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Detailed record for Additional 9381

Title Bodmin Gospels (St Petroc Gospels); records of grants of manumission in Old English and Latin added on blank leaves and in margins (ff. 1, 8, 13, 141)
Origin France, N.W. (Brittany)
Date Last quarter of the 9th century to 1st quarter of the 11th century
Language Latin and English
Script Caroline minuscule
Decoration Decorated canon tables in brown and red (ff. 9r-13v). A frame with five roundels, probably intended for a Majestas composition (f. 208v). Initials with penwork decoration in red and brown (ff. 14,14v, 50, 74,109). Initials, rubrics and running titles in red. Drawing of a man's head in profile (f. 75).
Dimensions in mm 260 x 170 (210 x 115)
Official foliation ff. 141+ i (f. 13* is a blank parchment leaf and ff. 1 and 141 are parchment flyleaves + 2 unfoliated parchment flyleaves at the beginning + 1 unfoliated paper flyleaf and 3 parchment flyleaves at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding The boards and endleaves are probably from the 12th century. The upper board has a deep central recess and both boards have the remains of a kermes-red dyed cover skin of uncertain date. Refurbished in the late 19th century, when the box was probably made.
Provenance The Benedictine (later Augustinian) priory of St Petroc, Bodmin by the end of the 10th century: records of public manumissions at the high altar of the church were added in Anglo-Saxon minuscule in the 2nd half of the 10th and the 11th centuries. They include the names of three Bishops of Cornwall: Comoere, Wulfsige and Burhwold (and possibly a fourth, Athelgard, which is partially illegible). Some records are erased but 46 remain, dated 941 to 1043 (ff. 1, 8, 13 and 141).
Thomas Rodd the younger (b. 1796, d. 1849), London bookseller. Bought by the British Museum from him in May 1833.
Notes The gospels were copied in c. 900 and the text displays Irish variants with interpolation of Mass formulae common in Breton Gospel books (see Cohen and Teviotdale 1999). The punctuation is unusual, and is similar to that found in Royal 1 A xviii: 2 dots and a comma (see McGurk and Szerwiniak 1996).
Anglo-Saxon neums have been added at the top margin of versicles and responses at the beginning of the gospel of Luke (ff. 77v-78).
A partially finished frame with five roundels and interlace panels (f. 108v) was probably the outline for a Christ in Majesty composition, as in the Landevennec gospels (see Wormald 1977).
51 records of grants of manumission at St Petroc's Bodmin, in Latin and Old English, added between the 2nd quarter of the10th century and the 1st quarter of the 11th century on blank leaves in Anglo-Saxon minuscule (ff. 1, 8,141) and in blank spaces and margins (ff. 2-7v, 13,133v). Some entries now erased (ff. 6v, 108r-v).
X-rays of both boards are in London, British Library Manuscript Facsimile 800.
Select bibliography Davies Gilbert, The Parochial History of Cornwall 4 vols (London:Nichols and Son, 1838), III, pp. 408-15, available online at
[http://access.dl.bl.uk/lsidyv3e680130] [accessed on 15th March 2012], [a transcription of the text of the manumissions].

[E. Maunde Thompson and G. F. Warner], Catalogue of Ancient Manuscripts in the British Museum, 2 vols (London: British Museum, 1881-1884), Part II Latin, p. 34.

Wilhelm Köhler, 'Die Karolingishen Miniaturen', in Zweiten Bericht über die Denkmäler Deutscher Kunst (Berlin: Reimer, 1912), pp. 52-77 (p. 59).

H. Jenner, 'The Bodmin Gospels: Presidential Address of the Spring Meeting of the Royal Institution of Cornwall, 23rd May,1922', Journal of the Royal Institution of Cornwall (1923), 97-145.

E. R. Forster, 'Die Freilassungsurkunden des Bodmin-Evangeliars' in A Grammatical Miscellany offered to Otto Jespersen, (London: Allen and Unwin, 1930), p. 77.

H. H. Glunz, History of the Vulgate in England from Alcuin to Roger Bacon (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1933), no. 28.

Theodor Klauser, Das ro¨mische capitulare evangeliorum: Texte und Untersuchungen zu seiner a¨ltesten Geschichte, Liturgiegeschichtliche Quellen und Forschungen, 28 (Munster: Aschendorffschen, 1935), p. XLIX.

G. L. Micheli, L’enluminure du haut moyen age et les influences irlandaises (Brussels: Editions de la connaissance, 1939), p. 190.

Cecilia Sisam and Kenneth Sisam, The Salisbury Psalter, edited from Salisbury Cathedral MS. 150, Early English Text Society, 242 (London: Oxford University Press, 1959), p. 30.

N. R. Ker, Catalogue of Manuscripts containing Anglo-Saxon (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1957), no. 126.

Medieval Libraries of Great Britain: A List of Surviving Books, ed. by N. R. Ker, 2nd edn, Royal Historical Society Guides and Handbooks, 3 (London: Royal Historical Society, 1964), p. 10.

Graham Pollard, 'Some Anglo-Saxon Bookbindings' The Book Collector , 24 (1975), 130- 59, (p. 158).

Elzbieta Temple, Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts 900-1066, A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles, 2 (London: Harvey Miller, 1976), p. 73.

Francis Wormald, An Early Breton Gospel Book, ed. by Jonathan Alexander (Cambridge: Roxburghe Club, 1977), pp. 11, n. 4, 13, n. 1.

Bonifatius Fischer, Die Lateinischen Evangelien bis zum 10. Jahrhundert, 4 vols (Freiburg: Herder, 1988-1991), I: Varianten zu Matthäus, Vetus Latina die Reste der Altlateinischen Bible: Aus der Geschichte der Lateinischen Bibel, 13, p. 17*.

Patrick McGurk, ‘The Disposition of Numbers in Latin Eusebian Canon Tables’, in Philologia Sacra: Biblische und patristische Studien für Hermann J. Frede und Walter Thele zu ihrem siebzigsten Geburtstag, ed. by Roger Gryson (Freiburg: Herder, 1993), pp. 242-58 (p, 254).

Olivier Szerwiniak and Patrick McGurk, 'Des recueils d'interprétations de noms hébreux (suite)', Scriptorium: revue internationale des études relatives aux manuscrits médiévaux, 50 (1996), 117-22 (p. 121, 122, n. 25).

Richard Marsden, 'Ask What I am Called: The Anglo-Saxons and Their Bibles', in The Bible as Book: The Manuscript Tradition, ed. by John L. Sharpe III and Kimberly Van Kampen (London: British Library, 1998), pp. 145-76 (p.175).

Adam Cohen and E.C. Teviotdale, 'The Getty Anglo-Saxon Leaves and New Testament illustration around the year 1000', Scriptorium: Revue internationale des études relative aux manuscrits 53.1 (1999) 36-81 (p. 67, n. 22).

Helmut Gneuss, Handlist of Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts: A List of Manuscripts and Manuscript Fragments Written or Owned in England up to 1100, Medieval and Renaissance Texts and Studies, 241 (Tempe: Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2001), no. 279.

Richard Gameson, 'The Insular Gospel Book at Hereford Cathedral', Scriptorium: Revue internationale des études relative aux manuscrits 56 (2002), 48-79, (p. 52, n. 24).

Louis Lemoine, 'Autour du Scriptorium de Landévennec' in Corona monastica: melanges offerts au pere Marc Simon, ed. by Louis Lemoine et Bernard Merdrignac, Britannia Monastica, 8 (Rennes: Presses Universitaires de Rennes, 2004), pp. 155-64 (pp. 156, 158-64).

K. D. Hartzell, Catalogue of Manuscripts Written or Owned in England up to 1200 containing Music (Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 2006), no. 118.

Michelle P. Brown, Manuscripts from the Anglo-Saxon Age (London: British Library, 2007), pl. 62.

Helen McKee, ’Script in Wales, Scotland and Cornwall', in The Cambridge History of the Book in Britain, 6 vols (Cambridge: University Press, 1999-2011), I: 1400-1557 (2011), ed. by Richard Gameson, pp. 167-73 (p. 170, n. 15).

Rebecca Rushford, 'Latin Script in England: Caroline Minuscule' in The Cambridge History of the Book in Britain (see Gameson, above), pp. 197-224 (p. 202-03).

Michael Gullick, 'Bookbindings' in The Cambridge History of the Book in Britain (see Gameson, above), pp. 294-309 (p. 295, n. 50).


Images
* * *
 
Bodmin manumissions.

f. 1
Bodmin manumissions.
Bodmin manumissions

f. 1v
Bodmin manumissions
Decorated initial

f. 2
Decorated initial
 
Text page

f. 2
Text page
Text page

f. 3
Text page
Canon tables

f. 10
Canon tables
 
Canon tables

f. 12v
Canon tables
Canon tables

f. 13
Canon tables
Canon tables

f. 13
Canon tables
 
Decorated initial

f. 14v
Decorated initial
Decorated initials

f. 50
Decorated initials
Decorated initials.

f. 50
Decorated initials.
 
Decorated initial

ff. 73v-74
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 74
Decorated initial
Text page

f. 75
Text page
 
A frame with five roundels

f. 108v
A frame with five roundels
Frame with roundels

f. 108v
Frame with roundels
Text page

f. 109
Text page
 
Calendar

f. 133v
Calendar
Bodmin manumissions

f. 141v
Bodmin manumissions

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