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Detailed record for Additional 47967

Part 1 ff. 2-87 
Author Orosius
Title Historum adversum paganos (the 'Tollemache, Helmingham, or Lauderdale Orosius')
Origin England, S. (Winchester?)
Date Between c. 892 and c. 925
Language English
Script Anglo-Saxon minuscule
Scribe Perhaps the same scribe as the 2nd hand of the Parker Chronicle (Cambridge, Corpus Christi College, MS 173) and the English glosses of London, British Library MS Cotton Junius 27.
Decoration Zoomorphic initials in brown ink (ff. 5v, 31v, 48v, 65v) . Marginal geometric drawings in brown ink (ff. 61v, 63v). Animal heads drawn around holes in the parchment (e.g., f. 122r-v).
Dimensions in mm 280 x 190 (210 x 130)
 
Part 2 f. 1-1v 
Title Drawings
Origin England
Date 2nd half of the 10th century
Language Latin, runes
Decoration Added drawings of the symbols of the four Evangelists, leaf and scroll ornament, labelled 'Vinea Domini', part of a Latin alphabet and runes.
Dimensions in mm 280 x 190 (210 x 130)
 
Official foliation ff. iii + 88 (ff. i-iii are parchment flyleaves; f. 88 is a paste-down)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Pre-1600. The Anglo-Saxon boards covered, probably in the 15th century, by white leather with metal clasps inscribed 'Ihc' and 'M'.
Provenance Scriptural notes, genealogies and musical notation added in a hand of the 11th century (ff. 1, 1v, 87v, 88).
Two flyleaves are fragments of an Exchequer roll recording payments for 19th and 20th April 1347 (ff. i, iii), probably added in the 17th century.
?John Dee (b. 1527, d. 1609), mathematician, astrologer, and antiquary: noted by Hickes in 1689.
Inscribed 'Joan Davysun', 17th century (f. i).
John Maitland, duke of Lauderdale (b. 1616–, d. 1682), politician, by 1676-78: noted by Hickes in 1689, as mansucript 167 in his library.
Collated by Thomas Marshall (d. 1685) with Junius's transcript of British Library Cotton Tiberius B I translation of Orosius (ff. 9-16).
The Tollemache family of Helmingham, Suffok: loaned by them to Joseph Bosworth in 1850-1854; Helmingham Hall manuscript 46.
The Britiish Museum: on deposit from 1948; acquired in 1953 from the trustes of Lord Tollemache for £10,000, £7,500 from Exchequer funds, and the remainder being contributed by the Trustees from their trust and other funds.
Notes Composed by an anonymous West Saxon author between 870 and 930, the Old English version of Orosius's history was adapted from the Latin text (possibly a glossed copy such as St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 621), with omissions and additional material making it livelier and suitable for readers unfamiliar with the classical allusions in the original.
The script has been compared to that of the Winchester scriptorium, and the spellings are prototypical for early West Saxon.
The manuscript is the earlier of the two extant manuscripts of the text (the other is Cotton Tiberius B i) and includes within its first section reports made by Othere and Wulfstan at King Alfred's court.
Perhaps copied by the same scribe as Oxford, Bodleian Library MS Junius 27 and the annals for 891-920 of the Parker manuscript of the Anglo-Saxon chronicle (Cambridge, Corpus Christi College MS 173) (see Ganz 2011).
The original second quire, ff. 9-16 is missing and was replaced by a new quire in the 17th century, with text on ff. 9-14 copied from Cotton Tiberius B i, ff. 12v-23 and ff. 15-16 are left blank.
This is a rare example of an English manuscript in which the parchment is arranged with the hair sides and flesh sides facing each other (HF, FH), as was common in continental manuscripts in this period, as opposed to the common early Insular practice of arranging every piece of parchment with the hair side facing outwards (HF, HF) (see Gameson 2011)
Select bibliography The Tollemache Orosius (British Museum Additional Manuscript 47967), ed. by Alistair Campbell, Early English Manuscripts in Facsimile, 3 (Copenhagen: Rosenkild and Bagger, 1953).

N. R. Ker, Catalogue of Manuscripts Containing Anglo-Saxon (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1957), no. 133.

Medieval Libraries of Great Britain: A List of Surviving Books, ed. by N. R. Ker, 2nd edn, Royal Historical Society Guides and Handbooks, 3 (London: Royal Historical Society, 1964), p. 200.

Elzbieta Temple, Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts 900-1066, A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles, 2 (London: Harvey Miller, 1976), no. 8; pp. 39, 43.

The Old English Orosius, ed. by Janet Bately, Early English Text Society, second series 6 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1980).

Catalogue of Additions to the Manuscripts in the British Museum in the Years 1951-1955 (London: The British Library, 1982), II, pp. 121-23

Francis Wormald, ‘Decorated Initials in English Manuscripts from AD 900 to 1100’ in Studies in Medieval Art from the Sixth to the Twelfth Centuries, Collected Writings, 2 vols, ed. by Alexander, Brown and Gibbs (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1984), I, pp. 47-75 (pp. 57-62).

David N. Dumville, 'English Square minuscule script: the background and earliest phases', Anglo-Saxon England, 16 (1987), 147-79 (pp. 170-71).

Anne Lawrence, 'Alfred, his heirs and the traditions of manuscript production in tenth century England', Reading Medieval Studies, 13 (1987), 35-56 (pp. 42-43).

The Making of England: Anglo-Saxon Art and Culture AD 600-900 , ed. by Leslie Webster and Janet M. Backhouse, exhibition catalogue (London: British Museum, 1991), no. 238.

Richard Gameson, 'The Decoration of the Tanner Bede', Anglo-Saxon England, 21 (1992), 115-59 (pp. 124, 129, 133, 136, 149, 154, n. 179.

Peter Kitson, ' The dialect position of the Old English Orosius', Studia Anglica Posnaniensia 30 (1996), 3-35, [on the text].

Helmut Gneuss, Handlist of Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts: A List of Manuscripts and Manuscript Fragments Written or Owned in England up to 1100, Medieval and Renaissance Texts and Studies, 241 (Tempe: Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2001) no. 300.

Jane Roberts, Guide to Scripts used in English Writings up to 1500 (London: British Library, 2005), no. 9; pp. 52-55 [with additional bibliography]

K. D. Hartzell, Catalogue of Manuscripts Written or Owned in England up to 1200 containing Music (Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 2006), no.123.

Michelle P. Brown, Manuscripts from the Anglo-Saxon Age (London: British Library, 2007), plate on the half-title page, pp. 85-86, no. 71.

Irmeli Valtonen, The North in the Old English Orosius: A geographical narrative in context, (Helsinki: 2008, Société Néophilologique), pp. 9, 259-60, 263, 271, 492.

Orosius: seven books of history against the pagans translated with an introduction and notes by A. T. Fear (Liverpool : Liverpool University Press, 2010) [on the text].

Richard Gameson, 'The material fabric of early British books' in The Cambridge History of the Book in Britain, 6 vols (Cambridge: University Press, 1999-2011), I: 1400-1557 (2011), ed. by Richard Gameson, pp.13-93 (p. 39, n. 95, 59, n. 195).

David Ganz, 'Square Minuscule' in The Cambridge History of the Book in Britain,(see Gameson above), pp. 188-96 (pp. 188, n. 4, 189)

Richard Gameson, 'Book decoration in England' in The Cambridge History of the Book in Britain (see Gameson above), pp. 249-93 (p. 287, n. 133).

Malcolm Godden, 'The Old English Orosius and its sources', Anglia: Zeitschrift fur englische Philologie, 129 (2011), 297-320, [http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/angl.2011.129.issue-3-4/angl.2011.040/angl.2011.040.xml?format=INT] [accessed 6 March 2012], [on the text].


Images

Part  1   ff. 2-87
Orosius Historum adversum paganos (the 'Tollemache, Helmingham, or Lauderdale Orosius')
* * *
 
Evangelist symbols

f. 1
Evangelist symbols
Evangelist symbols

f. 1
Evangelist symbols
Matthew the Evangelist

f. 1v
Matthew the Evangelist
 
Text page

f. 2
Text page
Zoomorphic initial

f. 5v
Zoomorphic initial
Zoomorphic initial

f. 5v
Zoomorphic initial
 
Zoomorphic initial

f. 31v
Zoomorphic initial
Zoomorphic initial

f. 31v
Zoomorphic initial
Zoomorphic initial

f. 48v
Zoomorphic initial
 
Zoomorphic initial

f. 48v
Zoomorphic initial
Marginal drawing

f. 61v
Marginal drawing
Marginal drawings

f. 63v
Marginal drawings
 
Zoomorphic initial

f. 65v
Zoomorphic initial
Marginal drawing

f. 87
Marginal drawing

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