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 Detail from the Roman de la Rose
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Detailed record for Additional 34114

Title L'Ordene de Chevalerie and Romances in French (The 'Spalding' Manuscript')
Origin England
Date c. 1400
Language French (Anglo-Norman)
Script Gothic cursive
Decoration Framed initials in colours with gold, with partial borders, one with a hybrid creature, and with the arms of the Spencer family (ff. 1v, 106, 164). Initials in gold on a rose and blue ground with pen-flourishing (ff. 113, 227). Numerous initials in blue with pen-flourishing in red. Rubrics in red.
Dimensions in mm 380 x 260 (280 x 160/75) in two columns
Official foliation ff. 237 (+ 2 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the beginning and 3 at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Dark blue/black leather with gilt tooling; marbled end-papers.
Provenance Henry de Spencer, crusader and Bishop of Norwich (b. 1370, d. 1406): the Spencer coat of arms with bishop's mitres (ff.106, 164).
Maurice Johnson (b. 1815, d. 1861) of Ayscoughfee Hall, Spalding: his bookplate on f [ii].
Mrs I.M. Johnson (d. 1905), bought from her by the British Museum on 15 December, 1891: note on f. [ii].
Notes Contents:
ff.1-105: A Chanson de Geste on the First Crusade with the colophon, 'Ci finist le siege d'Antioche onesque le conquest de Jerusalem de Godefrei de Boilon';
ff. 106-164: Roman d'Eneas;
ff. 164-226v: Roman de Thebes, in a western dialect of Old French, copied from a version of the text close to the original (see Petit (2010), p. 281)
ff. 227-236v: Le Songe Vert, found in only one other manuscript: Clermont-Ferrand, Bibliothèque communautaire et interuniversitaire, MS 249, f. 50v;
ff. 236v-237v: Ordene de Chevalerie, instruction on chivalry given by Hue de Tabarie to Saladin (imperfect, 170 of 360 lines remaining), copied in a different hand from the preceding texts, in Anglo-Norman dialect;
Running titles and numbering of texts from I-IIII in upper margins. Catchwords.
All folios have been damaged at the edges, with little loss of text except on f. 237, and have been mounted on paper, or have had the edges filled. Some edges are torn.
Select bibliography Catalogue of Additions to the Manuscripts in the British Museum in the Years 1888-1893 (London: British Museum, 1894), pp. 201-02.

Ethel Seaton, 'Le Songe Vert: Its occasion of writing and its author,' Medium Aevum, 19 (1950) 1-16.

'Le Roman des Eles', and the Anonymous: 'Ordene de Chevalerie': Two Early Old French didactic poems, ed. by Keith Busby (Utrecht: John Benjamins, 1983) p. 75.

Le Roman de Thèbes: Édition du manuscrit S (Londres, Brit. Libr. Add. 34114), ed. by Francine Mora Lebrun (Paris: Livre de poche, 1995).

Ruth Dean and Maureen Bolton, Anglo-Norman Literature, A Guide to Texts and Manuscripts (London: Anglo-Norman Text Society, 1999), no. 706r.

Christopher Baswell, 'Aeneas in 1381', New Medieval Literatures, 5 (2002), 7-58 (pp. 40-58).

Christopher Baswell, 'England's Antiquities: Middle English Literature and the Classical Past' in A Companion To Medieval English Literature and Culture C.1350 - C.1500, ed. by Peter Brown (Oxford: Blackwell, 2009), pp. 231-46 (pp. 233-34).

Aimé Petit, Aux Origines du Roman: Le Roman de Thèbes (Paris: Honoré Champion, 2010), pp. 282-93.

R. F.Yeager, ’L'Ordene de Chevalerie, British Library Additional MS 34114, and the Flanders Crusade' (unpublished extract, from the Fordham University Conference, The French of Outremer, New York, March 2014) [accessed 28.08.14].


Images
* * *
 
Illuminated initial with partial border

f. 1v
Illuminated initial with partial border
Illuminated initial with coat of arms

f. 106
Illuminated initial with coat of arms
Framed initial

f. 113
Framed initial
 
Initial with pen-flourishing

f. 155
Initial with pen-flourishing
Initial with pen-flourishing

f. 155v
Initial with pen-flourishing
Initials

f. 158
Initials
 
Initials with pen-flourishing

f. 158v
Initials with pen-flourishing
Illuminated iInitial with coat of arms

f. 164
Illuminated iInitial with coat of arms
Initials with pen-flourishing

f. 226
Initials with pen-flourishing
 
Initials with pen-flourishing

f. 226v
Initials with pen-flourishing
Illuminated initial

f. 227
Illuminated initial
Text page

f. 227v
Text page
 
Text page

f. 228
Text page

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