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Detailed record for Harley 2908

Title Sacramentary (the 'Augsburg Sacramentary') with calendar (ff. 1v-7)
Origin Germany, S. (Augsburg)
Date 2nd or 3rd quarter of the 11th century
Language Latin
Script Caroline minuscule
Decoration 7 full-page miniatures in colours and gold of the presentation of the book, the Crucifixion, the Nativity and Annunciation to the Shepherds, the Holy Women at the Tomb, the Ascension, Pentecost, and the Assumption (ff. 8, 10v, 15v, 53v, 64v, 69v, 123v). 7 full-page incipit pages with letters in gold on purple grounds surrounded by full foliate frames (ff. 8v-9, 54, 65, 70, 124, 130). Historiated initial of the monk Ulrich (f. 112). Large initials in gold with foliate decoration, with green, red, and sometimes blue. Large initials in blue, green, red, and gold. Small initials in gold or red, some with gold highlights. Chrysography.
Dimensions in mm 300 x 220 (210 x 165)
Official foliation ff. 212 ( + 5 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the beginning and 4 at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Red 'Harleian' binding with extensive gold tooling; marbled end-papers.
Provenance Made for the cathedral church of St. Ulrich and Afra in Augsburg: the calendar includes the feast of the dedication on 28 September, and several obits of bishops.
12th-century prayers added on a flyleaf.
Numerous formal 13th-century (?) annotations in the margins, now erased by scraping.
15th-century inscription 'Hainricus Wint( ) registr( ) lib( )' between the two main figures in the dedication miniature (f. 8). (Berschin 1993 reconstructed this as 'Hainricus Winther registravi librum' and suggested that this refers to Hainricus Winther 'vicarius chori' of Augsburg Cathedral (d. 1431)).
15th-century prayers added (f. 7v).
The Harley Collection, formed by Robert Harley (b. 1661, d. 1724), 1st earl of Oxford and Mortimer, politician, and Edward Harley (b. 1689, d. 1741), 2nd earl of Oxford and Mortimer, book collector and patron of the arts, inscribed as usual by their librarian, Humfrey Wanley '20 die Januarii 1721/22' (f. 1). Edward Harley bequeathed the library to his widow, Henrietta Cavendish, née Holles (b. 1694, d. 1755) during her lifetime and thereafter to their daughter, Margaret Cavendish Bentinck (b. 1715, d.1785), duchess of Portland; the manuscripts were sold by the Countess and the Duchess in 1753 to the nation for £10,000 (a fraction of their contemporary value) under the Act of Parliament that also established the British Museum; the Harley manuscripts form one of the foundation collections of the British Library.
Select bibliography A Catalogue of the Harleian Manuscripts, in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: [n. pub.], 1808-12), II (1808), no. 2908.

Walter de Gray Birch and Henry Jenner, Early Drawings and Illuminations: An Introduction to the Study of Illustrated Manuscripts (London: Bagster and Sons, 1879), p. 4.

A. Schröder, 'Die Ältesten Heiligenkalendarien des Bistums Augsburg' Archiv für die Geschichte des Hochstifts Augsburg, 1 (Dillingen, 1910), pp. 241-331 (pp. 267-314).

E. F. Bange, Eine Bayerische Malerschule des XI. und XII. Jahrhunderts (Munich, 1923), p. 55, fig. 52.

Theodor Klauser, Das ro¨mische capitulare evangeliorum: Texte und Untersuchungen zu seiner a¨ltesten Geschichte, Liturgiegeschichtliche Quellen und Forschungen. 28 (Munster: Aschendorffschen, 1935), p. C no. 161.

Otto Pächt, C. R. Dodwell, and Francis Wormald, The St. Albans Psalter (Albani Psalter) (London: Warburg Institute, 1960), p. 99.

J. J. G. Alexander, Norman Illumination at Mont St Michel 966-1100 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1970), p. 156, pl. 42d.

Hartmut Hoffmann, Buchkunst und Königtum im ottonischen und frühsalischen Reich , 2 vols, Schriften der Monumenta Germaniae Historica, 30 (Stuttgart: Hiersemann, 1986) I, 410.

E. Klemm, 'Das Augsburger Sakramentar in München (ehemals Donaueschingen, Ms. 193)', Zeitschrift für Schweizerische Archäologie und Kunstgeschichte, 43 (1986), pp. 17, 22, 25, pl. 8.

Sigrid Krämer, Handschriftenerbe des deutschen Mittelalters, Mittelalterliche Bibliothekskataloge Deutschlands und der Schweiz: Ergänzungsband 1, 3 vols (Munich, 1989-90), II (1989), p. 43.

Henry Mayr-Harting, Ottonian Book Illumination: An Historical Study, 2 vols (London: Harvey Miller, 1991), I: Themes, p. 151; II: Books, p. 237 n. 103.

W. Berschin, 'Gab es eine Augsburger Buchmalerschule des XI. Jahrhunderts?' Herrschaft, Kirche, Kultur: Beiträge zur Geschichte des Mittelalters - Festschrift für Friedrich Prinz zu seinem 65. Geburtstag (Stuttgart, 1993), pp. 493-504 (pp. 493, 501-503, pls 4, 5).

Schreibkunst: Mittelalterliche Buchmalerei aus dem Kloster Seeon, ed. By Josef Kirmeier, Alois Schutz and Evamaria Brockhoff (Augsburg: Bayerischen Geschichte, 1994), no. 26 [exhibition catalogue].

Janet Backhouse, The Illuminated Page: Ten Centuries of Manuscript Painting in the British Library (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1997), no. p. 34.


Images
* * *
 
Presentation of the book

f. 8
Presentation of the book
Illuminated initial

f. 8v
Illuminated initial
Illuminated initial

f. 9
Illuminated initial
 
The Crucifixion

f. 10v
The Crucifixion
Nativity

f. 15v
Nativity
Three Women at the Tomb

ff. 53v-54
Three Women at the Tomb
 
Three Holy Women

ff. 53v-54
Three Holy Women
Three Holy Women

f. 53v
Three Holy Women
Decorated initial

f. 54
Decorated initial
 
Illuminated initial

f. 54
Illuminated initial
Ascension

f. 64v
Ascension
Ascension

f. 64v
Ascension
 
Decorated initial

f. 65
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 65
Decorated initial
Pentecost

f. 69v
Pentecost
 
Decorated initial

f. 70
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 70
Decorated initial
Ulrich

f. 112
Ulrich
 
The  Assumption

f. 123v
The Assumption
Decorated initial

f. 124
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 124
Decorated initial
 
Illuminated initial

f. 130
Illuminated initial

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