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Detailed record for Additional 26957

Title Prayer book (siddur), Italian rite
Origin Italy, N.
Date 1469
Language Hebrew
Script Ashkenazi square (punctuated) and Italian semi-cursive (unpunctuated) script, Sephardi punctuated square script (on ff. 113-113v)
Scribe Joel ben Simeon Feibush
Artists Joel ben Simeon Feibush
Decoration 1 full foliate border in colours (f. 113). 8 textual drawings in the margins in brown ink (39, 39v, 42, 43v, 45, 45v, 55v, 74v). 5 drawings of animals or dragons accompanying initial words, in ink (ff. 3, 37, 45, 53v, 63v). Numerous decorated initial words and initial-word panels, in sepia, violet and red ink. 8 marginal drawings in ink (ff. 17, 20v, 25, 25v, 51v, 71, 81, 105). Manicula (f. 89v).
Dimensions in mm 140 x 95 (90/85 x 55)
Official foliation ff. 113 (+ 3 unfoliated modern paper flyleaves at the beginning and 1 older paper flyleaf and 3 modern paper flyleaves – all unfoliated – at the end)
Collation 11 quires: i10 (ff. 1-10), ii10 (ff. 11-20), iii10 (ff. 21-30), iv10 (ff. 31-40), v10 (ff. 41-50), vi10 (ff. 51-60), vii10 (ff. 61-70), viii10 (ff. 71-80), ix12 (ff. 81-92), x10 (ff. 93-102), xi10+1 (ff. 103-113). Catchwords.
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house.
Provenance Joel ben Simeon, the scribe: inscribed with his name as 'the scribe, Yoel bar Shimeon' in the colophon, 26 Kislev 5[2]30 [1469] (f. 112).
Menahem ben Samuel and his daughter Maraviglia, patrons: inscribed with their names in the colophon, 26 Kislev 5[2]30 [1469] (f. 112).
Giuseppe Almanzi (b. 1801, d. 1860), Italian bibliophile: his manuscript no. 67: inscribed (f. [115v]); 322 Hebrew manuscripts were acquired from his library in October 1865 through Adolphus Asher (b. 1800, d. 1853), Berlin bookseller and dealer to the British Museum 1841-1853 (see David Paisey, 'Adolphus Asher (1800-1853): Berlin bookseller, anglophile and friend to Panizzi', in The British Library Journal, 23 [1997], 131-53): inscribed (f. [115v]).
Notes Imperfect at the beginning: a large portion is lacking.
The scribe gave the date erroneously as 26 Kislev 5030 [which would be 1269] instead of 5230 [1469].
Hair side and flesh side are distinguishable.
Select bibliography Samuele Davide Luzzatto, Giuseppe Almanzi, Catalogue de la bibliothèque de littérature hébraïque et orientale de feu Mr Joseph Almanzi (Padua: Antoine Bianchi, 1864), p. 15 (in the Hebrew part).

Israel Davidson, Otsar ha-shirah veha piyut: mi-zeman hatimat kitve ha- kodesh ad reshit tekufat ha-haskalah [Thesaurus of Mediaeval Hebrew Poetry] (New York: Bet midrash ha-Rabanim de-Amerikah, 1924-1933) [on the text].

Michael Footner, 'Joel ben Simeon Illuminator of Hebrew MSS. In the XVth Century', The Jewish Quarterly Review, 27 (1937), 217-32.

Joseph Gutmann, 'Thirteen Manuscripts in Search of Author: Joel Ben Simeon, 15th Century Scribe-Artist', Studies in Bibliography and Booklore, 9 (1970), 76-95.

George Margoliouth, Catalogue of the Hebrew and Samaritan Manuscripts in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1899-1935; vols I-III repr. 1965); IV, Introduction, Indexes, ed. by Jacob Leveen (London: British Museum, 1977), IV, p. 190.

Malachi Beit-Arie, 'Joel ben Simeon’s Manuscripts: a Codicologer’s View', Journal of Jewish Art, 3-4 (1977), 25-39 (pp. 28-29).

Sheila Edmund, 'The Place of the London Haggadah in the Work of Joel ben Simeon', Journal of Jewish Art, 7 (1980), 25-34 (pp. 25-26).

Therese and Mendel Metzger, Jewish Life in the Middle Ages: Illuminated Hebrew Manuscripts of the Thirteenth to the Sixteenth Centuries (New York: Alpine Fine Arts Collection, 1982), p. 304.

The Ashkenazi Haggadah: a Hebrew Manuscript of the mid-15th Century From the Collections of the British Library, notes on the illuminations, transcription and English translation by David Goldstein (London: Thames and Hudson, 1985), p. 9 [facsimile].

Bezalel Narkiss, 'The Art of the Washington Haggadah', in The Washington Haggadah: A Facsimile Edition of an Illuminated Fifteenth-Century Hebrew Manuscript at the Library of Congress Signed by Joel ben Simeon, ed. M. M. Weinstein (Washington: Library of Congress, 1991), pp. 27-101.

Yael Zirlin, 'Joel Meets Johannes: a Fifteenth-century Jewish-Christian Collaboration in Manuscript iIlumination', Viator, 26 (1995), 265-82.

Yael Zirlin, 'Celui qui se cache derrière l’image: colophons d’enlumineurs dans les manuscrits hébraïques', Revue des Etudes Juives, 155 (1997), 33-52.

Evelyn M. Cohen, Joel ben Simeon Revisited: Reflections of the Scribe’s Artistic Repertoire in a Cinquecento Haggadah, in A Crown for a King; Studies in Jewish Art, History and Archaeology in Memory of Stephen S. Kayser, ed. by Shalom Sabar, Steven Fine and William M. Kramer (Jerusalem: Gefen, 2000), pp. 59-71.

Shlomo Zucker, The Moskowitz Mahzor of Joel ben Simeon: Ashkenazi Italian Scribe and Illuminator of Hebrew Manuscripts: Ms. Heb. 4=1384 (Jerusalem: Jewish National and University Library, 2005), p. xiii.

Yael Zirlin, 'Meir Jaffe and Joel Ben Simeon: Working Relations between Jewish Scribes and a Christian Atelier,' Auskunft, 26 (2006), 287-309.


Images
* * *
 
Rabbit

f. 3
Rabbit
~Havdalah~

f. 31
Havdalah
~Havdalah~

f. 31
Havdalah
 
Dragons

f. 37
Dragons
Dragons

f. 37
Dragons
Bread of Affliction

f. 39
Bread of Affliction
 
Bread of Affliction

f. 39
Bread of Affliction
'We were slaves'

f. 39v
'We were slaves'
'We were slaves'

f. 39v
'We were slaves'
 
Casting the babies into the river

f. 42
Casting the babies into the river
Man casting a baby into the Nile

f. 42
Man casting a baby into the Nile
R. Eliezer and R. Akiva

f. 43v
R. Eliezer and R. Akiva
 
R. Eliezer and R. Akiva

f. 43v
R. Eliezer and R. Akiva
Rabban Gamliel and ~matzah~

f. 45
Rabban Gamliel and matzah
Rabban Gamliel

f. 45
Rabban Gamliel
 
Maror

f. 45v
Maror
Bitter herb

f. 45v
Bitter herb
Dragons

f. 53v
Dragons
 
Dragons

f. 53v
Dragons
Woman

f. 55v
Woman
Woman

f. 55v
Woman
 
Dog

f. 63v
Dog
Confession

f. 74v
Confession
Woman

f. 74v
Woman
 
Colophon

f. 112
Colophon
Colophon

f. 112
Colophon
Full foliate border

f. 113
Full foliate border
 

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