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Detailed record for Additional 35254T, U and V

Title Leaves from a Book of Hours ('Hours of Louis XII', or 'Hours of Henry VII')
Origin France, Central (Tours)
Date c. 1498 to c. 1499
Language Latin
Script Gothic cursive
Artists Jean Bourdichon
Decoration 3 full page framed miniatures on the recto folios. Initials in colours and gold, containing fruits, flowers, birds or animals, with one-sided trompe l'oeil borders in colours and gold on the versos of folios. Line-fillers in gold and colours, some in the form of branches.
Dimensions in mm 225/50 x 150/70 (130 x 85), in one column
Official foliation Parchment cuttings in window mounts, foliated as 'T', 'U' and 'V'
Form Parchment cuttings kept together in a box.
Binding N/a
Provenance Louis XII (b. 1462, d. 1515), king of France, made for him c. 1498-99: his portrait with his patron saints Michael, Charlemagne, Louis, and Denis, and with two inscriptions, 'Loys XII de ce nom' and 'Il lest fait en l'eage de XXXVI ans', on a detached miniature associated with the manuscript, now J. Paul Getty Museum, MS 79a; and illuminated by Jean Bourdichon of Tours (b. 1457/58, d. 1521), court painter to four successive French kings: Louis XI, Charles VIII, Louis XII, and François I: this manuscript attributed to Bourdichon on stylistic grounds (see Kren et al, A Masterpiece Reconstructed 2005).
John Malcolm of Poltalloch (b. 1805, d. 1893), art collector and landowner: acquired between the first publication of the catalogue of his collection in 1869 and the second edition of 1876 (see Robinson Descriptive Catalogue (1876)).
Purchased by the Department of Prints and Drawings of the British Museum in 1895.
Transferred to the Department of Manuscripts of the British Museum in 1899.
Notes French cuttings.
To see these cuttings in the Manuscripts Reading Room order Add. MS 35254 P-V.
52 text pages from the Hours of Louis XII are now Royal MS 2 D XL. 9 further detached full page miniatures are now in the following collections: Luke (Edinburgh, National Library of Scotland, MS 8999), Betrayal of the Christ (Paris, Musée Marmottan, Wildenstein Collection), Visitation (Bristol City Museum and Art Gallery, No. K 2407), Nativity (London Victoria and Albert Museum, No. E. 949-2003), Adoration of the Magi (Musée du Louvre, No. RF 53030), Flight into Egypt (London, Private Collection) Louis XII in Prayer, Presentation in the Temple and Bathsheba Bathing (J. Paul Getty Museum, MS 79a, 79b, 79). Other fragments are: 1 leaf in the Bagford collection of fragments, Harley 5966, f. 54, 1 leaf in the Samuel Pepys Collection at Magdalene College, Cambridge, vol. I, p. 13, 4 leaves from the calendar with historiated borders (February, June, August, September), and 1 with a foliate border (September) in the Free Library of Philadelphia, Lewis E. M. II 19-22v. For the reconstruction of the content, see Backhouse, 'Bourdichon's 'Hours of Henry VII' (1973), p. 96.
Select bibliography J. C. Robinson, Descriptive Catalogue of Drawings by the Old Masters, forming the Collection of John Malcolm of Poltalloch, Esq, 2nd edn (London: Chiswick Press, 1876), pp. 278-79.

Catalogue of Additions to the Manuscripts in the British Museum in the Years 1894-1899 (London: Trustees of the British Museums, 1901), pp. 223-24.

W. R. Tymms and M. D. Wyatt, The Art of Illuminating as Practised in Europe from the Earliest Times (London: Day and Sons, 1860; repr. Studio Editions, 1987), pls XVI.3-4, 7.

Janet Backhouse, 'Bourdichon's 'Hours of Henry VII', British Library Quarterly, 38 (1973), 95-102.

Renaissance Painting in Manuscripts: Treasures from the British Library, ed. by Thomas Kren (New York: Hudson Hills Press, 1983), p. 163, fig. 21a.

François Avril and Nicole Reynaud, Les Manuscrits à Peintures en France 1440-1520 (Paris: Flammarion, 1993), p. 295 [exhibition catalogue, with further bibliography].

A Masterpiece Reconstructed: The Hours of Louis XII, ed. by Thomas Kren and Mark Evans, with essays by Janet Backhouse and Nancy Turner (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2005), pp. 9, 16, 81-82.


Images
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Pentecost

f. U recto
Pentecost
Flowers

f. V verso
Flowers
Virgin of the Annunciation

f. V recto
Virgin of the Annunciation
 

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