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Detailed record for Additional 40165A

Part 1 ff. 1-5 
Title Cyprian epistles LV, LXXIV and LXIX
Origin North Africa (Carthage?)
Date 4th-5th century
Language Latin
Script Uncial
Decoration Biblical quotations in red.
Dimensions in mm 185 x 145
 
Part 2 ff. 6-7 
Title Martyrology fragment
Origin England, S. W.?
Date 4th quarter of the 9th century
Language English
Script Minuscule
Decoration Initials and line-fillers in red.
Dimensions in mm 185 x 145 (175 x 125)
 
Official foliation ff. 7 (+ 4 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the beginning and end and 1 following f. 5)
Form Parchment leaves
Binding BM/BL in-house.
Provenance ?Theodore of Tarsus and Hadrian, perhaps brought to England by them in the 7th century.
In England by the 8th century: insular letter forms, e.g. 'vr' written over uncial 'UR' (f. 2v) (see Schipper 2004, p. 160)
Used as flyleaves for a 12th-century Latin manuscript, now Additional 40165B.
Bernard Howard, 12th Duke of Norfolk (b. 1765, d.1842): his bookplate in Additional 40165B.
Included (with Additional 40165B) in the anonymous sale of manuscripts at Sotheby's 20th December 1921, lot 504, bought by the British Museum for £40..
Notes Parts 1 and 2 were used as flyleaves in the binding of a 12th-century Latin manuscript, now Additional 40165B containing theological and philosophical works. They are now bound together as Add 40165A.
On an erased section of f. 3 is a list of the contents of Additional 40165B in a 13th-century hand.
Part 1: The manuscript of which these fragments formed part, appears to have been the archetype, (at least in these three letters) of the English group of manuscripts (classed by von Soden, 1904) as 'n', which includes Royal MS 6 B XV, Oxford, Bodley latin MS 210 and New College MS 130, and Cambridge, Corpus Christi College MS 25.
Part 2: There are only 5 surviving copies of the Old English Martyrology, 3 of which are fragments. The text is closely related to the fragment in Additional 23211, as the dialect in both manuscripts contains a mixture of West Saxon and Mercian forms. They were perhaps copied from the same exemplar (see Sisam 1953).
Select bibliography The Oldest English Texts, ed. by Henry Sweet (London: Early English Text Society, I885) p. 177.

New Palaeographical Society: Facsimiles of Ancient Manuscripts, etc., First Series, 2 vols, ed. by Edward Maunde Thompson and others (London: [n. pub.], 1903-1912), 2, pls. 101,102.

Codices Latini Antiquiores, ed. by E. A. Lowe, 11 vols (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1934-1966), II: Great Britain and Ireland (1935), no. 178.

Catalogue of Additions to the Manuscripts in the British Museum, 1921-1925 (London: British Museum, 1950), pp. 64-65.

Cecilia Sisam, ‘An Early Fragment of the Old English Martyrology', Review of English Studies, 4 (1953), 209-20 [with a transcription of the text].

N. R. Ker, Catalogue of Manuscripts containing Anglo-Saxon (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1957), no. 132.

Das altenglische Martyrologium, 2 vols, ed. by G. Kotzor, (Munich: Bayerische Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1981), I, pp. 109-17.

Helmut Gneuss, Handlist of Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts: A List of Manuscripts and Manuscript Fragments Written or Owned in England up to 1100, Medieval and Renaissance Texts and Studies, 241 (Tempe: Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2001), no. 297 (A.1), no. 298 (A.2).

Jennifer Morrish, ‘Dated and Datable Manuscripts Copied in England during the Ninth Century: A Preliminary List', Mediaeval Studies50 (1988), 512-38 (p. 535).

Karen Quinn and Kenneth Quinn, A Manual of Old English Prose (New York: Garland, 1990), no. 604.

William Schipper, 'Digitising (Nearly) Unreadable Fragments of Cyprian's Epistolary' in The Book Unbound: Editing and Reading Medieval Manuscripts and Texts, ed. by Sian Echard and Stephen Partridge (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2004), pp. 157-68

A. N. Doane, 'London, British Library, Add. 40165 A' in Saints' Lives, Martyrologies, and Bilingual 'Rule of St. Benedict', British Library, Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts in Microfiche Facsimile,19 (Tempe: Arizona Centre for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2010), pp. 5-13.


Images

Part  1   ff. 1-5
Cyprian epistles LV, LXXIV and LXIX
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Text page

f. 1
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f. 1v
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f. 2
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f. 2v
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f. 3
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f. 3v
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Part  2   ff. 6-7
Martyrology fragment
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Text page

f. 6
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f. 6v
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f. 7
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f. 7v
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