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Detailed record for Yates Thompson 3

Title Book of Hours, Use of Rome ('The Dunois Hours')
Origin France, Central (Paris)
Date c. 1440 - c. 1450 (after 1436)
Language Latin, with a French calendar
Script Gothic cursive
Artists This is the eponymous manuscript of the Dunois Master (known as the principal associate of the Bedford Master).
Some miniatures in the St Stephen Style
Decoration 12 small miniatures with the labour of the month in the lower border, and 12 small scenes with the zodiacal signs in the outer margins, in colours and gold, at the beginning of each month in the calendar (ff. 1-12). 60 full-page miniatures, accompanied by large decorated initials and full foliate borders, partly including related scenes, in colours and gold (ff. 13, 15v, 18, 20v, 22v, 27v, 32v [full historiated border], 37 [border with several related roundels], 66v, 81v [related scene in the border], 87v [related scene in the border], 93v, 99, 104v [related scene in the border], 114, 120 [2 small related miniatures in the borders], 130, 133v, 136v, 139v, 142v [related scene in the border], 145v, 148v, 152v [related scene in the border], 157 [related scene in the border], 159, 162, 165v, 168v, 172v, 174, 184 [related scene in the border], 193v, 201v [related scene in the border], 211 [related scene in the border], 259, 260, 261, 262, 263v, 264v, 265v, 267v, 269v [related scene in the border], 270v, 271v, 272v [related scene in the border], 273v, 274v [related scene in the border], 275v, 278, 280, 281v, 282v, 283v, 284v, 286, 287, 288, 289v). All text pages with three-sided foliate borders. Smaller decorated initials with foliate extensions into the margins, in colours and gold. Small initials in gold with blue pen-flourishing or in blue with red pen-flourishing. Line-fillers decorated in gold and blue or in red and blue.
Dimensions in mm 135 x 95 (70 x 45)
Official foliation ff. 291 (+ 2 parchment flyleaves at the beginning, and 2 at the end)
Collation i-ii6 (ff. 1-12), iii-xxxiii8 (ff. 13-260), xxxiv6-1 (1 leaf excised; ff. 261-265), xxxv8-1 (1 leaf excised; ff. 266-272), xxxxvi8-1 (7th leaf excised after f. 278; ff. 273-279), xxxvii8 (ff. 280-287), xxxviii4 (ff. 288-291).
Form Parchment codex
Binding Pre-1600. Gold-tooled red leather, in the style of Le Gascon; gilt edges.
Provenance Jean (b. 1403, d. 1471) Comte de Dunois, Bastard of Orléans: with his arms (ff. 1, 13, 13v, 22v, 32v, 37, 93, 93v, 120, 121, 121v, 130, 138, 138v, 157, 157v, 172, 172v, 193v, 281v), and 'portrait' (ff. 1, 22v, 32v).
The manuscript was produced in Paris after its capture by Dunois in 1436 (James 1898 p. 51).
? Louis XII (b. 1462, d. 1515), succeeded his father as Duke of Orléans in 1465, king of France (1498-1515): inscribed in a 16th-century hand 'Heures de Louis XII. Lors'quil etoit Duc D'Orleans' (last flyleaf verso).
Abbé Fauvel, 17th century: with his book-plate, 'E. Bibliotheca D. D. Abbatis Fauvel', inscribed 'No. 112' (inside upper cover).
Louis Jean Gaignat (b. c. 1697, d. 1768): his sale, de Bure, Paris, 10 April 1769, lot 197, sold for 30 francs.
Mr Musgrave: 'The volume was sold to me (through Messrs Ellis and Elvey) by a Mr Musgrave, who says it has been in his family for several generations, having been brought to England from Paris about the end of the last century' (Yates Thompson, cited in James 1898 p. 51).
Henry Yates Thompson (b. 1838, d. 1928), collector of illuminated manuscripts and newspaper proprietor: with his book-plate inscribed '[MS]11 / £tre [i.e. £720] / [bought from] Ellis & Elvey / April 7th / 1894' (1st flyleaf); given to his wife on her birthday, 7 January 1917: inscribed 'This book was given to my dear wife on her birthday Jan. 7th 1917 as a companion to the Hours of a Scottish Princeps. I am proud to think that she is now the owner of two of the most precious prayer books in the world. With all my heart H.Y.T.' (1st flyleaf).
Bequeathed to the British Museum by Mrs Henry Yates Thompson in 1941.
Notes A bond by Jean, Bastard d'Orléans, Comte de Dunois et de Longueville, to Bertrand de Beauvais, for 200 crowns, dated 25 February 1453, signed 'le bastard dorleans', apparently acquired by Yates Thompson in November 1917, and kept by him with the manuscript, is now Yates Thompson 53, f. 1.
Select bibliography Some Account of an Illuminated Manuscript of the Hours of the Blessed Virgin Mary: executed for Jean, Comte de Dunois, about A. D. 1450, and enriched with Seventy-two Miniatures (London: Privately printed for Ellis & Elvey, 1894).

Montague Rhodes James, A Descriptive Catalogue of Fifty Manuscripts from the Collection of Henry Yates Thompson (Cambridge: University Press, 1898), no. 11 pp. 49-57.

J. A. Herbert, Illuminated Manuscripts (London: Methuen, 1911), p. 276.

F. Wormald, 'The Yates Thompson Manuscripts', The British Museum Quarterly, 16 (1952), 4-6 (p. 5).

Eleanor P. Spencer, 'L'Horloge de Sapience: Bruxelles, Bibliothèque Royale Ms. IV. 111', Scriptorium: Revue internationale des études relatives aux manuscrits, 17 (1963), 277-99 (p. 295 n. 44).

[D. H. Turner], Reproductions from Illuminated Manuscripts, Series 5 (London: British Museum, 1965), pl. 37.

Liège et Bourgogne (Liège: Musée de l'Art Wallon, 1968), no. 206 pp. 188-89.

Millard Meiss, French Painting in the Time of Jean de Berry: The Limbourgs and their Contemporaries, 2 vols (London: Thames and Hudson, 1974), I, pp. 222, 472 n. 692, II, pl. 725.

Andrew G. Watson, Catalogue of Dated and Datable Manuscripts c. 700-1600 in The Department of Manuscripts: The British Library, 2 vols (London: British Library, 1979), I, 168 [rejected].

Janet Backhouse, Books of Hours (London: British Library, 1985), pp. 5, fig. 3.

Charles Sterling, La peinture médiévale à Paris 1300-1500, 2 vols (Paris: Bibliothèque des Arts, 1987), I, 446, 460.

Peter Rolfe Monks, 'Two Parisian artists of the Dunois Hours and a Flemish motif', Gazette des Beaux-Arts, 112 (1988), 61-68.

Christopher de Hamel, A History of Illuminated Manuscripts, 2nd edn (London: Phaidon, 1994), p. 194.

James H. Marrow, The Hours of Simon de Varie (London: Thames and Hudson, 1994), pp. 28, 34, 42, figs. 9, 12, 17.

Peter Rolfe Monks, 'Some Doubtful Attributions to the Master of Jean Rolin II' in Medieval Codicology, Iconography, Literature, and Translation: Studies for Keith Val Sinclair, ed. by Peter Rolfe Monks and D. D. R. Owen, (Leiden: Brill, 1994), pp. 143-56 (pp. 147-48, fig. 53).

François Avril and Nicole Reynaud, Les manuscrits à peintures en France 1440-1520 (Paris: Flammarion, 1993), pp. 23, 36, 37.

Janet Backhouse, The Illuminated Page: Ten Centuries of Manuscript Painting in the British Library (London: British Library, 1997), no. 153 p. 174.

Peter Rolfe Monks, 'An Unusual Epitome of a Stylistic Labyrinth', Scriptorium: Revue internationale des études relatives aux manuscrits, 52 (1998), 3-11 (p. 5 n. 8).

Janet Backhouse, Illumination from Books of Hours (London: British Library, 2004), pl. 123.

The Splendor of the Word: Medieval and Renaissance Illuminated Manuscripts at the New York Public Library, ed. by Jonathan J. G. Alexander, James H. Marrow, and Lucy Freeman Sandler (London: Harvey Miller, 2005), p. 249 n. 5 [exhibition catalogue].

Greg Buzwell, Saints in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2005), p. 12, p. 20, p. 24.

Catherine Reynolds, ‘The Workshop of the Master of the Duke of Bedford: Definitions and Identities’, ed. by G. Croenen and P. Ainsworth, Patrons, Authors and Workshops: Books and Book Production in Paris around 1400 (Leuven: Peeters, 2006), pp. 437-72 (p. 451 n. 30).

Catherine Reynolds, 'Netherlandish Patterns in Fifteenth-Century Paris - Campin, van der Weyden and the Bedford Workshop', in Von Kunst und Temperament, Festschrift zu Ehren Eberhard Königs 60. Geburtstag, ed. by Mara Hofmann and Caroline Zöhl (Turnhout: Brepols, 2007), 217-26 (p. 224).


Images
* * *
 
Jean Comte de Dunois feasting

f. 1
Jean Comte de Dunois feasting
Aquarius

f. 1
Aquarius
January

f. 1
January
 
February

f. 2
February
Men burning firewood

f. 2
Men burning firewood
March

f. 3
March
 
Men working in a vineyard

f. 3
Men working in a vineyard
April

f. 4
April
April

f. 4
April
 
April and May

ff. 4v-5
April and May
May

f. 5
May
June

f. 6
June
 
July

f. 7
July
August

f. 8
August
August

f. 8
August
 
September

f. 9
September
Men making wine

f. 9
Men making wine
October

f. 10
October
 
November

f. 11
November
December

f. 12
December
John the Evangelist

f. 13
John the Evangelist
 
Luke

f. 15v
Luke
Luke

f. 15v
Luke
Matthew

f. 18
Matthew
 
Mark

f. 20v
Mark
Virgin and Child and Jean Comte de Dunois

f. 22v
Virgin and Child and Jean Comte de Dunois
Virgin and Child with Jean Comte de Dunois

f. 22v
Virgin and Child with Jean Comte de Dunois
 
Virgin and Child

f. 27
Virgin and Child
Virgin and Child

f. 27v
Virgin and Child
Last Judgement

f. 32v
Last Judgement
 
Last Judgement

f. 32v
Last Judgement
Last Judgement

f. 32v
Last Judgement
Annunciation

f. 37
Annunciation
 
Scenes from the life of the Virgin

f. 37
Scenes from the life of the Virgin
Scenes from the life of the Virgin

f. 37
Scenes from the life of the Virgin
Annunciation

f. 37
Annunciation
 
Illuminated initials

f. 52v
Illuminated initials
The Visitation

f. 66v
The Visitation
Illuminated initial

f. 80
Illuminated initial
 
Text and borders

f. 81
Text and borders
Nativity

f. 81v
Nativity
Nativity

f. 81v
Nativity
 
Shepherds

f. 81v
Shepherds
Annunciation to the Shepherds

f. 87v
Annunciation to the Shepherds
Text and borders

f. 93
Text and borders
 
Adoration of the Magi

f. 93v
Adoration of the Magi
Adoration of the Magi

f. 93v
Adoration of the Magi
Presentation in the Temple

f. 99
Presentation in the Temple
 
Flight into Egypt

f. 104v
Flight into Egypt
Flight into Egypt

f. 104v
Flight into Egypt
Coronation of the Virgin

f. 114
Coronation of the Virgin
 
Coronation of the Virgin

f. 114
Coronation of the Virgin
Betrayal of Christ

f. 120
Betrayal of Christ
Betrayal of Christ

f. 120
Betrayal of Christ
 
Agony in the Garden

f. 120
Agony in the Garden
Arrest of Christ

f. 120
Arrest of Christ
Text page with foliate border

f. 126v
Text page with foliate border
 
Christ before Pilate

f. 130
Christ before Pilate
Flagellation of Christ

f. 133v
Flagellation of Christ
Flagellation of Christ

f. 133v
Flagellation of Christ
 
Christ bearing the cross

f. 136v
Christ bearing the cross
Christ nailed to the cross

f. 139v
Christ nailed to the cross
Crucifixion

f. 142v
Crucifixion
 
Crucifixion

f. 142v
Crucifixion
Deposition of Christ

f. 145v
Deposition of Christ
Emtombment of Christ

f. 148v
Emtombment of Christ
 
Resurrection and Trinity

f. 152v
Resurrection and Trinity
David in prayer

f. 157
David in prayer
David in prayer

f. 157
David in prayer
 
Pride and Envy

f. 159
Pride and Envy
Pride and Envy

f. 159
Pride and Envy
Idleness

f. 162
Idleness
 
Idleness

f. 162
Idleness
Anger

f. 165v
Anger
Anger

f. 165v
Anger
 
Gluttony

f. 168v
Gluttony
Gluttony

f. 168v
Gluttony
Lust

f. 172v
Lust
 
Lust

f. 172v
Lust
Avarice

f. 174
Avarice
Avarice

f. 174
Avarice
 
Adoration of the True Cross

f. 184
Adoration of the True Cross
Adoration of the True Cross

f. 184
Adoration of the True Cross
Adoration of the True Cross

f. 184
Adoration of the True Cross
 
Pentecost

f. 193v
Pentecost
Pentecost

f. 193v
Pentecost
Office of the Dead

f. 201v
Office of the Dead
 
Office of the Dead

f. 201v
Office of the Dead
Burial of the dead

f. 211
Burial of the dead
Priest administering last rites

f. 211
Priest administering last rites
 
Burial of the dead

f. 211
Burial of the dead
Peter

f. 259
Peter
Peter

f. 259
Peter
 
Paul

f. 260
Paul
Paul

f. 260
Paul
Andrew

f. 261
Andrew
 
Andrew

f. 261
Andrew
James the Great

f. 262
James the Great
John the Evangelist

f. 263v
John the Evangelist
 
John the Evangelist

f. 263v
John the Evangelist
Anthony

f. 265v
Anthony
Anthony

f. 265v
Anthony
 
Christopher

f. 267v
Christopher
Christopher

f. 267v
Christopher
Leonard

f. 269v
Leonard
 
Martin of Tours

f. 270v
Martin of Tours
Martin of Tours

f. 270v
Martin of Tours
Nicholas

f. 271v
Nicholas
 
Nicholas

f. 271v
Nicholas
Eustace

f. 272v
Eustace
Laurence

f. 273v
Laurence
 
Laurence

f. 273v
Laurence
George and the dragon

f. 274v
George and the dragon
George and the dragon

f. 274v
George and the dragon
 
George and the dragon

f. 274v
George and the dragon
Bernard

f. 275v
Bernard
Julian

f. 278
Julian
 
Julian

f. 278
Julian
Mary Magdalene

f. 280
Mary Magdalene
Katherine of Alexandria

f. 281v
Katherine of Alexandria
 
Katherine of Alexandria

f. 281v
Katherine of Alexandria
Margaret

f. 282v
Margaret
Genevieve

f. 283v
Genevieve
 
Apollonia

f. 284v
Apollonia
Apollonia

f. 284v
Apollonia
Elizabeth

f. 286
Elizabeth
 
Mary of Egypt

f. 287
Mary of Egypt
Mary of Egypt

f. 287
Mary of Egypt
Francis receiving the stigmata

f. 288
Francis receiving the stigmata
 
Barbara

f. 289v
Barbara

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