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Detailed record for Egerton 2045

Part 1 ff. 4-345 
Title Hours, Use of Rome
Origin France, Central, Paris
Date c. 1460 - c. 1470
Language Latin, and some French
Script Gothic cursive
Artists Maître François
Decoration 1 fullpage miniature (f. 62v) and 11 full-page miniatures surrounding a few lines of text with a large decorated initials, some including human heads, in colours and gold (ff. 25, 82, 89, 95, 100v, 106, 115v, 138, 172v, 178v, 280), accompanied by decorated initials and full foliate borders on the facing page, in colours and gold. Smaller puzzle initials in red and blue with pen-flourishing in blue and red. Smaller initials in red with blue pen-flourishing or in blue with red pen-flourishing. Small initials in plain red or blue. Line-fillers decorated in red and blue.
Dimensions in mm 85 x 60 (45 x 25)
 
Part 2  
Title Miniatures added to a Book of Hours
Origin Netherlands, S. (Bruges)
Date c. 1480 - c. 1485
Artists The Master of the Dresden Prayer book c. 1480-85 (see Brinkmann 1997).
Decoration 1 full-page miniature (f. 16v) and 5 full-page miniatures surrounding three or four lines of text (ff. 185v, 216v, 233v, 254v, 260v).
 
Official foliation ff. 347 (f. 1 is the upper pastedown)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Red velvet over wooden boards. Gold filigree clasp and corner pieces; rebacked; gilt edges.
Provenance Unidentified owner: erased arms (f. 25) and motto 'Hasta la meurte' (until death) (f. 63, border); the historiated initial at the start of the Office of the Dead depicts the Crucifixion flanked by the letters 'N I' (f. 280). The motto also appears in Sheffield, Graves Art Gallery MS R.3548 (see N. R. Ker [and A. J. Piper], Medieval Manuscripts in British Libraries, 5 vols (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1983-2002), 4, Paisley-York (1992), p. 276).
Louis de Luxembourg (b. 1418, d. 1475), Count of Saint-Pol and Constable of France: inscribed '[Ainsi?] sera Luxembourg' (inside upper cover)
? Albert Frederick, Elector of Brandenburg, who married, in 1573, Mary Eleanora, elder daughter of William, 5th Duke of Juliers and Clèves: inscribed 'Cest mon heur / brandenburgk etc.' (f. 2).
Magdalena of Cleve-Jülich (b. 1553, d. 1633), and her sister Sibylle of Cleve-Jülich (b. 1557, d. 1627), the younger daughters of the same Duke of Clèves: inscribed '1579 / ce que dieu veult / Magdalene de Cleves', and '1579 / en dieu me fie / Sibille de Cleves' (f. 2v).
Diane de Dommartin (b. 1550, d. after 1635), Countess of Fontenoy: inscribed 'Diane de Dompmartin' (f. 346).
Matthew Uzielli (d. 1860), banker, railway magnate, and collector: inscribed 'no 1025 / Matthew Uzielli / 1860' (f. 3); his sale, 12 April 1861, lot 263.
Purchased by the British Museum from Pickering, 25 January 1868 (note inside upper cover), using the Bridgewater fund (£12,000 bequeathed in 1829 by Francis Henry Egerton, 8th Earl of Bridgewater (b. 1756, d. 1829).
Select bibliography J. C. Robinson, Catalogue of the Works of Art Forming the Collection of Matthew Uzielli, Esq., of Hanover Lodge, Regent's Park, London (London: 1860), p. 303 no. 1025.

Catalogue of Additions to the Manuscripts in the British Museum in the Years 1853-1875 (London: British Museum, 1877), no. Eg. 2045.

Walter de Gray Birch and Henry Jenner, Early Drawings and Illuminations: An Introduction to the Study of Illustrated Manuscripts (London: Bagster and Sons, 1879), p. 16.

[George Warner], Reproductions from Illuminated Manuscripts, Series I, (London: British Museum, 1907), pl. 31.

J. A. Herbert, Illuminated Manuscripts (London: Methuen, 1911), p. 283, pl. xliii..

British Museum: Guide to the Exhibited Manuscripts, 3 parts (London: British Museum, 1923), III: Illuminated Manuscripts and Bindings of Manuscripts Exhibited in The Grenville Library, no. 65.

A Guide to the Exhibition of Some Part of the Egerton Collection of Manuscripts in the British Museum (London: British Museum, 1929), no. 23.

Janet Backhouse, Books of Hours (London: British Library, 1985), pp. 26-27, fig. 20.

Bodo Brinkmann, Die flämische Buchmalerei am Ende des Burgunderreichs: der Meister des Dresdener Gebetbuchs und die Miniaturisten seiner Zeit, 2 vols (Turnhout: Brepols, 1997), I, pp. 261-64, 389, II, col-pl. 39, pls. 246-51.

Scot McKendrick, Flemish Illuminated Manuscripts 1400-1550 (London: British Library, 2003), pls. 69-70.

Janet Backhouse, Illumination from Book of Hours (London: British Library, 2004), fig. 85.
Last revised: 27 February 2006


Images

Part  1   ff. 4-345
Hours, Use of Rome
* * *
 
The Annunciation

f. 25
The Annunciation
The Visitation

f. 62v
The Visitation
Nativity

f. 82
Nativity
 
Annunciation to the Shepherds

f. 89
Annunciation to the Shepherds
Adoration of the Magi

ff. 94v-95
Adoration of the Magi
Adoration of the Magi

f. 95
Adoration of the Magi
 
Presentation

f. 100v
Presentation
Flight into Egypt

f. 106
Flight into Egypt
Coronation

f. 115v
Coronation
 
David

f. 138
David
Crucifixion

f. 172v
Crucifixion
Pentecost

f. 178v
Pentecost
 
Crucifixion of the 11,000

f. 280
Crucifixion of the 11,000

Part  2  
Miniatures added to a Book of Hours
* * *
 
John on Patmos

f. 16v
John on Patmos
Mass of Gregory

f. 185v
Mass of Gregory
Mary teaching

f. 216v
Mary teaching
 
Mary teaching

f. 216v
Mary teaching
Pieta

f. 233v
Pieta
Michael defeating Lucifer

f. 254v
Michael defeating Lucifer
 
Michael defeating Lucifer

f. 254v
Michael defeating Lucifer
Soul

f. 260v
Soul
Soul

f. 260v
Soul
 

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