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Detailed record for Egerton 1945

Author Bruno de Segni (Bruno Astensis)
Title Commentary on the Psalms
Origin Italy, Central (the diocese of Benevento ?)
Date 1st half of the 12th century
Language Latin
Script Beneventan minuscule
Decoration 7 large decorated initials in colours and gold, some with interwoven quadrupeds (dogs?) at Psalms 26, 38, 52, 68, 80, 97, 109 (ff. 65v, 102, 142, 193, 243v, 291, 333v); the initial for Psalm 1 added later or repainted (f. 1v). Large interlace initials in colours in combinations of red, green, yellow, and/or blue, some with animal heads, some unfinished (e.g. ff. 122v, 124v). Large initial in red with penwork decoration (f. 101v). Highlighting of letters in yellow, green, and/or red. Rubrics of Psalm text in red. Incipit in red and blue (f. 1v). Line-fillers in red and brown.
Dimensions in mm 235 x 150 (170 x 100)
Official foliation ff. v + 423 ( + 4 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the beginning and at the end; ff. iv and v are at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house. Marbled end-papers.
Provenance Several erased ownership ? inscriptions on the flyleaves, and a note of the number of quires 'iii quarterniones sunt in hoc volumine' (f. 423).
ff. i-ii and iv-v (at the end) are fragments of a 14th- or 15th-century large Itailian choirbook with 2 large blue initials with red penwork decoration (ff. ii, iv), and a red initial with blue penwork decoration (f. iv verso).
Inscription of the date of 1308 (f. iii).
Purchased from M. Tross of Paris, 17 October 1863 by the British Museum using the Bridgewater fund (12,000 bequeathed in 1829 by Francis Henry Egerton, 8th Earl of Bridgewater (b. 1756, d. 1829).
Notes Musical notation on flyleaves.
Select bibliography Catalogue of Additions to the Manuscripts in the British Museum in the Years 1853-1875 (London: British Museum, 1877), no. Eg.1945.

E. A. Loew, The Beneventan Script: A History of the South Italian Minuscule, 2nd ed. and enlarged by Virginia Brown, 2 vols (Rome: Edizioni di Storia e Letteratura, 1980), II: Hand List of Beneventan MSS., Sussidi Eruditi, 34, p. 53.


Images
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Decorated initial

f. 1v
Decorated initial
Illuminated initial

f. 65v
Illuminated initial
Illuminated initial

f. 243v
Illuminated initial
 

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