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Detailed record for Harley 2480

Author Pliny the Younger , Latinus Pacatus Drepanus, Claudius Mamertinus, Nazarius
Title 'Panegyrici veteres', or a collection of classical eulogies mainly to Roman emperors, including panegyrics by Pliny to Trajan (ff. 1-31v), Latinus Pacatus to Theodosius (ff. 32-47v), Mamertinus to Julian and Maximianus (ff. 47-57, 93-97, 97-101v), and Nazarius to Constantine (ff. 57-67), and Eumenius's eulogy on rebuilding schools in France (ff. 88-93)
Origin Germany, S. W. (Mainz ?)
Date 2nd quarter of the 15th century, after 1433
Language Latin
Script Gothic hybrid
Decoration Initials with geometric design in red or purple (ff. 1, 32, 68, 82v). Initials and rubrics in red. Initials highlighted in red.
Dimensions in mm 290 x 210 (185 x 115)
Official foliation ff. 109 (+ one unfoliated original and 2 early modern flyleaves at the beginning and 3 at the end).
Collation Gatherings of 10, with traces of quire signatures in the lower margin of the first rectos and horizontal catchwords in the lower right corner of last verso of gatherings.
Form Paper codex.
Binding BM/BL in-house. 19th century.
Provenance The manuscript is possibly a direct copy of an antique exemplar of the 'Panegyrici veteres' discovered in Mainz by Giovanni Aurispa in 1433 (see 'Kritisches Verzeichnis' 1963; Winterbottom 1983).
Nicholas of Cues (b. 1401, d. 1464), bishop of St. Brixen in Tyrol in 1450, cardinal in 1449, founder of the hospital of St Nicholas at Cues on the Mosel: left his entire library to the hospital in his last will dated 6 August 1464: his marginal notes (ff. 2, 93v, 100v, 105; see Mantese 1962, 'Kritisches Verzeichnis' 1963).
Some marginal notes by Giovanni Andrea Bussi (b. 1417, d. 1475), Italian humanist, secretary to Nicholas of Cues 1458-1464, and bishop of Aleria from 1469 (ff. 74-97 passim; see 'Kritisches Verzeichnis' 1963).
The Hospital of St Nicholas, Cues, on the Moselle: although lacking its ownership inscription (see Wright 1972; Hallauer 1986; Krämer and Bernhard 1989).
Nathaniel Noel (fl. 1681, d. c. 1753), bookseller, employed by Edward Harley for buying books and manuscripts chiefly on the Continent, where his agent was George Suttie: possibly sold to Edward Harley in 1717/18, together with other manuscripts formerly in the hospital library (Wright 1972).
The Harley Collection, formed by Robert Harley (b. 1661, d. 1724), 1st earl of Oxford and Mortimer, politician, and Edward Harley (b. 1689, d. 1741), 2nd earl of Oxford and Mortimer, book collector and patron of the arts.
Edward Harley bequeathed the library to his widow, Henrietta Cavendish, née Holles (b. 1694, d. 1755) during her lifetime and thereafter to their daughter, Margaret Cavendish Bentinck (b. 1715, d. 1785), duchess of Portland; the manuscripts were sold by the Countess and the Duchess in 1753 to the nation for £10,000 (a fraction of their contemporary value) under the Act of Parliament that also established the British Museum; the Harley manuscripts form one of the foundation collections of the British Library.
Notes Other manuscripts containing the 'Panegyrici veteres' in the British Library are Add. 16983 and 48027 (Yelverton MS. 31).
Watermarks: Ox head similar to C. M. Briquet, Les Filigranes: Dictionnaire historique des marques du papier dès leur apparition vers 1282 jusqu'en 1600, A Facsimile of the 1907 edition with supplementary material, ed. by Allan Stevenson, 4 vols (Amsterdam: Paper Publications Society, 1968), no. 14954 (Lessay, Geneva, Basel, Lubeck, Brunswick, 1430-1529).
Select bibliography A Catalogue of the Harleian Manuscripts in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: Eyre and Strahan, 1808-12), II (1808), no. 2480.

Giovanni Mantese, 'Ein notarielles Inventar von Büchern und Wertgegenständen aus dem Nachlass des Nikolaus von Kues', Mitteilungen und Forschungsbeiträge der Cusanus-Gesellschaft, 2 (1962), 86-116 (p. 95 n. 37).

'Kritisches Verzeichnis der Londoner Handschriften aus dem Besitz des Nikolaus von Kues', Mitteilungen und Forschungsbeiträge der Cusanus-Gesellschaft, 3 (1963), 16-100 (pp. 32-35).

Cyril Ernest Wright, Fontes Harleiani: A Study of the Sources of the Harleian Collection of Manuscripts in the British Museum (London: British Museum, 1972), pp. 120, 121, 253-54, 409.

M. Winterbottom, 'Panegyrici Latini', in Texts and Transmission: A Survey of the Latin Classics, ed. by L.D. Reynolds (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1983), p. 289.

Hermann J. Hallauer, 'Habent sua fata libelli. Von der Mosel zur Themse: Handschriften des St. Nikolaus-Hospitals in der Bibliotheca Harleiana', Mitteilungen und Forschungsbeiträge der Cusanus-Gesellshaft, 17 (1986), 21-56 (p. 42 no. 2).

Sigrid Krämer and Michael Bernhard, Handscriftenerbe des deutschen Mittelalters, Mittelalterliche Bibliothekskataloge Deutschlands und der Schweiz, ed. by Bernard Bischoff, Supplement 1, 3 vols (Munich: Beck, 1989-1990), I: Aachen-Kochel, p. 158.


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