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Detailed record for Harley 2799

Title Bible ('The Arnstein Bible') (Job to Revelation), including the Psalms in three versions in three columns, and diagrams, including of the monstrous races (f. 243)
Origin Germany, W. (Arnstein)
Date c. 1172
Language Latin
Script Protogothic
Scribe Lunandus, a monk of Arnstein
Decoration 5 large historiated initials in colours and gold, one covered by a cloth curtain, at the beginning of Proverbs and the Gospels (ff. 57v, 155, 166, 173v, 185v). 3 full-page canon tables with decorated architectural frames in red, green, blue, and some yellow, some with people or animals (ff. 152v-154). 1 large historiated initials in colours, at the beginning of Psalm 101 (f. 40). Large initials in red or some also in black, on coloured backgrounds, often green and blue, with foliate decoration and many with clasps and zoomorphic features or people and animals, at the beginning of some books and prologues, and at Psalm 51 (ff. 4v, 5 (x3), 22v (x3), 57, 65, 67v, 69, 74, 75, 89, 90, 99v, 111, 112, 115, 119v, 120, 123, 123v, 128 (x2), 132, 132v, 143, 150v, 151, 154v, 165v, 172v, 184v, 194, 194v, 205v, 206, 207v, 208v, 209v, 210v (x3), 211, 211v (x2), 212v, 217, 221, 223v, 225, 226v, 227v, 228v, 229v, 230, 231, 232, 232 (x3), 236). Small initials in red, some with penwork decoration, also on coloured grounds at the beginning of Psalm 109 and other divisions (ff. 45v, 151v. 216v, 223v, 225, 226v, 227v, 228v, 229v, 230, 231, 232, 235v). Full page diagrams in brown ink, including of maps and of the monstrous races (ff. 1, 241v-243).
Dimensions in mm 545 x 375 (400 x 260) in two columns
Official foliation ff. 243 ( + 3 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the beginning and at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house. Former Harleian covers of brown leather with gold tooling affixed to the inside covers.
Provenance The Premonstratentian abbey of St Mary and St Nicholas, Arnstein, near Obernhof: inscription (Harley 2798, f. 235v), by a scribe named Lunandus (whose name is recorded in annals ending in 1172, once part of the manuscript but now Darmstadt, Hessisches Landes- und Hochschlbibl., MS 4128).
Nathaniel Noel (fl. 1681, d. c. 1753), bookseller, employed by Edward Harley for buying books and manuscripts chiefly on the Continent, where his agent was George Suttie (see Wright 1972): sold to Harley on 16 January 1720/21.
The Harley Collection, formed by Robert Harley (b. 1661, d. 1724), 1st earl of Oxford and Mortimer, politician, and Edward Harley (b. 1689, d. 1741), 2nd earl of Oxford and Mortimer, book collector and patron of the arts, inscribed as usual by their librarian, Humfrey Wanley ‘16 die Januarij 1720/21' (f. 1).
Edward Harley bequeathed the library to his widow, Henrietta Cavendish, née Holles (b. 1694, d. 1755) during her lifetime and thereafter to their daughter, Margaret Cavendish Bentinck (b. 1715, d.1785), duchess of Portland; the manuscripts were sold by the Countess and the Duchess in 1753 to the nation for £10,000 (a fraction of their contemporary value) under the Act of Parliament that also established the British Museum; the Harley manuscripts form one of the foundation collections of the British Library.
Notes The first volume of this Bible is Harley 2798.
A part of the annals that used to be part of the Arnstein Bible has been rediscovered at Darmstadt, Hessische Landesbibliothek, Ms. 4128.
Decorated quire signatures.
Select bibliography Selected bibliography for both Harley 2798 and 2799:

A Catalogue of the Harleian Manuscripts in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: Eyre and Strahan, 1808-12), II (1808), nos 2798 and 2799.

Walter de Gray Birch and Henry Jenner, Early Drawings and Illuminations: An Introduction to the Study of Illustrated Manuscripts (London: Bagster and Sons, 1879), p. 5.

A. Kohl, 'Arnsteiner Handschriften im Britischen Museum zu London', Nassovia. Zeitschrift für nassauische Geschichte und Heimatkunde, 4 (1903), 106-08,120-21,133-34 (p.107).

J. A. Herbert, Illuminated Manuscripts (London: Methuen, 1911), pp. 154-55.

[Eric G. Millar], British Museum Reproductions from Illuminated Manuscripts, Series 4 (London: British Museum, 1928), pl. 12.

R. Schilling, 'Studien zur deutschen Goldschmiedekunst des 12. und 13. Jahrhunderts' in Form und Inhalt: Kunstgeschichtliche Studien Otto Schmitt zum 60. Geburstag (Stuttgart, 1951), pp. 73-88.

Jacques Stiennon, ‘Du lectionnaire de Saint-Trond aux Evangiles d’Averbode: Contribution a l’etude de la miniature mosane du XIIe siecle’, Scriptorium: Revue internationale des études relative aux manuscrits, 7 (1953), 37-50 (pp. 45 n. 4, 48, 50).

Jacques Stiennon, ‘La miniature dans le diocese de Liège aux XIe et XIIe siècles’, in L’art Mosan, Bibliothèque Générale de L’École Pratique des Hautes Études, 6 (Paris: Armand Colin, 1953), 90-101 (pp. 98-100).

André Grabar and Carl Nordenfalk, Romanesque Painting from the Eleventh to the Thirteenth Century, trans. by Stuart Gilbert (Lausanne: SKIRA, 1958), pp. 143, 195.

F. Masai, ‘Les manuscrits a peintures de Sambre et Meuse aux XI et XII siecles: Pour une critique plus methodique’, Cahiers de civilisation medievale, 3 (1960), 187ff.

D. H. Turner, Romanesque Illuminated Manuscripts in the British Library (London: British Museum, 1966), pls IV, 9.

The Diary of Humfrey Wanley 1715-1726, ed. by Cyril Ernest Wright and Ruth C. Wright, 2 vols (London: Bibliographical Society, 1966), I: 1715-1723, pp. xlix, 81 n. 6.

C. R. Dodwell, Painting in Europe: 800 to 1200 (London : Penguin Books, 1971), p. 163.

Rhein und Maas: Kunst und Kultur 800-1400 (Cologne: Rudolf Müller, 1972), no. J48 [exhibition catalogue].

Herbert Köllner, ‘Ein Annalenfragment und die Datierung der Arnsteiner Bibel in London’ Scriptorium: Revue internationale des études relative aux manuscrits 26 (1972), 34-50.

Cyril Ernest Wright, Fontes Harleiani: A Study of the Sources of the Harleian Collection of Manuscripts in the British Museum (London: British Museum, 1972), p. 254.

Die Zeit der Staufer (Stuttgart: Wu¨rttembergisches Landesmuseum, 1977), pp. 533-35, no. 716 [exhibition catalogue].

J. J. G. Alexander, The Decorated Letter (London: Braziller, 1978), p. 91, pl. 26.

Andrew G. Watson, Catalogue of Dated and Datable Manuscripts c. 700-1600 in The Department of Manuscripts: The British Library, 2 vols (London: British Library, 1979), no. 704.

Walter Cahn, Romanesque Bible Illumination (Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 1982), pp. 26, 230, 253 no. 8, pls 157, 162 [with additional bibliography].

François Avril, 'Les arts de la couleur', in François Avril, Xavier Barral I Altet, and Danielle Gaborit-Chopin, Le Monde Roman 1060-1200, 2 vols (Paris: Gallimard, 1983), I Le Temps des Croisades, pp. 131-225 (p. 207, pl. 194).

John E. Murdoch, Album of Science: Antiquity and the Middle Ages, ed. by I. B. Cohen (New York: Scribner's Sons, 1984), no. 207.

Bonifatius Fischer, Lateinische Bibelhandschriften im frühen Mittelalter, Vetus Latina, 11 (Freiburg: Herder, 1985), p. 56.

Sigrid Krämer, Handschriftenerbe des deutschen Mittelalters, Mittelalterliche Bibliothekskataloge Deutschlands und der Schweiz: Ergänzungsband 1, 3 vols (Munich, 1989-90), I (1989), p. 25.

Aliza Cohen-Mushlin, A Medieval Scriptorium: Sancta Maria Magdalena de Frankendal, Wolfenbütteler Mittelalter-Studien, 3, 2 vols (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1990), I, 105.

Aliza Cohen-Mushlin, 'The Twelfth-Century Scriptorium at Frankenthal', in Medieval Book Production: Assessing the Evidence, ed. by Linda l. Brownrigg, Proceedings of the Second Conference of The Seminar in the History of the Book to 1500, Oxford, July 1988 (Los Altos Hills, California: Anderson-Lovelace, 1990), pp. 85-101 (pp. 97, 101 n. 37).

Jonathan J. G. Alexander, Medieval Illuminators and their Methods of Work (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1992), p. 39, fig. 58.

Peter Lasko, Ars Sacra 800-1200, 2nd edn (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1994), p. 229.

Walter Cahn, Romanesque Manuscripts: The Twelfth Century (London: Harvey Miller, 1996), II, 179.

Janet Backhouse, The Illuminated Page: Ten Centuries of Manuscript Painting in the British Library (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1997), no. 41.

Christopher de Hamel, The British Library Guide to Manuscript Illumination: History and Techniques (London: British Library, 2001), pl. 16.

Alixe Bovey, Monsters and Grotesques in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2002), pp. 12, 15, pl. 9.

Scot McKendrick and Kathleen Doyle, Bible Manuscripts: 1400 Years of Scribes and Scripture (London: British Library, 2007), pp. 10 and 95, fig. 82.

Jacqueline Leclercq-Marx, ‘Les avatars d’un mythe antique au moyen age thésée et le minotaure aux époques préromane et romane’, Les Cahiers de Saint-Michel de Cuxa, 39 (2008), 193-207 (p. 201, pl. 11).


Images
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Calendar

f. 1
Calendar
Zoomorphic initial

f. 4v
Zoomorphic initial
Zoomorphic initial

f. 4v
Zoomorphic initial
 
Decorated initials

f. 5
Decorated initials
Decorated initials

f. 5
Decorated initials
Decorated initial

f. 22v
Decorated initial
 
Decorated initial

f. 22v
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 22v
Decorated initial
Christ, Virgin, and Bishop

f. 40
Christ, Virgin, and Bishop
 
Christ, Virgin, and Bishop

f. 40
Christ, Virgin, and Bishop
Historiated initials

f. 40
Historiated initials
Decorated initial

f. 57
Decorated initial
 
Solomon

f. 57v
Solomon
Solomon

f. 57v
Solomon
Solomon

f. 57v
Solomon
 
Decorated initial

f. 65
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 65
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 67v
Decorated initial
 
Decorated initial

f. 67v
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 69
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 69
Decorated initial
 
Decorated initial

f. 74
Decorated initial
Zoomorphic initial

f. 75
Zoomorphic initial
Zoomorphic initial

f. 75
Zoomorphic initial
 
Decorated initial

f. 89
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 90
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 99v
Decorated initial
 
Decorated initial

f. 111
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 112
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 112
Decorated initial
 
Decorated initial

f. 119v
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 120
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 123
Decorated initial
 
Decorated initial

f. 123v
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 123v
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 128
Decorated initial
 
Decorated initials

f. 128
Decorated initials
Decorated initial

f. 132
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 132v
Decorated initial
 
Decorated initial

f. 143
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 143
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 150v
Decorated initial
 
Decorated initial

f. 150v
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 150v
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 151
Decorated initial
 
Decorated initial

f. 151v
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 151v
Decorated initial
Canon table

f. 152v
Canon table
 
Canon table

f. 153
Canon table
Canon table

f. 153v
Canon table
Canon table

f. 154
Canon table
 
Decorated initial

f. 154v
Decorated initial
Matthew

f. 155
Matthew
Matthew

f. 155
Matthew
 
Decorated initial

f. 165v
Decorated initial
Mark writing

f. 166
Mark writing
Mark writing

f. 166
Mark writing
 
Decorated initial

f. 172v
Decorated initial
Luke

f. 173v
Luke
Decorated initial

f. 184v
Decorated initial
 
John

f. 185v
John
John

f. 185v
John
Text page

f. 186
Text page
 
Decorated initial

f. 194
Decorated initial
Inhabited initial

f. 194v
Inhabited initial
Inhabited initial

f. 194v
Inhabited initial
 
Inhabited initial

f. 205v
Inhabited initial
Decorated initial

f. 206
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 206
Decorated initial
 
Decorated initial

f. 207v
Decorated initial
Zoomorphic initial

f. 208v
Zoomorphic initial
Dragon

f. 208v
Dragon
 
Decorated initial

f. 209v
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 210v
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 210v
Decorated initial
 
Decorated initial

f. 211
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 212v
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 212v
Decorated initial
 
Decorated initial

f. 216v
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 217
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 221
Decorated initial
 
Decorated initial

f. 221
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 223v
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 223v
Decorated initial
 
Decorated initial

f. 225
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 225
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 226v
Decorated initial
 
Decorated initial

f. 226v
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 227v
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 227v
Decorated initial
 
Decorated initial

f. 228v
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 229v
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 229v
Decorated initial
 
Decorated initial

f. 230
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 230
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 231
Decorated initial
 
Decorated initial

f. 231
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 232
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 232
Decorated initial
 
Decorated initial

f. 236
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 236
Decorated initial
The sciences

f. 241v
The sciences
 
Diagrams

ff. 241v-242
Diagrams
Plants

f. 242
Plants
Diagrams

f. 242v
Diagrams
 
Monstrous races

f. 243
Monstrous races
Monstrous races

f. 243
Monstrous races

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