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Detailed record for Harley 2688

Part 1 ff. 17-22v 
Title Miscellany, including a wind rose (f. 17), a Greek and Latin grammatical list (ff. 19-22), and an excerpt from the 'Proverbia Salomonis' (f. 22v), with the later 11th-century addition of notated hymn and sequence for St Michael (ff. 17v-18).
Origin Germany, W. (Cologne?)
Date 2nd or 3rd quarter of the 10th century
Language Latin and Greek
Script Caroline minuscule and uncial capitals
Decoration Diagram of wind wheel in red and brown ink (f. 17). The sketch of a male figure in hard point (f. 21). A small pen-sketch of a seated figure (f. 19). A pen-drawing in brown ink representing Philosophy, portraid as Divine Wisdom, visiting Boethius in prison (f. 22v). Titles in display capitals and initials in oxidised red (ff. 19-22).
Dimensions in mm 270 x 220 (215/245 x 160/195)
 
Part 2 ff. 23-46v 
Author Quintus Horatius Flaccus
Title 'Epodes' (ff. 23-29), 'Carmen saeculare' (ff. 29-30v), Epistles (ff. 30v-43v), and Satires (ff. 43v-46v), with glosses
Origin France, N. E. or Netherlands, S.
Date 10th century
Language Latin
Script Caroline minuscule and uncial capitals
Decoration Titles in display capitals and initials in oxidised red.
Dimensions in mm 400 x 255 (230 x 105)
 
Official foliation ff. 66 (+ 3 unfoliated flyleaves at the beginning, one original and one modern flyleaf at the end, and modern blanks after ff. 16, 22, 46, 54)
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house (19th century).
Provenance ff. 1-54:
Added neumes, western Germany, early 11th century (ff. 17v-18).
Johann Georg Graevius (b. 1632, d. 1703), German classical scholar and critic: his manuscript numbers 24, 27 and 30; possibly sold to Wilhelm in 1703 with the rest of his library (see Clark 1891; Wright 1972).
Johann Wilhelm, elector Palatine (b. 1658, d. 1716), owner of a library in Düsseldorf: bought the entire Graevius library in 1703 (see Wright 1972).
Giovanni Giacomo Zamboni (d. 1753), resident in London for the Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (c. 1723-1753), friend of Michael Maittaire (b. 1670, d. 1747), the classical scholar and historian of printing: bought the Wilhelm library sometime before 1724 through Johann Büchels (b. 1659, d. 1738): ff. 1-54 sold by him to Edward Harley on 6 August 1724, and portion 1 on 20 October 1725 (see Wright and Wright 1966; Wright 1972).

ff. 55-66:
Nathaniel Noel (fl. 1681, d. c. 1753), bookseller, employed by Edward Harley for buying books and manuscripts chiefly on the Continent, where his agent was George Suttie: purchased by Edward Harley on 13th August 1724 (see Wright and Wright 1966; Wright 1972).

All parts:
The Harley Collection, formed by Robert Harley (b. 1661, d. 1724), 1st earl of Oxford and Mortimer, politician, and Edward Harley (b. 1689, d. 1741), 2nd earl of Oxford and Mortimer, book collector and patron of the arts, inscribed as usual by their librarian, Humfrey Wanley, ‘3 die Augusti, A.D. 1724’ (f. 55) and ‘20 die Octobris, A.D. 1725’ etc. (ff. 1, 17, 23, 47; see Wright and Wright 1966).
Edward Harley bequeathed the library to his widow, Henrietta Cavendish, née Holles (b. 1694, d. 1755) during her lifetime and thereafter to their daughter, Margaret Cavendish Bentinck (b. 1715, d. 1785), duchess of Portland; the manuscripts were sold by the Countess and the Duchess in 1753 to the nation for £10,000 (a fraction of their contemporary value) under the Act of Parliament that also established the British Museum; the Harley manuscripts form one of the foundation collections of the British Library.
Notes The manuscript, a composite miscellany made up of five manuscripts of different date and origin, also includes:
Liutprand, 'Antapodosis', 12th century (ff. 1-16v);
Priscianus , 'Institutiones grammaticae', Books 4-5, 9th century (ff. 47-54v);
Boethius, 'De musica', 12th-century (ff. 55-66v).
ff. 17-22 originally were the initial gathering of Harley 3095, a 10th-century manuscript of Boethius's works. Notated hymns and sequencies for Michael (ff. 17v-18).
Musical notation: neumes, western Germany, 10th and 11th century (ff. 17v-18).

With glosses.
Select bibliography A Catalogue of the Harleian Manuscripts in the British Museum (London: Eyre and Strahan, 1808-1812), II (1808), no. 2688.

Émile L. M. Chatelain, Paléographie des classiques latins, 2 vols (Paris : Librairie Hachette, 1884-1900), I: pl. 88.

[E. Maunde Thompson and George F. Warner], Catalogue of Ancient Manuscripts in the British Museum, 2 vols (London: British Museum, 1881-1884), Part II: Latin (1884), p. 71.

Albert C. Clark, 'The Library of J. G. Graevius', The Classical Review, 5 (1891), 365-372 (pp. 367, 369, 370).

Thesauri hymnologici prosarium. Die Sequenzen des Thesaurus hymnologicus H. A. Daniels und anderer Sequenzenausgaben, Analecta hymnica medii aevi, 53-55, 3 vols (Lepzig: Reisland, 1911-1922), 1, pars I: Liturgische Prosen erster Epoche aus den Sequenzenschulen des Abendlandes, insbesondere die dem Notkerus Balbulus zugeschriebenen, nebst Skizze über den Ursprung der Sequenz: Auf Grund der Melodien aus den Quellen des 10.-16. Jahrhunderts, ed. by Clemens Blume and Henry Bannister, p. 312 no. 192.

Wilhelm Köhler, 'Die Karolingishen Miniaturen', in Zweiter Bericht über die Denkmäler Deutscher Kunst (Berlin: Reimer, 1912), pp. 52-77 (pp. 56-57).

Paul Lehmann, Mitteilungen aus Handschriften, 2, Sitzungsberichte der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Philosophisch-historische Abteilung, 2 (Munich: Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften,1930), pp. 3-55 (pp. 18-20).

The Diary of Humfrey Wanley 1715-1726, ed. by Cyril E. Wright and Ruth C. Wright, 2 vols (London: Bibliographical Society, 1966), II: 1723-1726, pp. 302 nn. 6 and 8, 303 n. 6, 304 n. 7, 385 n. 6.

Margaret Gibson, 'Priscian, "Institutiones grammaticae": A Handlist of Manuscripts', Scriptorium: Revue internationale des études relative aux manuscrits, 26 (1972), 105-24 (p. 114).

Cyril E. Wright, Fontes Harleiani: A Study of the Sources of the Harleian Collection of Manuscripts in the British Museum (London: British Museum, 1972), pp. 169, 255, 367, 414.

Bernard Bischoff, Lorsch im Spiegel seiner Handschriften, Münchener Beiträge zur Mediävistik und Renaissance Forschung Beiheft (Munich: Arbeo-Gesellschaft, 1974), pp. 83-84 n. 42.

Diane Bolton, 'Illustrations in Manuscripts of Boethius’ Works', in Boethius: His Life, Thought and Influence, ed. by Margaret Gibson (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1981), pp. 428-37 (p. 429).

David Ganz, 'A Tenth-Century Drawing of Philosophy visiting Boethius', in Boethius: His Life, Thought and Influence, ed. by Margaret Gibson (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1981), pp. 275-77, pl. VIII.

Birger Munk Olsen, L’Étude des auteurs classiques latins aux XIe et XIIe siècles, 3 vols (Paris: Centre national de la recherche scientifique, 1982-1989), I, p. 461, Horace B. 89.

Calvin M. Bower, 'Boethius' De Institutione Musica: A Handlist of Manuscripts', Scriptorium: Revue internationale des études relatives aux manuscrits, 42 (1988), 205-51 (pp. 220-21 no. 42).

Anna Carlotta Dionisotti, 'Greek Grammars and Dictionaries in Carolingian Europe', in The Sacred Nectar of the Greeks: The Study of Greek in the West in the Early Middle Ages, ed. by. Michael W. Herren and Shirley A. Brown, King’s College London Medieval Studies, 2 (London: University of London King's College, 1988), pp. 1-57 (pp. 16, 17, 28, 38 n. 40, 55).

Mildred Bundy, 'St Dunstan's Classbook and its Frontispiece:
Dunstan's Portrait and Autograph', in St Dunstan: His Life, Times and Cult, ed. by Nigel Ramsay and others (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1992), pp. 103-42 (p. 135 and n. 78).

Codices Boethiani : A Conspectus of Manuscripts of the Works of Boethius, ed. by M. T. Gibson and Lesley Smith, Warburg Institute Surveys and Texts, 25 (London: Warburg Institute, 1995- ), I: Great Britain and the Republic of Ireland, pp. 141-42, no. 120.

Joachim M. Plotzek, 'Zur Geschichte der Kölner Dombibliothek', in Glaube und Wissen im Mittelalter: Die Kölner Dombibliothek. Ausstellung, Erzbischöfliches Diözesanmuseum, Köln, 7 August - 15 November 1998, ed. by Joachim M. Plotzek and others (Munich: Hirmer, 1998), pp. 15-64 (p. 34).

Rolf Bergmann and Stefanie Stricker, Katalog der althochdeutschen und altsächsischen Glossenhandschriften, 6 vols (Berlin: Walter De Gruyter, 2005), II, pp. 893-95 no. 422b (I-II) [with further bibliography].

Henry Mayr-Harting, Church and Cosmos in Early Ottonian Germany: The View from Cologne (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007), p. 201.


Images

Part  1   ff. 17-22v
Miscellany, including a wind rose (f. 17), a Greek and Latin grammatical list (ff. 19-22), and an excerpt from the 'Proverbia Salomonis' (f. 22v), with the later 11th-century addition of notated hymn and sequence for St Michael (ff. 17v-18).
* * *
 
Philosophy visiting Boethius

f. 22v
Philosophy visiting Boethius

Part  2   ff. 23-46v
Quintus Horatius Flaccus 'Epodes' (ff. 23-29), 'Carmen saeculare' (ff. 29-30v), Epistles (ff. 30v-43v), and Satires (ff. 43v-46v), with glosses
* * *
 
Text page

f. 48v
Text page
Text page

f. 49v
Text page

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