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Detailed record for Egerton 1070

Part 1 ff. 6-153v 
Title Book of Hours, Use of Paris ('The Hours of René d'Anjou')
Origin France, Central (Paris)
Date c. 1410
Language Latin, calendar and rubrics in French
Script Gothic
Artists Attributed to the Egerton Master - his eponymous manuscript - and workshop (ff. 6v-45, 54v-90v, 95-96v, 98-103v, 105-109v); the Boucicaut workshop (this hand now defined as the Master of Mazarine 469) (ff. 91-94v, 111-134v, 140); a follower of the Parement Master (ff. 97, 97v); and a follower of Jacquemart de Hesdin (ff. 104, 104v) (see Meiss 1974; for the Master of Mazarine 469 see Bartz 1999).
Decoration 16 small pairs of quadrilobed miniatures in the lower margin of the calendar and the Gospels, accompanied by full foliate borders, in colours and gold (ff. 6-13v); offsets of a pair on f. 47, probably formerly misbound. 10 full-page miniatures with full foliate borders, accompanied on the facing page by large historiated initials with partial foliate borders carried by angels, in colours and gold (ff. 15v, 24v, 29v, 32v, 34v, 36v, 38v, 41v, 44v, 54v). 1 small miniature, accompanied by a large decorated initial and a three-sided foliate border carried by angels, in colours and gold (f. 140). Many small column-wide miniatures with partial foliate borders carried by angels, in colours and gold (ff. 70v, 72, 73v, 74v, 76, 72v, 79, 80v, 81 (x2), 81v (x2), 82 (x2), 82v (x2), 83 (x2), 83v (x2), 84 (x2), 84v, 85 (x2), 85v (x2), 86 (x2), 86v, 87 (x2), 87v (x2), 88 (x2), 88v (x2), 89 (x2), 89v (x2), 90 (x2), 90v (x2), 91 (x2), 91v (x2), 92 (x2), 92v (x2), 93 (x2), 93v (x2), 94 (x2), 94v, 95 (x2), 95v (x2), 96, 96v, 97, 97v (x2), 98 (x2), 98v, 99 (x2), 99v (x2), 100, 100v (x2), 101 (x2), 101v (x2), 102, 102v (x2), 103 (x2), 103v (x2), 104, 104v, 105 (x2), 105v (x2), 106, 106v (x2), 107 (x2), 107v (x2), 108 (x2), 108v, 109 (x2), 109v, 111, 112, 113, 115, 116, 117, 118v, 124v, 129v, 134v). 7 large historiated initials, following small miniatures, with partial foliate borders carried by angels, in colours and gold (ff. 70v, 73v, 75, 76, 77v, 79, 80v). Smaller and small initials in red with blue pen-flourishing or in blue with red pen-flourishing. Line-fillers decorated in red and blue.
Dimensions in mm 220 x 165 (135 x 105) in two columns, except ff. 140-153v
 
Part 2 ff. 4v, 5, 53, 110, 139 
Title Book of Hours, Use of Paris ('The Hours of René d'Anjou')
Origin France, S. E. (Aix-en-Provence)
Date c. 1442 - 1443 (see Avril and Reynaud 1993)
Language N/A
Script Gothic (ff. 14r-v, 23v, 43v-44)
Artists Attributed to Barthélemy d'Eyck (see Avril and Reynaud 1993).
Decoration 5 full-page miniatures, some on inserted leaves, in colours and gold (ff. 4v, 5, 53, 110, 139). Emblematic sails with René d'Anjou's motto 'En Dieu en soit' added to the lower margin at the beginning of each Office of the Hours of the Virgin and the Penitential Psalms (ff. 16, 25, 30, 33, 35, 37, 39, 42, 45). Small initials in blue with purple pen-flourishing or in purple with blue pen-flourishing (f. 14r-v), in gold with blue pen-flourishing (f. 23v), and in red with brown pen-flourishing or in blue with red pen-flourishing (ff. 43v-44).
Dimensions in mm 222 x 165
 
Official foliation ff. 154 (+ 2 unfoliated original leaves after ff. 3, 139; + 4 parchment flyleaves at the beginning, and 1 original and 3 parchment flyleaves at the end; unfoliated modern leaves facing each miniature)
Collation Collation apparently: 12 (ff. 3-[3a]); 22 (ff. 4-5); 36 (ff. 6-11); 48+1 (f. 14 added; ff. 12-22); 5-78 (ff. 23-46), 88+2 (ff. 52-53 added; ff. 47-56), 9-148 (ff. 57-104), 156 (ff. 105-110); 16-188 (ff. 111-134); 194 (ff. 135-138); 202 (ff. 139-[139a], added); 21-228 (ff. 140-[155]). In quire 5 folios 24 and 29 are transposed because the bifolium is folded the wrong way.
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house. Blue velvet; rebound in 1957.
Provenance ? A member of the Anjou family: a small miniature with Charlemagne, holding a shield with ermines, makes allusion to Charles of Blois, father of Marie de Blois, wife of Louis I of Anjou (f. 86v) (see Avril and Reynaud 1993); Charlemagne ('Charles') is also in gold in the calendar (28 January).
René d'Anjou (b. 1409, d. 1480), king of Naples: his added arms (f. 4v) and his motto 'En Dieu en soit' inscribed on emblematic sails, added to the lower margin at the beginning of each Office of the Hours of the Virgin and the Penitential Psalms (ff. 16, 25, 30, 33, 35, 37, 39, 42, 45); added prayer in which René is prayed for by name (ff. 43v-44).
George Strangways, Archdeacon of Coventry (see below).
Henry VII (b. 1457, d. 1509), king of England, presented to him by his chaplain George Strangways: inscribed 'Hunc libellum contulit ex sincera intimaque animi sui affectione serenissimo Henrico Septimo invictissimo ac gloriosissimo Anglie et Francie regi ad virtutis et exercitationem et incrementum magister Georgius Strangways Sacre Theologie Professor archidiaconus Coven' regie maiestatis capellanorum minimus' (f. 154).
The library of the Jesuit College, Cracow, by 1630: inscribed 'Catalogo librorum Domus Professae Cracoviensis Societatis Iesu donatus Bibliotheca eiusdem a Spectabili(?) Da [space] Tolania Sac(ra)(?) ut nunquam alienetur ab eadem domo. Anno Domini 1630 5a Martii' (f. 4).
Letter in German, written at Windsor Castle, 4 September 1832 (ff. 1-2).
Bought by the British Museum from H. Ruschweigh, 6th July 1844 (note on 3rd flyleaf [f. i]) ('Ruschweigh' is perhaps a mis-spelling of 'Ruscheweyh', a more common surname; some details of the acquisition may be found in Sir Frederic Madden's diary for 10 June, and 1, 3, & 5 July 1844), using the Bridgewater fund (£12,000 bequeathed in 1829 by Francis Henry Egerton, 8th Earl of Bridgewater (b. 1756, d. 1829).
Notes The suffrages are preceded by a rubric 'Cy apres sensuivent les memoires des sains et des saintes et de toutes les festes de l'an selonc lordenance du kallendier. Excepte que le kallendier commence le premier iour de Janvier. Et les memoires commencent a l'avant. Et premier le memoire de saint andrieu apostre' (f. 80v), yet the suffrages do not correspond fully with the calender in this manuscript.
Select bibliography Catalogue of Additions to the Manuscripts in the British Museum in the Years 1841-1845 (London: British Museum, 1850), 1844, p. 155.

Walter de Gray Birch and Henry Jenner, Early Drawings and Illuminations: An Introduction to the Study of Illustrated Manuscripts (London: Bagster and Sons, 1879), p. 13.

J. A. Herbert, Illuminated Manuscripts (London: Methuen, 1911), p. 283.

[J. A. Herbert], British Museum: Reproductions from Illuminated Manuscripts, Series 3, 3rd edn (London: British Museum, 1925), pls 36-37.

A Guide to the Exhibition of Some Part of the Egerton Collection of Manuscripts in the British Museum (London: British Museum, 1929), no. 20.

Grete Ring, A Century of French Painting 1400-1500 (London: Phaidon, 1949), no. 101, fig. 8, pl. 5.

Millard Meiss, French Painting in the Time of Jean de Berry: The Late XIV Century and the Patronage of the Duke, 2 vols, National Gallery of Art Kress Foundation Studies in the History of European Art, 2 (London: Thames and Hudson, 1967), pp. 357, 381 n. 64.

Millard Meiss, with Kathleen Morand and Edith W. Kirsch, French Painting in the Time of Jean de Berry: The Boucicaut Master, National Gallery of Art Kress Foundation Studies in the History of European Art, 3 (London: Phaidon, 1968), pp. 42, 54, 69, 95 f., 125 f., figs 148, 205-9.

Millard Meiss, French Painting in the Time of Jean de Berry: The Limbourgs and their Contemporaries, 2 vols (London: Thames & Hudson, 1974), I, pp. 328-29.

François Avril and Nicole Reynaud, Les Manuscrits à Peintures en France 1440-1520 (Paris: Flammarion, 1993), no. 122 [exhibition catalogue].

Janet Backhouse, 'Illuminated Manuscripts Associated with Henry VII and Members of his Immediate Family', in The Reign of Henry VII: Proceedings of the 1993 Harlaxton Symposium, ed. by Benjamin Thompson (Stamford: Paul Watkins, 1995), pp. 175-87 (p. 182).

Janet Backhouse, The Illuminated Page: Ten Centuries of Manuscript Painting in the British Library (London: British Library, 1997), no. 134.

Gabriele Bartz, Der Boucicaut Meister: Ein unbekanntes Stundenbuch (Passau: Kölbl, 1999), pp. 119-20.

Maurits Smeyers, Flemish Miniatures from the 8th to the mid-16th Century (Leuven: Brepols, 1999), p. 265, pls 45, 46 on p. 264.

Albert Châtelet, L'Âge d'or du manuscrit à peintures en France au temps de Charles VI et Les Heures du Maréchal Boucicaut (Dijon: Institut de France, 2000), pp. 178-79, fig. 117.

Nicolas Bell Music in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2001), p. 44-45.

Paris 1400: Les arts sous Charles VI (Paris: Réunion des musées nationaux, 2004), no. 165.

Janet Backhouse, Illumination from Book of Hours (London: British Library, 2004), fig. 49.

Treasures of the British Library, ed. by Nicolas Barker and others (London: British Library, 2005), p. 128.

Marc-Edouard Gautier, ed., Splendeur de l’enluminure: Le roi René et les livres (Angers: Ville d’Angers, 2009), pp. 196, 206-11 [exhibition catalogue].

Royal Manuscripts: The Genius of Illumination (London: British Library, 2011), no. 144 [exhibition catalogue].
Last revised: 24 February 2006


Images

Part  1   ff. 6-153v
Book of Hours, Use of Paris ('The Hours of René d'Anjou')
* * *
 
Jerusalem

f. 5
Jerusalem
January

f. 6
January
February

f. 6v
February
 
March

f. 7
March
April

f. 7v
April
May

f. 8
May
 
June

f. 8v
June
July

f. 9
July
August

f. 9v
August
 
September

f. 10
September
October

f. 10v
October
November

f. 11
November
 
December

f. 11v
December
December

f. 11v
December
John

f. 12
John
 
Luke

f. 12v
Luke
Matthew

f. 13
Matthew
Mark

f. 13v
Mark
 
The Annunciation

f. 15v
The Annunciation
The Annunciation

f. 15v
The Annunciation
Virgin Mary

f. 16
Virgin Mary
 
The Nativity

f. 24v
The Nativity
Virgin Mary

f. 25
Virgin Mary
The Visitation

f. 29v
The Visitation
 
The Visitation

f. 29v
The Visitation
Virgin Mary

f. 30
Virgin Mary
Blank folio

f. 32
Blank folio
 
The Annunciation to the Shepherds

f. 32v
The Annunciation to the Shepherds
Shepherd

f. 33
Shepherd
Adoration of the Magi

f. 34v
Adoration of the Magi
 
Horsemen

f. 35
Horsemen
The Presentation in the Temple

f. 36v
The Presentation in the Temple
Gate

f. 37
Gate
 
Landscape

f. 39
Landscape
The Coronation of the Virgin

f. 41v
The Coronation of the Virgin
Initial

f. 42
Initial
 
King David

f. 44v
King David
King David

f. 44v
King David
Landscape

f. 45
Landscape
 
Text page

f. 52v
Text page
~Memento Mori~

f. 53
Memento Mori
~Memento Mori~

f. 53
Memento Mori
 
Office of the Dead

f. 54v
Office of the Dead
Grave

f. 55
Grave
The Trinity

f. 70v
The Trinity
 
The Divine Office

f. 72
The Divine Office
All Saints

f. 73v
All Saints
The Pentecost

f. 74v
The Pentecost
 
Pentecostal Dove

f. 75
Pentecostal Dove
The Host

f. 76
The Host
The Crucifixion

f. 77v
The Crucifixion
 
Virgin and Child

f. 79
Virgin and Child
Andrew

f. 80v
Andrew
Andrew

f. 80v
Andrew
 
Egidius and Nicholas

f. 81
Egidius and Nicholas
Thomas and the Birth of the Virgin

f. 82
Thomas and the Birth of the Virgin
Stephen and John

f. 82v
Stephen and John
 
The Slaughter of the Innocents and Thomas

f. 83
The Slaughter of the Innocents and Thomas
The Adoration of the Magi and Sylvester

f. 83v
The Adoration of the Magi and Sylvester
William and Hilary

f. 84
William and Hilary
 
Maurus

f. 84v
Maurus
Maurus

f. 84v
Maurus
Sulpitius and Sebastian

f. 85
Sulpitius and Sebastian
 
Agnes and Vincent

f. 85v
Agnes and Vincent
Paul and Julian

f. 86
Paul and Julian
Charles

f. 86v
Charles
 
Charles

f. 86v
Charles
Bathilde and the Purification of the Virgin

f. 87
Bathilde and the Purification of the Virgin
Blaise and Agatha

f. 87v
Blaise and Agatha
 
Peter and Matthias

f. 88
Peter and Matthias
Thomas and Gregory

f. 88v
Thomas and Gregory
Benedict and the Annunciation

f. 89
Benedict and the Annunciation
 
Mary and Ambrose

f. 89v
Mary and Ambrose
The Resurrection and Apollonia

f. 90
The Resurrection and Apollonia
Denis and George

f. 90v
Denis and George
 
Mark and Peter Martyr

f. 91
Mark and Peter Martyr
James and Phillip and Helena

f. 91v
James and Phillip and Helena
Quirinus and John

f. 92
Quirinus and John
 
Yves and the Ascension

f. 92v
Yves and the Ascension
Germain and the Pentecost

f. 93
Germain and the Pentecost
The Trinity and the elevation of the host

f. 93v
The Trinity and the elevation of the host
 
Barnabas and John the Baptist

f. 94
Barnabas and John the Baptist
Peter

f. 94v
Peter
Peter

f. 94v
Peter
 
Paul and Peter

f. 95
Paul and Peter
Margaret and Mary Magdalen

f. 95v
Margaret and Mary Magdalen
Margaret and Mary Magdalen

f. 95v
Margaret and Mary Magdalen
 
James

f. 96
James
Christopher

f. 96v
Christopher
Virgin and Child with Anne

f. 97
Virgin and Child with Anne
 
Peter and Stephen

f. 97v
Peter and Stephen
Lawrence; the Crown of Thorns

f. 98
Lawrence; the Crown of Thorns
Radegunde

f. 98v
Radegunde
 
The Assumption of the Virgin; Marcellus

f. 99
The Assumption of the Virgin; Marcellus
Bartholomew and Louis

f. 99v
Bartholomew and Louis
Augustine

f. 100
Augustine
 
John the Baptist and Fiacre

f. 100v
John the Baptist and Fiacre
Giles and Lupus

f. 101
Giles and Lupus
Nativity of the Virgin and praise of the Holy Cross

f. 101v
Nativity of the Virgin and praise of the Holy Cross
 
Matthew

f. 102
Matthew
Maurice, Cosmas and Damian

f. 102v
Maurice, Cosmas and Damian
The Archangel Michael and the Instruments of the Passion

f. 103
The Archangel Michael and the Instruments of the Passion
 
Remigius and Francis

f. 103v
Remigius and Francis
Denis

f. 104
Denis
Luke

f. 104v
Luke
 
The Eleven Thousand Virgins; Simon and Jude

f. 105
The Eleven Thousand Virgins; Simon and Jude
Quentin and All Saints

f. 105v
Quentin and All Saints
Office of the Dead

f. 106
Office of the Dead
 
Office of the Dead

f. 106
Office of the Dead
Marcel and Leonard

f. 106v
Marcel and Leonard
Matelin and Martin

f. 107
Matelin and Martin
 
Cecilia and Clement

f. 107v
Cecilia and Clement
Catherine and Genevieve

f. 108
Catherine and Genevieve
Anthony

f. 108v
Anthony
 
Gervasius and Protasius; Opportuna

f. 109
Gervasius and Protasius; Opportuna
Urban

f. 109v
Urban
Urban

f. 109v
Urban
 
The Wafer of Dijon

f. 110
The Wafer of Dijon
The Virgin and Child with John

f. 111
The Virgin and Child with John
The Trinity

f. 112
The Trinity
 
The Institution of the Eucharist

f. 113
The Institution of the Eucharist
Virgin and Child

f. 115
Virgin and Child
Office of the Dead

f. 117
Office of the Dead
 
The Betrayal of Christ

f. 118v
The Betrayal of Christ
The Road to Calvary

f. 124v
The Road to Calvary
The Flagellation

f. 129v
The Flagellation
 
Text page

f. 134
Text page
Christ Pierced with the Lance

f. 134v
Christ Pierced with the Lance
Scenes from Genesis

f. 140
Scenes from Genesis
 

Part  2   ff. 4v, 5, 53, 110, 139
Book of Hours, Use of Paris ('The Hours of René d'Anjou')
* * *
 
Arms

f. 4v
Arms
Arms

f. 4v
Arms
The Wafer of Dijon

f. 110
The Wafer of Dijon
 
King David and the three heroes

f. 139
King David and the three heroes

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