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Detailed record for Egerton 2902

Part 1 ff. 1-151 
Title Sacramentary, imperfect, including a calendar (ff. 1-6v) and computus (f. 7)
Origin Eastern Mediterranean (Jerusalem or Acre?)
Date between 1229 and 1244
Language Latin
Script Gothic, written above top line
Scribe Attributed perhaps to Normandus (see Notes)
Decoration 1 full-page miniature in colours of the Crucifixion (f. 14v). 2 large historiated initials in colours (ff. 14, 62). 8 large initials in colours with foliate decoration (ff. 14, 20, 56, 64v, 74v, 83, 100v, 112). 'KL' letters in red and blue. Large initials in red or blue, some with penwork decoration in the other colour, or also in a dark-blue/green (f. 104). Table with washes in red, blue, and yellow (f. 7). Text in red. From ff. 140-151, initials in red only. Highlighting of letters in red.
Dimensions in mm 300 x 215 (200 x 125)
 
Part 2 ff. ii-ii verso, iv, vi 
Title Fragments of a Legenda, used as pastedowns and flyleaves; of Anastasii, Emerentiana, Michaelis in Monte Tancia, and Gordiani and Epimachi
Origin Italy
Date 13th century
Language Latin
Script Gothic
Decoration Large initials in red, some with penwork decoration. Rubrics in red.
Dimensions in mm 420 x x 300 (315 x 195) in two columns
 
Official foliation ff. vi + 156
Form Parchment codex
Binding Pre-1600. 15th-century (?) brown leather with blind tooling and brass studs over wooden boards.
Provenance ? Commissioned by Patriarch Gerold of Jerusalem (1225-1239), formerly abbot of Cluny and bishop of Valence: the calendar contains several references to Jerusalem, including the consecration of the Holy Sepulchre on 15 July 'Dedicatio ecclesie dominici sepulchri et liberatio ierusalem' , and also saints from the south of France, including Trophime of Arles, and Apollinaris, bishop of Valence (see discussion Folda 1995 p. 210; for a detailed list see The British Library on-line and printed catalogue. (Dondi argues that the addition of the missa pro regina on f. 124 in a nearly contemporary hand suggests that the manuscript was used at a time when a queen ruled in the Holy Land, and that Isabel II, queen regnant (1212-1228) is the only possibility (See Dondi 2004 p. 86)).
? Used in Cyprus: late 13th-century addition of the mass of Acatius, who was venerated in Nicosia, with initials in red or blue with penwork decoration in the other colour (f. 151v).
? Italian Augustinian Friars Hermits: 14th-century addition of January and February, in an Italian script, evidently for the use of Augustinian Friars Hermits (February 6, 'Anniversarium patrum et matrum ordinis nostri'; February 9 [for 10 ?]: 'S. Guillemi' in red; February 28 'Translatio S. Augustini' (f. 1v); and text (ff. 7v-8v) .
Bernard Alexander Christian Quaritch (b. 1819, d.1899), bookseller and publisher: his General Catalogue. Supplement. 8. Bibliotheca liturgica, London, 1895, no. 27, listed for £90.
George Dunn (b. 1865, d. 1912) of Woolley Hall, near Maidenhead: his book-plate (f. i); his note '46' and coded price with ' G. D. May 1907' (f. iii); and note in pencil 'Hospitaller or Carmelite sacamentary about 1210 (Kerney): for his fuller account see Quar. Gen Cat. Suppl. 8 fol. 5 (1895) Supp 5 (1893)' (upper pastedown); his sale: Sotheby's, London, 14 February 1913, lot 578, bought by the British Museum, using the Farnborough Fund (£3,000 bequeathed in 1838 by Charles Long, Baron Farnborough (b. 1761, d. 1838), a cousin of Francis Henry Egerton, 8th Earl of Bridgewater (b. 1756, d. 1829), founder of the collection.
Notes According to Wormald 1954, the scribe who wrote this manuscript was also responsible for Additional 57528, which is signed 'Normandus'.
If written in Jerusalem, between 1228, when the city was taken by the Latins, and 1244, when the Latin kingdom came to an end.
Partly misbound.
f. i is a book-plate, f. ii is the inside upper pastedown, f. iii is a flyleaf; f. iv is a flyleaf at the end, f. v is a portion of parchment cut into the shape of a heart affixed to the lower inside cover; f. vi is the pastedown on the lower inside cover.
Select bibliography Catalogue of Additions to the Manuscripts in the British Museum in the Years 1911-1915, 2 vols (London: British Museum, 1925), I, no. Eg. 2902 [with detailed description].

A Guide to the Exhibition of Some Part of the Egerton Collection of Manuscripts in the British Museum (London: British Library, 1929), no. 67.

Francis Wormald, 'The Pontifical of Apamea', Het Nederlands Kunsthistorisch Jarrboek, 5 (1954), pp. 271-79 (pp. 276-79, fig. 2).

Hugo Buchthal and Francis Wormald, Miniature Painting in the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1957), pp. xxxi, 47-48, 93, 107-21, 136, 144 no. 10, pls 55b-56, 138a, 144 as no. 10.

T. S. R. Boase, ‘Ecclesiastical Art in the Crusader States in Palestine and Syria’, in A History of the Crusades, ed. by Kenneth M. Setton, 6 vols (Madison: University of Wisconsin, 1969-89), IV: The Art and Architecture of the Crusader States, ed. by Harry W. Hazard (1977), pp. 69-139 (pp. 129-31).

Andrew G. Watson, Catalogue of Dated and Datable Manuscripts c. 700-1600 in The Department of Manuscripts: The British Library, 2 vols (London: British Library, 1979), I, no. 615.

Barbara Zeitler, 'The Distorting Mirror: Reflections on the Queen Melisende Psalter (London, B. L., Egerton 1139)', in Through the Looking Glass: Byzantium Through British Eyes, ed. by Robin Cormack and Elizabeth Jeffreys, Society for the Promotion of Byzantine Studies, 7 (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2000), pp. 69-81 (p. 75 n. 34).

Christina Dondi, The Liturgy of the Canons Regular of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem: A Study and a Catalogue of the Manuscript Sources, Bibliotheca Victorina, 16 (Turnhout: Brepols, 2004), pp. 13, 69-71, 77, 81, 85-6, 92, 104, 113, 201, 216-24, 253, 279-90, 340, pl. 12.

Jaroslav Folda, Crusader Art in the Holy Land, from the Third Crusade to the Fall of Acre: 1187-1291 (Cambridge: University Press, 2005), pp. 210-12, 217, fig. 118.


Images

Part  1   ff. 1-151
Sacramentary, imperfect, including a calendar (ff. 1-6v) and computus (f. 7)
* * *
 
July

f. 4
July
Christ

f. 14
Christ
Detail

f. 14
Detail
 
Crucifixion

f. 14v
Crucifixion
Crucifixion

f. 14v
Crucifixion
Christ

f. 62
Christ
 
Decorated initial

f. 64v
Decorated initial

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