You are in Introduction. Click here to skip the navigation.
British Library
Digital Catalogue of Illuminated Manuscripts
 Detail from the Roman de la Rose
About Simple search Manuscript search Advanced search  Virtual exhibitions Glossaries Contact us  Main
print Print this page
home Home
site search Search British Library website
back Back

search tips  Search tips



Detailed record for Additional 35092

Title Prose Brut
Origin England
Date 2nd or 3rd quarter of the 15th century
Language French (Anglo-Norman)
Script Gothic cursive
Decoration Large initial with border, zoomorphic and foliate decoration in red and blue. Initials in red with pen-flourishing in blue or in blue with pen-flourishing in red. Paraphs in blue or red. Rubrics in red.
Dimensions in mm 115 x 75 (100 x 60)
Official foliation ff. 145 (ff. 1-4 and 145 are paper flyleaves + 2 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the beginning and 3 at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house. Rebound in 1897.
Provenance ?Edmund Saunders, Chief Justice of the King's Bench (1683): the inscription 'Usque salis' and perhaps his signature (f. 144v).
George Townshend, 2nd Marquis of Townshend: his sale, 11 May 1812; bought by Thomas Rodd (note on f. 1v).
Thomas Rodd, bookseller, antiquarian and Hispanist (b. 1763, d. 1822): sold by him to Yarnolds on 26 June 1812: (note on f. 1v).
Charles Yarnold, Surgeon of Great St Helens (d. 1825) : his sale, 6 June 1825, bought by Phillipps (his note on f. 4).
Sir Thomas Phillipps (b. 1792, d. 1872), baronet , collector of books and manuscripts: his book stamp 'For T.P. Middle Hill' and the number 1050. (f. 2). A transcription and translation of the opening passage, perhaps in his hand, on a folded paper, attached and numbered f. 3; his sale, 3 April 1896, lot 9; bought by the British Museum for £10.
Notes This manuscript contains the earliest form of the Anglo-Norman prose Brut relating the history of England from Brutus to the death of Henry III in 1272 and therefore composed between this date and c.1300. The text is closely related to that of British Library Cotton MS Cleopatra D viii. After the rubric, 'Coment Brut vint primes en Engleterre e [con]quist la t[er]re ci put hom oir', incipit 'En la noble cite de graunt Troie' (f. 5), explicit 'Edmund le Roi e martir. Lan del incarnacioun n[ost]re seign[ur] Ih[es]u Crist mcclxxii annz, de qi alme Deu eu[t] m[er]cy amen' (f. 144).
Select bibliography Catalogue of Additions to the Manuscripts in the British Museum in the Years 1894-1899 (London: British Museum, 1901), p. 150.

Lister M. Matheson, The Prose Brut: The Development of a Middle English Chronicle, Medieval and Renaissance Texts and Studies, 180 (Tempe, Arizona: Medieval & Renaissance Texts & Studies, 1998), p. 30.

Diana B.Tyson, 'Handlist of Manuscripts Containing the French Prose Brut Chronicle', Scriptorium: Revue internationale des études relative aux manuscrits, 48 (1994), 333-44, (p. 340)

Ruth Dean and Maureen Bolton, Anglo-Norman Literature, A Guide to Texts and Manuscripts (London: Anglo-Norman Text Society, 1999), no. 42.

The oldest Anglo-Norman prose Brut chronicle, ed. by Julia Marvin (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2006) [an edition and translation of this manuscript].

Andy King and Julia Marvin, 'A Warning to the Incurious: M.R. James, the Scalacronica and the Anglo-Norman Prose Brut Chronicle' in The Medieval Chronicle 5, ed. by Erik Kooper (Amsterdam: Editions Rodopi, 2008), pp. 129-46 (p. 140, n. 3).

* * *
Text page

f. 61
Text page

print Print this page
home Home
site search Search British Library website
back Back
top Back