You are in Introduction. Click here to skip the navigation.
British Library
Digital Catalogue of Illuminated Manuscripts
 Detail from the Roman de la Rose
About Simple search Manuscript search Advanced search  Virtual exhibitions Glossaries Contact us  Main
print Print this page
home Home
site search Search British Library website
back Back

search tips  Search tips
 
 

 

 
 

Detailed record for Egerton 608

Title Four Gospels, with list of lections (ff. 168v-177)
Origin Germany, W. (Echternach) (now Luxembourg)
Date 2nd or 3rd quarter of the 11th century
Language Latin
Script Caroline minuscule
Scribe Theodericus (ff. 1-86v)
Decoration 10 full-page miniatures in colours and gold, of Christ in Majesty opposite two clerics presenting a book, and Evangelist portraits opposite the Annunciation, the Nativity, the Crucifixion, and th Ascension, respectively (ff. 1v, 2, 19v, 20, 59v, 60, 87v, 88, 133v, 134). Canon tables in colours and gold (ff. 7v-15). A purple page, followed by text in gold framed in a full-page design, and a large initial in gold framed in a full-page design at the beginning of Jerome's letter and each Gospel (ff. 1, 2v, 3; 19, 20v, 21; 59, 60v, 61; 87, 88v, 89; 133, 134v, 135). Large foliate initials in gold on grounds of red, green, and blue, some also in further borders. Initials in gold (chrysography). Incipits and explicits in gold, some in coloured frames. Running headings and Eusebian references in gold.
Dimensions in mm 235 x 170 (165 x 100)
Official foliation ff. 177 (+ an unfoliated paper notice at the beginning)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Pre-1600. Original oak boards, re-backed; numerous nail-holes and a large recess in the upper board suggest that there was a metalwork covering and inserted plaque or relic; evidence of metalwork clasps; gilt edges; .
Provenance The monastery of St Willibrord, Echternach: evidence of the script and decoration: see Boeckler; Nordenfalk.
? Count de Renesse-Breidbach, who sold 437 objects, including one manuscript, on 1 October 1835 in Antwerp: book-plate with the printed 'Ex Bibliotheca Renessiana No' inscribed '1' (inside upper cover),
Thomas Rodd the younger (b. 1796, d. 1849), London bookseller, bought in January 1836 by the British Museum, using the Bridgewater fund (£12,000 bequeathed in 1829 by Francis Henry Egerton, 8th Earl of Bridgewater (b. 1756, d. 1829).
Notes Facing miniatures are now separated by an inserted paper leaf.
Select bibliography List of Additions to the Manuscripts in the British Museum in the Years 1836-1840 (London: British Museum, 1843), 1836, p. 42.

W. R. Tymms and M. D. Wyatt, The Art of Illuminating as Practised in Europe from the Earliest Times (London: Day and Sons, 860; repr. Studio Editions, 1987), pl. XI.1.

Walter de Gray Birch and Henry Jenner, Early Drawings and Illuminations: An Introduction to the Study of Illustrated Manuscripts (London: Bagster and Sons, 1879), p. 4.

John Bradley, Illuminated Manuscripts, 2nd edn (London: Bracken Books, 1920), p. 252 no. 6.

A Guide to the Exhibition of Some Part of the Egerton Collection of Manuscripts in the British Museum (London: British Museum, 1929), no. 2.

Albert Boeckler, Das Goldene Evangelienbuch Heinrichs III (Berlin: Deutscher Verein für Kunstwissenschaft, 1933), pp. 44-46, 49, 51 ns 2-3, 83-85, pls 214-17 [Facsimile].

H. H. Glunz, History of the Vulgate in England from Alcuin to Roger Bacon (Cambridge: University Press, 1933), nos 15, 15a.

Theodor Klauser, Das ro¨mische capitulare evangeliorum: Texte und Untersuchungen zu seiner a¨ltesten Geschichte, Liturgiegeschichtliche Quellen und Forschungen, 28 (Munster: Aschendorffschen, 1935), p. L no. 161.

Exposition Saint-Willibrord: Abbaye d'Echternach 24 May-24 August 1958 (Luxembourg: St-Paul, 1958), p. 91.

Otto Pächt, C. R. Dodwell, and Francis Wormald, The St. Albans Psalter (Albani Psalter) (London: Warburg Institute, 1960), pp. 117-18, pl. 137b.

Franz Ronig, Die Buchmalerei des 11. und 12. Jahrhunderts in Verdun (Cologne: [n. pub.], 1967), pp. 47, 186 ns 195, 207.

Carl Nordenfalk, Codex Caesareus Upsaliensis: An Echternach Gospel-Book of the Eleventh Century, 2 vols (Stockholm: Almquist & Wiksell, 1971), commentary volume, pp. 42, 69-70, 81, 114 137, passim, figs 19, 33, 82 (as 'Ege') [with facsimile volume].

Otto Pächt, Buchmalerei des Mittelalters (Munich: Prestel, 1984), p. 185, fig. 192.

Bonifatius Fischer, Beiträge zur Geschichte der lateinischen Bibeltexte, Vetus Latina, 12 (Freiburg: Herder, 1986), p. 229.

François Avril, Claudia Rabel, and Isabelle Delaunay, Manuscrits enluminés d’origine germanique (Paris: Bibliothèque nationale de France, 1995- ), I: Xe-XIVe siècle, p. 32, 35, 92-93.

Canossa 1077: Erschütterung der Welt, ed. by Christoph Stiegemann and Matthias Wemhoff, 2 vols (Munich: Hirmer, 2006), II, 378 [exhibition catalogue].

Scot McKendrick and Kathleen Doyle, Bible Manuscripts: 1400 Years of Scribes and Scripture (London: British Library, 2007), pp. 62-63, fig. 49-50.

Thomas Falmagne, in collaboration with Luc Deitz, Die Echternacher Handschriften bis zum Jahr 1628 in den Beständen der Bibliothèque nationale de Luxembourg: sowie der Archives dioce´saines de Luxembourg, der Archives nationales, der Section historique de l'Institut grand-ducal und des Grand Se´minaire de Luxembourg, 2 vols (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2009), I, p. 141.
Last revised: 18 August 2006


Images
* * *
 
Upper cover

Upper cover
Upper cover


f. 1
Christ in Majesty

f. 1v
Christ in Majesty
 
Ecclesiastic and deacon

f. 2
Ecclesiastic and deacon
Ecclesiastic and deacon

f. 2
Ecclesiastic and deacon
Chrysography

f. 2v
Chrysography
 
Illuminated initial

f. 3
Illuminated initial
Illuminated initial

f. 3
Illuminated initial
Illuminated initial

f. 3v
Illuminated initial
 
Illuminated initials

f. 7
Illuminated initials
Canon table

f. 7v
Canon table
Canon table

f. 8
Canon table
 
Canon table

f. 8v
Canon table
Canon table

f. 9
Canon table
Canon table

f. 9v
Canon table
 
Canon table

f. 10
Canon table
Canon table

f. 10v
Canon table
Canon table

f. 11
Canon table
 
Canon table

f. 11v
Canon table
Canon table

f. 12
Canon table
Canon table

f. 12v
Canon table
 
Canon table

f. 13
Canon table
Chapters

f. 13v
Chapters
Chapters

f. 14
Chapters
 
Chapters

f. 14v
Chapters
Chapters

f. 15
Chapters
Illuminated initial

f. 15v
Illuminated initial
 
Curtain

f. 19
Curtain
Matthew

f. 19v
Matthew
Matthew

f. 19v
Matthew
 
The Annunciation

f. 20
The Annunciation
The Annunciation

f. 20
The Annunciation
Illuminated text

f. 20v
Illuminated text
 
Illuminated text

f. 20v
Illuminated text
Illuminated initial

f. 21
Illuminated initial
Illuminated initial

f. 21
Illuminated initial
 
Text page

f. 21v
Text page
Illuminated initial

f. 57
Illuminated initial
Illuminated initial

f. 58
Illuminated initial
 
Silk curtain.

f. 59
Silk curtain.
Mark

f. 59v
Mark
Mark

f. 59v
Mark
 
Mark

f. 59v
Mark
Mark

f. 59v
Mark
The Nativity

f. 60
The Nativity
 
Illuminated initials

f. 60v
Illuminated initials
Illuminated initials

f. 61
Illuminated initials
Illuminated initials

f. 61
Illuminated initials
 
Illuminated initial

f. 83
Illuminated initial
Purple page

f. 87
Purple page
Luke

f. 87v
Luke
 
Luke

f. 87v
Luke
The Crucifixion

f. 88
The Crucifixion
The Crucifixion

f. 88
The Crucifixion
 
Illuminated letters

f. 88v
Illuminated letters
Illuminated letters

f. 88v
Illuminated letters
Illuminated initial

f. 89
Illuminated initial
 
Illuminated initial

f. 89
Illuminated initial
Silk curtain

f. 133
Silk curtain
John

f. 133v
John
 
John

f. 133v
John
The Ascension

f. 134
The Ascension
The Ascension

f. 134
The Ascension
 
Chrysography

f. 134v
Chrysography
Chrysography

f. 134v
Chrysography
Illuminated initial

f. 135
Illuminated initial
 
Illuminated initials

f. 177
Illuminated initials

print Print this page
home Home
site search Search British Library website
back Back
top Back