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Detailed record for Egerton 747

Author Bartholomaei Mini de Senis; Platearius; Nicolaus of Salerno
Title Tractatus de herbis (Herbal); De Simplici Medicina ; Circa instans; Antidotarium Nicolai
Origin Italy, S. (Salerno)
Date between c. 1280 and c. 1310
Language Latin
Script Gothic
Decoration Numerous miniatures of plants in colours, usually several on a page. Initials in red or blue, some with penwork decoration in the other colour.
Dimensions in mm 360 x 240 (written in two columns)
Official foliation ff. 1* 147 ( + 2 unfoliated modern paper flyleaves at the beginning and 3 at the end + an unfoliated parchment leaf after f. 111; f. 1* is a paper flyleaf)
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house.
Provenance Bought on 10 July 1839 at Southgate's by the British Museum, using the Bridgewater fund (£12,000 bequeathed in 1829 by Francis Henry Egerton, 8th Earl of Bridgewater (b. 1756, d. 1829) (inscription, f. 1*).
Notes This is the oldest copy of the Tractatus.
Select bibliography List of Additions to the Manuscripts in the British Museum in the Years 1836-1840 (London: British Museum, 1843), 1839, p. 15.

A Guide to the Exhibition of Some Part of the Egerton Collection of Manuscripts in the British Museum (London, 1929), no. 18.

Otto Pacht, 'Early Italian Nature Studies and the Early Calendar Landscape', Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes, 13 (1950), 13-47 (p. 29).

Loren MacKinney, Medical Illustrations in Medieval Manuscripts, Wellcome Historical Medical Library, 5, 2 parts bound together (London: Wellcome Historical Medical Library, 1965), with Thomas Herndon, Part II, Medical Miniatures in Extant Manuscripts: A Checklist, no. 32.

Eleanour Sinclair Rohde, The Old English Herbals (New York: Dover Publications, 1971, repr. of Longmans, Green, 1922), p. 193.

Felix Andreas Baumann, Das Erbario Carrarese und die Bildtradition des Tractatus de herbis, Berner Schriften zur Kunst, 12 (Bern: Benteli, 1974), esp. p. 102.

Luisa Cogliati Arano, The Medieval Health Handbook: Tacuinum Sanitatis, trans. and adapted by Oscar Ratti and Adele Westbrook (London: Barrie & Jenkins, 1976), p. 153.

Bernhard Degenhart and Annegrit Schmitt, Corpus der Italienischen Zeichnungen 1300-1450, part 2 in two volumes (Berlin: Gerb. Mann, 1980), II, pls. 556, 558, 561, 563.

Peter Murray Jones, Medieval Medical Miniatures (London: British Library, 1984), fig. 39.

Peter Jones, 'Secreta Salernitana', Kos (1984), 33-50.

Wolf-Dieter Müller-Jahncke, ‘Die botanische Illustratioe des 14. und 15. Jahrhunderts in Italien’, in Die Kunst und das Studium der Natur vom 14. zum 16. Jahrhundert, ed. by Wolfram Prinz and Andreas Beyer (Cologne: Acta humaniora, 1987), pp. 75-81 (p. 76, pl. 1).

Lucia Tongiorgi Tomasi, ‘Toward the Scientific Naturalism: Aspects of Botanical and Zoological Iconography in Manuscripts and Printed Books in the second half of XV [sic] century’, in Die Kunst und das Studium der Natur vom 14. zum 16. Jahrhundert, ed. by Wolfram Prinz and Andreas Beyer (Cologne: Acta humaniora, 1987), pp. 91-101 (pp. 98-99).

Two East Anglian Pictur Books : A Facsimile of the Helmingham Herbal and Bestiary and Bodleian Ms. Ashmole 1504, ed. by Nicholas Barker (London: The Roxburghe Club, 1988), pp. 16, 31.

Wilifred Blunt and Sandra Raphael, The Illustrated Herbal, 2nd edn (London: Lincoln, 1994), pp. 61, pls 56, 58, 60).

Peter Murray Jones, Medieval Medicine in Illuminated Manuscripts, 2nd edn (London: British Library, 1998; first publ. as Medieval Medical Miniatures, 1984), pp. 67-68, fig. 61.

Minta Collins, Medieval Herbals: The Illustrative Traditions (London: British Library, 2000), pp. 239-65, pls XXII-XXIV.

A Medieval Herbal: A Facsimile of British Library Egerton MS 747, intro. by Minta Collins, list of plants by Sandra Raphael (London: British Library, 2003).

Celia Fisher, Flowers in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2004), pp. 7-8.

Alixe Bovey, Tacuinum Sanitatis: An Early Renaissance Guide to Health (London: Sam Fogg, 2005), p. 20, p. 35 n. 22.

Jean A. Givens, Observation and Image-Making in Gothic Art (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005), pp. 90-92, 95, 99, pls 28, 30.

Jean A. Givens, ‘Reading and Writing the Illustrated Tractatus de herbis, 1280-1526’, in Visualising Medieval Medicine and Natural History, 1200-1550, ed. by Jean A. Givens, Karen M. Reeds, and Alain Touwaide, AVISTA Studies in the History of Medieval Technology, Science, and Art, 5 (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2006), pp. 115-45 (pp. 115-25).

Jean A. Givens and D. Stewart, 'The Illustrated Tractatus de Herbis: Images, Infomation and Communication design', Medievalia, a journal of Medieval Studies, 29.1 (2008), 179-206.

Bartholomaeus Mini de Senis, Tractatus de herbis: Ms London, British Library, Egerton 747, ed. by Iolanda Ventura, Edizione nazionale: La Scuola Medica Salernitana', 5 (Florence: Edizioni del Galluzzo, 2009) [a critical edition].

Iolanda Ventura, 'Une oeuvre et ses lecteurs: la diffusion du Circa instans salernitain' in Florilegium mediaevale. Études offertes à Jacqueline Hamesse à l’occasion de son éméritat (Louvain: Institut d’Études Médiévales, 2009), pp. 585-607.

Tractatus de Herbis: Sloane MS 4016, ed. by Alain Touwaide (Barcelona: M. Moleiro, 2013), pp. 51-53..


Images
* * *
 
Doctor

f. 1
Doctor
Aloe Wood and Gold

f. 2
Aloe Wood and Gold
Chaste Tree, Alum, and Celery

f. 3
Chaste Tree, Alum, and Celery
 
Buttercups

f. 3v
Buttercups
Fir Tree and Dill

f. 4v
Fir Tree and Dill
Asphodel and Garlic

f. 5
Asphodel and Garlic
 
Yellow Flag

f. 5v
Yellow Flag
Wormwood

f. 6
Wormwood
Cashew Nut Tree

f. 6v
Cashew Nut Tree
 
Birthwort and Ambergris

f. 7
Birthwort and Ambergris
Mugwort, Tansy, and Feverfew

ff. 7v-8
Mugwort, Tansy, and Feverfew
Mugwort

f. 7v
Mugwort
 
Tansy and Feverfew

f. 8
Tansy and Feverfew
Orpiment, Bitumen, and Acanthus

f. 9
Orpiment, Bitumen, and Acanthus
Maidenhair Fern and Agrimony

f. 9v
Maidenhair Fern and Agrimony
 
Coltsfoot and Marshmallow

f. 10
Coltsfoot and Marshmallow
King's Spear, Ambrosia, and Asarabacca

f. 10v
King's Spear, Ambrosia, and Asarabacca
Garden Orach; Rose; Anthora Monkshood

f. 11
Garden Orach; Rose; Anthora Monkshood
 
Oats, Caraway, and Amomum

f. 11v
Oats, Caraway, and Amomum
Wood Sorrel, Sorrel, Strawberry Tree, and Balsam

f. 12
Wood Sorrel, Sorrel, Strawberry Tree, and Balsam
Armenian bole

f. 12v
Armenian bole
 
Pomegranate and Borage

f. 13
Pomegranate and Borage
Borax

f. 13v
Borax
Betony

f. 14
Betony
 
Acanthus

f. 14v
Acanthus
Barberry or Hawthorn and Cotton

f. 15
Barberry or Hawthorn and Cotton
Alkanet or Bugloss

f. 15v
Alkanet or Bugloss
 
Vervain

f. 16
Vervain
Sorrel, Shepherd's Purse, and White Bryony

f. 16v
Sorrel, Shepherd's Purse, and White Bryony
Milk Thistle

f. 17
Milk Thistle
 
Great Burdock and Box

f. 17v
Great Burdock and Box
Brazilwood, Butcher's Broom, and Beet

f. 18
Brazilwood, Butcher's Broom, and Beet
Amaranthus and Cyclamen

f. 18v
Amaranthus and Cyclamen
 
Colocynth and Purging Cassia

f. 19v
Colocynth and Purging Cassia
Flax Dodder and Cardamom

f. 20
Flax Dodder and Cardamom
Capers

f. 20v
Capers
 
Calamint and Centaury

f. 21
Calamint and Centaury
Cassia Bark

f. 21v
Cassia Bark
Castor

f. 22
Castor
 
Cinnamon and Germander Speedwell

f. 23
Cinnamon and Germander Speedwell
Ground-pine

f. 23v
Ground-pine
Caraway, Cumin, and Hemlock

f. 24
Caraway, Cumin, and Hemlock
 
Saffron Crocus and Safflower

f. 24v
Saffron Crocus and Safflower
Rush or Galingale and Sweet Flag

f. 25
Rush or Galingale and Sweet Flag
Rock Samphire and Costus

f. 26
Rock Samphire and Costus
 
Gourd

f. 26v
Gourd
Coriander and Chervil

f. 27v
Coriander and Chervil
Hemp and Thistle

f. 28
Hemp and Thistle
 
Teasel and Sweet Chamomile

f. 28v
Teasel and Sweet Chamomile
Navelwort and Onion

f. 29
Navelwort and Onion
Swine Cress and Reed

f. 29v
Swine Cress and Reed
 
Pot Marigold, Rustyback Fern, and Candellaria

f. 30
Pot Marigold, Rustyback Fern, and Candellaria
Comfrey, and Self-heal

f. 30v
Comfrey, and Self-heal
Cottonweed and Cherry

f. 31
Cottonweed and Cherry
 
Goat's Rue and Honeysuckle

f. 31v
Goat's Rue and Honeysuckle
Scammony

f. 32
Scammony
Gum tragacanth

f. 32v
Gum tragacanth
 
Carrot and Fraxinella

f. 33
Carrot and Fraxinella
Tormentil and Date

f. 33v
Tormentil and Date
Endive and Dodder

f. 34
Endive and Dodder
 
Elecampane and Officinal Spurge

f. 34v
Elecampane and Officinal Spurge
Agrimony and Emblic

f. 35
Agrimony and Emblic
Liverwort and Squirting Cucumber

f. 35v
Liverwort and Squirting Cucumber
 
Hellebore

f. 36
Hellebore
Leafy Spurge and Wild Rocket

f. 36v
Leafy Spurge and Wild Rocket
Dwarf Elder and Ivy

f. 37
Dwarf Elder and Ivy
 
Stinking Iris and Chicory

f. 37v
Stinking Iris and Chicory
Eyebright and Flamula

f. 38
Eyebright and Flamula
Dropwort and Ash

f. 39
Dropwort and Ash
 
Fennel and Fenugreek

f. 39v
Fennel and Fenugreek
Polypody and Wild Strawberry

f. 40
Polypody and Wild Strawberry
Rock Rose, Spindle, and Spurge Laurel

f. 40v
Rock Rose, Spindle, and Spurge Laurel
 
Nightshade, Orphine, and Broad Bean

f. 41
Nightshade, Orphine, and Broad Bean
Ferula and Fig

f. 41v
Ferula and Fig
Cloves

f. 42
Cloves
 
Yellow Gentian and Greater Galangal

f. 42v
Yellow Gentian and Greater Galangal
Resin

f. 43
Resin
Wood Avnes and Corncockle

f. 43v
Wood Avnes and Corncockle
 
Common Gromwell, Clary, and Oak Galls

f. 44
Common Gromwell, Clary, and Oak Galls
Osyris and Broom

f. 44v
Osyris and Broom
Couch Grass

f. 45
Couch Grass
 
Gratiola, Lavender, and Joseph's Coat

f. 45v
Gratiola, Lavender, and Joseph's Coat
Snakeshead Iris and Squinancy Root

f. 46
Snakeshead Iris and Squinancy Root
Heliotrope and Thistle

f. 46v
Heliotrope and Thistle
 
Thyme

f. 47
Thyme
Costmary, Primrose, and Henbane

f. 47v
Costmary, Primrose, and Henbane
Basil Thyme and Hyssop

f. 48
Basil Thyme and Hyssop
 
Lords and Ladies and Iris

f. 48v
Lords and Ladies and Iris
Cytinus and Juniper

f. 49
Cytinus and Juniper
St John's Wort and Horsetail

f. 49v
St John's Wort and Horsetail
 
Grapevine and Woad

f. 50
Grapevine and Woad
Ground-pine, Primrose, and Garlic

f. 50v
Ground-pine, Primrose, and Garlic
Moly, Amber, and Laudanum

f. 51
Moly, Amber, and Laudanum
 
Liquorice and Lapis Lazuli

f. 51v
Liquorice and Lapis Lazuli
White Lily and Tea-Tree

f. 52
White Lily and Tea-Tree
Ash and Mercury

f. 52v
Ash and Mercury
 
Dock

f. 53
Dock
Lettuce and Lupin

f. 53v
Lettuce and Lupin
Bay Laurel and Lentisk

f. 54
Bay Laurel and Lentisk
 
Lentil and Spurge Laurel

f. 54v
Lentil and Spurge Laurel
Lovage

f. 55
Lovage
Darnel and Hop

f. 55v
Darnel and Hop
 
Goat's Beard and Prickly Lettuce

f. 56
Goat's Beard and Prickly Lettuce
Flax, Toadflax, and Duckweed

f. 56v
Flax, Toadflax, and Duckweed
Hound's Tongue and Viper's Bugloss

f. 57
Hound's Tongue and Viper's Bugloss
 
Ribwort Plantain, Common Sow Thistle, and Burdock

f. 57v
Ribwort Plantain, Common Sow Thistle, and Burdock
Bilberry

f. 58
Bilberry
Melilot and Marsh Mallow

f. 58v
Melilot and Marsh Mallow
 
Malva ortensis

f. 59
Malva ortensis
Spearmint

f. 59v
Spearmint
Peppermint and Mint

f. 60
Peppermint and Mint
 
Pearls and Mumia

f. 60v
Pearls and Mumia
Mandrake and Baldmoney

f. 61
Mandrake and Baldmoney
Quince

f. 61v
Quince
 
Pomegranate and Crabapple

f. 62
Pomegranate and Crabapple
White Horehound and Honey

f. 62v
White Horehound and Honey
Muscus

f. 63
Muscus
 
Mace and Sweet Marjoram

f. 64
Mace and Sweet Marjoram
Lemon Balm and Mulberry or Blackberry

f. 64v
Lemon Balm and Mulberry or Blackberry
Honeysuckle and Alexanders

f. 65
Honeysuckle and Alexanders
 
Devil's Bit Scabious, Herb Robert, and Storksbill

f. 65v
Devil's Bit Scabious, Herb Robert, and Storksbill
Yarrow and Aubergine

f. 66
Yarrow and Aubergine
Melon and Watercress

f. 66v
Melon and Watercress
 
Pepperwort and Waterlily

f. 67
Pepperwort and Waterlily
Nutmeg, Coconut, Melagueta Pepper, and Nux Vomica

ff. 67v-68
Nutmeg, Coconut, Melagueta Pepper, and Nux Vomica
Nutmeg and Coconut

f. 67v
Nutmeg and Coconut
 
Melegueta Pepper, and Nux Vomica

f. 68
Melegueta Pepper, and Nux Vomica
Love-in-a-Mist and Sea Daffodil

f. 68v
Love-in-a-Mist and Sea Daffodil
Medlar and Sweet Basil

f. 69
Medlar and Sweet Basil
 
Gum

f. 69v
Gum
Wild Marjoram

f. 70
Wild Marjoram
Tamarind and Barley

f. 70v
Tamarind and Barley
 
Deer Cartilage, Cuttlebone, and Frankincense

f. 71
Deer Cartilage, Cuttlebone, and Frankincense
Oleander and Pellitory

f. 71v
Oleander and Pellitory
Pepper

f. 72
Pepper
 
Peony

f. 72v
Peony
Papaver and Opium

f. 73
Papaver and Opium
Corn Poppy and Hog's Fennel

f. 73v
Corn Poppy and Hog's Fennel
 
Parsley and Fleabane

f. 74
Parsley and Fleabane
Stone Pine and Plum

f. 74v
Stone Pine and Plum
Fleawort and Polypody

f. 75
Fleawort and Polypody
 
Pellitory-of-the-Wall

f. 75v
Pellitory-of-the-Wall
Purslane and Pennyroyal

f. 76
Purslane and Pennyroyal
Pear and Citron

f. 76v
Pear and Citron
 
Grapevine and Pistacio

f. 77
Grapevine and Pistacio
Mountain Germander and Greater Plantain

f. 77v
Mountain Germander and Greater Plantain
Ribwort Plantain

f. 78
Ribwort Plantain
 
Creeping Cinquefoil and Knotgrass

f. 78v
Creeping Cinquefoil and Knotgrass
Maidenhair Spleenwort and Daisy

f. 79
Maidenhair Spleenwort and Daisy
Asparagus and Lungwort

f. 79v
Asparagus and Lungwort
 
Redshank and Indian Liquorice

f. 80
Redshank and Indian Liquorice
Great Burnet and Mouse-ear Hawkweed

f. 80v
Great Burnet and Mouse-ear Hawkweed
Periwinkle and Spotted Orchid

f. 81
Periwinkle and Spotted Orchid
 
Peach

f. 81v
Peach
Tuberous Hawkbit and Wall Barley

f. 82
Tuberous Hawkbit and Wall Barley
Dove's-foot Cranesbill and Leek

f. 82v
Dove's-foot Cranesbill and Leek
 
Rose

f. 83
Rose
Horseradish

f. 83v
Horseradish
Radish and Rhubarb

f. 84
Radish and Rhubarb
 
Reuponticum and Madder

f. 84v
Reuponticum and Madder
Rue

f. 85
Rue
Rosemary and Blackberry

f. 85v
Rosemary and Blackberry
 
Dittander and Heliotrope

f. 86
Dittander and Heliotrope
Rice and Wild Radish

f. 86v
Rice and Wild Radish
Turnip

f. 87
Turnip
 
Spikenard

f. 87v
Spikenard
Black Nightshade and Chinese Lantern

f. 88
Black Nightshade and Chinese Lantern
Sulphur and Houseleek

f. 88v
Sulphur and Houseleek
 
Soapwort and Dragon's Blood Resin

f. 89
Soapwort and Dragon's Blood Resin
Camel Grass and White Mustard

f. 89v
Camel Grass and White Mustard
Sarcocolla and Helichrysum

f. 90
Sarcocolla and Helichrysum
 
French Lavender and Orchid

f. 90v
French Lavender and Orchid
Chicory, Figwort, and Ivory

f. 91
Chicory, Figwort, and Ivory
Sea-kale and Lizards

f. 91v
Sea-kale and Lizards
 
Asparagus and Savin

f. 92
Asparagus and Savin
Burnet Saxifrage and Water Mint

f. 92v
Burnet Saxifrage and Water Mint
Sage and Scabious

f. 93
Sage and Scabious
 
Watercress and Dragon Arum

f. 93v
Watercress and Dragon Arum
Willow and Elder

f. 94
Willow and Elder
Sea Onion

f. 94v
Sea Onion
 
Sicilian Sumach

f. 95
Sicilian Sumach
White Sandalwood and Alexandrian senna

f. 95v
White Sandalwood and Alexandrian senna
Wild Thyme and Savory

f. 96
Wild Thyme and Savory
 
Crab-grass and Hart's-tongue Fern

f. 96v
Crab-grass and Hart's-tongue Fern
Sea Bindweed and Spinach

f. 97
Sea Bindweed and Spinach
Scallion and Cleavers

f. 97v
Scallion and Cleavers
 
Meadow Rue and Jasmine

f. 98
Meadow Rue and Jasmine
Christ's Thorn, Star-thistle, and Sebesten Plum

f. 98v
Christ's Thorn, Star-thistle, and Sebesten Plum
Solomon's Seal

f. 99
Solomon's Seal
 
Burnet and Sorbus

f. 99v
Burnet and Sorbus
Fool's Parsley

f. 100
Fool's Parsley
Tamarisk

f. 100v
Tamarisk
 
Spurge, Cypress Spurge, and Turpeth Root

f. 101
Spurge, Cypress Spurge, and Turpeth Root
Spanish Turpeth Root and Mullein

f. 101v
Spanish Turpeth Root and Mullein
Turpentine, Caltrops, and Clover

f. 102
Turpentine, Caltrops, and Clover
 
Tormentil and Clover

f. 102v
Tormentil and Clover
Sweet Violet and Vitrum Glass

f. 103
Sweet Violet and Vitrum Glass
Teasel and Black Bryony

f. 103v
Teasel and Black Bryony
 
Purple Deadnettle and Stinging Nettle

f. 104
Purple Deadnettle and Stinging Nettle
Stonecrop and Bindweed

f. 104v
Stonecrop and Bindweed
Swallow Wort and Parsley

f. 105
Swallow Wort and Parsley
 
Ginger and Turmeric

f. 105v
Ginger and Turmeric
Sugar-cane

f. 106
Sugar-cane
Sweet-pea and Yarrow

f. 106v
Sweet-pea and Yarrow
 
Pimpernels

f. 107
Pimpernels
Wall Germander and Andronica

f. 107v
Wall Germander and Andronica
Vervain and Blessed Thistle

f. 108
Vervain and Blessed Thistle
 
Rampion Bellflower and Field Larkspur

f. 108v
Rampion Bellflower and Field Larkspur
Butcher's Broom

f. 109
Butcher's Broom
Prognostica Galieni

f. 109v
Prognostica Galieni
 
Lunar calendar

f. 110v
Lunar calendar
Lunar calendar

f. 111
Lunar calendar
Man

f. 112
Man
 
Coloured initials

f. 147v
Coloured initials

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