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Detailed record for Additional 27137

Author Jacob ben Asher
Title Fourth Book of Arba'ah Turim: Hoshen ha-Mishpat ('The Breastplate of Judgment') on Civil Law and personal relations
Origin Italy, N.
Date 1360
Language Hebrew
Script Ashkenazi semi-cursive script, unpunctuated
Scribe Judah
Decoration 1 miniature and full foliate border (f. 14). Numerous decorated initial words with red and blue pen-flourishing. Numerous pen-flourishing around initial words spreading into the margins creating a partial border in colours and gold (from f. 242 onward).
Dimensions in mm 190 x 145 (120/115 x 90/85) in two columns
Official foliation ff. 320 (+ 3 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the beginning and at the end)
Collation 41 quires: i10 (ff. 1-10), ii3 (ff. 11-13), iii8 (ff. 14-21), iv8 (ff. 22-29), v8 (ff. 30-37), vi8 (ff. 38-45), vii6 (ff. 46-51), viii8 (ff. 52-59), ix8 (ff. 60-67), x8 (ff. 68-75), xi8 (ff. 76-83), xii8 (ff. 84-91), xiii8 (ff. 92-99), xiv8 (ff. 100-107), xv8 (ff. 108-115), xvi8 (ff. 116-123), xvii8 (ff. 124-131), xviii8 (ff. 132-139), xix8 (ff. 140-147), xx8 (ff. 148-155), xxi8 (ff. 156-163), xxii8 (ff. 164-171), xxiii8 (ff. 172-179), xxiv8 (ff. 180-187), xxv8 (ff. 188-195), xxvi8 (ff. 196-203), xxvii8 (ff. 204-211), xxviii6 (ff. 212-217), xxix8 (ff. 218-225), xxx8 (ff. 226-233), xxxi8 (ff. 234-241), xxxii8 (ff. 242-249), xxxiii8 (ff. 250-257), xxxiv8 (ff. 258-265), xxxv8 (ff. 266-273), xxxvi8 (ff. 274-281), xxxvii8 (ff. 282-289), xxxviii8 (ff. 290-297), xxxix8 (ff. 298-305), xl8 (ff. 306-313), xli8 (ff. 314-320a).
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house.
Provenance Judah bar Joseph Erama (?): inscribed with his name in the colophon, 5120 [1360] (f. 320v); the name Yehudah is marked many times (e. g., ff. 48v, 58v, 76v, 113v, 117, 117v, 162v, 246v, 260, 297); arcostic of Judah (f. 320v).
Rabbi Gershom ben Jekuthiel: the patron, inscribed with his name in the colophon, 5120 [1360] (f. 320v).
Giuseppe Almanzi (b. 1801, d. 1860), Italian bibliophile: his manuscript no. 244; his library including 322 medieval Hebrew manuscripts were purchased en bloc by the British Museum in October 1865 for £1,000 through Adolphus Asher (b. 1800, d. 1853), Berlin bookseller and dealer to the British Museum 1841-1853 (see David Paisey, 'Adolphus Asher (1800-1853): Berlin bookseller, anglophile and friend to Panizzi', in The British Library Journal, 23 [1997], 131-53): inscribed (f. [321v]).
Notes Ruling is visible. Gilt edges. Flesh and hair sides are distinguishable. Certain parts of the colophon are damaged and hardly legible, among them the dating. Margoliouth read it as shnat 20, that is, AM [51]20 (1360 CE).
Folios 12, 13 and [320a] are blank. Catchwords; one of them (on f. 182v) does not fit the present collation, since this folio is presently the third leaf of quire xxiv8.
Select bibliography Samuele Davide Luzzatto, Giuseppe Almanzi, Catalogue de la bibliothèque de littérature hébraïque et orientale de feu Mr Joseph Almanzi (Padua: Antoine Bianchi, 1864), p. 33 (in the Hebrew part).

George Margoliouth, Catalogue of the Hebrew and Samaritan Manuscripts in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1899-1935; vols I-III repr. 1965); IV, Introduction, Indexes, ed. by Jacob Leveen (London: British Museum, 1977), II, no. 547.

Therese and Mendel Metzger, Jewish Life in the Middle Ages: Illuminated Hebrew Manuscripts of the Thirteenth to the Sixteenth Centuries (New York: Alpine Fine Arts Collection, 1982), p. 304.

Ilana Tahan, Hebrew Manuscripts: The Power of Script and Image (London, British Library, 2007), p. 118.


Images
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Hoshen mishpat

f. 14
Hoshen mishpat
Hoshen mishpat

f. 14
Hoshen mishpat
Hoshen mishpat

f. 14
Hoshen mishpat
 
Decorated initial-word panels

f. 222v
Decorated initial-word panels
Decorated initial-word panels

f. 222v
Decorated initial-word panels
Decorated initial-word panel

f. 247v
Decorated initial-word panel
 
Initial-word panel

f. 247v
Initial-word panel
Decorated initial-word panel

f. 259
Decorated initial-word panel

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