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Detailed record for Additional 15282

Title Pentateuch (the 'Duke of Sussex's German Pentateuch') with Targum Onkelos (ff. 1-290), small pieces on the feasts (ff. 291-293v), Five Scrolls (ff. 294-313v) and Haftarot with masorah magna and parva (ff. 314-358).
Origin Germany
Date 1st quarter of the 14th century
Language Hebrew, Aramaic
Script Ashkenazi square and semi-cursive script, main text is punctuated, marginal text is unpunctuated
Scribe Hayyim
Decoration 5 full-page miniatures with incorporated initial-word panels in gold and colours (ff. 1v, 75v 137, 179v, 238). 5 inhabited and decorated initial-word panels in gold and colours (ff. 294, 296v, 302, 307v, 314). Masorah in micrographic design in numerous folios. 1 small lion in ink in the upper corner of f. 218.
Dimensions in mm 230 x 160 (145 x 100)
Official foliation ff. 360 (+ 1 unfoliated paper flyleaf at the beginning and at the end, 1 unfoliated parchment leaf at the beginning [f. 1a])
Collation 32 quires: i13+1 (ff. 1a-13), ii12 (ff. 14-25), iii12 (ff. 26-37), iv8 (ff. 38-45), v8 (ff. 46-53), vi8 (ff. 54-61), vii8 (ff. 62-69), viii8 (ff. 70-77), ix8 (ff. 78-85), x8 (ff. 86-93), xi8 (ff. 94-101), xii8 (102-109), xiii12 (ff. 110-121), xiv16 (ff. 122-137), xv12 (ff. 138-149), xvi16 (ff. 150-165), xvii16 (ff. 166-181), xviii12 (ff. 182-193), xix12 (ff. 194-205), xx16 (206-221), xxi10 (ff. 222-231), xxii16 (ff. 232-247), xxiii14 (ff. 248-261), xxiv8 (ff. 262-269), xxv12 (ff. 270-281), xxvi8 (ff. 282-289), xxvii16 (ff. 290-305), xxviii8 (ff. 306-313), xxix12 (ff. 314-325), xxx12 (ff. 326-337), xxxi12 (ff. 338-349), xxxii9+2 (ff. 350-360).
Form Parchment codex
Binding Pre-1600. 16th-century gold-tooled Venetian binding.
Provenance Hayyim, the scribe: inscribed with his name (ff. 313v, 358); the word hayyim is marked (f. 244v).
Jacob ben Moderkhai: sold to Jehiel ben Uri on 28 of the month Iyyar 229 [1469]: inscribed in a purchase note (f. 358v).
Italian and French translation of the same purchase note on a paper leaf foliated and presently part of quire xxii (dated: 1824) (f. 359v).
Italian insrciption: 'Questo libro .. venduto nel 28 Ijar 5229' (18th-19th century) (f. 360).
Prince Augustus Frederick (b. 1773, d. 1843), duke of Sussex: his armorial book-plate, inscribed 'VI. H. C. 2', and above the book-plate 'Sec. xiii. B.S. Vol. I, Part I, p. xiv, no. 3' (inside upper cover); his sale 2 August 1844, lot 313: inscribed (f. 360v), purchased by the British Museum through Thomas Rodd the younger (b. 1796, d. 1849) bookseller for £111.
English description of the manuscript, in pencil, partially illegible (19th century?) (f. 1a).
Notes Ruling and pricking are sometimes visible. Gilt edges.
The manuscript is related stylistically to the Tripartite Mahzor (Add 22413) and the Gradual of Saint Katharinental (Zürich, Schweizerisches Landesmuseum, Frauenfeld, LM 26117).
Select bibliography Thomas Joseph Pettigrew, Bibliotheca Sussexiana. A Descriptive Catalogue, Accompanied by Historical and Biographical Notices, of the Manuscripts and Printed Books Contained in the Library of His Royal Highness the Duke of Sussex, in Kensington Palace, 2 vols (London: Longman, 1827-1839), I, part 1, pp. xiv-xvi.

George Margoliouth, Catalogue of the Hebrew and Samaritan Manuscripts in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1899-1935; vols I-III repr. 1965); IV, Introduction, Indexes, ed. by Jacob Leveen (London: British Museum, 1977), I, no. 74.

Bezalel Narkiss, Hebrew Illuminated Manuscripts (New York: Macmillan, 1969), p. 104.

Joseph Gutmann, Hebrew Manuscript Painting (New York: Braziller, 1978), pp. 76-77.

Therese and Mendel Metzger, Jewish Life in the Middle Ages: Illuminated Hebrew Manuscripts of the Thirteenth to the Sixteenth Centuries (New York: Alpine Fine Arts Collection, 1982), p. 303.

Bezalel Narkiss, Kitvei yad ivriyim metzuyarim (Jerusalem: Keter, 1984), pp. 130-31.

Joseph Gutmann, 'The Sacrifice of Isaac in Medieval Jewish Art', Artibus et Historiae, 8 (1987), 67-89 (p. 83).

Gabrielle Sed-Rajna, La Bible hébraïque (Fribourg: Office du Livre, 1987), pp. 125 and 128.

Evelyn M. Cohen, 'The Decoration of Medieval Hebrew Manuscripts', in A Sign and a Witness: 2,000 Years of Hebrew Books and Illuminated Manuscripts, ed. By Leonard Singer Gold (New York: New York Public Library, 1988), p. 57.

Marc Michael Epstein, 'The Elephant and the Law: The Medieval Jewish Minority Adapts a Christian Motif', Art Bulletin, 76 (1994), 465-78 (pp. 465, 471-73).

Marc Michael Epstein, Dreams of Subversion in Medieval Jewish Art and Literature (Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1997), pp. 58-62, 88-90.

Ilana Tahan, Hebrew Manuscripts: The Power of Script and Image (London, British Library, 2007), pp. 43-45.

Sacred: Books of the Three Faiths: Judaism, Christianity, Islam (London: British Library, 2007), p. 150 [exhibition catalogue].

Alfried Wieczorek and others, Die Wittelsbacher am Rhein: Die Kurpfalz und Europa. Begleitband zur 2. Ausstellung der Länder Baden-Württemberg, Rheinland-Pfalz und Hessen, 2 vols (Regensburg: Schnell and Steiner, 2013), I, pp. 227-29.


Images
* * *
 
Genesis

f. 1v
Genesis
Micrography of a dragon

f. 16
Micrography of a dragon
Ram

f. 28
Ram
 
Ram

f. 28
Ram
The dream of the baker

ff. 57v-58
The dream of the baker
Mivrography

f. 57v
Mivrography
 
The dram of the baker

f. 58
The dram of the baker
Exodus

f. 75v
Exodus
Leviticus

f. 137
Leviticus
 
Numbers

f. 179v
Numbers
Numbers

f. 179v
Numbers
Elephant, hybrids and dragons

f. 238
Elephant, hybrids and dragons
 
Ruth

f. 294
Ruth
Ruth

f. 294
Ruth
Song of songs

f. 296v
Song of songs
 
Unicorn and bear

f. 296v
Unicorn and bear
King David playing the harp

f. 302
King David playing the harp
King David playing the harp

f. 302
King David playing the harp
 
King David playing the harp

f. 302
King David playing the harp
King David playing the harp

f. 302
King David playing the harp
Esther

f. 307v
Esther
 
Esther

f. 307v
Esther
Hybrids and unicorns

f. 314
Hybrids and unicorns
Hybrids and unicorns

f. 314
Hybrids and unicorns
 

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