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Detailed record for Egerton 2020

Author Sarapion the Younger
Title Translation of the herbal (The 'Carrara Herbal'), including the Liber agrega, Herbolario volgare; De medicamentis, with index (ff. 263-265)
Origin Italy, N. (Padua)
Date between c. 1390 and 1404
Language Italian
Script Gothic
Scribe Jacopo Filippo
Decoration 2 full border in colours and gold, with heraldic decoration (ff. 4, 267). 1 large historiated initial with author portrait in colours on a gold ground (f. 4). Numerous miniatures of plants in colours. 6 large initials on gold grounds, with foliage extending into the margins with gold balls (ff. 1v, 99v, 146, 161, 244, 267). 1 small initial in gold on coloured ground (f. 267). Large initials in red with brown penwork decoration, or in blue with red penwork decoration (from f. 267, in red with blue penwork decoration). Paraphs in red or blue. Initials in brown highlighted in yellow. Decorated catchwords. Numerous spaces left for miniatures.
Dimensions in mm 350 x 240
Official foliation ff. 289 ( + 1 unfoliated paper flyleaf at the beginning and 4 at the end)
Collation i-xii 10 (4-123); xiii 8 (ff. 124-131); xiv-xv 10 (ff. 132-151); xvi 9 (10-1, the ninth folio excised) (ff. 152-160); xvii-xxvi 10 (ff. 161-260); xxvii 2 (ff. 261-262); xxviii 4 (ff. 263-266); xxix 10 (ff. 267-276); xxx 8 (ff. 277-284); xxxi 5 (6-1, the last leaf excised) (ff. 285-289).
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house. Rebound in 1965; mounted on guards; previous in Russia, gilt.
Provenance Written by Jacopo Filippo (Jacob Phillip) of Padua: with his colophon 'Frater Jacobus phyllipus de padua ordinis heremitarum scripsit' (f. 289v) for Francesco da Carrara, the last lord of Padua (d. 1404): his arms, emblems, and initial 'F' (ff. 4, 267).
Ulisse Aldrovandi of Bologna (b. 1522, d. 1605), naturalist: inscription (paper strip pasted onto f. 3v).
ff. 1-2v are 19th-century ? notes in Italian on blue paper.
Purchased on 13 October 1866 from J. T. Payne by the British Museum in 1866, using the Bridgewater fund (£12,000 bequeathed in 1829 by Francis Henry Egerton, 8th Earl of Bridgewater (b. 1756, d. 1829).
Notes An Italian translation, possibly from a Latin translation, of a treatise orginally written in Arabic by Serapion the Younger (Ibn Sarabi, likely 12th century).
Select bibliography Catalogue of Additions to the Manuscripts in the British Museum in the Years 1853-1875 (London: British Museum, 1877), no. Eg. 2020.

Walter de Gray Birch and Henry Jenner, Early Drawings and Illuminations: An Introduction to the Study of Illustrated Manuscripts (London: Bagster and Sons, 1879), p. 10.

A Guide to the Exhibition of Some Part of the Egerton Collection of Manuscripts in the British Museum (London: British Museum, 1929), no. 127.

Otto Pächt, 'Early Italian Nature Studies and the Early Calendar Landscape', Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes, 13 (1950), 13-47 (pp. 30-31).

Loren MacKinney, Medical Illustrations in Medieval Manuscripts, Wellcome Historical Medical Library, 5, 2 parts bound together (London: Wellcome Historical Medical Library, 1965), with Thomas Herndon, Part II, Medical Miniatures in Extant Manuscripts: A Checklist, no. 37.

Felix Andreas Baumann, Das Erbario Carrarese und die Bildtradition des Tractatus de herbis, Berner Schriften zur Kunst, 12 (Bern: Benteli, 1974).

Millard Meiss, with Sharon Off Dunlap Smith and Elizabeth Home Beaton, French Painting in the Time of Jean de Berry: The Limbourgs and Their Contemporaries, 2 vols (London: Thames and Hudson, 1974), p. 183, fig. 679.

Peter Murray Jones, Medieval Medical Miniatures (London: British Library, 1984), pp. 89-90, pl. VI.

Peter Jones, 'Secreta Salernitana', Kos (1984), 33-50 (esp. p. 34).

John E. Murdoch, Album of Science: Antiquity and the Middle Ages, ed. by I. B. Cohen (New York: Scribner's Sons, 1984), no. 197.

Wolf-Dieter Müller-Jahncke, ‘Die botanische Illustratione des 14. und 15. Jahrhunderts in Italien’, in Die Kunst und das Studium der Natur vom 14. zum 16. Jahrhundert, ed. by Wolfram Prinz and Andreas Beyer (Cologne: Acta humaniora, 1987), pp. 75-81 (p. 78, pl. 3).

Lucia Tongiorgi Tomasi, ‘Toward the Scientific Naturalism: Aspects of Botanical and Zoological Iconography in Manuscripts and Printed Books in the Second half of XV [sic] century’, in Die Kunst und das Studium der Natur vom 14. zum 16. Jahrhundert, ed. by Wolfram Prinz and Andreas Beyer (Cologne: Acta humaniora, 1987), pp. 91-101 (p. 96).

Two East Anglian Picture Books : A Facsimile of the Helmingham Herbal and Bestiary and Bodleian Ms. Ashmole 1504, ed. by Nicholas Barker (London: The Roxburghe Club, 1988), p. 16 n. 2.

Wilifred Blunt and Sandra Raphael, The Illustrated Herbal, 2nd edn (London: Lincoln, 1994), pp. 41, pls. 66-67.

Robert W. Scheller, Exemplum: Model-Book Drawings and the Practice of Artistic Transmission in the Middle Ages (ca. 900 - ca. 1450) (Amsterdam: University Press, 1995), pp. 64-65.

Dizionario biografico dei miniatori Italiani: Secoli IX-XVI, ed. by Milvia Bollati (Milan: Bonnard, 2004), p. 1040.

Celia Fisher, Flowers in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2004), p. 9-10.

Alixe Bovey, Tacuinum Sanitatis: An Early Renaissance Guide to Health (London: Sam Fogg, 2005), p. 28, fig. 8.

Peter Jones, 'The Medieval Encyclopedia: Science and Practice', in The Cambridge Illuminations: Ten Centuries of Book Production in the Medieval West, ed. by Paul Binski and Stella Panayotova (London: Harvey Miller, 2005), pp. 297-303 (p. 301).

Treasures of the British Library, ed. by Nicolas Barker and others (London: British Library, 2005), p. 127.

Sarah Rozalja Kyle, 'The Carrara herbal in context : imitation, exemplarity, and invention in late fourteenth-century Padua' (doctoral dissertation, Emory University, 2010).


Images
* * *
 
Border

f. 4
Border
Tree

f. 4v
Tree
Plant

f. 5
Plant
 
Plants

f. 7v
Plants
Plant

f. 12v
Plant
Plant

f. 14
Plant
 
Plants

f. 17
Plants
Plant

f. 17v
Plant
Plant

f. 18v
Plant
 
Plant

f. 19
Plant
Plant

f. 19
Plant
Plant

f. 20
Plant
 
Tree

f. 23v
Tree
Plant

f. 24
Plant
Plant

f. 26
Plant
 
Plant

f. 26
Plant
Plant

f. 26
Plant
Plant

f. 26v
Plant
 
Grape vine

f. 27v
Grape vine
Grapes

f. 29
Grapes
Plants

f. 32
Plants
 
Vines

f. 33v
Vines
Basil

f. 50v
Basil
Basil

f. 50v
Basil
 
Plants

f. 52v
Plants
Plant

f. 53v
Plant
Plant

f. 59
Plant
 
Plant

f. 61
Plant
Decorated initial

f. 99v
Decorated initial
Text page

f. 103v
Text page
 
Decorated initial

f. 146
Decorated initial
Melon

f. 146
Melon
Plant

f. 164v
Plant
 
Plant

f. 165
Plant
Plant

f. 166
Plant
Plant

f. 169v
Plant
 
Illuminated initial

f. 244
Illuminated initial
Colophon

f. 289v
Colophon

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