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Detailed record for Egerton 3153

Title Missal, including a calendar (ff. 1v-7)
Origin Eastern Mediterranean (Acre), or France
Date 3rd quarter of the 13th century
Language Latin
Script Gothic, written below top line
Decoration 1 full-page miniature in colours of the Crucifixion at the beginning of the Canon of the Mass (f. 83). 14 large initials in colours and gold, one with a dragon (f. 147) (ff. 81v, 82v ( x 2), 83v, 98v, 101v (mainly excised), 126, 147, 155v ( x 2), 160v, 161, 165). Large initials in gold or in red, with red and blue pen-flourishing, some forming a partial border, and with animal heads (e.g., ff. 8, 84). Puzzle initials in red and blue, with red and blue penwork decoration (ff. 16, 68v, 69v, 74, 79, 85v, 186). Large 'KL' initials in red and blue with penwork decoration (ff. 1-7). Small initials in red or blue. Marginal line-fillers and decoration in blue and red, some in the form of animal heads (e.g. f. 33v). Many initials excised. Square musical notation on a red four-line staves.
Dimensions in mm 230 x 165 (160 x 115) in two columns
Official foliation ff. 1-192 ( + 2 unfoliated modern paper flyleaves at the beginning and 3 at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Blue leather.
Provenance Perhaps commissioned by the patriarchate of William II of Agen (1262-1270): see discussion Folda 1976, Dondi 2004: inclusion in its calendar of the liberation of Jerusalem on 15 July (f. 4v); rubric for the procession of Palm Sunday 'Hic est ordo processionis in ramis palmarum more sancti sepulchri Ierusalem' (f. 67); the feasts of Dominic and Francis are later additions.
Numerous added texts and marginal notations.
Added sequences and masses in 13th- and 14th-century hands (ff. 189v-192v).
The prior of Prouille, department of Aude: 14th-century inscription 'Istud (?) missale quod ego prior Prolianj emi propriis sumptibus emj ego dedi Laurencio Maurinj servitori meo pro serviciis mihi impencis et in testimonium huius manus mea' (f. 192).
Inscription dated 1430 'Anno domini m.iiij.xxx.septimo et die vero xij mensis iulii quia ipse infirmabatur de una tibia' (f. 192).
Limoux, department of the Aude: 1635-1650 inscriptions of the election of consuls and other officers of Limoux (ff. 1v-6v, 72v): see British Library on-line and printed catalogue.
Bought by the British Museum in 1938, using the Bridgewater fund (12,000 bequeathed in 1829 by Francis Henry Egerton, 8th Earl of Bridgewater (b. 1756, d. 1829).
Notes Square musical notation on a red four-line stave.
A leaf excised between ff. 142-143, to judge by the offsets.
There are no saints of the Holy Sepulchre in the calendar or in the sanctoral; the saints in the calendar are those for south-western France, and local entries are related to Naples: Heramus, bishop of Formies (2 June); Nicander and Germanus, patron saints of the the diocese of Venafro (17 June), and Germanus, bishop of Capua (30 October), according to Dondi 2004 p. 88.
Select bibliography Hugo Buchthal and Francis Wormald, Miniature Painting in the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem (Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1957), pp. 48-51, 95, 97, 137, 144-145 as no. 13, pl. 57.

The British Museum Catalogue of Additions to the Manuscripts 1936-1945, 2 vols (London: British Museum, 1970), I, no. Eg. 3153.

Jaroslav Folda, Crusader Manuscript Illumination at Saint-Jean d'Acre, 1275-1291 (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1976), pp. 22 n. 96, 159, 215.

Christina Dondi, The Liturgy of the Canons Regular of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem: A Study and a Catalogue of the Manuscript Sources, Bibliotheca Victorina, 16 (Turnhout: Brepols, 2004), pp. 13, 67-71, 88-9, 104, 118, 229-35, 279-90, 342, pl. 14 [with additional bibliography].

Jaroslav Folda, Crusader Art in the Holy Land, from the Third Crusade to the Fall of Acre: 1187-1291 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005), pp. 296, 301-302, fig. 153, CD no. 80.


Images
* * *
 
June

f. 4
June
Illuminated initial

f. 81v
Illuminated initial
Detail

f. 81v
Detail
 
Detail

f. 82v
Detail
Detail

f. 82v
Detail
The Crucifixion

f. 83
The Crucifixion
 
Dragon

f. 147
Dragon

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