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Detailed record for Additional 15251

Title Bible (the 'Duke of Sussex's Italian Bible') with masorah magna and parva
Origin Italy, N. E. (Ferrara?)
Date 1448 or 1498
Language Hebrew, Aramaic
Script Sephardi square script, punctuated
Scribe Moses Aqrish
Decoration Miniature, in colours and gold (f. 183). 34 decorated initial-word panels, in colours and gold (ff. 13, 41v, 65v, 81v, 104, 125, 138v, 151v, 183, 216v, 239, 268v, 294, 297, 298v, 301, 301v, 302v, 304v, 305v, 306v, 307v, 308, 312v, 313v, 347, 375, 386, 394v, 396v, 398, 404, 408, 416). 2 full floral borders with medallions inhabited by animals, in colours (ff. 49v-50).
Dimensions in mm 245 x 180/185 (155 x 115)
Official foliation ff. 448 (+ 2 unfoliated parchment flyleaves at the beginning and at the end)
Collation 46 quires: i10 (ff. 1-10), ii4 (ff. 11-12b), iii-xii10 (ff. 13-112), xiii12 (ff. 113-124), xiv-xlii10 (ff. 125-414), xliii8 (ff. 415-422), xliv-10 (ff. 423-432), xlveleven (ff. 433-443), xlvisix (ff. 444-[449]).
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Red morocco binding withgauffered edges, the arms and motto of Theodore Williams on the upper and lower covers.
Provenance Moses Aqrish, scribe: inscribed with his name in the colophon, 1448 or 1498. (f. 429v). Date in the colophon has been partially erased and rewritten. Originally it may have been 5258, that is 1498 and not 5208, that is, 1448 (see, SfarData, the on-line database of dated Hebrew manuscripts).
Samuel ben .. : inscribed with his name in the colophon as a later correction (f. 429v).
Vatican: see comment in the sale catalogue of Bibliotheca Sussexiana (Bibliotheca Sussexiana. Catalogue of the very important, splendid and valuable Manuscripts of his Royal Highness the late Duke of Sussex, 1844-1846), according to which this manuscript 'has been taken out of the Vatican by Junot.'
The Reverand Theodore Williams of Hendon, c. 1824: his motto "Deus alit me" (God sustains me) above his armorial shield of a fess, 3 crescents, 3 birds, and a bird on top of the shield (upper cover), and the monogram 'TW'. and the motto (lower cover).
Prince Augustus Frederick (b. 1773, d. 1843), duke of Sussex: his armorial book-plate, inscribed (f. [451v]); his sale 31 July 1844, lot 102: inscribed (f. [449v]), purchased by the British Museum through Thomas Rodd the younger (b. 1796, d. 1849), bookseller for 34 10s.
Notes Unfoliated blank leaves after ff. 12 (ff. [12a], [12b]), 448.
Hebrew foliation from f. 13 starting with alef, that is, 1 until f. 124 (Hebrew fol. 113). Hebrew foliation restarts on f. 125.
Select bibliography Charles Henry Hamilton Wright, The book of Ruth in Hebrew (Leipzig: Rudolph Hartmann, 1864), pp. XXI-XXII.

George Margoliouth, Catalogue of the Hebrew and Samaritan Manuscripts in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1899-1935; vols I-III repr. 1965); IV, Introduction, Indexes, ed. by Jacob Leveen (London: British Museum, 1977), I, no. 61.

Ilana Tahan, Hebrew Manuscripts: The Power of Script and Image (London, British Library, 2007), pp. 36-41.

Sacred: Books of the Three Faiths: Judaism, Christianity, Islam (London: British Library, 2007), p. 115 [exhibition catalogue].


Images
* * *
 
Song of the Sea

ff. 49v-50
Song of the Sea
1 Kings

f. 183
1 Kings
1 Kings

f. 183
1 Kings
 
Wild duck

f. 183
Wild duck
Isaiah

f. 216v
Isaiah
1 Chronicles

f. 313v
1 Chronicles
 
Decorated initial-word panel

f. 313v
Decorated initial-word panel
Psalms

f. 347
Psalms
Proverbs

f. 386
Proverbs
 

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