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Detailed record for Egerton 745

Title Life of Eustace and other saints, and a collection of moral treatises
Origin France, Central (Paris)
Date 1st half of the 14th century
Language French
Script Gothic cursive
Artists Attributed to the Maubeuge painter (Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, fr. 10132), a collaborator of the Sub-Fauvel Master (ff. 25, 27v, 28v, 30v, 33, 33v, 35v, 36v, 38v, 39v, 73, 78v, 91, 213v), and two other painters (A: Life of St Eustace, ff. 1-9, and Life of St Denis, ff. 41-72v; B: 131, 199v, 207) (see Stones 1998).
Decoration 9 full-page miniatures, in colours and gold (ff. 1, 2, 3v, 4, 5v, 6, 7v, 8v, 9). Small column-wide miniatures, in colours and gold (ff. 25 (x2), 27v, 28v, 30v, 33, 33v, 35v, 36v, 38v, 42 (x2), 42v (x2), 43v (x2), 47 (x2), 47v (x2), 48v (x2), 49v (x2), 52, 55v (x2), 56v (x2), 63, 66 (x2), 67 (x2), 67v, 68 (x2), 69, 73, 78, 81v, 91, 131, 199v, 207, 213v). Small double-column-wide miniatures, in colours and gold (ff. 44v, 45, 46, 50, 50v, 51, 51v, 52, 53, 53v, 54, 54v, 57, 57v, 58, 59v, 61v, 62, 62v, 63v, 64v, 65); offsets of missing miniatures on ff. 24v and 41. Large and small initials in gold on red and blue grounds.
Dimensions in mm 235 x 175 (175 x 120) in two columns
Official foliation ff. 232 (+ 1 blank leaf after f. 24; + 1 unfoliated original flyleaf at the beginning, and 1 at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. 18th(?)-century green velvet.
Provenance Gui III de Châtillon (b. c. 1265, d. 1317), or his son Jean (d. 1344), Counts of St Pol: knight kneeling before the Virgin wearing the arms of the Counts of St Pol, followed by an initial including the arms (f. 33).
Bought by the British Museum from Thomas Thorpe, bookseller, 17 June 1839 (note on 1st flyleaf), using the Bridgewater fund (£12,000 bequeathed in 1829 by Francis Henry Egerton, 8th Earl of Bridgewater (b. 1756, d. 1829).
Notes Full digital coverage available for this manuscript: see Digitised Manuscripts at http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts.
The original sequence of the texts has been changed. The manuscript consists of four blocks of texts (see Rouse and Rouse, 'Saint-Pol' (2010):
ff. 1-24: Life of St Eustace (quires i-v)
ff. 25-40: Les x commandements, Laidenge et convoitise, Rule of St Benedict in French, Les xv joies de la Vierge, Les meditations, Les vii vertus, Une proiere d'un chevalier devant Nostre Dame, three sermons attributed to Gregory, and Les Vers d'aumosne (quires vi-vii);
ff. 41-90v: Vie de Saint Denis, Vie de Saint Martin, Vie de Saint Gildas, Auctorites (quires viii-xiv);
ff. 91-232: Life of Edward the Confessor, Barlaam et Josapat, Chaton en romans, De doctrinal le sauvage and Les moralites (quires xiii-xxxii).
Select bibliography List of Additions to the Manuscripts in the British Museum in the Years 1836-1840 (London: British Museum, 1843), Eg. no. 745.

Walter de Gray Birch and Henry Jenner, Early Drawings and Illuminations: An Introduction to the Study of Illustrated Manuscripts (London: Bagster and Sons, 1879), p. 9,

H. L. D. Ward and J. A. Herbert, Catalogue of Romances in the Department of Manuscripts in the British Museum, 3 vols (London: British Museum, 1883-1910), II (1893), pp. 137-39.

A Guide to the Exhibition of Some Part of the Egerton Collection of Manuscripts in the British Museum (London: British Museum, 1929), no. 11.

Janet Backhouse, The Illuminated Page: Ten Centuries of Manuscript Painting in the British Library (London: British Library 1997), no. 76.

Alison Stones, 'The Stylistic Context of the Roman de Fauvel, with a Note on Fauvain', in Fauvel Studies: Allegory, Chronicle, Music, and Image in Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France, MS français 146, ed. by Margaret Bent and Andrew Wathey (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1998), 529-67 (pp. 546, 559).

Deirdre Jackson, Marvellous to Behold: Miracles in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2007), pl. 20.

Richard H. Rouse and Mary A. Rouse, 'French Literature and the Counts of Saint-Pol ca. 1178-1377', Viator, 41/1 (2010), 101-140 (pp. 118-22).

Alison Stones,Gothic manuscripts, 1260-1320 4 vols (London: Harvey Miller, 2013), 1.I, pp. 104, 119, 1.II, pp. 62, 132, 137, 2.II, pp. 93, 250, 251-57.


Images
* * *
 
Baptism of Eustace

f. 1
Baptism of Eustace
Eustace with a wolf and a lion

f. 2
Eustace with a wolf and a lion
Eustace addressing Trajan's envoys

f. 3v
Eustace addressing Trajan's envoys
 
Eustace before a king

f. 4
Eustace before a king
Battle

f. 5v
Battle
Reunion of Eustace’s sons

f. 6
Reunion of Eustace’s sons
 
Eustace rand his family

f. 7v
Eustace rand his family
Eustace in the lion's den.

f. 8v
Eustace in the lion's den.
Eustace in the brazen bull

f. 9
Eustace in the brazen bull
 
Image offset

f. 24v
Image offset
The Ten Commandments

f. 25
The Ten Commandments
Laidenge et convoitise

f. 27v
Laidenge et convoitise
 
Benedict

f. 28v
Benedict
Ave Maria

f. 30v
Ave Maria
Count de Chatillon praying

f. 33
Count de Chatillon praying
 
Knight praying to the Virgin and Child

f. 33
Knight praying to the Virgin and Child
Pope Gregory preaching

f. 33v
Pope Gregory preaching
Gregory's first sermon

f. 33v
Gregory's first sermon
 
Detail of a miniature of Pope Gregory preaching to a crowd, ...

f. 35v
Detail of a miniature of Pope Gregory preaching to a crowd, ...
Gregory's second sermon

f. 35v
Gregory's second sermon
Gregory's third sermon

f. 36v
Gregory's third sermon
 
Gregory's third sermon

f. 36v
Gregory's third sermon
Almsgiving

f. 38v
Almsgiving
Giving bread to the poor

f. 38v
Giving bread to the poor
 
Illuminated initials

f. 39v
Illuminated initials
Peter and Paul, Nero

f. 42
Peter and Paul, Nero
Pope Clement

f. 42v
Pope Clement
 
Denis, Regulus and idols falling

f. 43v
Denis, Regulus and idols falling
Denis, Eleutherius and Rusticus

f. 44v
Denis, Eleutherius and Rusticus
Dedicating a church

f. 45
Dedicating a church
 
Denis preaching

f. 46
Denis preaching
Denis preaching

f. 46
Denis preaching
Domitian; a martyrdom

f. 47
Domitian; a martyrdom
 
Denis preaching

f. 47v
Denis preaching
Denis persecuted

f. 47v
Denis persecuted
Denis, Santicus and Antoninus; Denis and Sisinnius

f. 48v
Denis, Santicus and Antoninus; Denis and Sisinnius
 
Larcia; beheading of Lisbius

f. 49v
Larcia; beheading of Lisbius
Denis flogged

f. 50
Denis flogged
Denis on the grill

f. 50v
Denis on the grill
 
Lions' den

f. 51
Lions' den
Crucifixion; miraculous communion

f. 52
Crucifixion; miraculous communion
Sissinius shows bodies of martyrs

f. 53
Sissinius shows bodies of martyrs
 
Denis flogged

f. 53v
Denis flogged
Doves at Arles

f. 54v
Doves at Arles
Denis with his severed head; souls ascend to Heaven

f. 55v
Denis with his severed head; souls ascend to Heaven
 
Martyrdom of Larcia

f. 56v
Martyrdom of Larcia
Burial of Denis

f. 57
Burial of Denis
Regulus blessing the tomb

f. 57v
Regulus blessing the tomb
 
Catulla baptised

f. 58
Catulla baptised
Antoninus

f. 59v
Antoninus
Sadragesillus, Chlotar and Dagobert

f. 61v
Sadragesillus, Chlotar and Dagobert
 
Clothar pursues Dagobert

f. 62
Clothar pursues Dagobert
Clothar seeks Dagobert

f. 62v
Clothar seeks Dagobert
Clothar and Dagobert reunited

f. 63
Clothar and Dagobert reunited
 
Coronation of Dagobert; translation of the relics

f. 63v
Coronation of Dagobert; translation of the relics
Leper at St Denis

f. 64v
Leper at St Denis
Dedication of St Denis

f. 65
Dedication of St Denis
 
Leper miraculously cured

f. 66
Leper miraculously cured
Dagobert dying

f. 67
Dagobert dying
Bishops and cleric

f. 67v
Bishops and cleric
 
Dagobert's soul rescued

f. 68
Dagobert's soul rescued
Ansoald and Audoenus

f. 69
Ansoald and Audoenus
Martin of Vertou

f. 73
Martin of Vertou
 
Gildas instructing a pupil

f. 78
Gildas instructing a pupil
Text page

f. 80
Text page
Men with gloves

f. 81v
Men with gloves
 
Edward the Confessor

f. 91
Edward the Confessor
Barlaam instructing Josaphat

f. 131
Barlaam instructing Josaphat
Cato and pupil

f. 199v
Cato and pupil
 
Bernard le Sauvage

f. 207
Bernard le Sauvage
Clerics debating

f. 213v
Clerics debating


f. 214v
 


f. 232v

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