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Detailed record for Harley 110

Part 1 ff. 3-54 
Author Prosper; Isidore
Title Epigrammata and verses (ff. 3-24v); Synonyma (ff. 25-53)
Origin England, S. E. (Canterbury)
Date last quarter of the 10th/1st half of the 11th century
Language Latin, with some glosses in Latin or Anglo-Saxon
Script Minuscule
Decoration Large zoomorphic initial with animal heads in brown, green, and red (f. 3). 2 large initials in red or green, with penwork decoration in the other colour (f. 3). Large initials in red or brown. Rubrics in red.
Dimensions in mm 260 x 120 (205 x 90)
Part 2 ff. 1r-v; 56r-v 
Title Leaves from a Gradual
Origin England
Date 1st half of the 11th century
Language Latin
Script Minuscule
Decoration Large initial in red. Rubrics in red. Musical notation above the text.
Dimensions in mm 265 x 120 (210 x 100)
Official foliation ff. 56 (+ 2 unfoliated parchment leaves after f. 24 + 3 unfoliated modern paper flyleaves at the beginning and 4 at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house.
Provenance The Benedictine abbey of Christ Church, Canterbury: see Temple 1976
f. 2 contains text in Latin in a 12th-century hand.
ff. 54v-55v contain small sections of musical notation and text in a 13th-century hand.
Sir Simonds d'Ewes (b.1602, d. 1650), 1st baronet, diarist, antiquary, and friend of Sir Robert Cotton (see Wright 1972): in his catalogue (see Ker 1957).
Sir Simonds D’Ewes (d. 1722), 3rd baronet and grandson of the former: inherited and later sold the D’Ewes library to Robert Harley on 4 October 1705 for £450 (see Watson 1966).
The Harley Collection, formed by Robert Harley (b. 1661, d. 1724), 1st earl of Oxford and Mortimer, politician, and Edward Harley (b. 1689, d. 1741), 2nd earl of Oxford and Mortimer, book collector and patron of the arts.
Edward Harley bequeathed the library to his widow, Henrietta Cavendish, née Holles (b. 1694, d. 1755) during her lifetime and thereafter to their daughter, Margaret Cavendish Bentinck (b. 1715, d. 1785), duchess of Portland; the manuscripts were sold by the Countess and the Duchess in 1753 to the nation for £10,000 (a fraction of their contemporary value) under the Act of Parliament that also established the British Museum; the Harley manuscripts form one of the foundation collections of the British Library.
Notes Full digital coverage available for this manuscript: see Digitised Manuscripts at
Musical notation: Anglo-Saxon neumes (with litterae significativae S and L), England (Old Minster – Winchester ?), mid-11th century (ff. 1r-v, 56r-v)
Initials of Wormald's Type II (a) of thick black interlace with heads, with the body of the letter split by white.
Select bibliography A Catalogue of the Harleian Manuscripts in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: Eyre and Strahan, 1808-12), I, no. 110.

N. R. Ker, Catalogue of Manuscripts Containing Anglo-Saxon (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1957), no. 228.

T. A. M. Bishop, 'Notes on Cambridge Manuscripts', Transactions of the Cambridge Bibliographical Society, 3 (1963), pp. 413-23.

Andrew G. Watson, The Library of Sir Simonds D'Ewes (London: British Museum, 1966), no. A257.

Elzbieta Temple, Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts 900-1066, Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles, 2 (London: Harvey Miller, 1976), no. 19 (vii), pl. 69 [with additional bibiliography].

David Hiley, Western Plainchant: A Handbook (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995), p. 412, pl. 5.

Michael Lapidge, Anglo-Latin Literature 600-899 (London: Hambledon Press, 1996), pp. 465-470, n. 45, p. 479 n. 80.

Helmut Gneuss, Handlist of Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts: A List of Manuscripts and Manuscript Fragments Written or Owned in England up to 1100, Medieval and Renaissance Texts and Studies, 241 (Tempe: Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2001), no. 415, no. 416 (ff. 1 and 56).

Nicolas Bell Music in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2001), p. 21.

K. D. Hartzell, Catalogue of Manuscripts Written or Owned in England up to 1200 containing Music (Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 2006), no. 153.

J. Elfassi, 'Les Deux Recensions des Synonyma' in L'edition critique des oeuvres d'Isidore de Seville, ed. by Andres Sanz, J. Elfassi and J.C. Martin (Paris: Institut d'Etudes Augustiniennes, 2008) pp. 153-184 [on the text]


Part  1   ff. 3-54
Prosper; Isidore Epigrammata and verses (ff. 3-24v); Synonyma (ff. 25-53)
* * *
Zoomorphic initial

f. 3
Zoomorphic initial

Part  2   ff. 1r-v; 56r-v
Leaves from a Gradual
* * *
Initial and music

f. 1v
Initial and music

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