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Detailed record for Additional 33733

Title The Triumphs of Charles V
Origin Italy or Netherlands, S.
Date c. 1556 - c. 1575
Language Spanish
Script Humanistic
Artists Simonzio Lupi (see De Laurentiis, 'Nuove miniature' (2010))
Decoration 12 full-page miniatures in colours and gold, of episodes from the reign of Charles V: the Emperor enthroned among his enemies (Suleiman the Magnificent, Pope Clement VII, Francis I, the dukes of Cleves and Saxony, and the landgrave of Hesse) (f. 5); the Battle of Pavia, 1525 (f. 6); the death of the duke of Bourbon at the capture of Rome, 1527 (f. 7); Clement VII imprisoned in Castel Sant'Angelo treating for release, 1527 (f. 8); Suleiman and his army driven from the Siege of Vienna, 1529 (f. 9); the Spanish expedition to America, 1530 (f. 10); Charles entering Tunis, 1535 (f. 11); the duke of Cleves submitting to Charles V (f. 12); Egmont submitting to Charles V, 1546 (f. 13); the duke of Saxony submitting to Charles V at the Battle of Mühlberg, 1547 (f. 15); the surrender of the German cities (f. 16); the landgrave of Hesse kneeling in submission before the emperor among clergy and courtiers, 1547 (f. 17). 13 cartouches in colours and gold, of masks, shells, gemstones, grotesques, architectonic decoration and all'antica elements (ff. 4v, 5v, 6v, 9v, 13v, 15v, 16v), and architectonic decoration (f. 12v, 17v), floral motifs (ff. 7v, 10v, 11v) and gemstones (f. 8v).
Dimensions in mm 200 x 290 (miniatures 180 x 260)
Official foliation Part of an album of ff. 18. These parchment leaves foliated as '4'-'13', '15'-17'.
Form Parchment leaves bound in an album.
Binding Post-1600. Purple velvet of Charles Lewis, c. 1816, in a case of dark blue morocco, velvet-lined, with an early nineteenth-century magnifying glass recessed into it.
Provenance Philip II, king of Spain (b. 1527, d. 1598): the present leaves are said to have been taken by a French officer from the royal library at the Escorial Palace, Madrid (f. 2).
Monsieur Trochon, art dealer, of rue Caumartin, Paris: purchased from him by Woodburn in December 1815 (f. 2).
Samuel Woodburn (b. 1785/6, d. 1853), London art dealer: purchased from him by Thomas Grenville before 1817 (f. 2).
Thomas Grenville (b. 1755, d. 1846), politician and book collector: his notes and descriptions (ff. 1-3) and slips pasted onto ff. 4-17; bequeathed by him to the British Museum in 1847.
Transferred to the Department of Manuscripts of the British Museum in 1890.
Notes Italian cuttings.
The miniatures of the present leaves are after a set of commemorative engravings published by Hieronymus Cock (b, c. 1510, d. 1570) in Antwerp in 1556. The drawings for the series were provided by Maerten van Heemskerck and engraved by Dirck Volkertsz Coornhert (b. 1522, d. 1590).
f. 14, a drawing of the duke of Saxony submitting to Charles V at the Battle of Mühlberg by Maerten van Heemskerck (b. 1498, d. 1574) and dated 1554 which was added to the volume in 1871 is no longer bound with the present leaves and is now British Library, Department of Printed Books, G. 2674*, pl. 10.
Originally attributed to a student of Guilio Clovio, but made in 1593, when Giulio Clovio (1498-1578) was dead, and sent to the Monastery of San Lorenzo de El Escorial as documented by new archival sources published in 2013 (according to Elena De Laurentiis, 'El Greco' (paper of 2014, not yet published).
Select bibliography Catalogue of Additions to the Manuscripts in the British Museum in the Years 1888-1893 (London: British Museum, 1894), p. 96.

Rev. T. F. Dibdin, The Bibliographical Decameron, 3 vols (London: Shakspere Press, 1817), I, pp. clxxxviii-cxciv.

W. Stirling-Maxwell, The Chief Victories of the Emperor Charles V: Designed by Martin Heemskerck in M.D.L.V. and Now Illustrated with Portraits, Prints and Notes (London and Edinburgh: privately printed for the editor, 1870), p. xxi.

John W. Bradley, The Life and Works of Giorgio Giulio Clovio, Miniaturist: with Notices of his Contemporaries and of the Art of Book Decoration in the Sixteenth Century (London: Quaritch, 1891), pp. 275-89, pls. 13 and 14.

J. A. Herbert, Illuminated Manuscripts (London: Methuen, 1911), p. 305.

Edward Miller, Prince of Librarians: The Life and Times of Antonio Panizzi of the British Museum (London: Andre Deutsch, 1967), pp. 161, 174, 186.

A.N.L. Munby, Connoisseurs and Medieval Miniatures 1750-1850 (Oxford, 1972), p. 80, fig. 11 [f. 15].

Edward Miller, That Noble Cabinet: a History of the British Museum (London: Andre Deutsch, 1973), pp.165-66.

Janet Backhouse, The Illuminated Manuscript (Oxford: Phaidon, 1979), p. 78, pl. 68.

Renaissance Painting in Manuscripts: Treasures from the British Library, ed. by Thomas Kren (New York: Hudson Hills, 1983), no. 18, figs. 18a-c, f and pl. 23.

Europa und der Orient: 800-1900, ed. by Gereon Sievernich and Hendrik Budde (Berlin: Bertelsmann Lexikon, 1989), no. 7/26 [exhibition catalogue].

Janet Backhouse, The Illuminated Page: Ten Centuries of Manuscript Painting in the British Library (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1997), no. 211.

Treasures of the British Library, ed. by Nicolas Barker and others (London: British Library, 2005), pp. 108, 112 fig.

Elena De Laurentiis, 'La collezione di ‘Italian illuminated cuttings’ della British Library: nuove miniature di Simonzio Lupi da Bergamo, Giovanni Battista Castello il Genovese e Sante Avanzini', in Il codice miniato in Europa. Libri per la chiesa, per la città, per la corte: Atti del Convegno di studi (Padua, 2-4 December, 2010), ed. by Giordana Mariani Canova e Alessandra Perriccioli Saggese, (Padua: Il Poligrafo, 2014), 673-695, pp. 680, 683, pl. 4.

Elena De Laurentiis, 'El Greco, Giulio Clovio y la maniera di figure piccole', at International Symposium El Greco 2014 (Madrid, Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, 21-24 May 2014) [paper not yet published].


Images
* * *
 
Plain leaf

f. 4
Plain leaf
Cartouche

f. 4v
Cartouche
Charles V enthroned among his enemies

f. 5
Charles V enthroned among his enemies
 
Cartouche

f. 5v
Cartouche
The Battle of Pavia

f. 6
The Battle of Pavia
Cartouche

f. 6v
Cartouche
 
The death of the duke of Bourbon

f. 7
The death of the duke of Bourbon
Cartouche

f. 7v
Cartouche
Clement VII imprisoned

f. 8
Clement VII imprisoned
 
Cartouche

f. 8v
Cartouche
Suleiman and his army driven away

f. 9
Suleiman and his army driven away
Cartouche

f. 9v
Cartouche
 
The Spanish expedition to America

f. 10
The Spanish expedition to America
Cartouche

f. 10v
Cartouche
Charles entering Tunis

f. 11
Charles entering Tunis
 
Cartouche

f. 11v
Cartouche
The submission of the duke of Cleves

f. 12
The submission of the duke of Cleves
Cartouche

f. 12v
Cartouche
 
The submission of Egmont

f. 13
The submission of Egmont
Cartouche

f. 13v
Cartouche
The submission of the duke of Saxony

f. 15
The submission of the duke of Saxony
 
Cartouche

f. 15v
Cartouche
The surrender of the German cities.

f. 16
The surrender of the German cities.
Cartouche

f. 16v
Cartouche
 
The submission of the landgrave of Hesse

f. 17
The submission of the landgrave of Hesse
Cartouche

f. 17v
Cartouche

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