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Detailed record for Additional 19945

Title Festival prayer book (mahzor), Italian rite, volume 2
Origin Italy, Central (Florence)
Date 1441
Language Hebrew
Script Italian semi-cursive script, partially punctuated
Scribe Issac ben Obadiah ben David of Forli (Gaio di Servadio), active in Florence 1441-c. 1470
Artists Zanobi Strozzi
Decoration Numerous initial-word panels decorated with pen-flourishing, in blue and red ink.
Dimensions in mm 330 x 240 (215 x 135)
Official foliation ff. 177 (+ 4 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the beginning and at the end)
Collation Mostly quires of 10 leaves.
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Dark brown leather.
Provenance Isaac ben Obadiah ben David of Forli, scribe: inscribed with his name in the colophon, Florence, 5201 [1441] (f. 169v).
Jehiel ben Joab of Montalcino: sold the two volumes to Israel ben Isaac of Pisa for 100 florins: sale record, Florence, 1461 (f. 177v).
Marchion: inscribed with his name (f. 12).
Luigi da Bologna: censor's signature, 1601 (f. 176v); a converted Jew working for the Inquisition as censor (active at the end of the sixteenth, beginning of seventeenth century), see William Popper, The Censorship of Hebrew Books (New York: KTAV Publishing House, 1969), p. 104, and appendix § 112-117.
Camillo Jaghel: censor's signature, 1613 (f. 176v); see William Popper, The Censorship of Hebrew Books (New York: KTAV Publishing House, 1969), appendix § 50-56.
Renato da Modena: censor's signature, 1626 (f. 177v); see William Popper, The Censorship of Hebrew Books (New York: KTAV Publishing House, 1969), appendix § 132-133.
Adolphus Asher (b. 1800, d. 1853), Berlin bookseller and dealer to the British Museum 1841-1853 (see David Paisey, 'Adolphus Asher (1800-1853): Berlin bookseller, anglophile and friend to Panizzi', in The British Library Journal, 23 (1997), 131-53): purchased by the British Museum from him on 12 August 1854 (see Add 19944).
Notes Festival prayer book in two volumes: Add 19944 (Vol 1) and Add 19945 (Vol 2). Ruling is visible.
Select bibliography George Margoliouth, 'A Florentine Service-Book at the British Museum' Jewish Quarterly Review, 16 (1903), 73-97.

George Margoliouth, Catalogue of the Hebrew and Samaritan Manuscripts in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1899-1935; vols I-III repr. 1965); IV, Introduction, Indexes, ed. by Jacob Leveen (London: British Museum, 1977), II, no. 627.

Therese and Mendel Metzger, Jewish Life in the Middle Ages: Illuminated Hebrew Manuscripts of the Thirteenth to the Sixteenth Centuries (New York: Alpine Fine Arts Collection, 1982), p. 304.

Mendel Metzger, 'Two Centuries (13th-14th) of Hebrew Manuscript Ilumination in Italy', in Die Juden in ihrer Mittelalterlichen Umwelt ed. by Alfred Ebenbauer and Klaus Zatloukal (Vienna: Böhnlau, 1991), pp. 131-50 (pp. 136-37).

Nurit Pasternak, 'A Meeting Point of Hebrew and Latin Manuscript Production: a Fifteenth Century Florentine Hebrew Scribe, Isaac ben Obadia of Forli', Scrittura e civilta, 25 (2001), 185-200.

Nurit Pasternak, 'Hebrew Hand-Written Books as Testimonies to Christian-Jewish Contacts in Quattrocento Florence', in L'interculturalita dell'ebraismo a cura di Mauro Perani (Ravenna: Longo, 2004), pp. 161-71 (pp. 167-68).

Malachi Bet-Arie, 'How Scribes Disclosed their Names in Hebrew Manuscripts', in Omnia in Eo: Studies on Jewish Books and Libraries in Honour of Adri Offenberg, Celebrating the 125th Anniversary of the Bibliotheca Rosenthaliana in Amsterdam ed. by Irene Zwiep (Leuven: Peeters, 2006), pp. 144-57 (p. 156).

Ilana Tahan, Hebrew Manuscripts: The Power of Script and Image (London, British Library, 2007), p. 82.

Nurit Pasternak, Together and Apart: Hebrew Manuscripts as Testimonies to Encounters of Jews and Christians in Fifteenth-century Florence : the Makings, the Clients, Censorship [Hebrew] (Thesis submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy to the Senate of the Hebrew University, 2009), pp. 235-38.


Images
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Decorated initial-word panels

f. 71v
Decorated initial-word panels
Decorated initial-word panels

f. 79
Decorated initial-word panels
Decorated initial-word panels

f. 140
Decorated initial-word panels
 
Moses

f. 164
Moses
Moses

f. 164
Moses

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