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Detailed record for Harley 2735

Author Heiric of Auxerre
Title 'Liber glossarum', abridged, with additions by Heiric of Auxerre
Origin France, N. E. (Fleury and St-Germain d'Auxerre)
Date 3rd quarter of the 9th century
Language Latin
Script Caroline minuscule
Scribe Heiric of Auxerre (ff. 206v-208v, and additions to Liber Glossarum)
Decoration Title in display rustic capitals in silver, showing the red preparation ground (f. 1v). Rubrics and initials in silver or red.
Dimensions in mm 220 x 190 (150/155 x145/150), in two columns
Official foliation ff. 208 (+ 5 unfoliated modern paper flyleaves at the beginning and 4 at the end)
Collation Gatherings of 8, with quire signature in the lower margin of the last verso of each gathering.
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house. Rebound in 1964. Covers of the 18th-century 'Harleian' binding of gilt-tooled red morocco, attributable to Christopher Chapman, pasted onto modern pastedowns.
Provenance With contemporary glosses, including several by Heiric of Auxerre (b. 841, d. 876/877).
? The Benedictine abbey of St. Benôit-sur-Loire, Fleury (see Wright 1972).
Pierre Daniel d'Orléans (b. 1530, d. 1604), steward of the abbey of St. Benôit-sur-Loire (Fleury), who obtained part of the Abbey's library after its plundering by soldiers in the religious wars of 1562; he also obtained manuscripts from the abbey of St. Victor in Paris: his ownership inscription 'Libb. Petri Danielis Aureliani 1565' (f. 1; see Wright and Wright 1966; Wright 1972).
Pierre Séguier (b. 1588, d. 1672), count of Gien, chancellor of France from 1635 (see Wright and Wright 1966, Wright 1972).
Andrew Hay (d. 1754?), dealer: sold to Edward Harley together with other manuscripts from the Séguier collection on 5 September 1720 (see Wright and Wright 1966, Wright 1972).
The Harley Collection, formed by Robert Harley (b. 1661, d. 1724), 1st earl of Oxford and Mortimer, politician, and Edward Harley (b. 1689, d. 1741), 2nd earl of Oxford and Mortimer, book collector and patron of the arts, inscribed as usual by their librarian, Humfrey Wanley, ‘5 Septembris, 1720’ (f. 1).
Edward Harley bequeathed the library to his widow, Henrietta Cavendish, née Holles (b. 1694, d. 1755) during her lifetime and thereafter to their daughter, Margaret Cavendish Bentinck (b. 1715, d. 1785), duchess of Portland; the manuscripts were sold by the Countess and the Duchess in 1753 to the nation for £10,000 (a fraction of their contemporary value) under the Act of Parliament that also established the British Museum; the Harley manuscripts form one of the foundation collections of the British Library.
Notes The text was an 'influential encyclopedia arranged in alphabetical order that includes material from Isidore's 'Etymologiae' and numerous grammatical, patristic and medical works. The Liber glossarum was put together at Corbie during the time of Adalhard (780-814; 821-826) and it became a sought-after reference work'. (Bischoff 1994, p. 111).
The manuscript also includes a few texts added by Heiric of Auxerre:
'De ratione unciarum' (f. 206v);
'De septem cordis lyrae' (f. 207);
'Florilegium metricum' (ff. 207v-208).
Select bibliography A Catalogue of the Harleian Manuscripts in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: Eyre and Strahan, 1808-12), II (1808), no. 2735.

Georg Goetz, Der Liber Glossarum, Abhandlungen der königlich-sächsischen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften, 30 (Leipzig: S. Hirzel, 1893), pp. 211-89 (pp. 231-32).

Karel A. de Meyier, Paul en Alexandre Petau en de Geschiednis van hun Handschriften (Voornamelijk op grond van de Petau-Handschriften in de Universiteitsbibliotheek te Leiden) (Leiden: Brill, 1947), pp. 61, 69.

The Diary of Humfrey Wanley 1715-1726, ed. by Cyril Ernest Wright and Ruth C. Wright, 2 vols (London: Bibliographical Society, 1966), I: 1715-1723, pp. 51 n. 4, 68 n. 1.

Cyril Ernest Wright, Fontes Harleiani: A Study of the Sources of the Harleian Collection of Manuscripts in the British Museum (London: British Museum, 1972), pp. 124, 183, 300, 415.

Geoffrey L. Bursill-Hall, A Census of Medieval Latin Grammatical Manuscripts, Grammatica Speculativa: Sprachtheorie und Logik des Mittelalters, 4 (Stuttgart: Frommann-Holzboog, 1981), p. 118 no.133.

John Marenbon, From the Circle of Alcuin to the School of Auxerre: Logic, Theology and Philosophy in the early Middle Ages, Cambridge Studies in Medieval Life and Thought, III,15 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981), p. 122.

Texts and Transmission: A Survey of the Latin Classics, ed. by L. D. Reynolds (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1983), pp. 129 n. 21, 299 n. 24, 330 n. 3.

Anna Carlotta Dionisotti, 'Greek Grammars and Dictionaries in Carolingian Europe', in The Sacred Nectar of the Greeks: The Study of Greek in the West in the Early Middle Ages, ed. by. Michael W. Herren and Shirley A. Brown, King’s College London Medieval Studies, 2 (London: University of London King's College, 1988), pp. 1-57 (pp. 22, 55).

Guy Lobrichon, Liste provisoire de manuscrits d’origine et de provenance auxerroise (IXe-XIe siècle) (Paris: [n. pub.], 1989), p. 27.

Marco Mostert, The Library of Fleury: A Provisional List of Manuscripts, Middeleeuwse Studies en Bronnen [Medieval Studies and Sources], 3 (Hilversum: Verloren, 1989), p. 107.

Guy Lobrichon, 'Moines et clercs à Sens et à Auxerre au Xe siècle: Culture et Société', Mittellateinisches Jahrbuch, 24-25 (1989/1990), 277-294.

David Ganz, 'Liber Glossarum avec notes de la main d’Heiric d’Auxerre', in Saint-Germain d’Auxerre: Intellectuels et artistes dans l’Europe carolingienne, IXe-XIe siècles, Auxerre (Yonne), Abbaye Saint-Germain, juillet-octobre 1990 (Auxerre: Musee Art et Histoire, 1990), pp. 42-44 [exhibition catalogue].

David Ganz, 'On the History of Tironian Notes', in Tironische Noten, ed. by Peter Ganz, Wolfenbütteler Mittelalter Studien, 1 (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1990), pp. 35-51 (pp. 47, 50).

David Ganz, 'Heiric d'Auxerre glossateur du Liber glossarum', in L'École carolingienne d'Auxerre de Murethach à Remi 830-908, ed. by Dominique Iogna-Prat, Colette Jeudy and Guy Lobrichon (Paris: Beauchesne, 1991), pp. 297-312 [with further bibliography].

Bernhard Bischoff, Manuscripts and Libraries in the Age of Charlemagne, trans. and ed. by Michael Gorman, Cambridge Studies in Palaeography and Codicology, 1 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994; most originally pub. in Mittelalterliche Studien: Ausgewählte Aufsätze zur Schriftkunde und Literaturgeschichte I-III (Stuttgart: Hieresmann, 1966-1981), pp. 127, 155.

Michel Huglo, 'Les arts libéraux dans le "Liber Glossarum"', Scriptorium. Revue internationale des études relatives aux manuscrits, 55 (2001), 3-33 (p. 15).

Bernhard Bischoff, Katalog der festländischen Handschriften des neunten Jahrhunderts (mit Ausnahme der wisigotischen), aus dem Nachlaß herausgegeben von Birgit Ebersperger, Veröffentlichungen der Kommission für die Herausgabe der Mittelalterlichen Bibliothekskataloge Deutschlands und der Schweiz, 2 vols (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1998, 2004), II: Laon-Paderborn, p. 115.


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