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Detailed record for Additional 26896

Title Festival prayer book (mahzor) for the Special Shabbatot, Passover, Shavuot with the Book of Ruth, and Ninth of Av with the Book of Lamentations, Ashkenazi rite (aka 'Tinted Mahzor')
Origin Germany
Date 1st half of the 14th century
Language Hebrew
Script Ashkenazi square and semi-cursive script, partially punctuated
Scribe Isaac
Decoration 8 medallions of zodiac signs, in colours, some unfinished (ff. 153-155v). Numerous marginal drawings in ink, red and green. 6 inhabited initial words/initial-word panels in colours (ff. 32v, 78v, 130v, 329, 351v, 368). 9 initial words accompanied by animals and hybrids in colours (ff. 125, 239, 255v, 259v, 287v, 308v, 332, 337v, 361v). 14 decorated initial-word panels and large initial words in ink and red, some unfinished (ff. 11, 29v, 51v, 68v, 95, 113v, 166v, 189v, 199v, 216v, 250, 279, 341, 363v). Numerous smaller decorated initial words in ink, red, green. Hybrid in medallion between initial words (f. 304v) Zoomorphic letter (f. 335v). Numerous passages decorated with leaves at their first lines.
Dimensions in mm 305 x 230 (225/195 x 140)
Official foliation ff. 404 (+ 3 unfoliated modern paper flyleaves at the beginning and 1 older and 3 modern unfoliated paper flyleaves at the end)
Collation 52 quires: i8-1 (ff. 1-7), ii8 (ff. 8-15), iii8 (ff. 16-23), iv8 (ff. 24-31), v8 (ff. 32-39), vi8 (ff. 40-47), vii8 (ff. 48-55), viii8 (ff. 56-63), ix8 (ff. 64-71), x8 (ff. 72-79), xi8 (ff. 80-87), xii8 (ff. 88-[95a]), xiii8 (ff. 95-102), xiv8 (ff. 103-110), xv8 (ff. 111-118), xvi2 (ff. 119-120), xvii4 (ff. 121-124), xviii7 (ff. 125-131), xix8 (ff. 132-139), xx8 (ff. 140-147), xxi8 (ff. 148-155), xxii8 (ff. 156-163), xxiii8 (164-171), xxiv8 (ff. 172-179), xxv8 (ff. 180-187), xxvi8 (ff. 188-195), xxvii8 (ff. 196-203), xxviii8 (ff. 204-211), xxix8 (ff. 212-219), xxx8 (ff. 220-227), xxxi8 (ff. 228-235), xxxii8 (ff. 236-243), xxxiii8 (ff. 244-251), xxxiv8 (ff. 252-259), xxxv8 (ff. 260-267), xxxvi8 (ff. 268-275), xxxvii8 (ff. 276-283), xxxviii8 (ff. 284-291), xxxix8 (ff. 292-299), xl8 (ff. 300-307), xli8 (ff. 308-315), xlii8 (ff. 316-323), xliii8 (ff. 324-331), xliv8 (ff. 332-339), xlv8 (ff. 340-347), xlvi8 (ff. 348-355), xlvii8 (ff. 356-363), xlviii8 (ff. 364-370), xlix8 (ff. 371-378), l8 (ff. 379-386), li8 (ff. 387-394), lii8+2 (ff. 395-404).
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house.
Provenance Isaac, scribe? : the name Yitzhak is marked many times, e.g. ff. 10, 17v, 36v, 51, 77v, 284, 307v.
Giuseppe Almanzi (b. 1801, d. 1860), bibliophile; his manuscript no. 5: inscribed (f. [406v]); his library including 322 medieval Hebrew manuscripts were purchased en bloc by the British Museum in October 1865 for £1,000 through Adolphus Asher (b. 1800, d. 1853), Berlin bookseller and dealer to the British Museum 1841-1853 (see David Paisey, 'Adolphus Asher (1800-1853): Berlin bookseller, anglophile and friend to Panizzi', in The British Library Journal, 23 [1997], 131-53): inscribed (f. [406v]).
Notes Watermark on f. [405] of a monogram VCF. Instead of catchwords, the end and the beginning of the quires are numbered with Hebrew characters included into decorated panels starting with alef (numerical value 1) on ff. 15v-16.
f. 7 is bound upside down.
Numerous words and passages have been crossed out by a censor (e. g., ff. 17, 38, 42v, 49v, 57, 61, 70, 86, 107v, 147, 173, 174v, 215, 263, 377v, 397; entire poems, e.g., ff. 58v-59v, 291v, 382v-383v). Part of the lower margin has been cut off in numerous folios. The folios after f. 94 and f. 368 are blank and unfoliated.
Select bibliography Samuele Davide Luzzatto, Giuseppe Almanzi, Catalogue de la bibliothèque de littérature hébraïque et orientale de feu Mr Joseph Almanzi (Padua: Antoine Bianchi, 1864), p. 11 (in the Hebrew part).

Israel Davidson, Otsar ha-shirah veha piyut: mi-zeman hatimat kitve ha- kodesh ad reshit tekufat ha-haskalah [Thesaurus of Mediaeval Hebrew Poetry] (New York: Bet midrash ha-Rabanim de-Amerikah, 1924-1933) [on the text].

George Margoliouth, Catalogue of the Hebrew and Samaritan Manuscripts in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1899-1935; vols I-III repr. 1965); IV, Introduction, Indexes, ed. by Jacob Leveen (London: British Museum, 1977), II, no. 656.

Zofia Ameisenowa, 'Animal-Headed Gods, Evangelists, Saints and Righteous Men', Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes, 12 (1949), 21-45 (p. 28).

Therese and Mendel Metzger, Jewish Life in the Middle Ages: Illuminated Hebrew Manuscripts of the Thirteenth to the Sixteenth Centuries (New York: Alpine Fine Arts Collection, 1982), p. 304.

Sarit Shalev-Eyni, 'Ashkenazi Illuminated Manuscripts in the British Isles' New Letter of the Center for Jewish Art, 12 (1996) http://cja.huji.ac.il/NL12-HIMBI.htm (accessed on 17 December 2010).


Images
* * *
 
Inhabited initial word

f. 32v
Inhabited initial word
Inhabited initial-word panel

f. 78v
Inhabited initial-word panel
Dogs

f. 125
Dogs
 
Dogs

f. 125
Dogs
Inhabited initial-word panel

f. 130v
Inhabited initial-word panel
Inhabited initial-word panel

f. 130v
Inhabited initial-word panel
 
Aries

f. 153
Aries
Taurus and Gemini

f. 153v
Taurus and Gemini
Leo and Virgo

f. 154v
Leo and Virgo
 
Leo and Virgo

f. 154v
Leo and Virgo
Sagittarius and Pisces

f. 155v
Sagittarius and Pisces
Decorated initial word

f. 166v
Decorated initial word
 
Devil

f. 184
Devil
Devil

f. 184
Devil
Deer

f. 209v
Deer
 
Deer

f. 209v
Deer
Deer and dog

f. 259v
Deer and dog
Deer and dog

f. 259v
Deer and dog
 
Dogs

f. 308v
Dogs
Inhabited initial-word panel

f. 329
Inhabited initial-word panel
Hybrid

f. 337v
Hybrid
 
Hybrids

f. 337v
Hybrids
Stork and dog

f. 341
Stork and dog
Dog and stork

f. 341
Dog and stork
 
Inhabited initial-word panel

f. 351v
Inhabited initial-word panel
Inhabited initial-word panel

f. 351v
Inhabited initial-word panel
Dragons

f. 353v
Dragons
 
Dragons

f. 353v
Dragons
Lion

f. 359v
Lion
Lion

f. 359v
Lion
 
Dogs

f. 361v
Dogs
Hybrids

f. 367v
Hybrids
Inhabited initial word

f. 368
Inhabited initial word
 

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