
Initial

f. 8v
Initial
 
Wise Son

f. 8v
Wise Son
Evil Son

f. 9
Evil Son
Evil Son

f. 9
Evil Son
 
The third and the fourth sons

f. 9v
The third and the fourth sons
The third and the fourth sons

f. 9v
The third and the fourth sons
Hybrids

f. 10
Hybrids
 
Hybrids

f. 10
Hybrids
'Go and learn'

f. 11v
'Go and learn'
'Go and learn'

f. 11v
'Go and learn'
 
Rooster

f. 12
Rooster
Rooster

f. 12
Rooster
Man wearing loin cloth

f. 12v
Man wearing loin cloth
 
Man wearing loin cloth

f. 12v
Man wearing loin cloth
Marginal decoration

f. 13v
Marginal decoration
Marginal decoration

f. 13v
Marginal decoration
 
King

f. 14
King
King

f. 14
King
Exodus from Egypt

ff. 14v-15
Exodus from Egypt
 
The ten plagues

f. 17
The ten plagues
Decorated initials

f. 17v
Decorated initials
Unleavened bread

f. 22
Unleavened bread
 
Unleavened bread

f. 22
Unleavened bread
Bitter herb

f. 22v
Bitter herb
Bitter herb

f. 22v
Bitter herb
 
Decorated initial-word panel

f. 23v
Decorated initial-word panel
Decorated initial-word panel

f. 23v
Decorated initial-word panel
Decorated initial word

f. 25
Decorated initial word
 
Decorated initial word

f. 25
Decorated initial word
'Pour out your wrath'

f. 31
'Pour out your wrath'
'Pour out your wrath'

f. 31
'Pour out your wrath'
 
Bear hunting

f. 37v
Bear hunting
Decorated initial-word panel

f. 39
Decorated initial-word panel
Decorated initial-word panel

f. 39
Decorated initial-word panel
 
Decorated initial-word panel

f. 43
Decorated initial-word panel
Decorated initial-word panel

f. 43
Decorated initial-word panel
Decorated initial-word panel

f. 45
Decorated initial-word panel
 
Decorated initial-word panel

f. 45
Decorated initial-word panel
Lion

f. 46v
Lion
Lion

f. 46v
Lion
 
Decorated initial words

f. 48v
Decorated initial words

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