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Detailed record for Egerton 848

Title Medical miscellany, including an astronomical calendar
Origin England, S. E. (London?)
Date 1490 or 1491
Language English
Script Gothic
Decoration Diagrams in red and brown, or in colours, including a Zodiac man (f. 21), and a volvelle with three moving parts (f. 22). Small initials in red or blue. Paraphs in blue. Highlighting of letters in yellow. Rubrics in purple, blue, or red. Cadels.
Dimensions in mm 135 x 120 (100 x 90)
Official foliation ff. 22
Form Parchment codex
Binding Pre-1600. Brown leather blind-stamped wallet.
Provenance Probably made in London c. 1490: the calendrical material (ff. 3v-15) includes three 19-year lunar cycles, so the manuscript was probably made during the first of these, i.e. between 1481 and 1501; diagrams for finding the dominical letter and leap years are both marked '1491' (f. 17); tables of solar and lunar eclipses are from 1491 to 1506, and 1490 to 1505, respectively (f. 15v); the calendar has two highly-graded feasts of St Erkenwald: this and the subsequent provenance suggests an origin in London.
? John Smith, London, 16th century: a memorandum records that '… I, John Fysh(?), Dyer of London doythe owe unto John Smith of London cloth worker the some of 2s xd …' (f. 2)
? Baptist Trott, 17th century: inscribed with his name (f. 1v); men of this name were born in London c. 1555 and c. 1596.
Inscribed 'ffrankfort', 17th/18th century (f. 22v).
James Orchard Halliwell[-Phillipps] (b. 1820, d. 1889), antiquary and literary scholar: inscribed 'Bib. Hall 216' (f. 1v); catalogued for sale, 27 June 1840, lot 151, but withdrawn, along with the other manuscripts, all but one of which were sold en bloc to Rodd in July 1840 for £50: see Arthur Freeman and Janet Ing Freeman, ‘Phillipps, James Orchard Halliwell- (1820-1889)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004).
Thomas Rodd the younger (b. 1796, d. 1849), London bookseller; bought from him by the British Museum on 13 August 1840 for £2 2s., along with 32 other manuscripts formerly owned by Halliwell-Phillipps, using the Bridgewater fund (£12,000 bequeathed in 1829 by Francis Henry Egerton, 8th Earl of Bridgewater (b. 1756, d. 1829).
Select bibliography List of Additions to the Manuscripts in the British Museum in the Years 1836-1840 (London: British Museum, 1843), 1840, p. 19.

A Guide to the Exhibition of Some Part of the Egerton Collection of Manuscripts in the British Museum (London: British Museum, 1929), no. 146.

D. A. Winstanley and R. W. Hunt, 'Halliwell Phillipps and Trinity College Library', The Library, 5th series, 2 (1947-48), 250-82 (p. 279).

Irma Taavitsainen, 'The Identification of Middle English Lunary MSS', Neuphilologische Mitteilungen, 88 (1987), 18-26 (pp. 18 n. 1, 25).
Last revised: 29 August 2006


Images
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Zodiac Man

f. 21
Zodiac Man
Volvelle

f. 22
Volvelle

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